Dunton, Bedfordshire

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Dunton
Parish church, Dunton, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 50179.jpg
Dunton parish church
Dunton is located in Bedfordshire
Dunton
Dunton
Location within Bedfordshire
Population696 (2011 Census including Edworth)[1]
OS grid referenceTL2344
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townbiggleswade
Postcode districtSG18
Dialling code01767
PoliceBedfordshire
FireBedfordshire and Luton
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bedfordshire
52°04′58″N 0°11′42″W / 52.0828°N 0.1951°W / 52.0828; -0.1951Coordinates: 52°04′58″N 0°11′42″W / 52.0828°N 0.1951°W / 52.0828; -0.1951

Dunton is a rural village and civil parish in the Central Bedfordshire district of the county of Bedfordshire, England; about 12 miles (19 km) east south-east of the county town of Bedford. The civil parish includes the hamlets of Newton and Millow.

Geography[edit]

Dunton lies about 3 miles (5 km) east of Biggleswade and 16 miles (26 km) south-west of Cambridge. The eastern parish boundary borders Hertfordshire at the River Rhee.

The village centre is 53 metres (174 ft) above sea level. The land falls away to 33 metres (108 ft) in the north, west and south.[2]

The majority of the parish is open, arable farmland. The centre and west lie on boulder clay; with grey and grey-blue clay to the east.[3] The whole parish has lime-rich loamy and clayey soils with slightly impeded drainage. Fertility is high.[4]

Governance[edit]

Dunton Parish Council has seven elected members and meets bi-monthly at the Village Hall. Dunton is part of Potton ward for elections to the Central Bedfordshire Unitary Authority.

Prior to 1894, Dunton was administered as part of the Hundred of Biggleswade. From 1894 until 1974 the village was in Biggleswade Rural District and from 1974 to 2009 in Mid Bedfordshire District.

History[edit]

Population growth in Dunton since 1801
YearPop.±%
1801336—    
1841434+29.2%
1881477+9.9%
1921390−18.2%
1961437+12.1%
2001567+29.7%
[5]
Source: A Vision of Britain through Time

Millom appears as Meluho or Melnho, in 1396 [6] and Dunton appears as Duntone. Dunton probably means Duna's Farm.[7]

In 1797, the Dunton Enclosure Act was passed.

The March Hare public house, formerly The Wheatsheaf, opened in 1840.[8]

Dunton on a snowy day in 2009

Parish church[edit]

Central to the village is the Church of St. Mary Magdalene in the diocese of St Albans. The earliest parts date from the 14th-century and consist of a chancel, nave of four bays, aisles and porch. The church steeple collapsed in 1660. The 60 feet (18 m) tall limestone ashlar embattled western tower dates from 1861 and is illuminated at night. The church's five bells were hung in 1887 in commemoration of the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. The south porch was partially rebuilt and the chancel restored in 1861.[9][10]

The church is a focal point for the local community. The Dunton Folk Club host folk music concerts and traditional sessions in the church.

Public services[edit]

Dunton is in the Potton Public Water Supply Zone (RW50). The water supplied by Anglian Water comes from groundwater boreholes and is chloraminated and classed as hard. There is a water treatment works on the Cambridge Road. [11]

The Eastern Power Area of UK Power Networks is the distribution network operator for electricity.[12] There is no natural gas supply.[13]

The two nearest general hospitals are Bedford (Bedford Hospital NHS Trust) and Lister Hospital, Stevenage (East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust). Ambulance services are provided by the East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust. Bedfordshire Fire and Rescue Service and Bedfordshire Police cover the parish.

The nearest public library is at Biggleswade.

Schools and public facilities[edit]

The village has a small Voluntary Controlled Lower School which teaches children up the age of 9. Dunton Village Pre-School was dissolved at the end of 2017, however the Boomerang Before and Afterschool clubs still run from the school. There is discussion of Dunton Village Pre-School being re-started under an academy scheme however this is unconfirmed.

The Memorial Hall built in 1925 is available to hire.

Culture and community[edit]

The March Hare, Dunton

Next to the church, on the high street is The March Hare freehouse, which is the last of 5 pubs that once existed in the village. For a few years, the pub stood derelict and boarded up, but it was restored and reopened in 2010. It now serves local ale and Dunton's own craft cider.[14] In 2013, it was awarded the East Bedfordshire CAMRA branch pub of the year.[15]

On the High Street opposite the March Hare is the former Post Office, which closed in 2006. A community shop is open alongside the March Hare.

Since January 2012 the annual Dunton Wassail takes place at Church Farm. A tradition where noise is made to waken the apple trees from their winter slumber and cider soaked toast is hung on the trees. There is Morris dancing and mulled cider, and the evening ends with live folk music and acoustics at the March Hare.[16]

Dunton’s Big Weekender is the name for a programme of events over 3 or 4 days which include the village's annual summer fete, a car treasure hunt, race night, charity quiz and games evening.[17]

There is a one-and-a-half acre community garden at Church Farm.[18]

Public transport[edit]

The 188 Centrebus service to Hitchin via Biggleswade, and to Sandy via Wrestlingworth and Potton runs two hourly Monday to Saturday. There is no service on Sunday and bank holidays.

The nearest railway station is Biggleswade.

Sport[edit]

There is a playing field and sports pavilion maintained by the Dunton Recreation Association charity.

Dunton Football club was formed in the early 1900s. The club joined the Biggleswade & District League in 1919 and the Bedford & District League for the 1952-53 season. In the 1968-68 season they were Bedford & District Jubilee Cup winners. 1973-74 saw the club win the Bedford & District Aubrey Tingey Memorial Cup. In 1974-75 they were Bedford & District League Division 2 champions and in 1974-75, 1975-76 and 2002-03 S.A. Butcher Cup winners. Perhaps their greatest achievement was becoming 1993-94 Bedford & District Premier League champions.

The club folded at the end of the 2004-05 season but reformed for the 2007-2008 season. They played in the Bedfordshire Football League Division 1 and then the Premier Division until 2011-12 when the club finished 2nd from bottom and disappeared.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Dunton: elevation". Route Calculator. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Sheet 204. Geological Survey of England & Wales". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 19 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Soilscapes Viewer". LandIS - Land Information System. Cranfield University. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  5. ^ "BEDFORDSHIRE POPULATION FIGURES 1801 – 2011" (PDF). Bedfordshire Archives and Records Service Archives. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  6. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; CP 40/541. year 1396;http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT6/R2/CP40no541a/bCP40no541adorses/IMG_0070.htm; entry number 2
  7. ^ Skeat, Walter W. (1906). The place-names of Bedfordshire. p. 49. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Dunton". Virtual Library. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  9. ^ "Church History". Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  10. ^ "Dunton – St Mary Magdalene". Bedfordshire Parish Churches. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Drinking Water Quality Information". Anglian Water. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  12. ^ "Check if you're in our area". UK Power Networks. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  13. ^ "The non-gas map". The non-gas map. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Dunton cidery producing the goods a year in". Biggleswade Today. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  15. ^ "Branch News". East Bedfordshire CAMRA. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  16. ^ "Wassail". Dunton Folk. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  17. ^ "Dunton News - Summer 2019" (PDF). Dunton Village. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  18. ^ http://www.duntongarden.org/
  19. ^ "History - 1900's to present day". Dunton Football Club. Retrieved 25 August 2019.

External links[edit]