SpongeBob SquarePants (season 2)
|SpongeBob SquarePants season 2|
DVD cover art for the second season
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of episodes||20|
|Original run||October 26, 2000 – July 26, 2003|
|Home video release|
|Region 1||October 19, 2004|
|Region 2||October 23, 2006|
|Region 4||November 30, 2006|
|List of SpongeBob SquarePants episodes|
The second season of the American animated television series SpongeBob SquarePants, created Stephen Hillenburg, aired on Nickelodeon from October 26, 2000, to July 26, 2003, and consists of 20 episodes. The series chronicles the exploits and adventures of the title character and his various friends in the fictional underwater city of Bikini Bottom. The season was executive produced by series creator Hillenburg, who also acted as the showrunner.
During the season's run, SpongeBob SquarePants became Nickelodeon's No. 2 children's program, behind Rugrats. Nearly 40 percent of SpongeBob's audience of 2.2 million were aged 18 to 34. The show signed a marketing deal with Target Corporation and Burger King, expanding its merchandising, and SpongeBob's popularity translated well into sales figures. In 2002, the show itself was nominated at the Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Children's Program. At the 29th Annie Awards, the series was nominated three times. The episodes "The Secret Box" and "Band Geeks" won at the 2002 Golden Reel Awards for Best Sound Editing in Television—Animation, while the episodes "Jellyfish Hunter" and "The Fry Cook Games" received a nomination for Best Sound Editing in Television Animation—Music category.
Several compilation DVDs that contained episodes from the season were released. The SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete 2nd Season DVD was released in Region 1 on October 19, 2004, Region 2 on October 23, 2006, and Region 4 on November 30, 2006.
The season aired on Nickelodeon, which is owned by Viacom, and was produced by United Plankton Pictures and Nickelodeon. The season's executive producer was series creator Stephen Hillenburg, who also functioned as the series' showrunner. During production of the previous season, Nickelodeon picked up a second season for SpongeBob SquarePants on August 31, 1999. The season premiered more than a year later, on October 26, 2000. Season production assistant and then-staff writer Derek Iversen commented, "We hoped it would go one season. We hoped it would go two seasons. I figured you do the best you can and you hope."
In this season, production switched from cel animation, used during the first season, to digital ink and paint. Executive producer Paul Tibbitt, in 2009, said "The first season of SpongeBob was done the old-fashioned way on cells, and every cell had to be part-painted, left to dry, paint some other colours. It's still a time-consuming aspect of the process now, but the digital way of doing things means it doesn't take long to correct." The animation was handled overseas in South Korea at Rough Draft Studios. Animation directors credited with episodes in the second season included Sean Dempsey, Edgar Larrazabal, Larry Leichliter, Andrew Overtoom, Leonard Robinson, Frank Weiss, and Tom Yasumi.[a] The season was storyboarded by Walt Dohrn, C.H. Greenblatt, Chris Headrick, Chuck Klein, Carson Kugler, Jay Lender, Caleb Meurer, Dan Povenmire, Bill Reiss, William Reiss, Octavio Rodriguez, Jim Schumann, Aaron Springer, Paul Tibbitt, and Erik Wiese.[a]
Episodes were written by a team of writers, which consisted of Dohrn, David Fain, Greenblatt, Mr. Lawrence, Lender, Mark O'Hare, Povenmire, William Reiss, Springer, Tibbitt, and Merriwether Williams.[a] During the season, the writing staff used their individual childhood experiences as inspirations to come up with much of the story lines for individual episodes. For example, in the episode "Sailor Mouth", SpongeBob learns profanity. The idea for the episode was inspired by creative director Derek Drymon's experience "[when] I got in trouble for saying the f-word in front of my mother." Drymon said, "The scene where Patrick is running to Mr. Krabs to tattle, with SpongeBob chasing him, is pretty much how it happened in real life." The end of the episode, where Mr. Krabs uses more profanity than SpongeBob and Patrick, was also inspired "by the fact that my [Drymon's] mother has a sailor mouth herself." In "Secret Box", SpongeBob wants to see what is inside Patrick's secret box. The idea came to Drymon because he too had a secret box as a child. Creator Hillenburg said, "[He] started telling us about it. We wanted to make fun of him and use it."
