Duncanville, Texas

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Duncanville, Texas
Nickname(s): 
City of Champions
Location of Duncanville in Dallas County, Texas
Location of Duncanville in Dallas County, Texas
Coordinates: 32°38′47″N 96°54′41″W / 32.64639°N 96.91139°W / 32.64639; -96.91139Coordinates: 32°38′47″N 96°54′41″W / 32.64639°N 96.91139°W / 32.64639; -96.91139
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyDallas
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Barry L. Gordon
Dennis Schwartz
Don McBurnett
Leslie Thomas
Mark D. Cooks
Johnette Jameson
Patrick LeBlanc
 • City ManagerAretha R. Ferrell-Benavides
Area
 • City11.21 sq mi (29.04 km2)
 • Land11.20 sq mi (29.01 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
725 ft (221 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City38,524
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
38,751
 • Density3,459.29/sq mi (1,335.60/km2)
 • Metro
6,538,850
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central)
ZIP codes
75116, 75137, 75138
Area code(s)214, 469, 972
FIPS code48-21628[3]
GNIS feature ID1334786[4]
Websitewww.duncanville.com

Duncanville is a city in southern Dallas County, Texas, in the United States. Duncanville's population was 38,524 at the 2010 census.[5] The city is part of the Best Southwest area, which includes Duncanville, Cedar Hill, DeSoto, and Lancaster.

Geography[edit]

Duncanville is located at 32°38′47″N 96°54′41″W / 32.64639°N 96.91139°W / 32.64639; -96.91139 (32.646333, −96.911309).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.3 square miles (29 km2), all of it land.

History[edit]

Settlement of the area began in 1845, when Illinois resident Crawford Trees purchased several thousand acres south of Camp Dallas. In 1880, the Chicago, Texas, and Mexican Central Railway reached the area and built Duncan Switch, named for a line foreman. Charles P. Nance, the community's first postmaster, renamed the settlement Duncanville in 1882. By the late 19th century, Duncanville was home to a dry-goods stores, a pharmacy, a domino parlor, and a school. Between 1904 and 1933, the population of Duncanville increased from 113 to more than 300.[7]

During World War II, the Army Air Corps established a landing field for flight training on property near the present-day intersection of Main St and Wheatland Road.[8]

Duncanville residents incorporated the city on August 2, 1947. During the postwar years, the military developed the Army's old landing field into the Duncanville Air Force Station, which was the headquarters for the four Nike-Hercules missile launch sites guarding Dallas/Fort Worth from Soviet bomber attack. It also housed the Air Force tracking radars for the region.[9]

Monument commemorating NIKE missile base in Duncanville
Plaque describing NIKE base

When the town's population reached 5,000 in 1962, citizens adopted a home-rule charter with council-manager city government. Sometimes regarded as a "white flight" suburb in the 1960s and 1970s, the city is now known for its racial diversity. Its population increased from about 13,000 in 1970 to more than 31,000 in 1988.[7]

Water tower in the Fairmeadows neighborhood of Duncanville, depicting the city slogan
Water towers on the southern edge of Duncanville, northern edge of Cedar Hill
Water tower on east side of Clark Road

Historic preservation[edit]

The Texas Historical Commission has designated the City of Duncanville as an official Main Street City.[10]

Duncanville recognizes the importance of the former Duncanville Air Force Station, which closed on July 1, 1964, but the Army continued to operate the Nike Missile air defense operations until 1969, when the facility was turned over to the city. The WWII-era barracks and some other structures were initially repurposed for civic and community use. Over time, the buildings were systematically demolished, removing all signs of the historic base, but the history of the facility lives on in a monument that stands outside the library and community center.

The "stone igloo", a spring house originally located near the intersection of Center Street and Cedar Ridge Road, was preserved in a unique way. In the late 1960s or early 1970s, it was demolished, thereby producing a supply of rocks used to build a replica of the structure at a nearby park and paving the way for the construction of a neighborhood retail center.

Various pieces of the city's history are preserved at the Duncanville Historical Park, which is located on Wheatland Road in Armstrong Park on land that was once a part of the Duncanville Air Force Station. Historic buildings include the city's first Music Room.[8]

War memorial monument

Notable people[edit]

