Duncanville, Texas

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Duncanville, Texas
Nickname(s): 
City of Champions
Location of Duncanville in Dallas County, Texas
Location of Duncanville in Dallas County, Texas
Coordinates: 32°38′47″N 96°54′41″W / 32.64639°N 96.91139°W / 32.64639; -96.91139Coordinates: 32°38′47″N 96°54′41″W / 32.64639°N 96.91139°W / 32.64639; -96.91139
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyDallas
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Barry L. Gordon
Joe Veracruz
Don McBurnett
Monte Anderson
Mark D. Cooks
Johnette Jameson
Patrick Harvey
 • City ManagerAretha R. Ferrell-Benavides
Area
 • City11.21 sq mi (29.04 km2)
 • Land11.20 sq mi (29.01 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
725 ft (221 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City38,524
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
38,751
 • Density3,459.29/sq mi (1,335.60/km2)
 • Metro
6,538,850
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central)
ZIP codes
75116, 75137, 75138
Area code(s)214, 469, 972
FIPS code48-21628[3]
GNIS feature ID1334786[4]
Websitewww.duncanville.com

Duncanville is a city in southwest Dallas County, Texas, in the United States. Duncanville's population was 40,706 at the 2020 census.[5] The city is part of the Best Southwest area, which includes Duncanville, Cedar Hill, DeSoto, and Lancaster.

History[edit]

Settlement of the area began in 1845, when Illinois resident Crawford Trees purchased several thousand acres south of Camp Dallas. In 1880, the Chicago, Texas, and Mexican Central Railway reached the area and built Duncan Switch, named for a line foreman. Charles P. Nance, the community's first postmaster, renamed the settlement Duncanville in 1882. By the late 19th century, Duncanville was home to a dry-goods stores, a pharmacy, a domino parlor, and a school. Between 1904 and 1933, the population of Duncanville increased from 113 to more than 300.[6]

During World War II, the Army Air Corps established a landing field for flight training on property near the present-day intersection of Main St and Wheatland Road.[7]

Duncanville residents incorporated the city on August 2, 1947. During the postwar years, the military developed the Army's old landing field into the Duncanville Air Force Station, which was the headquarters for the four Nike-Hercules missile launch sites guarding Dallas/Fort Worth from Soviet bomber attack. It also housed the Air Force tracking radars for the region.[8]

Monument commemorating NIKE missile base in Duncanville
Plaque describing NIKE base

When the town's population reached 5,000 in 1962, citizens adopted a home-rule charter with council-manager city government. Sometimes regarded as a "white flight" suburb in the 1960s and 1970s, the city is now known for its racial diversity. Its population increased from about 13,000 in 1970 to more than 31,000 in 1988.[6]

Historic preservation[edit]

The Texas Historical Commission has designated the City of Duncanville as an official Main Street City.[9]

Duncanville recognizes the importance of the former Duncanville Air Force Station, which closed on July 1, 1964, but the Army continued to operate the Nike Missile air defense operations until 1969, when the facility was turned over to the city. The WWII-era barracks and some other structures were initially repurposed for civic and community use. Over time, the buildings were systematically demolished, removing all signs of the historic base, but the history of the facility lives on in a monument that stands outside the library and community center.

The "stone igloo", a spring house originally located near the intersection of Center Street and Cedar Ridge Road, was preserved in a unique way. In the late 1960s or early 1970s, it was demolished, thereby producing a supply of rocks used to build a replica of the structure at a nearby park and paving the way for the construction of a neighborhood retail center.

Various pieces of the city's history are preserved at the Duncanville Historical Park, which is located on Wheatland Road in Armstrong Park on land that was once a part of the Duncanville Air Force Station. Historic buildings include the city's first Music Room.[7]

Geography[edit]

Duncanville is located at 32°38′47″N 96°54′41″W / 32.64639°N 96.91139°W / 32.64639; -96.91139 (32.646333, −96.911309).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.3 square miles (29 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950841
19603,774348.8%
197014,105273.7%
198027,78197.0%
199035,74828.7%
200036,0810.9%
201038,5246.8%
202040,7065.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
Water tower in the Fairmeadows neighborhood of Duncanville, depicting the city slogan
Water towers on the southern edge of Duncanville, northern edge of Cedar Hill
Water tower on east side of Clark Road
War memorial monument
Duncanville racial composition as of 2020[12]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 8,729 21.44%
Black or African American (NH) 12,085 29.69%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 107 0.26%
Asian (NH) 550 1.35%
Pacific Islander (NH) 17 0.04%
Some Other Race (NH) 124 0.3%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 928 2.28%
Hispanic or Latino 18,166 44.63%
Total 40,706

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 40,706 people, 13,573 households, and 10,000 families residing in the city.

Government[edit]

Duncanville City Hall is located at 203 E. Wheatland Road. Most city services are located in this facility, which also includes the Duncanville Recreation Center featuring meeting rooms, a double gymnasium, and an indoor walking track. Armstrong Park is also located next to City Hall. Duncanville has three walking trails, 17 city parks, and many other recreation spaces for team sports.[15]

U.S. Route 67 runs through the eastern portion of Duncanville. Interstate 20 passes through its northern portion.

The United States Postal Service operates the Duncanville Post Office.[16]

The Duncanville Public Library is located at 201 James Collins Boulevard.

The city of Duncanville is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.

Politics[edit]

Duncanville city vote
by party in Presidential elections[17]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 65.95% 10,580 32.64% 5,236 1.41% 226

Education[edit]

Duncanville is served by the Duncanville Independent School District.

The Duncanville ISD portion is zoned to Duncanville High School, which enrolls about 3,750 students annually, with over 4,000 students during the 2010–2011 school year.[18] At about 900,000 square feet (84,000 m2), the DHS campus is the largest in Texas, the largest in the nation, and the largest in the world in terms of physical size. In total, 13 of the 17 schools in the district are rated exemplary or recognized by the Texas Education Agency, and the district's ratings continue to outperform those of the surrounding districts (Cedar Hill, DeSoto, Lancaster, Dallas, Grand Prairie). They also outperform many of the school districts throughout the Dallas–Fort Worth area.

Duncanville is also home to the administrative offices of Advantage Academy.[19]

Dallas County residents are zoned to Dallas College (formerly Dallas County Community College or DCCCD).[20]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Duncanville city, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
  6. ^ a b "Handbook of Texas". Tshaonline.org. 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  7. ^ a b "Duncanville, Texas | Tourism – Presented by Village Profile". Villageprofile.com. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  8. ^ "Nike Missile Dallas–Fort Worth Defense Area". Techbastard.com. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  9. ^ State of Texas and UTA. "CRAC Industry Profiles". Crc.uta.edu. Archived from the original on 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-22.
  13. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  14. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  15. ^ ""Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-10-25.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)." Duncanville City Website. Retrieved on October 25, 2013.
  16. ^ "Post Office Location – DUNCANVILLE Archived 2011-02-17 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 8, 2010.
  17. ^ "Dallas County Election Results".
  18. ^ Greatschools.netDuncanville High School. Retrieved 17 June 2006.
  19. ^ http://www.advantageisd.org/
  20. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.176. DALLAS COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.
  21. ^ Houston Chronicle: "Big Guy Concerns North Shore"
  22. ^ p. xiv, xv. Jankowsky, Kurt R., ed. 1996. The Mystery of Culture Contacts, Historical Reconstruction, and Text Analysis: An Emic Approach. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
  23. ^ "biography – page 2". sweet adeline. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[13][14]

External links[edit]