Durango, Colorado

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Durango, Colorado
City of Durango[1]
Durango as seen from Rim Drive.
Durango as seen from Rim Drive.
Motto(s): 
"Open Spaces and Familiar Faces"
Location of the City of Durango in La Plata County, Colorado.
Location of the City of Durango in La Plata County, Colorado.
Durango is located in the United States
Durango
Durango
Location of the City of Durango in the United States.
Coordinates: 37°16′24″N 107°52′18″W / 37.273267°N 107.871692°W / 37.273267; -107.871692Coordinates: 37°16′24″N 107°52′18″W / 37.273267°N 107.871692°W / 37.273267; -107.871692[3]
Country United States
State Colorado
CountyLa Plata County[2]
CityDurango[1]
Founded1880
IncorporatedApril 27, 1881[4]
Government
 • TypeHome Rule Municipality[1]
 • MayorDean Brookie[5]
 • Mayor Pro TemporeKim Baxter[5]
 • City ManagerJose Madrigal[6]
 • City CouncilBarbara Noseworthy

Chris Bettin

Melissa Youssef[5]
Area
 • Total17.09 sq mi (44.26 km2)
 • Land14.69 sq mi (38.06 km2)
 • Water2.40 sq mi (6.20 km2)
Elevation
6,512 ft (1,988 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total16,887
 • Estimate 
(2019)[8]
18,973
 • Density1,291.30/sq mi (498.56/km2)
 • Demonym
Durangoan
Durangotan (informal) Durangatang (informal)
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP codes[9]
81301-81303
Area code(s)970
FIPS code08-22035
GNIS feature ID0202983
WebsiteCity of Durango

The City of Durango is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of La Plata County, Colorado, United States. It is home to Fort Lewis College. The United States Census Bureau reported a population of 16,887 in the 2010 census.[10]

Geography[edit]

Durango is located at 37°16′N 107°52′W / 37.267°N 107.867°W / 37.267; -107.867 at an elevation of 6,512 ft (1,988 m). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.8 square miles (18 km2).

History[edit]

The town was organized from September 1880 to April 1881 by the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad (D&RG, later known as the Denver and Rio Grande Western railroad) as part of their efforts to reach Silverton, Colorado, and service the San Juan mining district, the goal of their "San Juan Extension" built from Alamosa Colorado. The D&RG chose a site in the Animas Valley close to the Animas River near what's now the Downtown Durango Historic Business District for its railroad facilities following a brief and most likely perfunctory negotiation with the other establishment in the area known as Animas City, two miles to the north.[11] The city was named by ex-Colorado Governor Alexander C. Hunt, a friend of D&RG President William Jackson Palmer, after Durango, Mexico, based on his favorable impression of that city resulting from a scouting trip undertaken on behalf of Palmer.[12]

Palmer among other D&RG associates such as William Bell started a subsidiary company known as the Durango Trust to sell land and plan a Main Street, 2nd, and 3rd Avenue, and so on to organize the town, taking inspiration from how Palmer founded the city of Colorado Springs. Sales from the Durango Trust skyrocketed by the completion of the D&RG's Silverton Branch, by 1885 Durango’s business district had seven hotels and restaurants, eleven saloons, dancehalls and stores, two bakeries and blacksmith shops, and a variety of other businesses, also boosting the town of Silverton’s population to 2,000 at the time.[12]

The D&RG(W) and the Rio Grande Southern Railroad were vital resources to many places including Durango before the major introduction of the automobile, helping transport goods such as produce and mineral traffic in and out of the Southwestern Colorado area, along with other businesses such as the Durango Smelter, immensely supporting the town's economy. However, the Great Depression and aftermath of World War II ended up hurting the area's railroad industry, resulting in the Rio Grande Southern losing most of its traffic in 1951, which later closed and removed from 1952-3. The D&RGW ended their San Juan Express passenger service from Durango to Alamosa as well. However, the natural scenery along their Silverton Branch had been recognized as a major tourist attraction. In turn, the D&RGW introduced the major tourism industry into the Durango area, transporting visitors up to Silverton and back and attracting Hollywood into La Plata County for a time. Once the D&RGW ended up losing its freight traffic in 1968, the tracks from Durango east to Chama, New Mexico, and south to Farmington, New Mexico were removed, but the Silverton Branch remained in operation until 1981 when it was sold and became the Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad.[12][13]

There are significant archaeological sites surrounding the Durango area featured on the State and National historical registers, including:

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Durango has either a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb) or a humid continental climate (Dsb) depending on which variant of the system is used. The average annual precipitation is 19.33 in (491 mm).[14] Its hardiness zone is 5b.[15]

Durango (1971-2000 normals)
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
1.7
 