The second season had a cast of six main actors. Tom Kenny provided the voice of the title character SpongeBob SquarePants and his pet snail Gary. SpongeBob's best friend, a starfish named Patrick Star, was voiced by Bill Fagerbakke, while Rodger Bumpass played the voice of Squidward Tentacles, an arrogant and ill-tempered octopus. Other members of the cast were Carolyn Lawrence as Sandy Cheeks, a squirrel from Texas; Clancy Brown as Mr. Krabs, a miserly crab obsessed with money and SpongeBob's boss at the Krusty Krab; and Mr. Lawrence as Plankton, a small green copepod and Mr. Krabs' business rival. The season had a number of secondary characters including Jill Talley as Plankton's computer wife, Karen; Mary Jo Catlett as Mrs. Puff, SpongeBob's driving instructor; Lori Alan as Pearl, Mr. Krabs' daughter; and Brian Doyle-Murray as the Flying Dutchman.
Season two introduced various characters that would recur throughout the series. Mr. Krabs' mother, Mama Krabs, debuted in the episode "Sailor Mouth" and was voiced by writer Paul Tibbitt. However, voice actress Sirena Irwin overtook Tibbitt's role as the character reappeared in the fourth season episode "Enemy In-Law" in 2005. In the Christmas special "Christmas Who?", SpongeBob's voice actor, Tom Kenny, portrayed Patchy the Pirate, the president of the fictional SpongeBob SquarePants fan club, while series creator Hillenburg voiced the character of Potty the Parrot. After Hillenburg's departure from the show as showrunner in 2004, Tibbitt was given the role voicing Potty the Parrot.
In addition to the regular cast members, episodes feature guest voices from many ranges of professions, including actors, athletes, authors, musicians, and artists. American rock band Ween guest starred as themselves in "Your Shoe's Untied". The band performed "Loop de Loop", a song they written for the episode. Before SpongeBob SquarePants aired on television in 1999, Hillenburg had approached band guitarist Dean Ween to compose a song for the show. Dean Ween said "[Hillenburg] called me and told me [he] was a marine biologist who was starting a cartoon about underwater sea creatures and that The Mollusk was a big reference point for him creatively and would we like to do a song for the show." The band conceived the song and wrote it in about three minutes. They recorded it on Christmas Eve that year. Dean Ween said "We are very proud to have been a part of it. They went on to use and reference us a lot on that show." Ween would return to record their 1997 song "Ocean Man" for the 2004 film The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie and as part of its soundtrack. In the episode "Bossy Boots", American band The Capsules performed the song "Bossy Boots", which was later released on SpongeBob SquarePants: The Yellow Album in 2005. In "Bubble Buddy", professional American surfer Corky Carroll made a vocal cameo as Grubby Grouper, a famous surfer. "Grandma's Kisses" featured Marion Ross as SpongeBob's grandmother. She would reprise her role throughout the series, including the fifth season episode "BlackJack". In the entry "Pre-Hibernation Week", where Sandy and SpongeBob play extreme sporting games, American groove metal band Pantera appeared as themselves for a special musical performance. McHale's Navy actors Ernest Borgnine and Tim Conway returned in the episode "Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy III", reprising their roles as Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy, respectively. John Rhys-Davies also guest starred in the same episode as the heroes' nemesis, Man Ray. Various other characters were voiced by voice acting veterans Dee Bradley Baker, Thomas F. Wilson and Clea Lewis.
Since SpongeBob SquarePants made its debut in 1999, the show had flourished into Nickelodeon's No. 2 children's program, after Rugrats. Nearly 40 percent of the show's audience of 2.2 million were aged 18 to 34. As a result, Nickelodeon moved the show from Saturday morning to a much more valuable timeslot: almost-prime time, appearing at 6 PM, from Monday through Thursday. In 2001, Nickelodeon took the "Saturday-morning ratings crown" for the fourth straight season, grabbing a 4.8 rating/21 share (1.9 million viewers) in two- to eleven-year-olds, jumping 17% from the previous year.