  • Singer Elliott Smith moved to Duncanville after his parents divorced when he was six months old and stayed till age 14, when he went to live with his father in Portland, Oregon.[11]
  • Ex-professional football player "Mean" Joe Greene lived in Duncanville during the height of his career with the Pittsburgh Steelers.
  • Greg Ostertag is a 1991 graduate of Duncanville High School (DHS). He averaged 22.5 points and 13 rebounds per game during his senior season,[12] and capped the year by leading the Panthers to the 1991 state championship, the first for the school's boys basketball team. After his successful high school career, Ostertag joined the basketball team at the University of Kansas from 1991 to 1995 and professionally for the Utah Jazz from 1995 to 2004.
  • Tamika Catchings, WNBA all-star, graduated from DHS in 1997, having played on the women's basketball team that won the state championship. She is the first person to achieve a quintuple double.
  • Brigetta Barrett, high jumper, silver medalist in 2012 London Olympics and 2013 world championships, is a graduate of DHS.
  • Kansas City Chiefs running back Cyrus Gray played his freshmen year of high-school football for Duncanville High School before he moved to DeSoto.
  • Perry Jones, forward for the Oklahoma City Thunder, played basketball at Duncanville High School.
  • The current Texas governor, Greg Abbott, is a 1976 graduate of Duncanville High School.
  • Linguist and author Kenneth Lee Pike lived in Duncanville for many years, later moving to a nearby neighborhood in Dallas. While he lived in Duncanville, US Senator Alan J. Dixon and US Congressman Paul Simon announced that they had nominated Pike for the Nobel Peace Prize[13] (though the Nobel Prize Committee does not officially announce nominations).
  • Barry Foster, former running back for Pittsburgh Steelers, attended high school at DHS.

Politics[edit]

Duncanville city vote
by party in Presidential elections[14]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 65.95% 10,580 32.64% 5,236 1.41% 226

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Duncanville City Hall is located at 203 E. Wheatland Road. Most city services are located in this facility, which also includes the Duncanville Recreation Center featuring meeting rooms, a double gymnasium, and an indoor walking track. Armstrong Park is also located next to City Hall. Duncanville has three walking trails, 17 city parks, and many other recreation spaces for team sports.[15]

U.S. Route 67 runs through the eastern portion of Duncanville. Interstate 20 passes through its northern portion.

The United States Postal Service operates the Duncanville Post Office.[16]

The Duncanville Public Library is located at 201 James Collins Boulevard.

The city of Duncanville is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950841
19603,774348.8%
197014,105273.7%
198027,78197.0%
199035,74828.7%
200036,0810.9%
201038,5246.8%
2019 (est.)38,751[2]0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

As of the 2010 census, Duncanville had a population of 38,524. The racial and ethnic makeup of the population was 32.3% non-Hispanic White, 29.4% non-Hispanic Black, 0.7% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% non-Hispanic from some other race, 2.5% reporting two or more races, and 35.0% Hispanic or Latino of any race.[18]

As of the census[3] of 2000, 36,083 people, 12,899 households, and 10,239 families were residing in the city. The population density was 3,196.6 people per square mile (1,233.9/km2). The 13,290 housing units averaged 1,177.4 per square mile (454.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 63.90% White, 24.76% African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.99% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 6.83% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 15.30% of the population.

Of the 12,896 households, 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.6% were not families. About 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79, and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city, the age distribution was 28.1% under 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,654, and for a family was $57,064. Males had a median income of $39,199 versus $30,145 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,924. The Average Household Income for the city in 2008 is $82,500. About 3.9% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Duncanville is served by the Duncanville Independent School District.

The Duncanville ISD portion is zoned to Duncanville High School, which enrolls about 3,750 students annually, with over 4,000 students during the 2010–2011 school year.[19] At about 900,000 square feet (84,000 m2), the DHS campus is the largest in Texas, the largest in the nation, and the largest in the world in terms of physical size. In total, 13 of the 17 schools in the district are rated exemplary or recognized by the Texas Education Agency, and the district's ratings continue to outperform those of the surrounding districts (Cedar Hill, DeSoto, Lancaster, Dallas, Grand Prairie). They also outperform many of the school districts throughout the Dallas-Fort Worth area.

Duncanville is also home to the administrative offices of Advantage Academy.[20]

Dallas County residents are zoned to Dallas College (formerly Dallas County Community College or DCCCD).[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Duncanville city, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ a b "Handbook of Texas". Tshaonline.org. 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  8. ^ a b "Duncanville, Texas | Tourism – Presented by Village Profile". Villageprofile.com. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  9. ^ "Nike Missile Dallas-Fort Worth Defense Area". Techbastard.com. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  10. ^ State of Texas and UTA. "CRAC Industry Profiles". Crc.uta.edu. Archived from the original on 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  11. ^ "biography – page 2". sweet adeline. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  12. ^ Houston Chronicle: "Big Guy Concerns North Shore"
  13. ^ p. xiv, xv. Jankowsky, Kurt R., ed. 1996. The Mystery of Culture Contacts, Historical Reconstruction, and Text Analysis: An Emic Approach. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
  14. ^ "Dallas County Election Results".
  15. ^ ""Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-10-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)." Duncanville City Website. Retrieved on October 25, 2013.
  16. ^ "Post Office Location – DUNCANVILLE Archived 2011-02-17 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 8, 2010.
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ 2010 report on population and housing characteristics for Duncanville from the US Census
  19. ^ Greatschools.netDuncanville High School. Retrieved 17 June 2006.
  20. ^ http://www.advantageisd.org/
  21. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.176. DALLAS COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.

External links[edit]