This is a good article. Follow the link for more information.
Page semi-protected

Dundee United F.C.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Dundee United)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dundee United
DUFCcrest.png
Full nameDundee United Football Club
Nickname(s)The Terrors
Founded24 May 1909; 110 years ago (1909-05-24)
(as Dundee Hibernian)
GroundTannadice Park, Dundee
Capacity14,223[1]
ChairmanMark Ogren
Head coachRobbie Neilson
LeagueScottish Championship
2018–19Scottish Championship, 2nd of 10
WebsiteClub website

Dundee United Football Club is a Scottish professional football club based in the city of Dundee. Formed in 1909. originally as Dundee Hibernian,[2] the club changed to the present name in 1923.[3] United are nicknamed The Terrors[4] or The Tangerines and the supporters are known as Arabs.[5]

The club has played in tangerine kits since the 1960s and have played at the present ground, Tannadice Park, since their foundation in 1909. United were founder members of the Scottish Premier League (SPL) in 1998 and were ever-present in the competition until it was abolished in 2013 to make way for the SPFL structure. United were relegated in 2016 to the Scottish Championship, which is the second tier of the SPFL.

Domestically, the club has won the Scottish Premier Division on one occasion (1982–83), the Scottish Cup twice (1994 and 2010) and the Scottish League Cup twice (1979 and 1980). United appeared in European competition for the first time in the 1966–67 season, going on to appear in Europe in 14 successive seasons from 1976. They also reached the European Cup semi-finals in 1983–84 season and the UEFA Cup final in 1987. The club has a 100% record in four matches against Barcelona in competitive European ties.[6]

The club's main rivals are Dundee. The two teams contest the Dundee derby, with the local rivals' Dens Park stadium being located virtually next door to Tannadice Park.[7]

History

Beginning (1909–1959)

Manager Peter Houston celebrating Dundee United's 2010 Scottish Cup Final win

The club was formed as Dundee Hibernian in 1909, playing from the outset at Tannadice Park. They were voted into the Scottish Football League in 1910. After being saved from going out of business in October 1923, the club changed their name to Dundee United in order to widen their appeal. Between 1925 and 1932 United were promoted and then relegated three times, winning the Second Division title in 1925 and 1929.[8]

Promotion to the Top Flight (1959–1971)

The club took significant strides forward when Jerry Kerr became manager in 1959. Kerr's team won promotion in his first season in charge and became an established team in the top flight, where they remained until 1995.[9]

A key characteristic of Kerr's reign was the strengthening of the playing squad with Scandinavian imports,[9] most notably with the signings of Lennart Wing, Finn Dossing, Mogens Berg, Finn Seemann and Orjan Persson.

It was during this period that United qualified for European competition for the first time, eliminating Inter-Cities Fairs Cup holders Barcelona on their European debut in 1966.

Jim McLean era (1971–1993)

Jim McLean took over from Kerr in 1971 and under his management the club enjoyed the most successful era in its history. McLean's era became known for his youth policy and the offering of long term contracts that would see future Scotland international players such as Dave Narey, Paul Sturrock, Paul Hegarty, Davie Dodds, Eamonn Bannon and Maurice Malpas spend the majority of their careers at the club.[10]

United won its first major honour under McLean, capturing the Scottish League Cup first in 1979 and again in 1980.[11] They were crowned Premier Division champions in 1982–83.

The club were also successful in Europe, reaching the European Cup semi-finals in 1984 and the UEFA cup Final in 1987,[11] the latter campaign involving another elimination of Barcelona during the earlier rounds.[12] Despite losing to IFK Gothenburg in the final, the club was awarded a FIFA Fair Play Award.[13]

McLean retired as manager in 1993, but remained as club chairman.[14]

Scottish Cup wins and relegation (1993–2016)

United won the Scottish Cup for the first time in 1994 under McLean's successor Ivan Golac, but were relegated in 1995, before returning to the Premier Division a year later.

Following a number of board changes, the club was purchased from McLean in 2002 by former Morning Noon and Night co-founder and chief executive Eddie Thompson.[15] A lifelong United fan, Thompson invested heavily in the team in a bid to compete with significant spending which had developed following the formation of the Scottish Premier League, however little progress was made until Craig Levein became manager in 2006. Levein established United as a Top Six club, regularly achieving European qualification before he left the club to take the post as Scotland manager in 2009.

With the foundations of the side in place, United won the Scottish Cup for a second time in 2010 under the management of Peter Houston.

