Ford Cyclone engine
|Ford Cyclone engine|
|Manufacturer||Ford Motor Company|
|Displacement||213 CID (3496 cc)
227 CID (3721 cc)
|Cylinder bore||3.64 in (92.5 mm)
3.76 in (95.5 mm)
|Piston stroke||3.41 in (86.7 mm)|
|Cylinder block alloy||Aluminum|
|Cylinder head alloy||Aluminum|
|Valvetrain||DOHC with Direct Acting Mechanical Buckets|
|Predecessor||Ford Duratec V6|
The Cyclone engine succeeds Ford's previous V6 engine families, the Ford Essex engine introduced in 1981, the Ford Vulcan engine introduced in 1985, the Duratec V6 introduced in 1993, and the Ford Cologne V6 engine, whose original design dates back to 1962. The first version of the Cyclone engine, a 3.5 L V6, appeared in the 2007 Ford Edge and the Lincoln-badged luxury variant, the Lincoln MKX, as well as the Lincoln MKZ. Mazda badges its versions of the Cyclone MZI as it did with its versions of the Duratec V6.
Notable Cyclone features include a capacity for displacements ranging up to 4.0 L, DOHC 4-valve per cylinder heads, direct acting mechanical bucket (DAMB) camshaft tappets, variable cam timing (iVCT) on the intake camshafts, and twin-independent variable cam timing (Ti-VCT) on some later versions. Features such as Gasoline direct injection and turbocharging were considerations in the design phase and have been added to the engine as part of EcoBoost. The 3.5 L is ULEV-II compliant and is capable of meeting the PZEV requirement.
The Duratec 33 (3.3L) is a downgrade version of Duratec 35 with direct injection starting in 2018 model year for Ford F-150, serving as the new base engine.
The Duratec 35 displaces 3.5 L (3496 cc, 213 CID) with a 92.5 mm (3.64 in) bore and 86.7 mm (3.41 in) stroke. Due to packaging differences (primarily the relocation of the water pump to the valley behind the timing cover and driven by the timing chain. Replacing the water pump is an approximate $1800.00 USD repair. This may also require the removal of the engine to replace the timing chain if any of the internal plastic guides are damaged. That will require even higher cost of repair.), the 3.5 L engine will fit into any engine bay the smaller Duratec 3.0 L will, and replaced it in some applications (notably the Ford Taurus) in the 2008 model year. Production began in 2006 for the Ford Edge, Lincoln MKX, and Lincoln MKZ.
Official SAE certified engine output is 265 hp (198 kW) and 250 lb·ft (339 N·m) on 87 octane gas. This is a substantial upgrade in power from the Duratec 30 and bested all comparable 87 octane rated V6 engines at the time of its launch. For 2011, the 3.5 L received Ti-VCT, helping to boost output to 285 hp (213 kW) and 253 lb·ft (343 N·m). The 3.5 L's highest output to date is 290 bhp (216 kW; 294 PS). This version was used in the redesigned 2011 Ford Explorer.
The 3.5 L was on the Ward's 10 Best Engines list for 2007.
|Vehicle||Horsepower||Torque (lbft)||kW||Torque (Nm)||Cam Phasing|
|2007-2010 Ford Edge
2007-2010 Lincoln MKX
|265 hp @ 6250||250 lb·ft @ 4500||198 kW W 6250||339 Nm @ 4500||iVCT|
|2007–2012 Lincoln MKZ
2007 Mazda CX-9 (MZI)
2008–2012 Ford Taurus
2008–2009 Ford Taurus X
2008–2009 Mercury Sable
2010-2012 Ford Fusion Sport
|263 hp @ 6250||249 lb·ft @ 4500||196 kW @ 6250||338 Nm @ 4500||iVCT|
|2009–2012 Ford Flex||262 hp @ 6250||248 lb·ft @ 4500||195 kW @ 6250||336 Nm @ 4500||iVCT|
|2015- Ford F-150||283 hp @ 6500||255 lb·ft @ 4000||211 kW @ 6500||346 Nm @ 4000||Ti-VCT|
|2011–present Ford Edge||285 hp @ 6500||253 lb·ft @ 4000||213 kW @ 6500||343 Nm @ 4000||Ti-VCT|
|2013–present Ford Flex||287 hp @ 6500||254 lb·ft @ 4000||214 kW @ 6500||344 Nm @ 4000||Ti-VCT|
|2013–present Ford Taurus||288 hp @ 6500||254 lb·ft @ 4000||215 kW @ 6500||344 Nm @ 4000||Ti-VCT|
|2011–present Ford Explorer||290 hp @ 6500||255 lb·ft @ 4000||216 kW @ 6500||346 Nm @ 4000||Ti-VCT|
It is a twin turbocharged, gasoline direct injected (GTDI) version of the 3.5 L. This engine is used in the 2014-2018 Ford Explorer Sport, 2010-2017 Ford Taurus SHO, and is optional for both the 2014- Ford Police Interceptor sedan and Ford Police Interceptor Utility, both of which are based on the Taurus and Explorer.
