Dungeness Spit

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Two aerial views of Dungeness Spit. The sandbar splits into two branches near the end.

Dungeness Spit is a 5.5-mile (8.9 km) long sand spit jutting out from the northern edge of the Olympic Peninsula in northeastern Clallam County, Washington, USA, into the Strait of Juan de Fuca. It is the longest natural sand spit in the United States.[1][2] The body of water it encloses is called Dungeness Bay.[3] The Dungeness Spit is entirely within the Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge and home of the New Dungeness Lighthouse. Its land area, according to the United States Census Bureau, is 1,271,454 square meters (0.4909 sq mi, or 314.18 acres). The lighthouse once was run by United States Coast Guard, but in 1976 an automatic light was installed, and since 1994 it has been staffed and maintained by the volunteer "New Dungeness Light Station Association".[4] The spit is open to the public year around.

It was first found by Europeans during the Spanish 1790 Quimper expedition. The name "Dungeness" comes from the Dungeness headland in England. The spit was named by explorer George Vancouver in 1792, who wrote: "The low sandy point of land, which from its great resemblance to Dungeness in the British Channel, I called New Dungeness."[5]

In December 2001 a heavy winter storm forced water over the spit. The next morning the spit was broken in three places, and vehicles supplying the lighthouse were not able to traverse the spit for about a month.

The New Dungeness Lighthouse located at the end of Dungeness Spit.
View of Spit from shore

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Dungeness Spit". Olympic National Park Sights. Fodor's Travel, Random House LLc. 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 
  2. ^ Adkison, Ron (2003). Washington: A Guide to Washington's Greatest Hiking Adventures. Globe Pequot. p. 32. ISBN 0762726075. 
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Dungeness Bay
  4. ^ "New Dungeness Lighthouse - History Part #4". newdungenesslighthouse.com. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  5. ^ Phillips, James W. (1971). Washington State Place Names. University of Washington Press. ISBN 0-295-95158-3. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°10′07″N 123°08′22″W / 48.168604°N 123.1394°W / 48.168604; -123.1394