Durant, Mississippi

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Durant, Mississippi
City
Train station in Durant
Train station in Durant
Location of Durant, Mississippi
Location of Durant, Mississippi
Durant, Mississippi is located in the US
Durant, Mississippi
Durant, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°4′35″N 89°51′23″W / 33.07639°N 89.85639°W / 33.07639; -89.85639Coordinates: 33°4′35″N 89°51′23″W / 33.07639°N 89.85639°W / 33.07639; -89.85639
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Holmes
Government
 • Mayor Dr. Henry Robinson Jr.
Area
 • Total 2.26 sq mi (5.86 km2)
 • Land 2.24 sq mi (5.80 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation 259 ft (79 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,673
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 2,431
 • Density 1,193/sq mi (460.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 39063
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-20500
GNIS feature ID 0669521

Durant is a city in Holmes County, Mississippi, United States. It was founded in 1858 as a station on the Mississippi Central Railroad, later part of the Illinois Central. Durant was named for Louis Durant, a Choctaw chief who had lived on a bluff just across the nearby Big Black River before Indian Removal.

Before the Civil War, this was known as the "dark corner of the county."[2] Cotton plantations predominated with numerous black slaves. The area is still largely rural and agricultural. The population of the city was 2,673 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 2,932 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Sister Paula Merrill, a nurse practitioner with the Sisters of Charity of Nazareth in Kentucky, and Sister Margaret Held, a nurse practitioner with the School Sisters of St Francis in Milwaukee, both aged 68, were found dead on August 25, 2016 at their home on Castalian Springs Road in Durant. They had been stabbed to death. A felon, Rodney Earl Sanders, from nearby Kosciusko, was charged with the murders.[4]

Geography[edit]

Durant is in eastern Holmes County on the west side of the valley of the Big Black River. U.S. Route 51 passes through the center of town, leading north 19 miles (31 km) to Vaiden and south 8 miles (13 km) to Goodman. Mississippi Highway 12 intersects US 51 in Durant; it leads east 17 miles (27 km) to Kosciusko and west 13 miles (21 km) to Lexington. Interstate 55 has an interchange with Highway 12 3 miles (5 km) west of Durant; I-55 leads south 61 miles (98 km) to Jackson, the state capital, and north 148 miles (238 km) to Memphis.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Durant has a total area of 2.3 square miles (5.9 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 1.04%, are water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 375
1880 724 93.1%
1890 1,259 73.9%
1900 1,766 40.3%
1910 1,881 6.5%
1920 1,870 −0.6%
1930 2,480 32.6%
1940 2,510 1.2%
1950 2,311 −7.9%
1960 2,617 13.2%
1970 2,752 5.2%
1980 2,889 5.0%
1990 2,838 −1.8%
2000 2,932 3.3%
2010 2,673 −8.8%
Est. 2016 2,431 [1] −9.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 2,673 people, 1,171 households, and 978 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,316.4 people per square mile (507.6/km²). There were 1,209 housing units at an average density of 542.8 per square mile (209.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 13.80% White, 85.29% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.26% of the population.

There were 1,171 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.9% were married couples living together, 30.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 20 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 49, 15.7% from 50 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. There were 1,230 males and 1,443 females.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,659, and the median income for a family was $25,065. Males had a median income of $26,500 versus $20,200 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,210. About 27.9% of families and 35.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.1% of those under age 18 and 26.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

As of 2018 the Durant city limits are served by the K-12 Durant Public School District, while areas immediately outside of the city limits are served by the Holmes County School District.[7]

In 2016 Governor of Mississippi Phil Bryant signed a bill that required the Durant district to consolidate into the Holmes County district.[8] As a result of the consolidation, a new school board for Holmes County was assembled by 2018.[9] Effective July 1, 2018 the Durant school district and the Holmes County district will be consolidated into the Holmes County Consolidated School District.[10]

In March 2018 the Holmes County school board voted to move high school students in Durant to Holmes County Central High School, an action opposed by area residents.[9]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ Dr. Pamela A. Smoot, PhD "Alexander Lane; From Slavery to Freedom: The Life of Alexander Lane, Educator, Physician and Illinois State Legislator, 1860-1911, The Simon Review (Paper #29), February 2012
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Durant city, Mississippi". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Man charged in slaying of 2 nuns". Clarionledger.com. August 27, 2016. Retrieved April 17, 2018. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  7. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Holmes County, MS." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 18, 2018.
  8. ^ Riley, Breck (2016-05-11). "Governor Signs Bill Consolidating Holmes County/Durant School Districts". Breezy News. Retrieved 2017-07-09. 
  9. ^ a b Carter, Margaret-Ann (2018-03-09). "Some Durant Public School Students to be transferred to Holmes County School". WJTV. Retrieved 2018-04-18. 
  10. ^ "School District Consolidation in Mississippi." Mississippi Professional Educators. December 2016. Retrieved on July 2, 2017. Page 2 (PDF p. 3/6).
  11. ^ "Former Durant mayor dies; rites Wednesday", Holmes County Herald, August 29, 1968, page 1