Dunwich Benevolent Asylum
The Dunwich Benevolent Asylum was a Benevolent Asylum for the aged, infirm and destitute operated by the Queensland Government in Australia. It was located at Dunwich on North Stradbroke Island in Moreton Bay and operated from 1865 to 1946.
The Dunwich Benevolent Asylum was established under the Benevolent Asylum Wards Act of 1861 to provide accommodation and care to poor people unable to care for themselves due to illness or infirmity. It opened on 13 May 1865 with the transfer of initial patients from the Benevolent Ward of the Brisbane General Hospital.
Over 21,000 people were admitted to the asylum during its operation, with around 1000 to 1600 at any one time. Those who died in the asylum were generally buried in the Dunwich Cemetery unless families made other arrangements. In the 80 years spanning 1867-1947, 8,426 former inmates of the Dunwich Benevolent Asylum were buried in the Dunwich Cemetery.
It operated until 30 September 1946, after which the patients were transferred to the newly opened Eventide Home at Sandgate, a northern suburb of Brisbane. Most of the buildings were subsequently destroyed. However, some buildings remain including the heritage-listed St Mark's Anglican Church and Dunwich Public Hall.
The asylum occupied most of the current Dunwich township. There were many buildings with wards for men, women and Asiatics. It had a kitchen, bakery, laundry and other service buildings including a power station from 1926. It had a public hall, recreational facilities and a visitor centre for social activities. A farm with associated outbuildings provided meat and dairy products. A 1913 map shows it occupying the coastal area from Dunwich Cemetery down to the present day jetty and inland to approximately the present day Mitchell Crescent and Barton Street. Swamps are shown beyond the boundaries.
- Alexandre Arsène Girault, entomologist
- "Agency ID861, Dunwich Benevolent Asylum". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- "Dunwich Benevolent Asylum". North Stradbroke Island Historical Museum. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- "Dunwich Cemetery (entry 600773)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- "Agency ID878, Eventide Home, Sandgate". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- "St Mark's Anglican Church and Dunwich Public Hall (entry 601163)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- "Item ID635167, Sketch survey map of Benevolent Asylum, Dunwich. 5 chains to the inch. Drawn by David Dietrichson, surveyor, 1913". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
Media related to Dunwich Benevolent Asylum at Wikimedia Commons
- 1913 map of the asylum
- "Dunwich Hall is 100" (PDF). North Stradbroke Island Historical Museum. — a presentation about the men's mess hall (now the Dunwich Public Hall) and its history including photos