Duncan Hamilton (racing driver)
|Born||James Duncan Hamilton
20 April 1920
Cork, County Cork, Republic of Ireland
|Died||13 May 1994
Sherborne, Dorset, England, UK
James Duncan Hamilton (30 April 1920 in Cork, County Cork, Ireland – 13 May 1994 in Sherborne, Dorset, England). His colourful and extrovert persona often overshadowed his genuine talent. After fighting in, and surviving World War II, he vowed to live life to the full and took up motor sport. Although adept in single-seaters, sportscars was where he enjoyed most success, winning the 1953 24 Heures du Mans, two Coupe de Paris events, and the 12 heures internationals Reims race in 1956. After he retired in 1958, Duncan ran a garage in Byfleet, Surrey for many years, until his death in 1994, after losing his battle against lung cancer.
- 1 Early years
- 2 Formula One career
- 3 24 Heures du Mans
- 4 Lucky escapes
- 5 Retirement
- 6 Gentlemen Driver
- 7 Racing record
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
Born in County Cork, Hamilton was raised in relative obscurity. Prior to his 20th birthday, Europe was already embroiled in the World War II. As a result, he would spend the war years as part of the Fleet Air Arm flying Lysanders. After the war ended, he opened a car garage. During the years between the war ending and the start of the 1950’s, Duncan started racing in local events. He cut his teeth in such pre-wars as the MG R-type and the Bugatti Type 35B. After racing a Maserati 6CM in 1948, Duncan graduated to a Talbot-Lago Grand Prix car.
Formula One career
He participated in five World Championship Grands Prix and 18 non-Championship Formula One races. His best results in the non-Championship events were fourth place in the 1948 Zandvoort Grand Prix with a Maserati 6CM, third in the 1951 Richmond Trophy (ERA B-Type), second in the 1951 BRDC International Trophy (Talbot-Lago T26C), third in the 1952 Richmond Trophy (Talbot-Lago T26C) and fourth in the 1952 Internationales ADAC Eifelrennen (HWM-Alta).
That fourth place at Zandvoort, show that he right at home in the upper level of Grand Prix racing, especially as this was his debut at this level. After that impressive debut, things soon turned sour for Hamilton, at his last race of 1948, the RAC International Grand Prix, the first official British Grand Prix, he would retire with oil pressure problems.
Throughout 1949 Grand Prix season, he would only suffer one retirement, however he would not finish higher than ninth, which he managed twice, both times at Goodwood. The following season, he would complete in less Grand Prix races, while he expanded his racing experience, by racing sportscars. He would win the Wakefield Trophy, a minor Formula Libre race, held at Curragh in the Republic of Ireland. Hamilton performed beautifully before the Irish crowd.
In the wet, Hamilton had few peers. In his Talbot-Lago, he eclipsed even Juan Manuel Fangio at the soaking BRDC International Trophy race at Silverstone in 1951, when he finished second to Reg Parnell, but a long way ahead of Fangio who would go on to win the World Championship that season.
24 Heures du Mans
He was best-known for his success in the Le Mans 24 Hours endurance race, which he took part in nine times, most famously in partnership with Tony Rolt. The pair finished fourth at their first attempt in the 1950 race and sixth in 1951, both times in a special-bodied Nash-Healey coupe. Their Jaguar C-Type did not finish in 1952, but they returned with a C-Type to win in 1953. They were second with a Jaguar D-Type in 1954, losing to a much larger-engined V12 Ferrari – and by the narrowest margin in years. They came within two miles of victory, Hamilton driving a storming race in the closing stages to halve the lead of the Scuderia Ferrari of José Froilán González and Maurice Trintignant, as the track was awash following a cloudburst. When the track started to dry out, the Ferrari hung on for a narrow triumph. He failed to finish in 1955. For 1956 Hamilton partnered Alfonso de Portago in a Ferrari but again did not finish. In 1957 he reverted to a Jaguar D-Type: partnered by the American driver Masten Gregory he came sixth. His last Le Mans appearance was in 1958, when the D-Type he shared with Ivor Bueb failed to finish.
Hamilton also won the 1956 Rheims 12-hour race for Jaguar with a D-Type co-driven by Ivor Bueb. Despite the win, the factory dropped him from their 1956 Le Mans roster for speeding up and passing team-mate Paul Frère's car at Rheims when Lofty England had ordered the entire team to slow down, hence his switch to a Ferrari that year. In 1957 Jaguar did not enter Le Mans – cars and equipment had been destroyed by a fire at the factory – and Hamilton used his privately owned D-Type.