SpongeBob SquarePants signed a marketing deal with Target Corporation and Burger King, expanding its merchandising. Furthermore, the popularity of SpongeBob translated well into sales figures. In 2002, SpongeBob SquarePants dolls sold at a rate of 75,000 per week, which was faster than Tickle Me Elmo dolls were selling at the time. Nickelodeon's parent company Viacom purposefully targeted women in Japan as a way of marketing the SpongeBob SquarePants brand. Skeptics initially doubted that SpongeBob could be popular in Japan, as the character's design is very different from popular designs for Hello Kitty and Pikachu, but SpongeBob has gained popularity in Japan among women. Ratings and merchandise sales showed SpongeBob SquarePants had caught on with parents and with the college audience. In a recent promotion, college-oriented website Music.com gave away 80,000 SpongeBob T-shirts, four times more than during a similar promotion for Comedy Central's South Park.
The second season was well received by media critics. In 2002, the show itself was nominated at the Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Children's Program. At the 29th Annie Awards, the series was nominated three times, including Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting by a Female and Male Performer in an Animated Television Production categories for Mary Jo Catlett for her role as Mrs. Puff in "No Free Rides" and Tom Kenny for his role as SpongeBob SquarePants in "Wormy", respectively. Peter Straus and Paul Tibbitt were nominated for Outstanding Individual Achievement for a Song in an Animated Production for their song "The Very First Christmas" that was featured in "Christmas Who?" In 2002, the episodes "The Secret Box" and "Band Geeks" won at the Golden Reel Awards for Best Sound Editing in Television—Animation, while the episodes "Jellyfish Hunter" and "The Fry Cook Games" received a nomination for Best Sound Editing in Television Animation—Music category.
In his review for the The Spokesman-Review, Isamu Jordan said, "I'll be honest. I dig the little yellow dude who lives in a pineapple under the sea quite a bit for his absurdity À la Ren and Stimpy." He said that "season two is worth having in your or your kid's SpongeBob collection" given that the episodes "Krusty Love", "Squid's Day Off", and "Mermaidman and Barnacleboy III" are on the set. Jason Bovberg of the DVD Talk wrote that the season release is "recommended." He said "Let me state up front that I adore this show. I get a total kick out of watching it with my 4-year-old daughter. We laugh uproariously at SpongeBob's adventures and I'm helplessly reduced to a boy about her age as I beam and giggle at the screen." However, Bovberg called the included audio commentaries "downright boring." Various celebrities—including Lance Bass of 'N Sync, Will Ferrell of Saturday Night Live, singer-songwriter Tom Waits, and Jerry Lewis—admitted they were fans of the show.
During the 2001–02 television season, the Parents Television Council (PTC), a watchdog media group, named SpongeBob SquarePants among the best programs on cable television. However, according to a report titled Wolves in Sheep's Clothing, which documents the increase in potentially violent, profane, and sexual content in children's programming, the PTC and fans believed the episode "Sailor Mouth", which originally aired during the 2001–02 season, was an implicit attempt to promote and satirize use of profanity among children. The report cited a repeat broadcast of the episode from 2005 to prove its point that it promoted use of profanity among children. In a later report, several members of the PTC listed "Sailor Mouth" as an example of how levels of profane, sexual, and violent activity has increased in children's television programming. Nickelodeon, in response to the incident, said "It's sad and a little desperate that they stooped to literally putting profane language in the mouths of our characters to make a point. Has the FCC looked at this?" Richard Huff of the New York Daily News criticized the report for misinterpreting the episode over its intent to satirize profanity implicitly.
