Duncan Haldane

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Duncan Haldane
Duncan Haldane.jpg
F. Duncan M. Haldane during Nobel press conference in Stockholm, Sweden, December 2016
Born Frederick Duncan Michael Haldane
(1951-09-14) 14 September 1951 (age 65)[1][2]
London, England
Residence Princeton, New Jersey, US
Citizenship British
Nationality British
Fields Condensed matter theory
Institutions
Alma mater University of Cambridge (BA, PhD)
Thesis An extension of the Anderson model as a model for mixed valence rare earth materials (1978)
Doctoral advisor Philip Warren Anderson[3]
Doctoral students
Known for Haldane pseudopotentials in the Fractional quantum Hall effect
Notable awards
Website
physics.princeton.edu/~haldane/

Frederick Duncan Michael Haldane FRS[4] (born 14 September 1951),[1] known as F. Duncan Haldane, is a British born physicist who is Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics at the physics department of Princeton University, and a Distinguished Visiting Research Chair[5] at Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. He won the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics with David J. Thouless and John Michael Kosterlitz.[6][7][8]

Education[edit]

Haldane was educated at St Paul's School, London[1] and Christ's College, Cambridge where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree followed by a PhD in 1978[9] for research supervised by Philip Warren Anderson.[3]

Career and research[edit]

Haldane worked as a physicist at Institut Laue–Langevin in France between 1977 and 1981, before joining the University of Southern California.[10][11] Haldane is known for a wide variety of fundamental contributions to condensed matter physics including the theory of Luttinger liquids, the theory of one-dimensional spin chains, the theory of fractional quantum hall effect, exclusion statistics, entanglement spectra and much more.[12][13]

As of 2011 he is developing a new geometric description of the fractional quantum Hall effect that introduces the "shape" of the "composite boson", described by a "unimodular" (determinant 1) spatial metric-tensor field as the fundamental collective degree of freedom of Fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) states.[14] This new "Chern-Simons + quantum geometry" description is a replacement for the "Chern-Simons + Ginzburg-Landau" paradigm introduced c.1990. Unlike its predecessor, it provides a description of the FQHE collective mode that agrees with the Girvin-Macdonald-Platzman "single-mode approximation".[15]

Awards and honours[edit]

Haldane was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1996[4] and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Boston) in 1992;[16] a Fellow of the American Physical Society (1986)[17] and a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (1996) (UK); a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2001).[18] He was awarded the Oliver E. Buckley Prize of the American Physical Society (1993); Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellow (1984–88); Lorentz Chair (2008), Dirac Medal (2012);[19] Doctor Honoris Causae of the Université de Cergy-Pontoise (2015)[20] and Nobel Prize in Physics (2016).[6]

Personal life[edit]

Haldane is a British citizen and United States permanent resident. Haldane and his wife, Odile Belmont, live in Princeton, New Jersey.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c HALDANE, Prof. (Frederick) Duncan (Michael). ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 1997 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ "Array of contemporary American physicists". American Physical Society. Retrieved 2012-04-23. 
  3. ^ a b c Duncan Haldane at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  4. ^ a b c Anon (1996). "Professor Frederick Haldane FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:

    "All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." --Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies at the Wayback Machine (archived 25 September 2015)

  5. ^ "PERIMETER WELCOMES NEW DISTINGUISHED VISITING RESEARCH CHAIRS | Perimeter Institute". www.perimeterinstitute.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-04. 
  6. ^ a b Gibney, Elizabeth; Castelvecchi, Davide (2016). "Physics of 2D exotic matter wins Nobel: British-born theorists recognized for work on topological phases". Nature. London: Springer Nature. 538 (7623): 18–18. doi:10.1038/nature.2016.20722. 
  7. ^ Devlin, Hannah; Sample, Ian (4 October 2016). "British trio win Nobel prize in physics 2016 for work on exotic states of matter – live". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-10-04. 
  8. ^ Haldane, F. D. M. (1983). "Nonlinear Field Theory of Large-Spin Heisenberg Antiferromagnets: Semiclassically Quantized Solitons of the One-Dimensional Easy-Axis Néel State". Physical Review Letters. 50 (15): 1153–1156. ISSN 0031-9007. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.1153. 
  9. ^ Haldane, Frederick Duncan Michael (1978). An extension of the Anderson model as a model for mixed valence rare earth materials (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. OCLC 500460873. 
  10. ^ patch.com, Princeton University Professor Wins Nobel Prize In Physics.
  11. ^ nytimes.com October 4, 2016 3 Who Studied Unusual States of Matter Win Nobel Prize in Physics.
  12. ^ Duncan Haldane's publications indexed by Google Scholar
  13. ^ Duncan Haldane's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database, a service provided by Elsevier. (subscription required)
  14. ^ "Geometrical Description of the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect
  15. ^ "Hall viscosity" and intrinsic metric of incompressible fractional Hall fluids [1]
  16. ^ "www.amacad.org" (PDF). 
  17. ^ "www.aps.org". 
  18. ^ "www.aaas.org/fellow/haldane-frederick". 
  19. ^ "F. Duncan M. Haldane". Princeton University. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  20. ^ "Doctor Honoris Causae". Université de Cergy-Pontoise. Retrieved 2016-10-05. 
  21. ^ Heyboer, Kelly (4 October 2016). "Princeton prof celebrates Nobel Prize win by returning to the classroom". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2016-10-09.