Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown

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Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown
Dún Laoghaire–Ráth an Dúin
County
Coat of arms of Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown
Motto(s): 
Irish: Ó Chuan go Sliabh, lit.'From Harbour to Mountain'
Location of Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
RegionEastern and Midland
Established1994
County townDún Laoghaire
Government
 • Local authorityDún Laoghaire–Rathdown County Council
 • Dáil constituenciesDún Laoghaire
Dublin Rathdown
 • EP constituencyDublin
Area
 • Total125.8 km2 (48.6 sq mi)
Highest elevation536 m (1,759 ft)
Population
 (2016)[2]
 • Total218,018
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC±0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Vehicle index
mark code
D
Websitewww.dlrcoco.ie

Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown (Irish: Dún Laoghaire–Ráth an Dúin[3]) is a county in Ireland. It is part of the province of Leinster and the Eastern and Midland Region. It is one of three successor counties to County Dublin, which was disestablished in 1994. It is named after the former borough of Dún Laoghaire and the barony of Rathdown. Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county was 218,018 at the time of the 2016 census.[2]

Geography and subdivisions[edit]

Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown is bordered to the east by the Irish Sea, to the north by the city of Dublin, to the west by the county of South Dublin, and to the south by County Wicklow. With the city of Dublin, Fingal and South Dublin, it is one of four local government areas in the old County Dublin. Located to the south-east of the capital city of Dublin, the county town of Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown is Dún Laoghaire. Since 2015, the county in part of the Eastern and Midland Region, one of three such regions in the state. University College Dublin and Dún Laoghaire Institute of Art, Design and Technology are located in the county.

Towns, villages and suburbs[edit]

Administrative history[edit]

In 1986, the administrative county of Dublin was divided into three "electoral counties": Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Dublin—Fingal, and Dublin—Belgard.[4] The city has been administered separately from County Dublin since 1548. An "area committee" for the electoral county was formed within Dublin County Council under the Local Government Act 1991,[5]

On 1 January 1994, County Dublin and the Borough of Dún Laoghaire were abolished and the three electoral counties became the administrative counties of Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Fingal, and South Dublin respectively.[6] Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown comprises the former Borough of Dún Laoghaire and the south-eastern part of the former County Dublin. Additionally, the powers of the former Deansgrange Joint Burial Board were subsumed into the new authority. From 2002, all "administrative counties" in Ireland were redesignated as "counties".[7] The three counties together with Dublin city constitute the old County Dublin.

Naming[edit]

The coastal town of Dún Laoghaire (called Dunleary until 1821 and then Kingstown until 1920) gave its name to the larger borough of Dún Laoghaire established in 1930. Rathdown was the south-easternmost barony in County Dublin, named after Rathdown Castle. When County Wicklow was created south of County Dublin in 1606, half of Rathdown was transferred to Wicklow, including Rathdown Castle, now a ruin. From the 1840s, the poor law union (PLU) of Rathdown covered all of the Wicklow barony and most of the Dublin barony, with part of Uppercross. From the Dublin and Wicklow sections of the PLU, the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898 created rural districts respectively named Rathdown No. 1 and Rathdown No. 2, abolished in 1930 and 1925. Rathdown PLU survived as Rathdown Public Assistance District until 1960.[8] Dún Laoghaire and Rathdown was a Dáil constituency created by the Electoral (Amendment) Act 1947 coterminous with the former Rathdown No. 1 rural district.[9][10]

The name "Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown" was given to the electoral county created in 1985. Before its establishment as an administrative county, possible alternative names before deciding to retain "Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown".[11] The Local Government (Dublin) Act 1993 named it "Dun Laoghaire–Rathdown" in English, omitting the síneadh fada on the "u" of "Dun", and Dún Laoghaire–Ráth an Dúin in Irish.[6] The 1993 act empowered Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown County Council (DLRCC) to apply to change the county's name, but this was not invoked.[a]

The spelling in English as "Dun Laoghaire–Rathdown", without the síneadh fada, is used in the list of counties in the Local Government Act 2001[13] (and as amended by the Local Government Reform Act 2014[14]). However, in the Placenames Database of Ireland and the ministerial order under the Official Languages Act 2003, the name of the county in English is "Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown".[3] This is followed by the County Council, with the síneadh fada used in English.[b]

The placenames order also distinguishes between the use of "County" as a prefix for the traditional counties, but not in the case of "Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown" and other counties listed as "administrative counties".[15]

Local government and politics[edit]

Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown County Council is the local authority for the county. There are six local electoral areas (LEAs) for the county which return a total of 40 councillors as follows: Blackrock (6), Dundrum (7), Dún Laoghaire (7), GlencullenSandyford (7), KillineyShankill (7), and Stillorgan (6).[16]

For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is split between the Dáil constituencies of Dún Laoghaire (4 TDs) and Dublin Rathdown (3 TDs), with the division generally running along the N11.[17] These constituencies currently have three Fine Gael TDs, two Green Party TDs, one Fianna Fáil TD and one People Before Profit/Solidarity TD.

