Dunsinane Hill from Black Hill.
|Elevation||310 m (1,020 ft)|
|Prominence||c. 53 m|
|Topo map||OS Landranger 53|
Dunsinane Hill (// dun-SIN-ən) is a hill of the Sidlaw Range near the village of Collace in Perthshire, Scotland. It is mentioned in Shakespeare's play Macbeth, in which Macbeth is informed by a supernatural being that: "Macbeth shall never vanquished be, until Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill Shall come against him."
The hill has a height of 310 metres (1,020 ft) and commands expansive views of the surrounding countryside. It consists of a late Iron Age hill fort, of which the impressive ramparts remain obvious. The site was damaged by undocumented amateur excavations in the 19th century by antiquarians attracted to the site by its Shakespearean connection. Little of value was learned about the history of the monument from these unscientific endeavours.
Dunsinane is the traditional site of a 1054 battle in which Siward, Earl of Northumbria defeated Macbeth of Scotland. The much earlier Iron Age hill fort has long been known as Macbeth's Castle, though there is no archaeological evidence that it was in use by him or anyone during the mid eleventh century.
Pronunciation and etymology
To facilitate the rhyme in the couplet "I will not be afraid of death and bane, Till Birnam forest come to Dunsinane" the pronunciation usually employed for Shakespeare's play has the accent on the first or third syllable, with a long 'a' (i.e. // or //). However the correct pronunciation has the accent on the second syllable, with a short 'a'.
The best access to Dunsinane Hill is from the rear of the Perthshire village of Collace on the northern side of Dunsinane Hill, between the village and the quarry. There is a small parking area there suitable for 4 or 5 cars, from which a steep, but clearly defined path leads directly to the summit.
- "the definition of Dunsinane". Dictionary.com.
- Sinclair, Bart., Sir John (1831). The Correspondence of The Right Honourable Sir John Sinclair, Bart. Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, London, England. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
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