Durbanville

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Durbanville
Dutch Reformed Church
Dutch Reformed Church
Durbanville is located in Western Cape
Durbanville
Durbanville
Durbanville is located in South Africa
Durbanville
Durbanville
Coordinates: 33°49′57″S 18°38′51″E / 33.83250°S 18.64750°E / -33.83250; 18.64750Coordinates: 33°49′57″S 18°38′51″E / 33.83250°S 18.64750°E / -33.83250; 18.64750
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceWestern Cape
MunicipalityCity of Cape Town
Established1825[1]
Area
 • Total27.41 km2 (10.58 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total54,286
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African5.5%
 • Coloured10.1%
 • Indian/Asian1.0%
 • White82.2%
 • Other1.2%
First languages (2011)
 • Afrikaans58.9%
 • English37.2%
 • Other3.8%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
7550
PO box
7551

Durbanville is a town in the Western Cape province of South Africa, part of the greater Cape Town metropolitan area.[3] Durbanville is a semi-rural residential suburb on the north-eastern outskirts of the metropolis and is surrounded by farms producing wine and wheat.

History[edit]

Precolonial period (before 1652)

The first modern humans indigenous to the Cape area included the Khoina and the Khoisan tribe. The indigenous people lived in the Cape and its surrounding coastal areas dating as far back as 60 000 years ago.[4] They migrated from the interior of the country, what is today the Northern Cape province, and from Botswana and Namibia to the Cape.[5]

Dutch colonial period (1652-1795)

Durbanville's inception can be traced to a fresh water spring located in the town. The spring is currently situated behind the Durbanville Children's Home.[6] The spring was designated by the VOC (Dutch East India Company, Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) in the mid-1600s to be used as a water replenishment station for travelers on their way from Cape Town to the interior of southern Africa. In 1661 rhinoceros and ostrich were known to inhabit the area.[7] Durbanville was originally known as Pampoenkraal (from the Afrikaans words pampoen meaning pumpkin, and kraal meaning corral - an enclosure for livestock). This name was attributed to the town because of a pumpkin patch which grew alongside a dam located behind the current Town Hall. Due to the natural spring, Pampoenkraal became a preferred resting place for travelers before continuing on their journey into the interior.[7]

During the late 1600s, the VOC allocated farms to free burghers situated around the town.[7] Some of those farms are still in existence today, many of which are renowned for their wine production. These include Bloemendal, Meerendal, Diemersdal and Altydgedacht.

British colonial period (1795-1902)

The first portions of land were earmarked as residential properties and allocated in 1806, signifying the start and development of Durbanville.[7]

In 1825 a group of local farmers requested permission from Lord Charles Somerset (governor of the Cape Colony at that time) to build their own church. The Dutch Reformed Church was commenced in 1825 and inaugurated a year later on 6 August 1826.[citation needed] A small village grew between the church and the outspan (overnight stop). During 1836 the inhabitants of Pampoenkraal petitioned the Governor of the Cape Colony, Sir Benjamin d'Urban, for permission to rename the village D'Urban in his honour. Permission was duly granted and the new name persisted until 1886 when it was renamed to Durbanville in order to avoid confusion with Durban - a major port city in the east of South Africa.[7]

Durbanville had its own court house, jail and magistrate from the 1870s and became a Magisterial District of Bellville. The court house complex still exists in altered form within the Rust-en-Vrede complex, originally erected in 1850.[citation needed] A village management board was established in 1897 and a municipality in 1901.[citation needed] The first mayor elected was John King.[citation needed]

The village grew rapidly after the turn of the 19th century and a local wagon industry developed. The King Brothers Wagon Works' used to be South Africa's biggest wagon works. At the turn of the century, it employed more than 200 men, which just about accounted for the entire village.

Geography[edit]

Durbanville lies on the Tygerberg Hills (a range of hills between Durbanville and Bellville) approximately 28 km north-east of Cape Town by road and 47 km south-west of Malmesbury by road. Organisationally and administratively it is included in the City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality as a Northern Suburb.[8][9]

The town is bordered by the towns of Brackenfell and Kraaifontein in the south-east and the town of Bellville in the south.[10]

Suburban Areas[edit]

  • Amanda Glen (Residential)
  • Aurora (Residential)
  • Avalon Estate (Residential)
  • Bergsig (Residential)
  • Brentwood Park (Residential)
  • Country Places (Residential)
  • D'urbanvale (Residential)
  • Durbanville Hills (Residential)
  • Durbell (Residential)
  • Durmonte (Residential)
  • Everglen (Residential)
  • Eversdal (Residential)
  • Eversdal Heights (Residential)
  • Goedemoed (Residential)
  • Graanendal (Residential)
  • Halali (Residential)
  • Kenridge (Residential)
  • Kenridge Heights (Residential)
  • Klein Nederburg (Residential)
  • Langeberg Village (Residential)
  • Morningstar (Residential)
  • Pinehurst (Residential)
  • Proteaville (Residential)
  • Rosedale (Residential)
  • Schoongezicht (Residential)
  • Sonstraal (Residential)
  • Sonstraal Heights (Residential)
  • Tara (Residential)
  • The Crest (Residential)
  • Uitzicht (Residential)
  • Valmary Park (Residential)
  • Vergesig (Residential)
  • Vierlanden (Residential)
  • Vygeboom (Residential)
  • Welgevonden Estate (Residential)
  • Wellway Park (Residential)
  • Wellway Park East (Residential)

