Dunbartonshire (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
|Subdivisions of Scotland||County of Dumbarton|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||East Dunbartonshire
Dunbartonshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of Great Britain (at Westminster) from 1708 to 1801 and of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (also Westminster) from 1801 to 1950. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Members of Parliament
- 3 Election results
- 4 Notes and references
The constituency was created to cover the county of Dumbarton (later Dunbarton) minus any parliamentary burgh or part thereof within the county. From 1832 to 1918, however, under the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1868 and the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the boundaries of counties and burghs for purposes of parliamentary representation were not necessarily those for other purposes.
The Representation of the People Act 1918 brought constituency boundaries generally into alignment with local government boundaries established under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889 and subsequent related legislation, but there were later changes to local government boundaries which were not reflected in new constituency boundaries until 1950, the same year that the Dunbartonshire constituency was abolished, under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949.
For the period 1832 to 1918 boundary details below are nominal, and for the period 1918 to 1950 they are those applicable in 1918.
For the 1708 (first) general election and every subsequent election of the Parliament of Great Britain the Dumbartonshire constituency consisted of the county of Dumbarton minus the burgh of Dumbarton, which was a component of the Clyde Burghs constituency.
In 1801 the Parliament of Great Britain was merged with the Parliament of Ireland to form the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Dumbartonshire constituency retained its boundaries as a constituency of the Parliament of Great Britain for the 1802 (first) general election of the new parliament and for the general elections of 1806, 1807, 1812, 1818, 1820, 1826, 1830 and 1831.
Nominally, the constituency had the same boundaries for the 1832 general election, but the burgh of Dumbarton was now a component of Kilmarnock Burghs. 1832 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1835, 1837, 1841, 1847, 1852, 1857, 1859, 1865, 1868, 1874, 1880, 1885, 1886, 1892, 1895, 1900, 1906, January 1910, and December 1910.
For the 1918 general election the constituency was defined as covering the county of Dunbarton minus the burghs of Dumbarton and Clydebank, which comprised Dumbarton Burghs. 1918 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1931, 1935 and 1945.
Members of Parliament
|1727||John Campbell, later Duke of Argyll||Whig|
|1780||Lord Frederick Campbell|
|1781||George Keith Elphinstone|
|1796||William Cunninghame Bontine|
|1797||Alexander Telfer Smollett|
|1799||Sir James Colquhoun, 3rd Bt|
|1830||Lord Montagu William Graham||Tory|
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||Sir Archibald Orr-Ewing||4,514||50.9|
|Liberal||Robert Threshie Reid||4,357||48.1|
|Conservative||Sir Archibald Orr-Ewing||4,249||50.2||-0.7|
|Liberal||Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson||4,217||49.8||+0.7|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+1.6|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal||James Dundas White||7,404||51.6||+4.6|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.6|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal||James Dundas White||8,640||53.2|
|Liberal||Arthur Acland Allen||8,579||54.1||+0.9|
|Conservative||William Thomas Shaw||7,267||45.9||-0.9|
|Labour||William Henry Porteous Martin||7,072||30.9||n/a|
|Liberal||Arthur Acland Allen||3,048||13.3|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
- endorsed by the Coalition Government
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist||Sir William Hannay Raeburn||13,407||50.4||-5.4|
|Labour||William Henry Porteous Martin||13,216||49.6||+18.7|
|Labour||William Henry Porteous Martin||11,705||43.0||-6.6|
|Unionist||David Pinkerton Fleming||9,802||36.0||-14.4|
|Liberal||Joseph Stanley Holmes||5,726||21.0||n/a|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+3.9|
|Unionist||David Pinkerton Fleming||16,223||55.8|
|Labour||William Henry Porteous Martin||12,872||44.2|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing|
|Unionist||John Gibb Thom||12,680||48.0||-7.8|
|Labour||William Henry Porteous Martin||11,610||43.9||-0.3|
|Unionist||John Gibb Thom||16,576||41.6||-14.2|
|Liberal||Thomas Maule Guthrie||5,071||12.7||n/a|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+7.8|
Elections in the 1930s
|Unionist||John Gibb Thom||28,762||63.6|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing|
|Unionist||Hon. Archibald Douglas Cochrane||16,749|
|Labour||Rt Hon. Thomas Johnston||13,704||35.6|
|National (Scotland)||Robert Gray||5,178||13.4||n/a|
|Unionist||Hon. Archibald Douglas Cochrane||24,776||50.3|
|Unionist||Arthur Paterson Duffes||19,203||45.7|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing|
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour||Adam Storey McKinlay||21,900||85.0|
|Labour||Adam Storey McKinlay||28,383||50.7|
|Unionist||Robert A. Allan||27,636||49.3|
Notes and references
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig, 1972
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 582. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 536. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 622. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Debrett's House of Commons, 1870
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
- The Times, 17 November 1922
- The Times, 8 December 1923
- Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
- The Times, 1 June 1929
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
- The Times, 16 November 1935
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.