- The following episodes are listed below as ordered on the DVD collection and not in their original broadcast or production order.
|Title||Animation directors[a]||Written by[a]||Original air date|
|21a||1a||"Your Shoe's Untied"||Tom Yasumi||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Merriwether Williams||November 2, 2000|
|SpongeBob forgets how to tie his shoes, so he asks everyone in town.|
|21b||1b||"Squid's Day Off"||Andrew Overtoom||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Merriwether Williams||November 2, 2000|
|Since Mr. Krabs has to go to the hospital, Squidward makes SpongeBob in charge of the cash register at the Krusty Krab. Squidward takes the day off and he thinks SpongeBob is on his trail.|
|22a||2a||"Something Smells"||Edgar Larrazabal||Aaron Springer, C.H. Greenblatt & Merriwether Williams||October 26, 2000|
|SpongeBob makes a rancid "sundae" and gets terrible breath. Everyone in town is disgusted by his breath, and avoids him.|
|22b||2b||"Bossy Boots"||Tom Yasumi||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Mr. Lawrence||October 26, 2000|
|Mr. Krabs's daughter, Pearl, comes to work at the Krusty Krab during her summer vacation, and she has many ideas for improving the restaurant. However, her ideas cause the restaurant to lose income.|
|23a||3a||"Big Pink Loser"||Sean Dempsey||Jay Lender, William Reiss & Merriwether Williams||November 16, 2000|
|Envious of SpongeBob's numerous awards, Patrick works at the Krusty Krab in an attempt to get his own award.|
|23b||3b||"Bubble Buddy"||Sean Dempsey||Jay Lender, William Reiss & Mr. Lawrence||November 16, 2000|
|SpongeBob makes his own bubble friend because he is feeling lonely. He shows it to everyone, but they do not like it.|
|24a||4a||"Dying for Pie"||Edgar Larrazabal||Aaron Springer, C.H. Greenblatt & Merriwether Williams||December 28, 2000|
|Squidward thinks that he gave SpongeBob an explosive pie and decides to spend time with SpongeBob while he is still alive.|
|24b||4b||"Imitation Krabs"||Tom Yasumi||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt, Mr. Lawrence||December 28, 2000|
|Plankton builds a robot imitating Mr. Krabs to steal the Krabby Patty formula.|
|25a||5a||"Wormy"||Andrew Overtoom||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Merriwether Williams||February 17, 2001|
|SpongeBob and Patrick pet-sit for Sandy and befriend her pet caterpillar, Wormy. Meanwhile, Wormy (now as a butterfly) wanders the town, but is feared by the people, causing mass chaos.|
|25b||5b||"Patty Hype"||Sean Dempsey||Jay Lender, William Reiss & Mr. Lawrence||February 17, 2001|
|With the Krusty Krab low on customers, SpongeBob introduces his own idea: colorful "Pretty Patties". However, Mr. Krabs denies his idea. SpongeBob leaves the Krusty Krab and sets up a stand selling his patties.|
|26a||6a||"Grandma's Kisses"||Andrew Overtoom||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Merriwether Williams||March 6, 2001|
|SpongeBob loves going to his Grandma's house but feels embarrassed after being teased for it.|
|26b||6b||"Squidville"||Edgar Larrazabal||Aaron Springer, C.H. Greenblatt & Merriwether Williams||March 6, 2001|
|SpongeBob and Patrick's antics destroy Squidward's house, prompting him to move to a gated community among his own kind.|
|27a||7a||"Prehibernation Week"||Edgar Larrazabal||Aaron Springer, C.H. Greenblatt & Merriwether Williams||May 5, 2001|
|As Sandy prepares for hibernation, SpongeBob happily agrees to play extreme sports with her.|
|27b||7b||"Life of Crime"||Sean Dempsey||Jay Lender, William Reiss & Mr. Lawrence||May 5, 2001|
|SpongeBob and Patrick steal a balloon, but are forced on the lam when it pops.|
|28||8||"Christmas Who? (The SpongeBob Christmas Special)"||Tom Yasumi||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Mr. Lawrence||December 6, 2000|
|This Christmas special is narrated by Patchy the Pirate, the president of the fictional SpongeBob SquarePants fan club. In the episode, Sandy tells SpongeBob about Christmas traditions, and he then relays the event to everybody in Bikini Bottom.|