Culture[edit]

Afrikaans and English are the main languages spoken in Durbanville.[citation needed] In the past Afrikaans predominated culturally, but this has changed with the rapid development of the town. However the majority (59%) of the town still speaks Afrikaans as a first language. The principal religion of the population is Christianity with a wide variety of churches in the community.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Census, the population of Durbanville was 54,286. The following tables show various demographic data about Durbanville from that census.[2]

Gender
Gender Population %
Female 28 615 52.71%
Male 25 671 47.29%
Racial Makeup
Group Population %
White 44 607 82.17%
Coloured 5 491 10.11%
Black African 2 995 5.52%
Indian/Asian 560 1.03%
Home Language
Language Population %
Afrikaans 31 346 58.94%
English 19 803 37.24%
Xhosa 491 0.92%
Other African languages 752 1.39%
Other languages 732 1.38%

Education[edit]

The town has the following public high schools:

There are numerous primary schools, including:

The area also has a number of private schools:

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Cape Winelands Airport is located approximately 13 km NE of Durbanville.[11] Located in the Western Cape winelands, Cape Winelands Airport (formerly Fisantekraal Airfield) is an ex-South African Airforce airfield now operating privately as a general flying airfield and used for aviation training. Of the four original runways, two remain operational while the other two are used for film production.[citation needed] It has been in private ownership since 2021. Operators at the airfield are Cape Town Flight Training Center and Aerosport Training.[12] The Fighting on Fire organization also has a summer base at Cape Winelands Airport. The ICAO designator is FAWN. Located on a 150ha site, Cape Winelands Airport has a number of aircraft hangars for the storage and maintenance of private aircraft and helicopters.[citation needed]

However the nearest international airport with scheduled flights to Durbanville is the Cape Town International Airport located 19 km south-west of Durbanville by road in Matroosfontein on the Cape Flats. Cape Town International Airport offers several flights to towns and cities domestically in South Africa as well as regionally in Africa and internationally in Asia, Europe and North America.

Bus[edit]

Durbanville is serviced by the commuter bus service of Golden Arrow which services the Cape Metropole. Due to Durbanville's considerable far distance from Cape Town and other suburbs in the metropole, Durbanville is linked by several bus routes, with the most popular being the Bellville and the City (Cape Town) routes.

Golden Arrow links Durbanville with Cape Town, Atlantis, Bellville, Bishop Lavis, Blue Downs, Delft, Fisantekraal, Hanover Park, Khayelitsha, Killarney Gardens, Langa, Mitchells Plain, Nyanga, Philippi and Scottsdene (Kraaifontein).[13]

Currently, Durbanville as well as the other Northern Suburbs of Cape Town are not served by the MyCiTi commuter bus service which is currently serving other suburbs nearer to Cape Town as well as Mitchells Plain and Khayelitsha.

Rail[edit]

Durbanville is one of the very few areas in the Cape Metropole that is not served by the commuter rail system of Metrorail with the nearest railway stations in Bellville, Brackenfell and Kraaifontein.

Roads[edit]

Durbanville's main road is the R302 regional route and its main street is Wellington Road, a segment of the R302. The R302 links Durbanville to Bellville in the south as Main Road and Durbanville Avenue and to Fisantekraal and Klipheuwel in the north-east and Malmesbury in the north as Wellington Road and Klipheuwel Road.

Durbanville does not have direct access to a freeway but is indirectly connected to two freeways (N1 and N7) through various arterial routes. Durbanville is connected to the N1 freeway (to Cape Town and Paarl) through the R302, M16, M31, M100, M137 and is connected to the N7 freeway (to Cape Town and Malmesbury) via the M13 and M48.

Durbanville is mostly served by metropolitan routes which link the town to nearby towns, suburbs and villages in the Cape Metropole and include the M13 Church Street/Tygerberg Valley Road to Milnerton, M15 Langeberg Road to Kraaifontein, M16 Jip de Jager Avenue to Bellville, M31 Tygerberg Valley Road to Bellville, M48 Visserhok Road to Visserhok, M58 Koeberg/Adderley Road to Philadelphia, M73 Eversdal Road to Brackenfell and Kraaifontein, M100 Brackenfell Boulevard to Brackenfell and Kuilsrivier, M124 Fairtrees Road to Bellville and the M137 Okavango Road to Brackenfell.

