Dunbeath Castle

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Dunbeath Castle

Dunbeath Castle is located on the east coast of Caithness, 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of Dunbeath, in northern Scotland. Although a castle has stood here since the 15th century, the present building is of mainly 17th-century origin, with 19th-century extensions.[1]

History[edit]

A castle is first recorded on the rocky peninsula at Dunbeath in 1428,[2] when the lands belonged to the Earl of Caithness. The first recorded laird was Alexander Sutherland.[2] It later became the property of the Clan Sinclair through the marriage of the daughter of Alexander Sutherland to William Sinclair (1410–1484), the first Sinclair Earl of Caithness. The Sinclairs replaced the earlier structure with a four-storey tower house in 1620.

In March 1650, Dunbeath was attacked by the Royalist forces of James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. Sir John Sinclair rode to Edinburgh to warn of Montrose's arrival, leaving his wife to defend Dunbeath against Sir John Hurry. She soon surrendered, and a Royalist garrison was installed. Montrose was defeated in April at the Battle of Carbisdale, and the opposition forces, under David Leslie, recaptured the castle.[2]

The castle was extensively remodelled in the 17th century by Sir William Sinclair, and again in 1853 and 1881, when David Bryce was the architect.[3] From 1894 to 1945, the castle was owned by Vice-Admiral Sir Edwyn Alexander-Sinclair.[2] In that year, after 325 years of occupation by the Sinclair Family, the castle was sold to Bertram Currie. In 1967 it was sold again to Harry Blythe and Helen (Sinclaire) Blythe. The castle remained in their possession until 1976 when it was sold to Ray Stanton Avery. In 1997 the castle was sold to the current owner, Stuart Wyndham Murray-Threipland. The castle remains a private residence today and is not open to the public.

The castle[edit]

The oldest part of the castle lies at the south-west corner, and dates largely from the 17th century. More modern additions have been made to the north and east, in a Scots Baronial style to match the earlier building. The interiors are much altered. The defensive site was enhanced by a dry ditch on the landward side, which cuts across the narrow promontory on which the castle stands.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dunbeath Castle, Site Number ND12NE 1.00". CANMORE. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
  2. ^ a b c d Miller, D. B. (April 1979). "Historic Castles and Families of the North 9. Dunbeath Castle - The Sutherlands & Sinclairs of Dunbeath". Caithness Field Club Bulletin.
  3. ^ "Dunbeath Castle, Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 2009-09-23.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 58°14′06″N 3°26′08″W / 58.23500°N 3.43556°W / 58.23500; -3.43556