Dunblane, Doune and Callander Railway

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The Dunblane, Doune and Callander Railway was opened in 1858 to connect Callander and Doune with the Scottish railway network. When promoters wished to make a connection to Oban, Callander was an obvious place to start, and from 1880 Callander was on the main line to Oban. The railway network was reduced in the 1960s and the line closed in 1965. Oban is now served by a different route.

History[edit]

System map of the Dunblane, Doune and Callander Railway in 1858

The Scottish Central Railway obtained its Act of Incorporation on 1 July 1845, the same day as the Caledonian Railway. The two railways connected end-on at Greenhill Junction, and together (when they were completed) would connect Carlisle and Perth, and with other railways London and Aberdeen were to be brought into the network.

During the long process of planning their lines, the promoters came to see that extension of their railways would be beneficial, and lucrative, and already in 1845 there was talk of extending through Callander to Dalwhinnie. In the same year the Stirling, Callander and Tillicoultry Railway published a prospectus, with glowing and exaggerated descriptions of the towns this ambitious east-west line would serve, but it came to nothing.

The benefits to townspeople of a railway connection were plain to see, in greatly reduced cost of commodities like coal and lime (for agriculture) and for the delivery of manufactured products, and the residents of Doune and Callander—a weaving village with a population of 1,671 in 1861[1]—considered how they could get a railway branch line. The topography was well suited for that: the Royal Burgh of Dunblane lay ten miles (16 km) to the east along the valley of the River Teith.

In 1846 the Dunblane, Doune and Callander Railway was promoted, with a more moderate line from Dunblane. This scheme obtained its Act of Parliament on 16 July 1846, with authorised capital of £80,000, and power to lease the line to the Scottish Central. However the year 1846 was a time when capital for railway schemes suddenly became impossible to find, and notwithstanding support from local business people, not enough money was put forward to make the line, and the scheme was dropped.[2]

The Dunblane, Doune and Callander Railway scheme was revived in 1856, when an Act of 21 July authorised the scheme, this time with capital of £60,000. The Scottish Central was anxious to encourage a line that might be a launching pad for entry to the highland areas as yet unserved by railway connection, and it subscribed £13,400.[2][3]

The line opened to traffic on 1 July 1858. The significance of tourism to the line is indicated by the fact that the train service was five trains a day in summer and two a day in winter.[4]

The line was worked by the Scottish Central Railway.

The Company was absorbed by the Scottish Central Railway by Act of 29 June 1865,[3][4] and amalgamated with the Caledonian Railway by Act of 5 July 1865[2]

On to Oban[edit]

If the earlier proposal to launch from Callander into the Highlands of Scotland seemed fanciful, the years following the opening of the Callander line redoubled those ideas, and the Callander and Oban Railway (C&OR) was formed. It was promoted independently, using Callander as its starting point. The C&OR was woefully short of money throughout its existence, and opened to a "Killin" station (later Glenoglehead) in 1870, and finally reaching Oban in 1880. The Callander terminus of the DD&CR was at the eastern edge of the town, immediately to the north of Stirling Road, near the present-day Murdiston Avenue. Built as the terminus of a short local line it was obviously inconvenient for a main line, and the Oban Company constructed a new, larger station behind (and north of) the Dreadnought Hotel. (For a period, this was referred to officially as Callander Dreadnought station, but this designation was not used in timetables.)[5] The DD&CR station became a goods depot.

The passenger train service in 1895 consisted of three through trains between Stirling (possibly Glasgow or Edinburgh) and Oban and two short workings from Dunblane to Callander.[6] However substantial goods and perishables carryings took place, and a passing loop was constructed at Drumvaich, halfway between Doune and Callander. The section between Dunblane and Doune was doubled in 1902 to improve capacity.

Closure[edit]

The Caledonian Railway became a constituent of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) in 1948, and became part of British Railways in 1948.

During the 1960s a report was produced on rationalisation of loss-making railways; this led to the so-called Beeching cuts, and this part of the line was closed on 1 November 1965. Oban continues to be served by another route. A short spur survived at the Dunblane end to serve Springbank Mill, but when the mill closed, this section closed as well, in 1971.

Since closure[edit]

Dunblane, Doune and
Callander Railway
Locale Scotland
Dates of operation 16 July 1846 – 29 June 1865
Successor Caledonian Railway
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Length 10 12 miles (16.9 km)
Up arrow Callander and Oban Railway
Callander(C&OR)
Callander(original terminus)
Callander & Oban Junction
Doune
UpperRight arrow Scottish Central Railway
Dunblane
LowerLeft arrow Scottish Central Railway

Part of the trackbed south of Doune and another south of Callander have been converted into a footpath and cyclepath. About a mile west of Dunblane, the trackbed has been severed by the A9 Dunblane by-pass, while in Dunblane itself most of the line has been obliterated by new housing.

The station building at Doune was demolished in 1968, although the former station master's house survives; the site is now occupied by housing, as is the site of the original Callander station. Callander engine shed, closed in 1924, was demolished in 1974. The former goods yard at Dunblane is now occupied by a car park, a supermarket and some sheltered housing.

Many of the underbridges along the route have been removed, but the stone bridge over the Keltie Water south of Callander and some of the metal bridges south of Doune survive.

Topography[edit]

Despite following the River Teith, the line had challenging gradients. From Dunblane the line climbed for a mile at 1 in 107, and then fell at a ruling gradient of 1 in 105 to Doune. From there the line climbed steadily to Callander at a ruling gradient of 1 in 127.[7]

Connections to other lines[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Thomas and David Turnock, A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: Volume 15: North of Scotland, David & Charles (Publishers), Newton Abbot, 1989, ISBN 0 946537 03 8
  2. ^ a b c Peter Marshall, The Scottish Central Railway, The Oakwood Press, Usk, 1998, ISBN 0 85361 522 5
  3. ^ a b E F Carter, An Historical Geography of the Railways of the British Isles, Cassell, London, 1959
  4. ^ a b John Thomas, The Callander & Oban Railway, David & Charles, Newton Abbot, 1966
  5. ^ M E Quick, Railway Passenger Stations in England Scotland and Wales—A Chronology, The Railway and Canal Historical Society, 2002
  6. ^ Bradshaw's General Steam Navigation and Railway Guide, 12th mo, (December) 1895, reprinted by Middleton Press, Midhurst, 2011, ISBN 978 1 908174 11 6
  7. ^ Railway Gradients of the British Main-Line Railways, the Railway Publishing Company, London, 1947

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

David Ross, The Caledonian: Scotland's Imperial Railway: A History, Stenlake Publishing Limited, Catrine, 2014, ISBN 978 1840 335842