The Dun Cow is a common motif in English folklore. "Dun" is a dull shade of brownish grey.
The Dun Cow of Dunsmore Heath (an area west of Dunchurch near Rugby in Warwickshire, England) was a savage beast slain by Guy of Warwick. A huge tusk, probably that of an elephant, is still shown at Warwick Castle as one of the ribs of the Dun Cow.
The fable is that this cow belonged to a giant, and was kept on Mitchell's Fold (middle fold), Shropshire. Its milk was inexhaustible; but one day an old woman who had filled her pail, wanted to fill her sieve as well. This so enraged the cow, that she broke loose from the fold and wandered to Dunsmore Heath, where she was slain by Guy of Warwick.
Isaac Taylor, in his Words and Places (p. 269), says the dun cow is a corruption of the Dena Gau (Danish region) in the neighbourhood of Warwick. Gau, in German, means region, country. If this explanation is correct, the great achievement of Guy of Warwick was a victory over the Danes, and taking from them their settlement near Warwick. (From the 1898 edition of Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable.)
A similar legend applies to Dun Cow Rib Farm in Halfpenny Lane, Whittingham, Lancashire, just outside the town of Longridge. Embedded in its wall is a large rib, supposedly from a giant dun cow that gave milk freely to all comers, but died of shock when an old witch asked it to fill a riddle (sieve) instead of a pail. An alternative legend claims that the giant cow's milk saved the local inhabitants from the Plague, and it was buried at nearby Cow Hill, near Grimsargh. It was also claimed that the cow would quench its thirst at "Nick's Water-Pot", a well on the summit of Parlick. In reality, the rib is probably from a whale or Bronze Age aurochs.
Local legend states that the city of Durham was founded in 995 AD by divine intervention. The 12th-century chronicler Symeon of Durham recounts in his Libellus de exordio atque procurso istius, hoc est Dunhelmensis that, after wandering in the north, Saint Cuthbert's bier came to a miraculous halt at the hill of Warden Law and, despite the effort of the congregation, would not move. Aldhun, Bishop of Chester-le-Street and leader of the order, decreed a holy fast of three days, accompanied by prayers to the saint. Saint Bede recounts that during this fast Saint Cuthbert appeared to the monk Eadmer with instructions that the coffin should be taken to Dun Holm.
After Eadmer’s revelation, Aldhun found that he was able to move the bier, but did not know where Dun Holm was. By chance later that day the monks came across a milkmaid at Mount Joy who stated that she was seeking her lost dun cow which she had last seen at Dun Holm. The monks, realising that this was a sign from the saint, followed her. They settled at a "wooded hill-island formed by a tight gorge-like meander of the River Wear" When they arrived at the destination they erected the vestiges of Durham Cathedral, a "modest building" none of which survives today, having been supplanted by the Norman structure. Symeon states that this was the first building in the city.
Bristol Dun Cow
A tourist guide from 1923 states that:
"In the glorious church of St Mary Redcliffe ... may still be seen the "Dun Cow" bone, the rib of a cow whale, now the only remaining trophy of Cabot's expedition of 1497, but for a considerable period regarded as part of the body of George of Warwick."
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There are many public houses in the United Kingdom called The Dun Cow.
The Dun Cow, Shrewsbury, is one of the oldest public houses in the UK, built by Rodger De Montgomery, first Earl of Shrewsbury circa 1085 as a hostel for the highly skilled masons and master builders brought in to oversee the construction of St. Peter and St. Pauls (later known as the Abbey). It continues to be a public house and claims to have accommodated many famous people.
A British folk song, When the Old Dun Cow Caught Fire, refers to a pub named the Dun Cow.
- Buwch Frech
- The Book of the Dun Cow
- Griggstown Cow
- Lebor na hUidre, The Book of the Dun Cow
- ‘Townships: Whittingham’, A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7 (1912), pp.207–13, accessed 15 June 2007
- Rothwell, C (1995) Around Garstang, Alan Sutton Publishing, Stroud, ISBN 0-7509-0870-X, p.102
- Dewhurst, A (1985) Times Past in Goosnargh, Countryside Publications, Chorley, ISBN 0-86157-183-5, p.22
- Harkand, J. and Wilkinson, T.T. (1837), Lancashire Legends: Traditions, Pageants, Sports, Etc., ISBN 1-437-1144-07, pp.17–18
- Symeon of Durham (C12), Tract on the origins and progress of this the church of Durham
- Bede, The Ecclesiastical History of the English People
- Wonderful Wessex, published by the Great Western Railway, London, third edition, 1923