 
40
12
 
 
1.4
 
 
47
17
 
 
1.7
 
 
54
24
 
 
1.3
 
 
63
30
 
 
1.2
 
 
71
37
 
 
0.6
 
 
81
43
 
 
1.6
 
 
85
51
 
 
2.6
 
 
83
50
 
 
1.9
 
 
76
42
 
 
2.1
 
 
66
31
 
 
1.8
 
 
51
21
 
 
1.4
 
 
41
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: [14]
Climate data for Durango, Colorado, 1991–2015 normals, extremes 1894–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
71
(22)
78
(26)
84
(29)
98
(37)
98
(37)
102
(39)
99
(37)
96
(36)
87
(31)
74
(23)
64
(18)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 40.9
(4.9)
45.8
(7.7)
54.9
(12.7)
62.7
(17.1)
72.2
(22.3)
81.5
(27.5)
86.0
(30.0)
83.6
(28.7)
76.4
(24.7)
65.0
(18.3)
50.6
(10.3)
40.9
(4.9)
63.4
(17.4)
Average low °F (°C) 14.5
(−9.7)
19.4
(−7.0)
25.8
(−3.4)
31.2
(−0.4)
39.3
(4.1)
47.1
(8.4)
54.5
(12.5)
53.1
(11.7)
45.4
(7.4)
34.6
(1.4)
23.2
(−4.9)
15.3
(−9.3)
33.6
(0.9)
Record low °F (°C) −30
(−34)
−27
(−33)
−9
(−23)
0
(−18)
15
(−9)
16
(−9)
33
(1)
31
(−1)
20
(−7)
5
(−15)
−14
(−26)
−21
(−29)
−30
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.30
(58)
1.79
(45)
1.42
(36)
1.53
(39)
1.16
(29)
0.57
(14)
1.77
(45)
2.81
(71)
2.19
(56)
2.02
(51)
1.64
(42)
1.75
(44)
20.95
(530)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 19.9
(51)
14.9
(38)
6.0
(15)
3.7
(9.4)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.1
(2.8)
5.7
(14)
13.2
(34)
64.7
(164.71)
Source: [16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18902,726
19003,31721.7%
19104,68641.3%
19204,116−12.2%
19305,40031.2%
19405,8879.0%
19507,45926.7%
196010,53041.2%
197010,333−1.9%
198011,64912.7%
199012,4306.7%
200013,92212.0%
201016,88721.3%
2019 (est.)18,973[8]12.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

As of the 2000 census,[18] there were 13,922 people, 5,492 households, and 2,603 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,052.4 people per square mile (792.8/km2). There were 5,819 housing units at an average density of 857.8 per square mile (331.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.8% White, 0.5% African American, 5.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.3% of the population.

There were 5,492 households, out of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.2% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a single female householder, and 52.6% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city, 16.6% of residents were under the age of 18, 26.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,892, and the median income for a family was $50,814. Males had a median income of $31,812 versus $25,022 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,352. 17.2% of the population and 7.3% of families were living below the poverty line. 11.2% of those younger than 18 and 8.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Arts and culture[edit]

Attractions[edit]

Main Avenue[edit]

The Strater Hotel in 2010

Main Avenue is a Nationally Registered Historic District that cuts through downtown Durango and is home to galleries, boutiques, restaurants, bars, and other businesses. Two notable and historic hotels, The General Palmer and The Strater, lie at the south end of the avenue, near the Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad depot. With its combination of historic architecture, entertainment, and shopping, Main Avenue has historically comprised the center of Durango and is a popular year-round tourist destination.

Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad[edit]

Durango is known worldwide for the Durango & Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad, a heritage railroad that operates what was the Denver & Rio Grande Western's Branchline to the historic mining town of Silverton, Colorado, also still notably using historic D&RGW Steam Locomotives and other historic rail equipment.

Animas River Valley[edit]

The Animas River Valley begins in the heart of the San Juan Mountains and runs through downtown Durango. It boasts gold medal fly fishing waters and is popular for whitewater rafting, kayaking and canoeing. On warm summer afternoons a popular diversion is to buy an inflated inner tube and float from Animas City to Schneider Park or below.

D&RGW steam locomotive on the Durango turntable, 1965.

Purgatory Ski Resort[edit]

Purgatory Resort, located 25 miles north of downtown Durango, has 99 trails, 12 lifts, a vertical drop of over 2,000 feet, and more than 1,500 acres of skiable terrain. The resort features lodging, ski rentals, shopping, and dining. Purgatory is also a popular summertime recreation destination.

Snowdown Festival[edit]

Durango is home to Snowdown, an annual midwinter event popular for its Parade of Lights and other events. The event lasts 5 days, with competitions and costumes.

Music in the Mountains[edit]

Music in the Mountains is an annual classical summer music festival with performances at Purgatory Resort, Ft. Lewis College, in downtown Durango, and Cortez.

As of 2019, the festival is no longer being held at Purgatory Resort.

Durango Ragtime & Early Jazz Festival[edit]

The annual Durango Ragtime & Early Jazz Festival features noted musicians from around the country. It is held in the Strater Hotel, a historic Victorian hotel in Durango.

Iron Horse Bicycle Classic[edit]

Founded in 1972, the Iron Horse is a 61 mile bicycle road race held annually in Durango, CO. Every year cyclist from around the world come together and race the Durango Narrow Gauge Train on its journey from Durango to Silverton.

