Durham railway station

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Durham National Rail
Durham.jpg
Location
Place Durham
Local authority County of Durham
Coordinates 54°46′47″N 1°34′53″W / 54.7798°N 1.5815°W / 54.7798; -1.5815Coordinates: 54°46′47″N 1°34′53″W / 54.7798°N 1.5815°W / 54.7798; -1.5815
Grid reference NZ269428
Operations
Station code DHM
Managed by Virgin Trains East Coast
Owned by Network Rail
Number of platforms 2
DfT category C1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2011/12 Increase 2.284 million
– Interchange  Increase 3,828
2012/13 Decrease 2.274 million
– Interchange  Decrease 3,475
2013/14 Increase 2.415 million
– Interchange  Increase 4,664
2014/15 Increase 2.522 million
– Interchange  Increase 9,060
2015/16 Increase 2.595 million
– Interchange  Decrease 8,691
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Durham from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Durham railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the city of Durham in the North East of England. It is 254 miles 53 chains (409.8 km) down-line from London King's Cross and is situated between Darlington to the south and Chester-le-Street to the north. Its three-letter station code is DHM.

It is managed by Virgin Trains East Coast. Despite its small functional capacity, the station is a major stop on the main line and has frequent services.

Durham is a through-station with two platforms and is located on a hill to the north of the city centre. To the south of the station, the railway line is elevated on a viaduct. After a renovation in 2006–2008, the ticket hall is now located in the original stone station building.

History[edit]

The city of Durham has been served by four stations, only one of which survives today:

  • Shincliffe (called Shincliffe Town from 1861): located in nearby Shincliffe, this station was built in 1839 and was served by the Durham and Sunderland Railway, using rope haulage until 1856. It closed when Elvet station opened in the city centre. A second station, Shincliffe, on the Leamside to Ferryhill line, was opened in 1844. That closed to passengers in 1941.
  • Durham (Gilesgate): opened in 1844, and within the city boundaries, it was served by a branch from Belmont on the Leamside Line, then the main line from London to Newcastle. Passenger services finished in 1857 with the opening of the current station on the branch from Leamside to Bishop Auckland but it continued in use as a goods shed until final closure in 1966. Today it has been redeveloped as a hotel, while the serving track was used in the realignment of the A690 Gilesgate bypass road.
  • Durham: In 1857, a station on the current location and a viaduct over the River Browney immediately to the south were built by the North Eastern Railway, on their Leamside to Bishop Auckland line to Bishop Auckland. The station was redeveloped in 1871, when the North Eastern Railway developed a new line from Tursdale through Relly Mill Junction to Durham, and onwards from Newton Hall Junction through Chester-le-Street to Newcastle Central via the Team Valley.[1] This became the main line, the current East Coast Main Line on the 15th January 1872.[2]
  • Durham (Elvet): in 1893, the Durham-Sunderland branch was diverted from Shincliffe Town to a new station at Elvet, within the city boundary. It closed to regular passenger services in 1931 and fully closed in 1953.

On grouping in 1923, the stations came under the control of the London and North Eastern Railway. Passenger services to Bishop Auckland and Sunderland via Penshaw were withdrawn by British Railways under the Beeching cuts, on 4 May 1964.

The East Coast Main Line through Durham was electrified in 1991.

Today, the station is owned by Network Rail and managed by Virgin Trains East Coast. It was refurbished between 2006 and 2008 by the operator Great North Eastern Railway and later National Express East Coast, which included a new lounge, toilets, travel centre, glazed waiting area, lifts and shops. The entrance and ticket hall were moved from the "temporary" 1960s building into the original stone building following renovation and repairs. The works were completed in early 2008 and the newly renovated station won "Best Medium Station" and "Overall Station of the Year" at the 2008 National Rail Awards.[3] Ticket barriers were installed in 2009.

Since winning the intercity east coast rail franchise Virgin Trains East Coast have opened an information office on platform 2, added new bench and perch seating, installed Wi Fi and are planning to open a Brompton bicycle hire scheme in 2018.

Durham County Council, working with Virgin Trains East Coast and the Nort East Local Enterprise Partnership, have commenced a 6 month project to improve cycle routes and pedestrian access to the station from the north of the city. This involves the construction of a new cycle path as well as upgrades to road crossings on Framwellgate peth.

In order to acomodate the new Virgin Trains East Coast class 800 azuma train, platform 1 was extended by 40 meters in January 2017.

Services[edit]

General off-peak services[4]

Direction Virgin Trains East Coast CrossCountry TransPennine Express Northern
Northbound 1tph to Newcastle Central, with some continuing to Edinburgh Waverley at peak times. 1tpd extends from Newcastle to Sunderland and 1tpd extends from Edinburgh to Glasgow 1tph to Newcastle Central
1tph to Edinburgh Waverley
1tph to Newcastle Central 3tpd to Newcastle Central in the early morning (2tpd on Saturday)
Southbound 1tph to London King's Cross via York 1tph to Reading via Doncaster and Birmingham
1tph to Plymouth via Leeds and Birmingham
1tph to Liverpool Lime Street via Leeds and Manchester Victoria 1tpd to Darlington in the late evening (except Saturdays)
1tpd to Saltburn on Sundays

tph = trains per hour, tpd = trains per day

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cobb, Michael H. The Railways of Great Britain: A Historical Atlas
  2. ^ Tomlinson, W.W. (1967, reprint of 1914 edition). North Eastern Railway, Its Rise and Development. Newton Abbot: David and Charles.
  3. ^ http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/news/3688129.Durham_named___Britain_s_best_railway_station/
  4. ^ Table 26, 39, 44 & 51 National Rail timetable, May 2016

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail Following station
CrossCountry
TransPennine Express
North TransPennine
Northern
Tees Valley Line
Darlington   Virgin Trains East Coast
London-Newcastle/Edinburgh
  Newcastle Central
Historical railways
Croxdale
Line open, station closed
  London and North Eastern Railway
East Coast Main Line
  Plawsworth
Line open, station closed
Croxdale
Line open, station closed
  London and North Eastern Railway
Leamside Line
  Leamside
Line and station closed
Brandon Colliery
Line and station closed
  London and North Eastern Railway
Durham to Bishop Auckland Line
  Terminus
Ushaw Moor
Line and station closed
  London and North Eastern Railway
Deerness Valley Railway
  Terminus
Aldin Grange for Bearpark
Line and station closed
  London and North Eastern Railway
Lanchester Valley Railway
  Terminus