After several relatively successful seasons, a series of poor results in the Premiership led to United being relegated in 2016.[16]

Scottish Championship and promotion battles (Since 2016)

Dundee United's first season in the Championship was under the management of Ray McKinnon. United won the Challenge Cup by beating St Mirren 2–1 in the final and they reached the play-off final for the Premiership. However they lost narrowly 1–0 to Hamilton. The second season in the second tier was less successful, as manager McKinnon was sacked and replaced with Csaba László; after a very disappointing season, United lost in the play-off semi-final to eventual promotion winners Livingston. After a poor start to the 2018–19 season the manager was once again sacked and replaced with Robbie Neilson. The team finished second in the Championship but lost in the play-offs to St Mirren, missing four penalty kicks in the process.

Colours and badge

Pre-1993 lion rampant design
For a complete pictorial history of playing kit, see the Historical Football Kits site.

United's playing kit consists of tangerine shirts and black shorts, first used when the team played under the Dallas Tornado moniker in the United Soccer Association competition of 1967, which they were invited to participate in after their first European excursion had created many headlines in the football world.[17] After persuasion by the wife of manager Jerry Kerr, the colour would soon be adopted as the club's own in 1969 to give the club a brighter, more modern image. The new colour was paraded for the first time in a pre-season friendly against Everton in August.

When founded as Dundee Hibernian, they had followed the example of other clubs of similar heritage by adopting the traditionally Irish colours of green shirts and white shorts. By the time the club became Dundee United in 1923, the colours had been changed to white shirts and black shorts as they sought to appeal to a wider cross-section of the community. These colours persisted in various forms up until 1969, sometimes using plain shirts, but also at various times including Celtic-style broad hoops, Queen's Park-style narrow hoops and an Airdrie-style "V" motif.

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1973–1976 Bukta none
1976–1985 Adidas
1985–1987 VG
1987–1989 Belhaven
1989–1991 ASICS
1991–1992 Bukta
1992–1993 Loki
1993–1994 none
1994–1996 Pony Rover
1996–1998 Telewest
1998–2000 Olympic Sports
2000–2003 TFG Sports
2003–2006 Morning, Noon and Night
2006–2008 Hummel Anglian Home Improvements
2008–2009 Carbrini Sportswear
2009–2010 Nike
2010–2016 Calor
2016–2018 McEwan Fraser Legal
2018–2019 Utilita
2019– Macron

The present club badge was introduced in 1993, and saw the previous lion rampant design rebranded in a new circular logo incorporating the club colours.[18] To mark the club's centenary in 2009, a special version of the badge with an added "1909 2009 Centenary" logo was introduced for the duration of the 2009–10 season, along with additional green trim on the badge, representing Dundee Hibernian's colours.

Previously, the lion had been represented on a simpler shield design. Although this "classic" version had been used as the club crest on the cover of the matchday programme as early as 1956, it had never appeared on the players' strip prior to 1983. Since 1959, various other designs had been worn on the shirts, incorporating either the lion rampant or the letters DUFC, often on a circular badge.

The club first introduced shirt sponsorship in the 1985–86 season when future chairman Eddie Thompson's VG chain sponsored the club in the first of a two-year deal. A six-year association with Belhaven then ensued with a sponsorless 1993–94 season. Rover began a two-year deal early in time for the 1994 Scottish Cup final, sponsoring the club until the end of the 1995–96 season. Telewest took over sponsorship from 1996 for six years until Eddie Thompson's Morning, Noon and Night started sponsoring the club in 2002. This association continued until 2006 when Anglian Home Improvements began a two-year deal with an optional third year. At the same time, Ole International became the first shorts sponsors. JD Sports' Carbrini Sportswear brand sponsored the club in the 2008–09 and 2009–10 seasons. United's shirt sponsor from the 2016–17 season was McEwan Fraser Legal, with Utilita taking over in 2018.

United have had a number of official kit suppliers, including Adidas, Hummel and, from June 2009, Nike.

Historical home kits

c. 1909
c.1929–30
1986–87
1990–91
1993–94
1994–95
2006–07
2008–09
2009–10
2010–11
2011–12
2013–14
2014–15
2015–16
2016–17
2017–18

Alternative

1985–86
1989–91
1995–96
2002–03
2009–10
2013–14
2014–15
2016–17

Stadium

Dundee United's home ground throughout their history has been Tannadice Park, located on Tannadice Street in the Clepington area of the city. It is situated a mere 170 yards (160 m) away from Dens Park, home of rivals Dundee;[19] The club has only ever played one home fixture at another venue. This was a League Cup tie against Rangers in March 1947, when despite snow rendering Tannadice Park unplayable, the match was able to go ahead across the road at Dens Park.

