Dumuzid the Fisherman

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Dumuzid the Fisherman
𒌉𒍣𒋗𒄩
Uruk period priest King circa 3300 BC.jpg
Figure of a priest king from the Uruk period (3300 BC).
King of Uruk
Reignc. 2900-2700 BC (legendary)
PredecessorLugalbanda
SuccessorGilgamesh

Dumuzid[a] titled the Fisherman[b] was a legendary Sumerian king of Uruk listed as originating from Kuara. In his one-hundredth year of reign, he was captured by Enmebaragesi.

Sumerian King List[edit]

The primal source of information comes from the Sumerian King List:

Dumuzid, the fisherman, whose city was Kuara, ruled for 100 years.[c]
He (Dumuzid) was taken captive by the (single hand of Enmebaragesi).[d]

According to scholars, the sequence of the first Uruk dynasty was fabricated during the Sumerian Renaissance, which didn't include comments about some rulers. The fabrication of king Dumuzi could have been derived from an ideological representation of the positional relationship, thought to be practiced by the Ur III kings and their predecessors to Dumuzi in the myth of the holy wedding, and was added as a symbol of this act.[3]

To be able to distinguish him from the god Dumuzid, the profession of fisherman and the origin from Kuara were assigned to him, probably from a cult in Kuara, where there is evidence of a temple of Dumuzi.[3] The C version of the Sumerian King List contains the ending of his reign in hands of Enmebaragesi, this addition has been interpreted as a subsequent addition, which would give historical weight and justify the lack of expansion in the literary texts.[3]

The Tale of Gudam[edit]

The Tale of Gudam is known from a single, one column tablet inscribed with 37 lines. The composition starts with the preparation of a festival for Inanna, in which Gudam participates, although his role remains doubtful. Gudam decides to ravage the city of Uruk, but its defeated by the little fisherman of Inanna.[4]

It has been suggested that the "little fisherman of Inanna" was a corruption from the original reading of "the fisherman Dumuzi(d), the fisherman of Inanna(k)".[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Derived from the Sumerian words meaning "faithful son".[1]
  2. ^ Sumerian: 𒌉𒍣𒋗𒄩, romanized: Dumuzid šukud[2]
  3. ^ Some versions mention 110 years.
  4. ^ Addition only found in the C version of the SKL.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Mitchell 2005, p. 169.
  2. ^ "The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature". etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  3. ^ a b c Mittermayer, Catherine (2009). Enmerkara und der Herr von Arata: Ein ungleicher Wettstreit. p. 93.
  4. ^ Bendt, Alster; Feldt, Laura (2004). "Gudam and the Bull of Heaven". Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten. Assyria and Beyond. Studies Presented to Mogens Trolle Larsen: 38 – via JSTOR.
  5. ^ Marchesi, Gianni (2004). "Who Was Buried in the Royal Tombs of Ur? The Epigraphic and Textual Data". Orientalia NOVA SERIES. 73: 166 – via JSTOR.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Mitchell, Stephen (2004), Gilgamesh: A New English Version by Stephen Mitchell, London, England: Profile Books, Ltd., ISBN 978-0743261692
  • Mittermayer, C. (2009) Enmerkara und der Herr von Arata: Ein ungleicher Wettstreit. OBO 239. Fribourg: Academic Press / Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
  • Bendt, Alster; Feldt, Laura (2004). "Gudam and the Bull of Heaven". Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten. Assyria and Beyond. Studies Presented to Mogens Trolle Larsen.
  • Marchesi, Gianni (2004). "Who Was Buried in the Royal Tombs of Ur? The Epigraphic and Textual Data". Orientalia NOVA SERIES.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Lugalbanda
Lugal of Sumer
En of Uruk

c. 2900-2700 BC (legendary)
Succeeded by
Gilgamesh