|• Arabic||دورا القرع|
|• Also spelled||Dura al-Qari' (official)
Dura al-Qari'a or Dura al-Qara (unofficial)
View of Dura al-Qar'
|Governorate||Ramallah & al-Bireh|
|• Type||Village council|
|• Jurisdiction||4,016 dunams (4.0 km2 or 1.5 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||"a circle"|
Dura al-Qar' (Arabic: دورا القرع) or Dura al-Qari'a is a Palestinian town in the central West Bank, part of the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located four kilometers north of Ramallah. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Dura al-Qar' had a population of 2,897 inhabitants in 2007.
The town's total land area is 4,016 dunams, of which 2,891 dunams have been appropriated by Israel mostly for the purpose of building a by-pass road. According to Dura al-Qar's village council, 142 families have been directly affected by the confiscations and 58% of the town's population depend on those lands as main sources of income. Nearby towns include Jifna to the north, Ein Yabrud to the east, Beitin and Beit El to the south, and Yabrud to the north-east.
In 1863 Victor Guérin found the village to have 250 inhabitants. He further described that old oaks shaded for ancient springs, which were used to irrigate the fields. Several houses in the village were built, at least in part, with ancient stones. An Ottoman village list from about 1870 found that the village had a population of 120, in 22 houses, though the population count included men, only.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Durah as "a small village on the side of a valley, with springs on the south, and olives". In 1907, it was described as "a small, healthfully located Moslem village. Its inhabitants have a good reputation for peaceful relations with the Jifna Christians. The Durah people raise many vegetables."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Dura el Qare' had a population of 191, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 303, still all Muslims, in a total of 71 houses.
In 1945 the population was 370, all Muslims, while the total land area was 4,166 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 1,762 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 1,253 for cereals, while 18 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
1967 and after
On August 14, 1995, Kheir Abdel Hafid Qassem, a 24-year-old Palestinian man, was shot dead by an Israeli settler from Beit El, and many people were arrested, while he and about a 100 other residents of Dura al-Qar' were attempting to drive away settlers by tearing down Israeli canvas shelters and cinder-block buildings outside of the village.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 229
- 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.114.
- Finkelstein et. al., 1997, p. 552
- Guérin, 1869, p. 42
- Socin, 1879, p. 153
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 294
- Grant, 1907, p. 219
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
- Mills, 1932, p. 48
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 64
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162
- Settlers' Gunfire Kills Palestinian at West Bank Protest Greenberg, Joel. The New York Times. 1995-08-14.
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Finkelstein, Israel; Lederman, Zvi, eds. (1997). Highlands of many cultures. Tel Aviv: Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University Publications Section. ISBN 965-440-007-3.
- Guérin, Victor (1869). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 1: Judee, pt. 3. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Grant, Elihu (1907). The Peasantry of Palestine. Boston, New York [etc.]: The Pilgrim Press.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
- Welcome To Dura al-Qari'
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Dura el Qar’ Village (Fact Sheet), Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Dura el Qar’ Village Profile, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Dura el Qar’ aerial photo, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Locality Development Priorities and Needs in Dura el Qar’ Village, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)