Durgiana Temple

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Durgiana Temple ਦੁਰਗਿਆਨਾ ਮੰਦਿਰ
Durgiana Temple, Amritsar.
Durgiana Temple, Amritsar.
Durgiana Temple ਦੁਰਗਿਆਨਾ ਮੰਦਿਰ is located in Punjab
Durgiana Temple ਦੁਰਗਿਆਨਾ ਮੰਦਿਰ
Durgiana Temple ਦੁਰਗਿਆਨਾ ਮੰਦਿਰ
Location in Amritsar, Punjab
Name
Other names Lakshmi Narayan Temple Navaneeth
Geography
Coordinates 31°38′N 74°52′E / 31.64°N 74.86°E / 31.64; 74.86Coordinates: 31°38′N 74°52′E / 31.64°N 74.86°E / 31.64; 74.86
Country India
State Punjab
District Amritsar district
Location Amritsar
Culture
Primary deity Durga
Important festivals Dussehra, Janmashtami, and Rama Navami and Diwali
Architecture
Number of temples 1
History and governance
Date built Original in 16th century, rebuilt in 1921

The Durgiana Temple, also known as Lakshmi Narayan Temple, Durga Tirath and Sitla Mandir, is a premier temple situated in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India.[1] Though a Hindu temple, its architecture is similar to the Golden Temple of Sikh religion.[2] This temple derives its name from the Goddess Durga, the chief Goddess deified and worshipped here. Idols of Goddess Laksmi (goddess of wealth) and Vishnu (the protector of the world) are also deified here and worshipped.[3]

Location[edit]

A bridge linking the temple

The temple is situated near the Lohgarh gate, in Amritsar, in the Indian state of Punjab . It is very close to the Amritsar Railway station, and is about 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) from the bus station. Amritsar is well connected by road, rail and air services with the rest of the country.[1] Flights to Delhi operate from the Raja Sansi Airport, which is 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) to the north west of Amritsar. There are direct rail links to Delhi, Calcutta and Mumbai.[4] The National Highway No. 1 (India) connects Delhi to Amritsar.[5]

History[edit]

The original temple is reported to have been built in the 16th century.[6][3] It was rebuilt in 1921 by Guru Harsai Mal Kapoor in the architectural style of the Sikh Golden Temple.[1][7] The newly built temple was inaugurated by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya.[1]

Even though Amritsar is not declared a Holy city, restrictions are in force prohibiting sale of tobacco, liquor and meat within a radius of 200 metres (660 ft) around this temple and the Golden Temple.[8]

Features[edit]

Silver Doors of the temple

The temple is built in the middle of a sacred lake, which measures 160 metres (520 ft) x 130 metres (430 ft). Its dome and canopies are similar to that of the Golden temple of Sikh religion, also located in Amritsar. A bridge provides the approach to the temple.[7] The dome of the temple is gilded. Marble is used extensively in the temple's features.[9] The dome is illuminated with colourful lights. The temple is sometimes called Silver temple because of its large exquisitely designed silver doors.[1] It has a rich collection of Hindu scriptures.[9] The temple complex also has some historic subsidiary temples such as Sita Mata and Bara Hanuman.[1]

Festivals[edit]

Major Hindu festivals celebrated in the temple are Dussehra, Janmashtami, Rama Navami, and Diwali.[1]

Renovation[edit]

The temple and its precincts are under a beautification programme since 2013, which is planned to be completed by 2015. This will provide more space for worship both inside and outside the temple premises. As per the Master Plan prepared for reshaping the environment around the temple, 55 properties have been acquired with adequate compensation package and demolished for the purpose of development works. Under this plan a multi-storied parking complex, an open air theatre, a shopping complex and other facilities are under construction.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Discover Punajb. Parminder Singh Grover. pp. 28–29. GGKEY:LDGC4W6XWEX. 
  2. ^ "Durgiana Temple (Lakshmi Narain Temple)". National Informatics center. 
  3. ^ a b Gajrani 2004, p. 220.
  4. ^ Travel House Guide to Incredible India. Travel House. 2004. pp. 48–. ISBN 978-81-241-1063-8. 
  5. ^ Allied Geography - Book 3 For Class Viii. Allied Publishers. pp. 139–. ISBN 978-81-7764-029-8. 
  6. ^ Chaturvedi, p. 61.
  7. ^ a b Bansal 2005, p. 178.
  8. ^ Aggarwal 1992, p. 111.
  9. ^ a b Punjab Travel Guide. Good Earth. pp. 58–. ISBN 978-93-80262-17-8. 
  10. ^ "Durgiana temple renovation work gains momentum". The Hindustan Times. 7 October 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]