|29a||9a||"Survival of the Idiots"||Larry Leichliter||Aaron Springer, C.H. Greenblatt & Merriwether Williams||March 5, 2001|
|Patrick and SpongeBob are trapped in Sandy's treedome while she hibernates for winter. As the winter storm becomes more intense, SpongeBob and Patrick shear all of Sandy's fur to survive.|
|29b||9b||"Dumped"||Andrew Overtoom||Paul Tibbitt, Walt Dohrn & Merriwether Williams||March 5, 2001|
|SpongeBob's pet snail Gary becomes attached to Patrick, leaving SpongeBob feeling dumped. SpongeBob, out of jealousy, attempts to find a new pet to show Gary that he does not need him.|
|30a||10a||"No Free Rides"||Tom Yasumi||Aaron Springer, C.H. Greenblatt & Mr. Lawrence||March 7, 2001|
|Mrs. Puff finally passes SpongeBob in his driving test, giving him his license. Soon after SpongeBob leaves, Mrs. Puff believes she has made a mistake, and starts feeling guilty.|
|30b||10b||"I'm Your Biggest Fanatic"||Sean Dempsey||Jay Lender, William Reiss & Mr. Lawrence||March 7, 2001|
|At a convention, SpongeBob meets the Jellyspotters, a highly-regarded group of jellyfishing experts. SpongeBob does everything to impress Kevin, the group leader. Kevin asks SpongeBob if he wants to join the group, intending to get him hurt.|
|31a||11a||"Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy III"||Andrew Overtoom||Paul Tibbitt, Walt Dohrn & Merriwether Williams||November 27, 2000|
|Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy are packing for vacation. While they are gone on vacation, they have SpongeBob and Patrick watch their Merma-Lair, but they immediately want to touch everything.|
|31b||11b||"Squirrel Jokes"||Larry Leichliter & Leonard Robinson||Paul Tibbitt, Walt Dohrn & Merriwether Williams||November 27, 2000|
|The Krusty Krab begins hosting stand-up comedy nights. SpongeBob, being one of the comedy acts, makes mean jokes about Sandy that the audience likes.|
|32a||12a||"Pressure"||Sean Dempsey||Jay Lender, William Reiss & David B. Fain||March 8, 2001|
|Sandy, SpongeBob, Patrick, Mr. Krabs, and Squidward start fighting because the sea creatures think that they are better than land creatures, and Sandy thinks the opposite.|
|32b||12b||"The Smoking Peanut"||Andrew Overtoom||Paul Tibbitt, Walt Dohrn & Mr. Lawrence||March 8, 2001|
|A trip to the zoo during "Free Day" goes wrong when a giant clam gets angry, and Spongebob thinks it is his fault.|
|33a||13a||"Shanghaied"||Frank Weiss||Aaron Springer, C.H. Greenblatt & Merriwether Williams||March 9, 2001|
|SpongeBob, Squidward, and Patrick climb to the Flying Dutchman's ship after its anchor damages both SpongeBob's and Squidward's houses. Squidward complains about this, and the Dutchman throws him into a chaotic dimension. The Flying Dutchman then has SpongeBob and Patrick help him go around Bikini Bottom to scare people.|
|33b||13b||"Gary Takes a Bath"||Frank Weiss||Aaron Springer, C.H. Greenblatt & Merriwether Williams||July 26, 2003|
|When Gary has to take a bath, he refuses to enter the bathtub, so he makes SpongeBob do it.|
|34a||14a||"Welcome to the Chum Bucket"||Andrew Overtoom||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Mr. Lawrence||January 21, 2002|
|Mr. Krabs loses Spongebob's contract to Plankton in a poker game, and SpongeBob is forced to work at the Chum Bucket.|
|34b||14b||"Frankendoodle"||Tom Yasumi||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Merriwether Williams||January 21, 2002|
|SpongeBob and Patrick discover a pencil that fell down from the surface from a human artist at sea. It is no ordinary pencil—whatever artwork they make using it comes to life.|
|35a||15a||"The Secret Box"||Tom Yasumi||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Merriwether Williams||September 7, 2001|
|SpongeBob wants Patrick to go jellyfishing with him, but Patrick is distracted by his "secret box".|
|35b||15b||"Band Geeks"||Frank Weiss||C.H. Greenblatt, Aaron Springer & Merriwether Williams||September 7, 2001|
