Dunsinane Hill

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Dunsinane Hill
DunsinaneHill From BlackHill 12APR03.jpg
Dunsinane Hill from Black Hill.
Highest point
Elevation 310 m (1,020 ft)
Prominence c. 53 m
Listing none
Geography
Dunsinane Hill is located in Scotland
Dunsinane Hill
Dunsinane Hill
Parent range Sidlaws
OS grid NO213316
Topo map OS Landranger 53

Dunsinane Hill (/dʌnˈsɪnən/ dun-SIN-ən) is a hill of the Sidlaw Range near the village of Collace in Perthshire, Scotland. It is mentioned in Shakespeare's play Macbeth, in which Macbeth is informed by a supernatural being that: "Macbeth shall never vanquished be, until Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill Shall come against him."

The hill has a height of 310 metres (1,020 ft) and commands expansive views of the surrounding countryside. It consists of a late Iron Age hill fort, of which the impressive ramparts remain obvious. The site was damaged by undocumented amateur excavations in the 19th century by antiquarians attracted to the site by its Shakespearean connection. Little of value was learned about the history of the monument from these unscientific endeavours.

Dunsinane is the traditional site of a 1054 battle in which Siward, Earl of Northumbria defeated Macbeth of Scotland. The much earlier Iron Age hill fort has long been known as Macbeth's Castle, though there is no archaeological evidence that it was in use by him or anyone during the mid eleventh century.

Pronunciation and etymology[edit]

To facilitate the rhyme in the couplet "I will not be afraid of death and bane, Till Birnam forest come to Dunsinane" the pronunciation usually employed for Shakespeare's play has the accent on the first or third syllable, with a long 'a' (i.e. /ˈdʌnsɪnn/ or /ˌdʌnsɪˈnn/).[1] However the correct pronunciation has the accent on the second syllable, with a short 'a'.

An alternative spelling of the name is Dunsinnan. The derivation is Gaelic, "the hill of ants"; possibly a reference to the large number of people it took to build the fortress.[2]

Ascent[edit]

The village of Collace from Dunsinane Hill

The best access to Dunsinane Hill is from the rear of the Perthshire village of Collace on the northern side of Dunsinane Hill, between the village and the quarry. There is a small parking area there suitable for 4 or 5 cars, from which a steep, but clearly defined path leads directly to the summit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "the definition of Dunsinane". Dictionary.com.
  2. ^ Sinclair, Bart., Sir John (1831). The Correspondence of The Right Honourable Sir John Sinclair, Bart. Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, London, England. Retrieved 6 January 2014. Volume I

Coordinates: 56°28′12″N 3°16′44″W / 56.46993°N 3.27902°W / 56.46993; -3.27902