Tannadice is currently an all-seater with a capacity of 14,223.[1] The Main Stand, built in 1962, was the first cantilever to be constructed at a Scottish football ground.[20] For long periods of its history, only a small proportion of the ground contained seated accommodation. In the late 1980s the ground had 2,252 seats out of a total capacity of 22,310.[20]

Tannadice Park is situated just 300 metres from Dens Park, home of neighbours Dundee

The comparative age and proximity of their stadiums has led to various discussions about the possibility of both Dundee clubs moving to a new, purpose-built shared stadium. The most recent proposal was put forward as part of Scotland's bid to jointly host the UEFA Euro 2008 championship,[21] with several clubs seeking to benefit from a new stadium.[22] With planning permission given to a proposed site at Caird Park,[23] special dispensation was requested to proceed with the proposal,[24] as rules at the time forbade SPL teams from groundsharing. Following Scotland's failed bid to host the tournament, the scheme was shelved,[25] although it was resurrected in June 2008, following doubts about joint-host Ukraine's ability to stage Euro 2012, and the SFA's keenness to act as an alternative host.[26]

Achievements

League

Dundee United's first trophy came in 1925, when they won the 1924–25 Division Two championship. After two seasons in the top tier, they were relegated, but they won the Division Two title for a second time in 1928–29. Immediate relegation followed and the club finished runners-up in 1931–32.[8] Another runners-up spot was claimed in 1959–60, in manager Jerry Kerr's first season, and from then club remained in the top division for the next 35-years.[9] Under Jim McLean's management, the club won the Premier Division title for the only time, in 1982–83, resulting in European Cup football the following season. The title win was United's last league success, although they finished runners-up in the First Division in 1995–96, after nearly avoiding relegation the previous season, and in third place in their first season back in the Premier Division.

Cups

The club had to wait several decades before their first realistic chance at cup silverware, when they began the first of a six-game losing streak of Scottish Cup Final appearances in 1974, losing 3–0 to Celtic. Towards the end of the 1970s, things began to change, with three successive appearances in the League Cup Final. United won their first major trophy with a 3–0 replay victory over Aberdeen in the 1979–80 Scottish League Cup Final.[27] The club reached both cup finals in the following season; while they retained the League Cup by winning 3–0 against rivals Dundee,[27] United lost out again in the Scottish Cup with a replay defeat to Rangers. United reached a third consecutive League Cup Final in 1981–82, but failed to make it a hat-trick of wins as they lost 2–1 to Rangers.[27]

United (in red) versus Kilmarnock at Tannadice in the 2013–14 Scottish Cup.

United suffered the agony of reaching three out of four Scottish Cup finals in the mid-1980s, only to lose them all by a single goal. First came a 2–1 defeat to Celtic in 1984–85, compounded by a 1–0 League Cup final loss to Rangers in the same season; then a 1–0 defeat in extra time to St Mirren in 1986–87; and finally, a last-minute 2–1 loss against Celtic the following year, despite being a goal ahead.[11] A three-year gap ensued before the 1990–91 Scottish Cup final, which pitted Jim McLean against his brother Tommy, at Motherwell. The final was won 4–3 by 'Well, with United again losing in extra time.[14] The sixth Cup Final loss was also the club's fifth final appearance in eleven years.

These defeats in cup finals at Hampden Park led to the Scottish football media claiming that United suffered from a Hampden hoodoo, as they had failed to win ten cup finals played at the ground between 1974 and 1991.[28] When the club reached the 1994 Scottish Cup Final, manager Ivan Golac dismissed talk of the hoodoo, even though opponents Rangers were strong favourites to complete a domestic treble in the 1993–94 season.[28] United broke the supposed hoodoo and won the Scottish Cup for the first time when Craig Brewster's goal gave them a 1–0 win.[14][28]

Eleven years passed until the next Scottish Cup final appearance, when United lost 1–0 to Celtic in 2005. Sandwiched in the middle of these appearances was a defeat on penalties to Stenhousemuir in the Scottish Challenge Cup (when United failed to concede a goal in the whole competition) and a 3–0 defeat to Celtic in the 1997 Scottish League Cup Final. United then lost the 2008 Scottish League Cup Final on penalties to Rangers after the match had finished 2–2 after extra time. Dundee United won their next major trophy in 2010, under the guidance of manager Peter Houston, when First Division side Ross County were defeated 3–0 in the 2010 Scottish Cup Final.[29] David Goodwillie scored the first goal and Craig Conway scored the second and third goals.[29]

United's 10th appearance in the Scottish Cup final came in 2014, but the team lost 2–0 to St Johnstone at Celtic Park. The Tangerines reached the League Cup final the following year, but lost to Celtic in the final.

