Dunwich shore viewed from Peel Island, ca. 1885
|Population||883 (2011 census)|
Dunwich // which is known as Goompi by the traditional owners; the Quandamooka people, is a small town and locality on the western side of North Stradbroke Island in Queensland, Australia. The town is part of the Redland City local government area, based on the mainland in the Brisbane bayside suburb of Cleveland. Dunwich is one of three towns on North Stradbroke Island - the others being Amity Point and Point Lookout. In the 2011 census, Dunwich had a population of 883 people.
Originally known as Goompi and then renamed Green Point by the Colonisers, the first settlement at Dunwich was established in 1827 as pilot station and military post. It was supposed to be a good place to discharge cargo from visiting ships that traveled through the South Passage. However cargo was lost in bad weather and local aborigines were hostile so the post was disbanded in 1831. Dunwich was named after the Suffolk village of Dunwich near to the Stradbroke Estate by Sir Ralph Darling on 16 July 1827, in honour of the family title (Viscount Dunwich) of the Earl of Stradbroke, father of Captain Henry John Rous RN, commander of HMS Rainbow, which carried Governor Darling to Moreton Bay and surveyed the immediate Dunwich area.
In 1892 a leper colony was established at Dunwich; later this facility was closed and the lepers moved to the Peel Island lazaret. A quarantine station opened in 1850, although this was eventually moved to the more isolated St Helena Island in Moreton Bay. The station was converted into a nursing home for the elderly and infirmed, one of Queensland's first such facilities. The home was moved to Sandgate in 1946. The main cemetery on the island (Dunwich Cemetery) is found in this small town and contains the graves of over 10,000 people, most of which are unmarked. Other small cemeteries were established for the indigenous community and the leper colony.
Some of the remaining buildings from the Dunwich Benevolent Asylum now form part of the North Stradbroke Island Historical Museum, located in Welsby Street, Dunwich. The Dunwich Convict Causeway also remains, although it has been expanded to accommodate modern ships.
Dunwich has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Bingle Road: Dunwich Cemetery
- Junner Street: Dunwich Convict Causeway
- Junner Street: Dunwich Public Reserve
- Junner Street: St Mark's Anglican Church and Dunwich Public Hall
In the 2011 census, Dunwich recorded a population of 883 people, 48.1% female and 51.9% male.
The median age of the Dunwich population was 39 years, 2 years above the national median of 37.
86.2% of people living in Dunwich were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand 3.8%, England 2.4%, India 0.7%, France 0.6%, Germany 0.6%.
90.8% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 0.6% Indonesian, 0.5% Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec, 0.5% German, 0.5% Yumplatok (Torres Strait Creole).
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Dunwich (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- "Dunwich (town) (entry 10900)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "Dunwich (locality) (entry 43641)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- "North Stradbroke Island". Redland City Council. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- Hogan, Janet (1982). Living History of Brisbane. Spring Hill, Queensland: Boolarang Publications. p. 23. ISBN 0-908175-41-8.
- "Stradbroke Island". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Dunwich Cemetery (entry 600773)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "Dunwich Convict Causeway (entry 601021)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "Public Reserve incorporating the Privy Pit and Site of Convict Barracks and Store (entry 602139)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "St Mark's Anglican Church and Dunwich Public Hall (entry 601163)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
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