Called from the Bar
Hamilton famously won the 1953 event in a Jaguar C-Type shared with Rolt. Initially, the pairing were disqualified for practising in a Jaguar that had the same racing number as another on the circuit at the same time, but they were reinstated. Hamilton's account has become a motor racing legend: when Jaguar team manager Lofty England persuaded the organisers to let them race, both drivers were already drunk in a local bar. England said: ”Of course I would never have let them race under the influence. I had enough trouble when they were sober!” When the race was under way the team tried to sober Hamilton up by giving him coffee during the pit stops but he refused it, saying it made his arms twitch; instead he was given brandy. The alcohol must have helped when he struck a bird face first at 130 mph and broke his nose. It is wonder how the pair managed to drive at all but more wondrous still is that the pair won. What’s more, they recorded the first 100 mph average speed at Le Mans, winning at a record pace! Both England and Rolt have denied that they were drunk.
On one occasion in 1947, he was transporting his MG R-type to the Brighton Speed Trials, when going down a hill near Guildford, he ”saw the splendid honeycomb radiator of a Bugatti in the outside rear-view mirror” , so he moved over and waved it past. But the car hung back. Further down the hill, the Bugatti accelerated and drew level with Hamilton, at which point he saw there was no one in it: ”The awful truth dawned on me – it was my own car, gathering speed fast.” Duncan had forgotten he was towing the Bugatti, and the story ends with a lamppost snapped in two.
The ’53 Le Mans story did not end there, as Hamilton drove to Oporto to prepare for the Portuguese Grand Prix. Held on the Circuito da Boavista, he was leading into the first corner of the race, when he crashed his Jaguar, heavily into an electricity pylon. The Jaguar cartwheeled, throwing him out of the car and into a tree. He hung there for about a minute, before falling down on the side of the circuit. Barely conscious, he moved his legs just a Ferrari raced by, taking Hamilton’s left boot with it! He had to be taken to hospital for an emergency operation. The medical facilities did not extend to anaesthetic, and as the surgeon leant over him, Duncan was mesmerised by the increasing length of cigarette ash, as it hovered above his open chest cavity. The accident cut off the power supply to Oporto for several hours.
Hamilton sustained unpleasant injuries during the 1958 24 Heures du Mans, while contesting the lead in his Jaguar D-Type, and then he was shattered by the death of his friend Mike Hawthorn, in early 1959. That tragedy finally prompted hung up his racing helmet and gloves in 1959, and concentrated on his garage business in Byfleet. He love and passion for the finest classic motor cars led Hamilton to establish his own company back in 1948. Since then, Duncan Hamilton & Co Limited has become an international recognised for being one of the most respected and well-connected specialists in historic cars.
He co-wrote an autobiography called Touch Wood!. Duncan Hamilton died in Sherborne, Dorset. His son Adrian Hamilton, a classic car dealer, runs his father's garage in another location today. Duncan's grandson Archie Hamilton is also a racing driver.
As Earl Howe wrote in the original autobiography foreword in 1960, though the drivers of his age were fiercely competitive, there were also ”friends to meet, stories to tell and almost certainly a party to be enjoyed.” . Duncan was certainly larger than life, he wasn’t just one of the most successful drivers of the 1950s, but also the man who trespassed at Brooklands, who spent the war in the Fleet Air Arm accidentally trying to drown American Admirals and who was once stopped for speeding whilst rushing to take part in a TV programme on road safety.
Hamilton was the epitome of the old school English competitor. He, and many of his contemporaries, such as Hawthorn, Rolt and Peter Collins, race first and foremost for the love of the sport. True gentlemen drivers, their preparation and training consisted largely of wine, women and song! 
