Dungeness Lighthouse

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Dungeness Lighthouse
Dungeness Lighthouse.jpg
The 1961 lighthouse, with the 1901 lighthouse and Dungeness A Nuclear power station beyond
Dungeness Lighthouse is located in Kent
Dungeness Lighthouse
Kent
LocationDungeness
Kent
England
Coordinates50°54′48.5″N 0°58′33.6″E / 50.913472°N 0.976000°E / 50.913472; 0.976000Coordinates: 50°54′48.5″N 0°58′33.6″E / 50.913472°N 0.976000°E / 50.913472; 0.976000
Year first constructed1615 (first)
1635 (second)
1792 (third)
1904 (fourth)
Year first lit1961 (current)
Automated1991
Constructionconcrete tower
Tower shapecylindrical tower flared at the top with balcony and lantern
Markings / patterntower with black and white bands, white lantern
Tower height43 m (141 ft)
Focal height40 m (130 ft)
Current lens4th order catadioptric four panel rotating
Intensity134,000 Candela
Range21 nmi (39 km)
CharacteristicFl W 10s.
Fog signal3 blasts every 60s.
Admiralty numberA0876
NGA number1220
ARLHS numberENG 085
Managing agentTrinity House[1] [2]
HeritageGrade II* listed building Edit this on Wikidata

Dungeness Lighthouse on the Dungeness Headland started operation on 20 November 1961 and is constructed of precast concrete rings. Its pattern of black and white bands is impregnated into the concrete. It remains in use today, monitored and controlled from the Trinity House Operations and Planning Centre at Harwich, Essex.[3]

Dungeness Lighthouse is the fifth lighthouse at Dungeness. Construction of the Dungeness nuclear power station obscured the light of the 1904 lighthouse and necessitated yet another lighthouse.

History[edit]

There have been seven lighthouses at Dungeness, five high and two low, with the fifth high one still fully operational today. At first only a beacon was used to warn sailors, but this was replaced by a proper lighthouse in 1615. As the sea retreated, this had to be replaced in 1635 by a new lighthouse nearer to the water's edge known as Lamplough's Tower.

As more shingle was thrown up, a new and more up-to-date lighthouse was built near the sea in 1792 by Samuel Wyatt. This lighthouse was about 35 m (115 ft) high and of the same design as the third Eddystone Lighthouse. From the mid-19th century, it was painted black with a white band to make it more visible in daylight; similar colours have featured on the subsequent lighthouses here. This lighthouse was demolished in 1904, but the lighthouse keepers' accommodation, built in a circle around the base of the tower, still exists.

In 1901 building of the fourth lighthouse, the High Light Tower, started. It was first lit on 31 March 1904 and still stands today. It is no longer in use as a lighthouse but is open as a visitor attraction. It is a circular brick structure, 41 m (135 ft) high and 11 m (36 ft) in diameter at ground level. It has 169 steps, and gives visitors a good view of the shingle beach.

As the sea receded further, and after building the nuclear power station which obscured the light of the 1904 lighthouse, a fifth lighthouse, Dungeness Lighthouse was built.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dungeness The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 24 April 2016
  2. ^ Dungeness Lighthouse Trinity House. Retrieved 24 April 2016
  3. ^ "Dungeness Lighthouse". Trinity House. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012.

External links[edit]