|Squidward recruits the citizens of Bikini Bottom to play in a marching band for the Bubble Bowl, in an attempt to impress his rival, Squilliam Fancyson.|
|36a||16a||"Graveyard Shift"||Sean Dempsey||Mr. Lawrence, Jay Lender & Dan Povenmire||September 6, 2002|
|Squidward and SpongeBob are forced to work 24 hours a day by Mr. Krabs, so that he can get more money. Squidward soon gets bored, and tells SpongeBob a scary story to have some fun with him. After getting scared, SpongeBob is told by Squidward that the story is fictional. However, when Squidward and SpongeBob are alone, the events in Squidward's story begin to occur.|
|36b||16b||"Krusty Love"||Sean Dempsey||Mr. Lawrence, Jay Lender & William Reiss||September 6, 2002|
|Mr. Krabs meets Mrs. Puff and is instantly smitten by her. Mr. Krabs cannot control spending his money for Mrs. Puff, so he leaves SpongeBob in charge of his wallet.|
|37a||17a||"Procrastination"||Tom Yasumi||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Mr. Lawrence||November 30, 2001|
|SpongeBob is assigned to compose an 800-word essay on what not to do at a stoplight. Every time he tries to continue his essay, he constantly procrastinates to the point of him having a nightmare about his procrastination.|
|37b||17b||"I'm with Stupid"||Frank Weiss||Aaron Springer, C.H. Greenblatt & Mark O'Hare||November 30, 2001|
|SpongeBob helps Patrick attempt to impress his visiting parents by making himself ignorant, so the parents would think Patrick is smarter by comparison.|
|38a||18a||"Sailor Mouth"||Andrew Overtoom||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Merriwether Williams||September 21, 2001|
|SpongeBob and Patrick learn to use profanity. However, Mr. Krabs tells them that it is bad, so they promise not to do it again.|
|38b||18b||"Artist Unknown"||Sean Dempsey||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Mark O'Hare||September 21, 2001|
|Squidward becomes an art teacher at the community center. SpongeBob attends his class, much to Squidward's dismay. SpongeBob produces impressive works, but Squidward, jealous, scoffs his masterpieces and refuses to acknowledge his talent.|
|39a||19a||"Jellyfish Hunter"||Andrew Overtoom||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Mark O'Hare||September 28, 2001|
|Mr. Krabs tricks SpongeBob into collecting jellyfish to produce Jelly Krabby Patties. A blue jellyfish brings SpongeBob to an abandoned factory to see that the jellyfish he caught are being mistreated by Mr. Krabs.|
|39b||19b||"The Fry Cook Games"||Tom Yasumi||Jay Lender, Dan Povenmire & Merriwether Williams||September 28, 2001|
|At the Fast Food Coliseum, the Fry Cook Games (a fast food-themed sports competition) commence. The main event is a bitter rivalry between Mr. Krabs and Plankton—fast food competitors and former Fry Cook Games athletes.|
|40a||20a||"Sandy, SpongeBob, and the Worm"||Sean Dempsey||Jay Lender, Dan Povenmire & Merriwether Williams||October 12, 2001|
|An Alaskan bullworm terrorizes Bikini Bottom, and Sandy volunteers to go after it. SpongeBob tries to stop her, which fails.|
|40b||20b||"Squid on Strike"||Tom Yasumi||Walt Dohrn, Paul Tibbitt & Mark O'Hare||October 12, 2001|
|Mr. Krabs tightens his belt, leading Squidward and SpongeBob to go on labor strike.|
The DVD boxset for season two was released by Paramount Home Entertainment and Nickelodeon in the United States and Canada in October 2004, almost two years after the season had completed broadcast on television. The DVD release features bonus materials including audio commentaries, storyboards, and featurettes. In 2005, the DVD compilation was nominated at the 9th Golden Satellite Awards for Best Youth DVD, although did not win.
|SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete 2nd Season|
|Set details||Special features|
|Region 1||Region 2||Region 4|
|October 28, 2003||October 23, 2006||November 30, 2006|
- Information is taken from the opening credits of each episode.