The Duratec 37 is a 3.7 L (3726 cc/227 CID) version of the Cyclone V6 intended to power heavier or premium vehicles. The 3.7 L's additional displacement comes from an increase in bore diameter to 95.5 mm (3.76 in), stroke remains identical to the 3.5 L at 86.7 mm (3.41 in). Ford Power Products sells this engine as the CSG-637 for industrial uses starting in mid-2015, which replaced the 4.2L Essex.
A few days before the 2009 Los Angeles International Auto Show, Ford unveiled a new version of the 3.7 L for the 2011 Mustang, making it the first Duratec-badged V6 since the Lincoln LS to be used in a production rear-wheel drive car. This version of the 3.7 L features Twin Independent Variable Cam Timing (Ti-VCT); delivers 31 mpg‑US (7.6 L/100 km; 37 mpg‑imp) highway mileage in the Mustang, and was the first production engine to deliver in excess of 300 hp (224 kW) and 30 MPG.
|2008–2015 Mazda CX-9 (MZI)||273 hp @ 6250||270 lbft @ 4250||204 kW @ 6250||366 Nm @ 4250||iVCT|
|2009–2013 Mazda 6 (MZI)||272 hp @ 6250||269 lbft @ 4250||203 kW @ 6250||365 Nm @ 4250||iVCT|
|2009-2012 Lincoln MKS||275 hp @ 6250||276 lbft @ 4250||205 kW @ 6250||374 Nm @ 4250||iVCT|
|2010-present Lincoln MKT||268 hp @ 6250
300 hp @ 6500
|267 lbft @ 4250
270 lbft @ 4000
|200 kW @ 6250
224 kW @ 6500
|362 Nm @ 4250
366 Nm @ 4000
|2011-present Lincoln MKX||300 hp @ 6500||280 lbft @ 4250||224 kW @ 6500||380 Nm @ 4250||Ti-VCT|
|2011-2014 Ford F-150 ||302 hp @ 6500||278 lbft @ 4000||225 kW @ 6500||377 Nm @ 4000||Ti-VCT|
|2011-present Ford Mustang
2011-2014 Ford Edge Sport
|305 hp @ 6500||280 lbft @ 4250||227 kW @ 6500||380 Nm @ 4250||Ti-VCT|
|2013-2016 Lincoln MKZ||300 hp @ 6500||270 lbft @ 4000||224 Kw @ 6500||366 Nm @ 4000||Ti-VCT|
|2013-2016 Lincoln MKS||304 hp @ 6500||279 lbft @ 4000||227 kW @ 6500||378 Nm @ 4000||Ti-VCT|
|2013- present Radical RXC V6||350 hp @ 6250||320 lbft @ 4250||- kW @ -||434 Nm @ -||Ti-VCT|
|2012 Ginetta G60||310 hp @ 6500||288 lbft @ 4500||231 kW @ 6500||390 Nm @ 4000||Ti-VCT|
|2016- AM General MV-1||275 hp @ 6250||- lbft @ -||- kW @ -||- Nm @ -||Ti-VCT|
|2015-present||CSG-637 by Ford Power Products|
|2014- Present Ford Police Interceptor Sedan|
- Whitfield, Kermit (2003). "Ford's next step in engine manufacturing". Automotive Design & Production.
- "Ford's new V-6 catches up to competitors". Detroit News. Retrieved April 12, 2006.
- "2011 FORD EDGE POWERTRAIN: MORE BITE, LESS HUNGER | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. 2010-08-16. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
- "NEW MUSTANG V-6 WITH 305 HP CERTIFIED AT 31 MPG HIGHWAY; MAKES HISTORY AS FIRST CAR WITH 300+ HP AND 30+ MPG | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. 2010-03-04. Archived from the original on 2010-07-16. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
- "2011 FORD F-150 ALL-NEW POWERTRAIN LINEUP DELIVERS BEST-IN-CLASS CAPABILITY, PROJECTED TOP FUEL ECONOMY | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. 2010-11-16. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
- "2011 LINCOLN MKX USES ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY TO PRODUCE BEST-IN-CLASS HORSEPOWER, FUEL ECONOMY | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. 2010-08-23. Retrieved 2012-01-24.
- "On the Move". Ward's Auto World. Retrieved March 1, 2005.