Media[edit]

Durango has a number of media outlets, which include The Durango Herald, 99x Durango, The Point, KDGO, XRock 105.3, KDUR 91.9/93.9, Four Corners Broadcasting (KIQX 101.3, KRSJ 100.5, KKDC 93.3, and KKDC AM 930) and many others.

Infrastructure[edit]

Public Transportation[edit]

Durango is served by U.S. Highway 160 (the Old Spanish Trail), running east–west, and U.S. Highway 550, running north–south. Part of U.S. 550 offers high-speed access (primarily a 4-lane, divided highway) to Albuquerque, New Mexico. North of Durango, 550 is nicknamed the Million Dollar Highway, and is part of the scenic San Juan Skyway.

Durango is served by a major regional airport for southwestern Colorado, Durango-La Plata Regional Airport, near Ignacio. Durango-La Plata County Airport (IATA code: DRO) is serviced year-round by regional carriers Mesa Airlines (American Eagle), SkyWest Airlines (American Eagle and United Express), Republic Airways (United Express), and American Eagle (Envoy Air).

As of 2014, regional connecting hubs to DRO include Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW), Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (PHX), and Denver International Airport (DEN).

Durango Transit provides several loop bus routes in the community, including Fort Lewis College. Normal hours of operation are weekdays from 6:30 am to 6:30 pm. Ignacio Road Runner provides bus service to the nearby towns of Ignacio, Colorado and Bayfield, with four trips daily on weekdays and one on Saturdays. Both services share the Durango Transit Center as a hub.

Greyhound Bus Lines formerly served Durango, but after budget cuts the service was discontinued. Since 2014, Road Runner Transit (a service of Southern Ute Community Action Programs) has restored daily bus service between Grand Junction and Durango.[19] Since 2018, Road Runner's service has been incorporated into the larger mantle of the state-run program Bustang.[20]

Colleges[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Durango has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

References in television and film[edit]

The Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad began to advertise the La Plata County Area to Hollywood beginning in the mid 1930s, kick starting Durango's future in film appearances.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  2. ^ "Colorado Counties". State of Colorado, Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  3. ^ "2014 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Places". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
  4. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  5. ^ a b c "Current City Council". City of Durango.
  6. ^ "Current City Council". City of Durango. Archived from the original on 2010-11-22.
  7. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  9. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on November 4, 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2007.
  10. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  11. ^ Nossaman, Allen (19998). Many More Mountains Vol. 3: Rails into Silverton.
  12. ^ a b c Smith, Duane A. (1992). Rocky Mountain boom town : a history of Durango, Colorado. Niwot, Colo.: University Press of Colorado. ISBN 0-585-02503-7. OCLC 44959038.
  13. ^ Dorman, Richard L. (1987). Durango: always a railroad town (1st ed.). Santa Fe, NM: R.D. Publications. ISBN 0-9616656-1-0. OCLC 17515710.
  14. ^ a b "DURANGO, COLORADO - Climate Summary". Wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  15. ^ "Zipcode 81301 - Durango, Colorado Hardiness Zones". Plantmaps.com. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  16. ^ "DURANGO, COLORADO (052441)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved June 3, 2016.
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  19. ^ Dale Rodebaugh (July 11, 2014). "Bus service to Grand Junction to resume". Durango Herald. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  20. ^ Armijo, Patrick (December 31, 2017). "Road Runner bus line to join state network". The Durango Herald.
  21. ^ "College in Colorado - Facts about Fort Lewis College". Fortlewis.edu. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  22. ^ a b c d e Jensen, Larry (2014). Hollywood's railroads : volume three, Narrow Gauge Country. [Sequim, WA]. ISBN 978-0-692-31351-0. OCLC 967732272.
  23. ^ Colorado Territory (1949) - IMDb, retrieved 2021-03-30
  24. ^ A Ticket to Tomahawk (1950) - IMDb, retrieved 2021-03-30
  25. ^ Denver & Rio Grande (1952) - IMDb, retrieved 2021-03-30
  26. ^ "The Naked Spur (1953)". IMDb. Retrieved 27 August 2017.[unreliable source?]
  27. ^ "Run for Cover (1955)". IMDb. Retrieved 27 August 2017.[unreliable source?]
  28. ^ "Night Passage (1957)". IMDb. Retrieved 27 August 2017.[unreliable source?]
  29. ^ "Mrs. Romney and the Outlaws". Internet Movie Data Base. December 23, 1965. Retrieved September 1, 2015.[unreliable source?]
  30. ^ "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969)". IMDb. Retrieved 27 August 2017.[unreliable source?]
  31. ^ "Avalanche (1978)". IMDb. Retrieved 22 August 2019.[unreliable source?]
  32. ^ IMDB: Cannon: Sky Above, Death Below , television series.[unreliable source?]
  33. ^ IMDB: City Slickers (1991) - Filming locations[unreliable source?]
  34. ^ IMDB: Durango Kids, motion picture.[unreliable source?]
  35. ^ "Cliffhanger (1993)". IMDb. Retrieved 27 August 2017.[unreliable source?]

External links[edit]