- Martin, Denise (September 22, 2004). "Nick lathers up 'SpongeBob'". Variety. Archived from the original on December 29, 2013. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- Hillenburg, Stephen (2009). The First 100 Episodes - Square Roots: The Story of SpongeBob SquarePants (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- Bovberg, Jason (October 11, 2004). "SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete Second Season". DVD Talk. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- Iversen, Derek (2009). The First 100 Episodes - Square Roots: The Story of SpongeBob SquarePants (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- Fletcher, Alex (April 3, 2011). "Paul Tibbitt (Spongebob Squarepants)". Digital Spy. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- Cavna, Michael (July 14, 2009). "The Interview: SpongeBob Creator Stephen Hillenburg". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- Richmond, Ray (January 15, 2004). "Special Report: Animation". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- Drymon, Derek (2010). "The Oral History of SpongeBob SquarePants". Hogan's Alley #17 (Bull Moose Publishing Corporation). Retrieved September 21, 2012.
- Williams, Merriwether (2010). "The Oral History of SpongeBob SquarePants". Hogan's Alley#17 (Bull Moose Publishing Corporation). Retrieved September 21, 2012.
- Crump, Steve (March 19, 2009). "COLUMN: Do you remember Bill Fagerbakke? He's a star". Magic Valley. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- "Rodger Bumpass: Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- "Carolyn Lawrence: Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- "Clancy Brown: Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- "Mr. Lawrence: Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- "Jill Talley: Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- "Mary Jo Catlett: Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- "Lori Alan: Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- "Brian Doyle-Murray: Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- Basile, Nancy. "SpongeBob SquarePants Cast". Animated TV. About.com. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
- Wiese, Erik (2004). SpongeBob SquarePants season 2 DVD commentary for the episode "Sailor Mouth" (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- Dohrn, Walt (2004). SpongeBob SquarePants season 2 DVD commentary for the episode "Sailor Mouth" (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- Overtoom, Andrew (2004). SpongeBob SquarePants season 2 DVD commentary for the episode "Sailor Mouth" (DVD). Paramount Home Entertainment.
- SpongeBob SquarePants: Season 4, Vol. 1 (DVD). United States: Paramount Home Entertainment/Nickelodeon. September 12, 2006.
- SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete 2nd Season (DVD). United States: Paramount Home Entertainment/Nickelodeon. October 19, 2004.
- SpongeBob SquarePants: Friend or Foe ("Friend or Foe" credits) (DVD). United States: Paramount Home Entertainment/Nickelodeon. April 17, 2007.
- Dean Ween (October 18, 2012). "One of our proudest achievements". AskDeaner.com. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
- "A CLEANER WEEN". Portland Press Herald. Portland, ME. October 25, 2001. Retrieved October 30, 2013. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- "SpongeBob, `Sideways,' Turkey Day". The Register Guard. Eugene, OR. November 19, 2004. Retrieved October 31, 2013. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- "Sound Check". Daily News. Los Angeles, CA. November 12, 2004. Retrieved October 31, 2013. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- "The Capsules: First Spongebob then the world". SupaJam.com. June 28, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- "SpongeBob SquarePants To Release 'The Yellow Album'". Starpulse. October 31, 2005. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- Crisp, Marty (July 7, 2002). "'Happy Days' are here again for TV mom Marion Ross". Sunday News Lancaster. Retrieved October 30, 2013. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Alexander, Larry (July 5, 2002). "Mom from 'Happy Days' plays grandma at Gretna". Intelligencer Journal Lancaster. Retrieved October 30, 2013. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- SpongeBob SquarePants: Season 5, Vol. 2 (DVD). United States: Paramount Home Entertainment/Nickelodeon. November 18, 2008.