Two years later, after the club's relegation from the Scottish Premiership, they faced St. Mirren in the 2017 Scottish Challenge Cup Final. United won the game 2–1, marking the club's first silverware since 2010.

Europe

The club's first experience of Europe came in 1966–67 season when, helped by a clutch of Scandinavian players, United defeated Inter-Cities Fairs Cup holders FC Barcelona both home and away. Although Juventus proved too strong in the next round with a 3–1 aggregate victory, United made headlines and were asked to compete as Dallas Tornado in the United Soccer Association league in North America during the summer of 1967.[9]

In 1981–82 they began a period in which they were competitive in European competition. In a six-year spell they reached one UEFA final, another semi-final and two quarter finals. After their only Premier Division win in 1983, the team reached the resulting semi-final of the European Cup in 1984, losing 3–2 on aggregate to Roma. In 1987, the club went one better, reaching the final of the UEFA Cup. Despite the 2–1 aggregate loss to IFK Gothenburg, the club won the first-ever FIFA Fair Play Award for their supporters' sporting behavior after the final defeat.[13]

Rivalries

Dundee United faced rivals St Johnstone in the 2014 Scottish Cup Final

Dundee United's traditional rivals are Dundee, with whom they compete in the Dundee derby. The fixture was lacking a competitive element for a number of years until Dundee's return to the top flight of the Scottish game. A unique element of the rivalry lies in the fact that both clubs' stadiums are located within 100 yards of one another.

In spite of their rivalry, the two sides previously contemplated ground-sharing as part of the SFA's unsuccessful bid to host Euro 2008. Perhaps the most notable meeting was the final game of the 1982–83 Premier Division season, where if United were victors at Dens Park, they would clinch the top flight title; United were victorious thanks to an Eamonn Bannon winner.

Another intense fixture is that of the New Firm derby between United and North-East rivals Aberdeen. The match itself became one of fierce competition due to the domestic and European success the two sides achieved in the late 1970s and 1980s under the stewardship of United's Jim McLean and Aberdeen's Alex Ferguson.

United also share a rivalry with St Johnstone due to the relatively close proximity of Dundee and Perth, known as the Tayside derby. The most notable meeting between the two sides was in the 2014 Scottish Cup Final, when St Johnstone won 2–0 at Celtic Park in United's tenth final appearance.

Honours

League

Cups

Europe

Other

Youths

Coaching staff

Position Name
Head Coach Robbie Neilson
Assistant Head Coach Gordon Forrest
Assistant Head Coach Lee McCulloch
Goalkeeping Coach Neil Alexander
Sporting Director Tony Ashgar
Head of Recruitment David Byrne
Academy Director Andy Goldie
Senior Academy Head Coach Adam Ashgar
Head of Academy Talent ID & Recruitment Jordan Moore
Head of Player Pathway and Loans Brian Grant
Scout Dave Bowman
Physiotherapist Jeff Clarke
Head of Sport Science Gary Dempsey
Head of Medicine Marcin Szostak
Kit Coordinator Gordon Grady

Current squad

First-team squad

As of 12 July 2019[31]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Switzerland GK Benjamin Siegrist
2 Scotland DF Liam Smith
3 Argentina DF Adrián Sporle
4 Belgium DF Frédéric Frans
5 Republic of Ireland DF Mark Connolly
6 Scotland DF Mark Reynolds (captain)
7 Scotland MF Paul McMullan
8 Scotland MF Peter Pawlett
9 Sweden FW Osman Sow
10 Scotland FW Nicky Clark
11 Scotland FW Cammy Smith
12 Scotland MF Sam Stanton
13 Turkey GK Deniz Mehmet
14 Scotland DF Callum Booth
16 Scotland FW Matty Smith
No. Position Player
17 Scotland DF Jamie Robson
18 England MF Calum Butcher
19 Algeria MF Rachid Bouhenna
20 Scotland FW Logan Chalmers
21 Scotland MF Declan Glass
23 United States MF Ian Harkes
24 Scotland FW Lawrence Shankland
25 Scotland MF Adam King
26 Scotland DF Sam Wardrop
27 Scotland FW Louis Appéré
31 Scotland GK Josh Donaldson
33 Canada MF Fraser Aird
34 Scotland MF Scott Banks
44 Scotland DF Paul Watson
90 Republic of the Congo FW Yannick Loemba

Noted players

International players

This is a list of former and current players who have played at full international level while with the club. They are ordered by nationality and year of United debut below. Additionally, two goalkeepers – Pat Onstad (Canada) and Kémoko Camara (Guinea) – were both capped while at Tannadice yet never played a first-team game for United.