|1950||Wakefield Trophy ||1st||Maserati 6CM|
|1951||BRDC International Trophy ||2nd||Duncan Hamilton||Talbot-Lago T26C|
|Richmond Trophy ||3rd||ERA B-Type|
|Wakefield Trophy ||3rd||HWM||HWM|
|1952||Richmond Trophy ||3rd||Duncan Hamilton||Talbot-Lago T26C|
|1953||les 24 Heures du Mans ||1st||Jaguar Cars Ltd.||Jaguar C-Type|
|1954||Coupes de Paris ||1st||Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar C-Type|
|Aintree International ||2nd||Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar C-Type|
|Les 24 Heures du Mans ||1st||Jaguar Cars Ltd.||Jaguar C-Type|
|12 heures internationals – Voiture Sport Reims ||2nd||Jaguar Cars Ltd.||Jaguar D-Type|
|Hedemoraloppet ||3rd||Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar C-Type|
|1955||Johnson’s Trophy ||1st||Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar D-Type|
|Coupes de Paris ||2nd||Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar D-Type|
|Grand Prix de Dakar ||3rd||Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar D-Type|
|Grande Prémio di Portugal ||3rd||Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar D-Type|
|1956||Prix de Paris ||1st||Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar D-Type|
|12 heures internationals Reims ||1st||Jaguar Cars||Jaguar D-Type|
|GP des Frontières ||2nd||Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar D-Type|
|Coupes des Salon ||2nd||Duncan Hamilton||Jaguar D-Type|
|BRDC Daily Express International Trophy [TC] ||3rd||Jaguar Cars||Jaguar 2.4 Litre|
|Sveriges Grand Prix ||3rd||Scuderia Ferrari||Ferrari 860 Monza|
|1957||BRDC Daily Express International Trophy [TC] ||2nd||Jaguar Cars||Jaguar 2.4 Litre|
|Aintree International ||3rd||Jaguar D-Type|
|1958||Whitsun Trophy ||2nd||Jaguar D-Type|
|Sussex Trophy ||3rd||Jaguar D-Type|
Complete World Championship results
|1951||Duncan Hamilton||Talbot-Lago T26C||Talbot-Lago S6||SUI||500||BEL||FRA||GBR
|1952||HW Motors||HWM 52||HWM S4||SUI||500||BEL||FRA||GBR
|1953||HW Motors||HWM 53||HWM S4||ARG||500||NED||BEL||FRA||GBR
Complete 24 Hours of Le Mans results
|1950||Healey Motors Ltd.||Tony Rolt||Nash-Healey E||S5.0||250||4th||3rd|
|1951||Healey||Tony Rolt||Nash-Healey Coupé||S5.0||250||6th||4th|
|1952||Jaguar Ltd.||Tony Rolt||Jaguar C-Type||S5.0||DNF
|1953||Jaguar Cars Ltd.||Tony Rolt||Jaguar C-Type||S5.0||304||1st||1st|
|1954||Jaguar Cars Ltd.||Tony Rolt||Jaguar D-Type||S5.0||301||2nd||2nd|
|1955||Jaguar Cars Ltd.||Tony Rolt||Jaguar D-Type||S5.0||186||DNF
|1956||Scuderia Ferrari||Alfonso de Portago||Ferrari 625 LM Touring||S3.0||2||DNF
|1957||D. Hamilton||Masten Gregory||Jaguar D-Type||S5.0||299||6th||6th|
|1958||J. Duncan Hamilton||Ivor Bueb||Jaguar D-Type||S3.0||251||DNF
Complete 12 Hours of Sebring results
|1956||Jaguar of New York Distributors Inc.||Ivor Bueb||Jaguar D-Type||S5.0||63||DNF
Complete 12 Hours of Reims results
|1954||Jaguar Cars Ltd.||Tony Rolt||Jaguar D-Type||214||2nd||2nd|
|1956||Jaguar Cars||Ivor Bueb||Jaguar D-Type||S3.5||1st||1st|
Complete 12 Hours of Pescara results
|1953||Peter Whitehead||Peter Whitehead||Jaguar C-Type||S+2.0||DNF
Complete 12 Hours of Hyères results
|1954||Peter Whitehead||Peter Whitehead||Cooper-Climax T33||DNS|
- Duncan Hamilton, “Touch Wood – The Autobiography of the 1953 Le Mans Winner” (John Blake Publishing, ISBN 978-1782197737, 2014)
- Duncan Hamilton. Touch Wood - The Autobiography of the 1953 Le Man Winner John Blake Publishing. 2014 978-1782197737.
- Paul Skilleter. Jaguar Sports Cars. G T Foulis & Co Ltd. 1976 ISBN 978-0854291663.
|Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
José Froilán González
|12 Hours of Reims