It is part of the 4-seat Dublin constituency in European Parliament elections.[18]

County motto[edit]

The motto on the insignia of the County Council reads, Ó Chuan go Sliabh, Irish for "From Harbour to Mountain". The crown in the device is that of Lóegaire mac Néill, a legendary 5th-century High King of Ireland and the eponymous Laoghaire of "Dún Laoghaire".

Demographics[edit]

Main immigrant groups, 2016[19]
Nationality Population
 United Kingdom 11,927
 Poland 3,120
 United States 2,181
 India 1,919
 Philippines 1,325
 China 1,223
 France 1,178
 Spain 1,024
 Romania 953
 Germany 926

Transport[edit]

The Dublin Area Rapid Transit (DART) system runs through the eastern coast of the county and connects to Dublin city centre to the north as well as other points north and south on the Iarnród Éireann railway system, with connections to Intercity trains. The green Luas line runs through the centre of the county.

There is a medium-sized harbour at Dún Laoghaire, with now discontinued ferry crossings to and from Holyhead in North Wales; this was a popular route for tourists travelling across the Irish Sea from Britain. This service was suspended indefinitely in September 2014.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Section 9 of the 1993 act was repealed by the Local Government Act 2001 without having been invoked.[12] Since then the default provisions for placename changes apply, requiring a plebiscite of voters rather than a resolution of councillors.
  2. ^ See for example Annual Reports since 2007

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown County Progile" (PDF). Maynooth University. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Sapmap Area - County - Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown". Census 2016. CSO. 2016. Archived from the original on 17 January 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Dún Laoghaire-Ráth an Dúin/Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown". Logainm.ie (in English and Ga). Archived from the original on 7 June 2020. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  4. ^ Local Government (Reorganisation) Act 1985, s. 12: Establishment of Dublin Electoral Counties (No. 7 of 1985, s. 12). Act of the Oireachtas. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2021, Irish Statute Book.
  5. ^ Local Government Act 1991, s. 18: Establishment of area committees (No. 11 of 1991, s. 18). 18 May 1991. Act of the Oireachtas. Archived from the original on 7 June 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2021, Irish Statute Book.
  6. ^ a b Local Government (Dublin) Act 1993, s. 9: Establishment and boundaries of administrative counties (No. 31 of 1993, s. 9). Act of the Oireachtas. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2021, Irish Statute Book.; Local Government (Dublin) Act 1993 Commencement Order 1993 (S.I. No. 400 of 1993). Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2021, Irish Statute Book.
  7. ^ Local Government Act 2001, 2nd Sch.: Construction of Certain Terms in Other Enactments (No. 37 of 2001, 2nd Sch.). Act of the Oireachtas. Irish Statute Book.
  8. ^ Health Authorities Act 1960, s. 15 (No. 9 of 1960, s. 15). Act of the Oireachtas. Archived from the original on 30 May 2019. Retrieved 21 December 2019, Irish Statute Book.
  9. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Bill, 1947—Second Stage". Seanad Éireann (5th Seanad) debates. Oireachtas. 19 November 1947. Archived from the original on 22 October 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  10. ^ Electoral (Amendment) Act 1947, 1st Sch.: Constituencies (No. 31 of 1947, 1st Sch.). 27 November 1947. Act of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 19 November 2021, Irish Statute Book.
  11. ^ "Private Members' Business — Local Government (Dublin) Bill, 1993; Report Stage: (Resumed)". Dáil Éireann (27th Dáil) debates. Oireachtas. 7 December 1993. Archived from the original on 30 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Local Government (Dublin) Act 1993 [Commencement, Amendments, SIs made under the Act]". Irish Statute Book. 15 May 2019. Archived from the original on 30 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  13. ^ Local Government Act 2001, 5th Sch. (No. 37 of 2001, 5th Sch.). Act of the Oireachtas. Archived from the original on 30 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019, Irish Statute Book.
  14. ^ "Local Government Act 2001, Schedule 5 Part 1 [as amended]". Revised Acts. Law Reform Commission. 16 April 2019. Archived from the original on 30 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  15. ^ Placenames (Provinces and Counties) Order 2003 (S.I. No. 519 of 2003). 30 October 2003. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. Archived from the original on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2022, Irish Statute Book.
  16. ^ County of Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown Local Electoral Areas Order 2018 (S.I. No. 615 of 2018). 19 December 2018. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 9 February 2019, Irish Statute Book.
  17. ^ Electoral (Amendment) (Dáil Constituencies) Act 2017, Schedule (No. 39 of 2017, Schedule). 23 December 2017. Act of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 8 August 2021, Irish Statute Book.
  18. ^ European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2019, s. 7: Substitution of Third Schedule to Principal Act (No. 7 of 2019, s. 7). 12 March 2019. Act of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 21 December 2021, Irish Statute Book.
  19. ^ "Population Usually Resident and Present in the State 2011 to 2016 by Sex, Aggregate Town or Rural Area, Birthplace, County of Usual Residence and CensusYear - StatBank - data and statistics". www.cso.ie. Archived from the original on 19 July 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°18′00″N 6°08′24″W / 53.30000°N 6.14000°W / 53.30000; -6.14000