Duncan Haldane

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Duncan Haldane
Duncan Haldane.jpg
F. Duncan M. Haldane during Nobel press conference in Stockholm, Sweden, December 2016
Born Frederick Duncan Michael Haldane
(1951-09-14) September 14, 1951 (age 65)[1][2]
London, England, United Kingdom
Residence Princeton, New Jersey, US
Citizenship British
Nationality British
Fields Condensed matter theory
Institutions
Alma mater University of Cambridge (BA, PhD)
Thesis An extension of the Anderson model as a model for mixed valence rare earth materials (1978)
Doctoral advisor Philip Warren Anderson[3]
Doctoral students
Known for Haldane pseudopotentials in the Fractional quantum Hall effect
Notable awards
Website
physics.princeton.edu/~haldane/

Frederick Duncan Michael Haldane FRS[4] (born 14 September 1951),[1] known as F. Duncan Haldane, is a British born physicist who is Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics at the physics department of Princeton University, and a Distinguished Visiting Research Chair[5] at Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. He won the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics with David J. Thouless and John Michael Kosterlitz.[6][7][8]

Education[edit]

Haldane was educated at St Paul's School, London[1] and Christ's College, Cambridge where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree followed by a PhD in 1978[9] for research supervised by Philip Warren Anderson.[3]

Career and research[edit]

Haldane worked as a physicist at Institut Laue–Langevin in France between 1977 and 1981, before joining the University of Southern California.[10][11] Haldane is known for a wide variety of fundamental contributions to condensed matter physics including the theory of Luttinger liquids, the theory of one-dimensional spin chains, the theory of fractional quantum hall effect, exclusion statistics, entanglement spectra and much more.[12][13]

As of 2011 he is developing a new geometric description of the fractional quantum Hall effect that introduces the "shape" of the "composite boson", described by a "unimodular" (determinant 1) spatial metric-tensor field as the fundamental collective degree of freedom of Fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) states.[14] This new "Chern-Simons + quantum geometry" description is a replacement for the "Chern-Simons + Ginzburg-Landau" paradigm introduced c.1990. Unlike its predecessor, it provides a description of the FQHE collective mode that agrees with the Girvin-Macdonald-Platzman "single-mode approximation".[15]

Awards and honours[edit]

Haldane was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1996[4] and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Boston) in 1992;[16] a Fellow of the American Physical Society (1986)[17] and a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (1996) (UK); a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2001).[18] He was awarded the Oliver E. Buckley Prize of the American Physical Society (1993); Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellow (1984–88); Lorentz Chair (2008), Dirac Medal (2012);[19] Doctor Honoris Causae of the Université de Cergy-Pontoise (2015) [20] and Nobel Prize in Physics (2016).[6]

Personal life[edit]

Haldane is a British citizen and United States permanent resident. Haldane and his wife, Odile Belmont, live in Princeton, New Jersey.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c HALDANE, Prof. (Frederick) Duncan (Michael). ukwhoswho.com. Who's Who. 1997 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ "Array of contemporary American physicists". American Physical Society. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Duncan Haldane at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  4. ^ a b c Anon (1996). "Professor Frederick Haldane FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:

    "All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." --Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies at the Wayback Machine (archived September 25, 2015)

  5. ^ "PERIMETER WELCOMES NEW DISTINGUISHED VISITING RESEARCH CHAIRS | Perimeter Institute". www.perimeterinstitute.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-04. 
  6. ^ a b Gibney, Elizabeth; Castelvecchi, Davide (2016). "Physics of 2D exotic matter wins Nobel: British-born theorists recognized for work on topological phases". Nature. London: Springer Nature. 538 (7623): 18–18. doi:10.1038/nature.2016.20722. 
  7. ^ Devlin, Hannah; Sample, Ian (2016-10-04). "British trio win Nobel prize in physics 2016 for work on exotic states of matter – live". the Guardian. Retrieved 2016-10-04. 
  8. ^ Haldane, F. D. M. (1983). "Nonlinear Field Theory of Large-Spin Heisenberg Antiferromagnets: Semiclassically Quantized Solitons of the One-Dimensional Easy-Axis Néel State". Physical Review Letters. 50 (15): 1153–1156. ISSN 0031-9007. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.1153. 
  9. ^ Haldane, Frederick Duncan Michael (1978). An extension of the Anderson model as a model for mixed valence rare earth materials (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. OCLC 500460873. 
  10. ^ patch.com, Princeton University Professor Wins Nobel Prize In Physics.
  11. ^ nytimes.com October 4, 2016 3 Who Studied Unusual States of Matter Win Nobel Prize in Physics.
  12. ^ Duncan Haldane's publications indexed by Google Scholar
  13. ^ Duncan Haldane's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database, a service provided by Elsevier. (subscription required)
  14. ^ "Geometrical Description of the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect
  15. ^ "Hall viscosity" and intrinsic metric of incompressible fractional Hall fluids [1]
  16. ^ "www.amacad.org" (PDF). 
  17. ^ "www.aps.org". 
  18. ^ "www.aaas.org/fellow/haldane-frederick". 
  19. ^ "F. Duncan M. Haldane". Princeton University. Retrieved 2 July 2011. 
  20. ^ "Doctor Honoris Causae". Université de Cergy-Pontoise. Retrieved 5 October 2016. 
  21. ^ Heyboer, Kelly (October 4, 2016). "Princeton prof celebrates Nobel Prize win by returning to the classroom". NJ.com. Retrieved October 9, 2016.