Duncan Haldane

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Duncan Haldane
Duncan Haldane.jpg
F. Duncan M. Haldane during Nobel press conference in Stockholm, Sweden, December 2016
BornFrederick Duncan Michael Haldane
(1951-09-14) 14 September 1951 (age 67)[1][2]
London, England
ResidencePrinceton, New Jersey, US
NationalityBritish
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge (BA, PhD)
Known forHaldane pseudopotentials in the Fractional quantum Hall effect
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsCondensed matter theory
Institutions
ThesisAn extension of the Anderson model as a model for mixed valence rare earth materials (1978)
Doctoral advisorPhilip Warren Anderson[4]
Doctoral studentsAshvin Vishwanath[4]
Websitephysics.princeton.edu/~haldane/

Frederick Duncan Michael Haldane FRS[3] (born 14 September 1951),[1] known as F. Duncan Haldane, is a British born physicist who is currently the Sherman Fairchild University Professor of Physics at Princeton University, and a Distinguished Visiting Research Chair[5] at Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. He is a co-recipient of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics, along with David J. Thouless and John Michael Kosterlitz.[6][7][8]

Education[edit]

Haldane was educated at St Paul's School, London[1] and Christ's College, Cambridge where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree followed by a PhD in 1978[9] for research supervised by Philip Warren Anderson.[4]

Career and research[edit]

Haldane worked as a physicist at Institut Laue–Langevin in France between 1977 and 1981. In August 1981, Haldane became an assistant professor of physics at the University of Southern California [10][11] , where he remained until 1987. Haldane was then appointed as an associate professor of physics in 1981 and later a professor of physics in 1986. In July 1986, Haldane joined the department of physics at University of California, San Diego as a professor of physics, where he remained until February 1992. In 1990, Haldane was appointed as a professor of physics in the department of physics at Princeton University, where he remains to this day. In 1999, Haldane was named as the Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics. In 2017, he was named the Sherman Fairchild University Professor of Physics.

Haldane is known for a wide variety of fundamental contributions to condensed matter physics including the theory of Luttinger liquids, the theory of one-dimensional spin chains, the theory of fractional quantum hall effect, exclusion statistics, entanglement spectra and much more.[12][13]

As of 2011 he is developing a new geometric description of the fractional quantum Hall effect that introduces the "shape" of the "composite boson", described by a "unimodular" (determinant 1) spatial metric-tensor field as the fundamental collective degree of freedom of Fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) states.[14] This new "Chern-Simons + quantum geometry" description is a replacement for the "Chern-Simons + Ginzburg-Landau" paradigm introduced c.1990. Unlike its predecessor, it provides a description of the FQHE collective mode that agrees with the Girvin-Macdonald-Platzman "single-mode approximation".[15]

Awards and honours[edit]

Haldane was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1996[3] and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Boston) in 1992;[16] a Fellow of the American Physical Society (1986)[17] and a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (1996) (UK); a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2001).[18] He was awarded the Oliver E. Buckley Prize of the American Physical Society (1993); Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellow (1984–88); Lorentz Chair (2008), Dirac Medal (2012);[19] Doctor Honoris Causae of the Université de Cergy-Pontoise (2015).[20]

With David J. Thouless and J. Michael Kosterlitz, Haldane shared the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics[6] "for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter".

Personal life[edit]

Haldane is a British citizen and United States permanent resident. Haldane and his wife, Odile Belmont, live in Princeton, New Jersey.[21] His father was a doctor in the British army stationed in Yugoslavia/Austria border and there he met young medicine student Ljudmila Renko, a Slovene, and subsequently married her and moved back to England where Duncan was born.[22][23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c HALDANE, Prof. (Frederick) Duncan (Michael). ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 1997 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. closed access publication – behind paywall (subscription required)
  2. ^ "Array of contemporary American physicists". American Physical Society. Retrieved 2012-04-23.
  3. ^ a b c Anon (1996). "Professor Frederick Haldane FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:

    All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." --"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2016.

  4. ^ a b c Duncan Haldane at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  5. ^ "Perimeter Welcomes New Distinguished Visiting Research Chairs". www.perimeterinstitute.ca. Perimeter Institute. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  6. ^ a b Gibney, Elizabeth; Castelvecchi, Davide (2016). "Physics of 2D exotic matter wins Nobel: British-born theorists recognized for work on topological phases". Nature. London: Springer Nature. 538 (7623): 18–18. Bibcode:2016Natur.538...18G. doi:10.1038/nature.2016.20722.
  7. ^ Devlin, Hannah; Sample, Ian (4 October 2016). "British trio win Nobel prize in physics 2016 for work on exotic states of matter – live". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-10-04.
  8. ^ Haldane, F. D. M. (1983). "Nonlinear Field Theory of Large-Spin Heisenberg Antiferromagnets: Semiclassically Quantized Solitons of the One-Dimensional Easy-Axis Néel State". Physical Review Letters. 50 (15): 1153–1156. Bibcode:1983PhRvL..50.1153H. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.1153. ISSN 0031-9007.
  9. ^ Haldane, Frederick Duncan Michael (1978). An extension of the Anderson model as a model for mixed valence rare earth materials (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. OCLC 500460873.
  10. ^ "Princeton University Professor Wins Nobel Prize In Physics". Princeton Patch. 4 October 2016.
  11. ^ "3 Who Studied Unusual States of Matter Win Nobel Prize in Physics". New York Times. October 4, 2016.
  12. ^ Duncan Haldane publications indexed by Google Scholar
  13. ^ Duncan Haldane's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
  14. ^ Haldane, F. D. M. (2011), "Geometrical Description of the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect", Physical Review Letters, 107: k6801, arXiv:1106.3375, Bibcode:2011PhRvL.107k6801H, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.116801
  15. ^ Haldane, F. D. M. (2009), ""Hall viscosity" and intrinsic metric of incompressible fractional Hall fluids", arXiv:0906.1854 [cond-mat.str-el]
  16. ^ "www.amacad.org" (PDF).
  17. ^ "www.aps.org".
  18. ^ "www.aaas.org/fellow/haldane-frederick".
  19. ^ "F. Duncan M. Haldane". Princeton University. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
  20. ^ "Doctor Honoris Causae". Université de Cergy-Pontoise. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  21. ^ Heyboer, Kelly (4 October 2016). "Princeton prof celebrates Nobel Prize win by returning to the classroom". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2016-10-09.
  22. ^ https://siol.net/novice/slovenija/nobelov-nagrajenec-moja-mati-je-bila-zavedna-slovenka-427197
  23. ^ USZS.gov.si - Minister Žmavc sprejel nobelovca slovenskega rodu prof. dr. Duncana Haldanea