Duncan Gordon Boyes
Duncan Gordon Boyes
Duncan Gordon Boyes VC in his midshipman's uniform
|Born||5 November 1846|
|Died||26 January 1869 (aged 22)|
Dunedin, New Zealand
|Relations||Thomas James Young VC (brother-in-law)|
Duncan Gordon Boyes VC (5 November 1846 – 26 January 1869) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He won the award during the Shimonoseki Expedition, Japan in 1864. He was later discharged from naval service as a result of ill-discipline and moved to New Zealand to work on his family's sheep station. Suffering from depression and alcoholism, he committed suicide at the age of 22 in Dunedin.
Duncan Gordon Boyes was born on 5 November 1846 in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, to John and Sabina Boyes, who had married in Hobart, Tasmania. His father was a merchant, and Boyes was one of nine children. In 1860, Boyes' sister, Louisa Mary, married Thomas James Young, who received a Victoria Cross for his actions at Lucknow, India, in 1857. At least one of his brothers also served in the Royal Navy.
Boyes completed his schooling at Cheltenham College before joining the Royal Navy at the age of 14. He was assigned to HMS Euryalus, joining the ship in 1862 when it was serving as part of the East Indies station.
Boyes won his VC at the age of 17, for his part in action at Shimonoseki, Japan on 6 September 1864. During the fighting, he carried the Queen's Colour as part of the company leading the assault on the Japanese stockade. Boyes was credited with keeping the colours flying despite heavy fire that inflicted numerous casualties. Along with Colour Sergeant Thomas Pride who was badly wounded, Boyes continued pressing forward and only stopped his advance when ordered to do so.
The citation was published in the London Gazette of 21 April 1865 and read:
Duncan Gordon Boyes, Royal Navy, Midshipman of Her Majesty's Ship Euryalus
For the conspicuous gallantry, which, according to the testimony of Capt. Alexander CB, at that time Flag Captain to Vice-Admiral Sir Augustus Kuper KCB, Mr. Boyes displayed in the capture of the enemy's stockade. He carried a Colour with the leading company, kept it in advance of all, in the face of the thickest fire, his colour-sergeants having fallen, one mortally, the other dangerously wounded, and he was only detained from proceeding yet further by the orders of his superior officer. The Colour he carried was six times pierced by musket balls.
Sir Ernest Satow mentioned Duncan Boyes in his memoirs entitled A Diplomat in Japan (London, 1921) in the following terms: "Lieutenant Edwards and Crowdy of the Engineers were ahead with a middy [midshipman] named D.G. Boyes, who carried the colours most gallantly; he afterwards received the V.C. for conduct very plucky in one so young."
Boyes was invested with his Victoria Cross on 22 September 1865 by Admiral Sir Michael Seymour GCB (Commander-in-Chief to Portsmouth) on the Common at Southsea, along with William Seeley and Thomas Pride who also won their VCs at Shimonoseki.
After Euralyus was paid off, Boyes was reassigned to HMS Wolverine, a corvette serving in North American waters. On 9 February 1867, he and another midshipman, Marcus McCausland, were court-martialled for breaking into the Naval Yard at Bermuda. On the night of the incident, the two men had been ashore drinking and upon their return had been refused entry at the main gate as they did not have the required passes. Both men admitted they were guilty of the offence and were discharged from the Navy as a result of the incident.
Following this, Boyes suffered from depression and alcoholism. He subsequently moved to New Zealand to join two of his brothers on their sheep station at Kawarau Falls near Queenstown, but after his father died, he suffered a nervous breakdown. On 26 January 1869, Boyes committed suicide jumping to his death from the window of a house in Dunedin. He was aged 22 years and 2 months. The official cause of death was listed as delirium tremens.
He was buried locally in the Dunedin Southern Cemetery with a stone at his head and feet, though on 4 May 1954 the Dunedin branch of the Royal New Zealand Returned Services' Association (RSA), in consequence of his VC, reburied him in the servicemen's section of Andersons Bay Cemetery in Anglican Southern Section, Block 6, Plot 24.
Between 1978 and 1998, the medal was held by Cheltenham College. The Boyes V.C. sold for 51,700 pounds at auction by Spink, the auctioneers in London, on behalf of Cheltenham College for the purpose of establishing a scholarship in Boyes' name.
- Burke, Bernard (1970) . Burke’s Colonial Gentry (2 ed.). Baltimore, Ohio: Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 117. ISBN 0-8063-0415-4.
- Izzard, Brian (2018). Glory and Dishonour: Victoria Cross Heroes Whose Lives Ended in Tragedy or Disgrace. Chapter 9: Suicide at Dunedin: Amberley. ISBN 978-14456-7649-4.
- Best, Brian (2016). The Victoria Crosses that Saved an Empire: The Story of the VCs of the Indian Mutiny. Frontline Books. pp. 145–146. ISBN 978-14738-5709-4.
- Ashcroft, Michael (2007) . Victoria Cross Heroes. London, United Kingdom: Headline Review. pp. 153–154. ISBN 978-0-7553-1633-5.
- "No. 22913". The London Gazette. 18 November 1864. p. 5471.
- A Diplomat in Japan, first edition, p. 112.
- "Provincial and General, North Otago Times, Volume XI, Issue 391, 23 February 1869". Papers Past. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
- Dunedin branch – RSA Archived 30 December 2004 at the Wayback Machine
- Boyes' grave/memorial headstone Archived 12 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine
- "Duncan G Boyes". The Comprehensive Guide to the VC and GC. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
- "The Victoria Cross at Auction Part 2: 1983–1999". Spink. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
- John Vincent in the Sunday Times, 22 July 1998
- "Lord Ashcroft Gallery list" (PDF). Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
- "Rail posters tell bravery stories". BBC. 8 November 2004. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
- "Victoria Crosses of the Victoria Line: Boyes" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
- Duncan BOYES VC – a man more sinned against than sinning? (biography and background)
- Find a Grave entry for Duncan Boyes
- Mention of the suicide of Boyes in The Cruise of the Flying Squadron 1869–70 by Marcus McCausland