Taxis[edit]

Durbanville is also served two kinds of taxis: metered taxis and minibus taxis. Unlike many cities and towns in South Africa, metered taxis are not allowed to drive around the town to solicit fares and instead must be called to a specific location. Metered taxi companies operating in Durbanville include Uber, Bolt, InDriver and DiDi.

Minibus taxis are a major form of public transportation in Durbanville and the majority of minibus taxis terminate at the Durbanville Interchange/Terminus in the CBD.

Nature Reserves[edit]

There are two nature reserves in Durbanville which are the Durbanville and Uitkamp Wetland Nature Reserve. Durbanville Nature Reserve is adjacent to the racecourse and along Race Course Road (M13). Uitkamp Wetland Nature Reserve is located in D'Urbanvale, a northern suburb of Durbanville.

Wine[edit]

The Durbanville Wine Valley is a collection of 13 wine farms located on the Tygerberg Hills surrounding Durbanville stretching from De Grendel and Durbanville Hills on the far west to Meerendal and Diemersdal on the far north and Groot Phesantekraal in the far north-east. The wine valley forms part of the Coastal Wine Region of the Western Cape.[14]

Durbanville is popularly known as the "Sauvignon Blanc Country” because of the amount of sauvignon blanc produced in the wine valley. This is further due to the fact that this area is favoured by winemakers for its cooler climate (compared to further inland wine regions such as Stellenbosch) influenced by the winds of Table and False bays resulting in a different style of wine produced on the wine farms within the valley.[15][16]

Notable people[edit]

Coat of arms[edit]

The Durbanville municipal council assumed a coat of arms, designed by Ivan Mitford-Barberton and H. Ellis Tomlinson, in April 1948,[17] and registered them at the Bureau of Heraldry in February 1981.The National Archives and Records Service of South Africa (NARSSA)

The arms, derived from those of Sir Benjamin d'Urban, were : Or, on a chevron between in chief two six-pointed stars Sable and in base a bunch of grapes proper, three garbs Or. In layman's term, the shield is gold and depicts, from top to bottom, two black six-pointed stars, a blue chevron bearing three golden sheaves of wheat, and a bunch of grapes.

The crest was a red sphinx charged with three golden rings, and the motto Sit nomine digna.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robson, Linda Gillian (2011). "Annexure A" (PDF). The Royal Engineers and settlement planning in the Cape Colony 1806–1872: Approach, methodology and impact (PhD thesis). University of Pretoria. pp. xlv–lii. hdl:2263/26503.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Main Place Durbanville". Census 2011.
  3. ^ "City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality (CPT)". Municipalities of South Africa. 6 September 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  4. ^ Walters, Nicolaas (2015). From Pampoenkraal to Durbanville - A Taverner's trip through the history of the Tygerberg and its environs. Cape Town: Mega Digital. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-620-67069-2.
  5. ^ Schuster, Stephen; Miller, Webb; Hayes, Vanessa (18 February 2010). "Complete Khoisan and Bantu genomes from southern Africa". Nature. 463 (7283): 943–947. Bibcode:2010Natur.463..943S. doi:10.1038/nature08795. PMC 3890430. PMID 20164927.
  6. ^ Erasmus, Esme (15 November 2017). "Pampoenkraal spring a well of history". Netwerk24. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d e Walters, Nicolaas (2015). From Pampoenkraal to Durbanville - A Taverner's trip through the history of the Tygerberg and its environs. Cape Town: Mega Digital. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-620-67069-2.
  8. ^ "Distance Durbanville, Cape-Town, Western-Cape, ZAF > Malmesbury, West-Coast, Western-Cape, ZAF - Air line, driving route, midpoint". www.distance.to. Retrieved 2022-08-29.
  9. ^ "Distance Durbanville, Cape-Town, Western-Cape, ZAF > Cape-Town, Western-Cape, ZAF - Air line, driving route, midpoint". www.distance.to. Retrieved 2022-08-29.
  10. ^ "Census 2011: Metropolitan Municipality: City of Cape Town". census2011.adrianfrith.com. Retrieved 2022-08-29.
  11. ^ "Home". Cape Winelands Airport. Retrieved 2021-10-13.
  12. ^ http://www.cape-town-flying.co.za
  13. ^ www.gabs.co.za https://www.gabs.co.za/Timetable.aspx. Retrieved 2022-09-24. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Home". Durbanville Wine Valley. Retrieved 2022-10-03.
  15. ^ Campbell (2020-11-18). "Durbanville Wine Farms - a Complete Wine Tasting Guide". STINGY NOMADS. Retrieved 2022-10-03.
  16. ^ "Durbanville Hills Sauvignon Blanc White Wine Bottle 750ml". www.checkers.co.za. Retrieved 2022-10-03.
  17. ^ Western Cape Archives : Durbanville Municipal Minutes (12 April 1948).