Hall of Fame

The club launched its official Hall of Fame in 2008, with seven inaugural members. A further six players were inducted in January 2009[32] and seven more in January 2010. Since then six players have been inducted each year.

Managers

The first manager of Dundee Hibernian in 1909 was Pat Reilly. The club's longest serving and most successful manager, Jim McLean, held the position from 1971 to 1993, winning three major honours – the Scottish Premier Division title in 1982–83 and the Scottish League Cup twice in 1979 and 1980. Two Dundee United managers have won the Scottish CupIvan Golac in 1994 and Peter Houston in 2010.

Women's team

Dundee United announced in April 2015 that the club would be launching a women's team, with the aim of entering the Scottish league structure in 2016.[36] Gavin Beith was appointed as the team's manager in June 2015.[37]

Honours

References

  1. ^ a b "Dundee United Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Civic reception 'great honour' for Dundee United centenary". The Courier. 2 September 2009. Archived from the original on 7 September 2009. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  3. ^ "Dundee United Beginnings". Dundee United FC. Archived from the original on 25 October 2009. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  4. ^ "Dundee United A – Z ( T )". Dundee United FC. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  5. ^ "Dundee United A-Z (A)". Dundee United FC. Archived from the original on 29 May 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  6. ^ Stewart, Craig (24 September 2014). "10 things about Dundee United". SPFL. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Dundee Football Clubs and Stadiums". Football Stadiums.co.uk. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  8. ^ a b "History – The Early Days". Dundee United FC. Archived from the original on 29 March 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d "History – 50s & 60s". Dundee United FC. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  10. ^ "Player Appearance Totals | Dundee United (Dundee United Archive)". www.arabarchive.co.uk. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  11. ^ a b c "History". Dundee United FC. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012.
  12. ^ Moffat, Colin (24 July 2007). "Barca out to end Dundee Utd jinx". BBC Sport website.
  13. ^ a b "Fair Play Awards". FIFA. Archived from the original on 11 June 2008. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  14. ^ a b c "History – 90s". Dundee United FC. Archived from the original on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  15. ^ Wilson, Brian (19 October 2008). "Obituary: Eddie Thompson". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  16. ^ "Dundee United relegated from Premiership after 2–1 derby defeat". stv.tv/sport. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  17. ^ "Dundee United A – Z (D)". Dundee United FC. Archived from the original on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2006.
  18. ^ "Dundee United A-Z (C)". Dundee United FC. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2006.
  19. ^ Phil Gordon (1 September 2002). "Smart adds spice to Duffy's return". The Independent (Online Edition). Archived from the original on 22 October 2007.
  20. ^ a b Inglis, Simon (1987). The Football Grounds of Great Britain (2nd ed.). London: Collins Willow. p. 328. ISBN 0-00-218249-1.
  21. ^ "Dundee clubs plan stadium share". BBC Sport website. 29 June 2001.
  22. ^ "Deadline day for new stadia". BBC Sport website. 31 July 2001.
  23. ^ "Dundee clubs get stadium boost". BBC Sport website. 30 April 2002.
  24. ^ "Dundee rivals request groundshare". BBC Sport website. 17 September 2002.
  25. ^ "Dundee rivals to rethink stadia plans". BBC Sport website. 12 December 2002.
  26. ^ "North east trio unite on Euro bid". BBC Sport website. 6 June 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
  27. ^ a b c "Dundee United A – Z ( L )". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  28. ^ a b c "Dundee United A – Z ( H )". Dundee United FC. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  29. ^ a b McGuigan, Thomas (15 May 2010). "Dundee Utd 3 – 0 Ross County". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  30. ^ a b c d e "Dundee United Football Club Team Honours". SPL. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  31. ^ "2017–18 Dundee United squad". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  32. ^ "Scottish Football Podcast". BBC Scotland. 21 November 2008.
  33. ^ "GALLERY: Dundee United Hall of Fame". Evening Telegraph. 10 February 2014. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
  34. ^ "Hall of Fame 2017". Dundee United Football Club. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  35. ^ Cran, George (15 February 2019). "Dundee United legends Craig Brewster, Ivan Golac, Jimmy Brownlie and Tommy Neilson to join Hall of Fame". Evening Telegraph. Dundee. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  36. ^ "Dundee United set sights high with new women's team". Evening Telegraph. Dundee. 16 April 2015. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  37. ^ "Dundee United appoint Gavin Beith as head coach of women's team". The Courier. Dundee. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2015.

External links