Duncton

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Duncton
Holy Trinity Church - Duncton - geograph.org.uk - 581091.jpg
Holy Trinity parish church
Duncton is located in West Sussex
Duncton
Duncton
Location within West Sussex
Area8.00 km2 (3.09 sq mi) [1]
Population345 (2011 Census)
• Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU960172
• London44 miles (71 km) NNE
Civil parish
  • Duncton
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPetworth
Postcode districtGU28
Dialling code01798
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
WebsiteDuncton
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
50°56′48″N 0°38′05″W / 50.9467°N 0.63461°W / 50.9467; -0.63461Coordinates: 50°56′48″N 0°38′05″W / 50.9467°N 0.63461°W / 50.9467; -0.63461

Duncton is a village and civil parish in the District of Chichester in West Sussex, England. The village is in the South Downs 3 miles (5 km) south of Petworth on the A285 road.

The civil parish is about 4 miles (6 km) long north – south and less than 1 mile (1.6 km) wide east – west and has a land area of 800 ha (1,977 acres). The southern part of the parish includes part of Duncton Down, which is 682 feet (208 m) high.

The 2011 Census recorded 345 people living in 182 households, of whom 177 were economically active.[2] The village has an Church of England parish church, a Roman Catholic church. Duncton has a pub, a village hall and two croquet pitches. The parish includes Burton Park, whose stately home and parish church are about 12 mile (800 m) east of Duncton village.

Duncton Mill at the foot of the South Downs escarpment was powered by a large spring flowing from the chalk strata. A stable flow of water at a constant temperature throughout the year is ideal for its present use as a trout hatchery.

Public transport[edit]

Compass Bus route 99 between Petworth and Chichester serves Duncton six days a week, from Monday to Saturday. There is no service in the evening, or on Sunday or public holidays. On most trips, the bus will call at Duncton only if booked in advance.[3]

History[edit]

Prehistoric remains in the parish include a Bronze Age round barrow on Duncton Common in the north of the parish.[4] The remains of a Romano-British villa, including a hypocaust, were found 140 yards northeast of St Mary's parish church[5] and excavated between 1812 and 1816.[6]

The Domesday Book of 1086 records the place-name as Donechitone, and a pipe roll from 1181 records it as Duneketon. The name comes from the Old English words Dunnuca and tūn. Dunnuca was a person's name, and a tūn is a fence or enclosure.[7]

Woollen cloth making was an important local industry in the Middle Ages. Two Duncton clothiers, R Harding and J Goble, left inventories in 1621 and 1622 respectively, with Goble having owned three pairs of finishing shears.[8]

The village has a pub that was built in the 18th century.[9] In 1867 John Wisden (1826 – 1884), the famous Kent, Middlesex, Sussex and England cricketer, who founded Wisden Cricketer's Almanac, bought the pub and leased it to the Sussex cricketer Jemmy Dean (1816 – 1881).[citation needed]} The pub is called "The Cricketers"[10] in honour of Dean and another Sussex cricketer, Jem Broadbridge (1795–1843), both of whom lived in Duncton.

Florence de Fonblanque died in Duncton in 1949. She is buried in the churchyard of Holy Trinity parish church. "Originator and leader of the women's suffrage march from Edinburgh to London 1912" is inscribed on her headstone.[11]

Churches[edit]

The Church of England parish church of the Holy Trinity is part of the Benefice of Stopham and Fittleworth. Duncton's original parish church, St Mary's, was a Medieval building at the foot of Duncton Down, some distance south of the village. In 1864 George Wyndham, 1st Baron Leconfield, of Petworth House, commissioned a new parish church to be built on a more convenient site in the village. It is a Gothic Revival building, designed by James Castle of Oxford and completed in 1866.[12]

A bell from St Mary's, thought to have been cast in Normandy in 1369, was transferred from St Mary's to Holy Trinity. St Mary's was demolished in 1876.[12]

Roman Catholic church of SS Anthony and George

The Roman Catholic church of SS Anthony and George is another Gothic Revival building. It was designed by Gilbert Blount and completed in 1868.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2009.
  2. ^ "Duncton Parish". nomis. Durham University for the Office of National Statistics. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Flexible Route 99" (PDF). Compass Bus. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Duncton Common round barrow cemetery (1009329)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  5. ^ Jerrome 2002, p. 14.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Romano-British settlement at Church Farm (1005813)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  7. ^ Ekwall 1960, Duncton
  8. ^ Jerrome 2002, p. 92.
  9. ^ Historic England. "The Cricketers Inn (Grade II) (1026545)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  10. ^ The Cricketers
  11. ^ Crawford 2004.
  12. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of Holy Trinity, Duncton (Grade II) (1449791)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  13. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Anthony and St George (Grade II) (1425313)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 June 2021.

Bibliography[edit]