- Lloyd, Robert (July 9, 2012). "Ernest Borgnine: From Marty to McHale to Mermaid Man". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
- "Tim Conway: Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- Jordan, Isamu (October 22, 2004). "New DVD fitting for dad, uh, son". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, WA. Retrieved October 30, 2013. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- "John Rhys-Davies: Credits". TV Guide. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "John Rhys-Davies offers help as 'dwarf adviser'". Stuff.co.nz. April 7, 2011. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "SpongeBob SquarePants". BehindTheVoiceActors.com. Retrieved October 30, 2013. Note: Click on the various characters under "Guest Stars" to reveal a character's voice actor or actress.
- "The Stretch". Rocky Mountain News. Denver, CO. September 15, 2001. Retrieved October 30, 2013. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- "Nick Retains Saturday Crown". Broadcasting &Cable. June 18, 2001. Retrieved October 30, 2013. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Strauss, Gary (May 17, 2002). "Life's good for SpongeBob". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 21, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2008.
- Kageyama, Yuri (January 24, 2007). "SpongeBob Goes Trendy to Win Japan Fans". The San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on April 5, 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2008.
- "THE HYPE SOAKING IT UP' SPONGEBOB' ACTOR LOVES THE ATTENTION". Daily News. Los Angeles, CA. March 8, 2001. Retrieved October 30, 2013. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Lenburg 2006, p. 141
- "The 29th Annual Annie Awards Nominees and Winners!". Annie Award. Archived from the original on June 21, 2003. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- "Motion Picture Sound Editors, USA". Internet Movie Database. March 23, 2002. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- "PTC's First Annual Top Ten Best & Worst Cable Shows of the 2001/2002 TV Season" (Press release). Parents Television Council. August 1, 2002. Retrieved August 5, 2007.
- Kristen Fyfe (March 2, 2006). Wolves in Sheep's Clothing: A Content Analysis of Children's Television. Parents Television Council. Retrieved August 5, 2007.
- PTC Staff (August 1, 2005). "New PTC Study Finds More Violence on Children's TV than on Adult-Oriented TV". Media Research Center. Retrieved October 4, 2007. "During the study period Nickelodeon aired an episode of SpongeBob SquarePants entitled "Sailor Mouth," the subject of which is foul language: Innocent SpongeBob does not understand the dirty word graffiti he sees on a dumpster but Patrick tells him it's a "sentence enhancer" for when you want to talk fancy. The rest of the episode features SpongeBob and Patrick using bleeped foul language. The bleeps are made to sound like a dolphin which makes the whole thing seem humorous. At the end SpongeBob and Patrick realize the words are bad and promise to never use them again but the episode ends with them telling Momma Krabs the 13 bad words Mr. Krabs has just said. All are punished by Momma Krabs for "talking like sailors."
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- Huff, Richard (March 7, 2006). "A four-letter word for decency police: Lame". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 5, 2007.
- General sources include:
- SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete 2nd Season (DVD). United States: Paramount Home Entertainment/Nickelodeon. October 19, 2004.
- "SpongeBob SquarePants. / The complete 2nd season.". WorldCat. 2004. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- Bovberg, Jason (October 11, 2004). "SpongeBob SquarePants: The Complete Second Season". DVD Talk. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- "SpongeBob SquarePants, Season 2". iTunes. Apple Inc. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
- Lacey, Gord (October 14, 2004). "SpongeBob SquarePants - Season 2 Review". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- "SpongeBob SquarePants - Season 2". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "2005-A* 9th Annual Satellite™ Awards - January 2005". Golden Satellite Awards. 2005. Archived from the original on November 11, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- "SpongeBob SquarePants - Season 2". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- "Spongebob - Season 2 (Animated) (Box Set) (DVD)". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- "SpongeBob SquarePants: Season 2". JB Hi-Fi. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- Lenburg, Jeff (2006), Who's Who in Animated Cartoons: An International Guide to Film & Television's Award Winning and Legendary Animators, Hal Leonard, ISBN 1-55783-671-X
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