Durmitor

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Durmitor
Durmitor - near Minin bogaz.jpg
View of the Durmitor near Minin
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Durmitor National Park
Location Montenegro Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 43°08′00″N 19°01′00″E / 43.13333°N 19.01667°E / 43.13333; 19.01667
Area 350 km2 (3.8×109 sq ft)
Criteria Natural: vii, viii, x
Reference 100
Inscription 1980 (4th Session)
Extensions 2005
Website www.nparkovi.cg.yu/NP%20Durmitor%20ENG.htm
Durmitor is located in Montenegro
Durmitor
Location of Durmitor

The Durmitor (pronounced [durmǐtɔr] or [dǔrmitɔr]) is a massif located in northwestern Montenegro. It is part of the Dinaric Alps. Its highest peak, Bobotov Kuk, reaches a height of 2,523 meters.

The massif is limited by the Tara River Canyon on the north, the Piva River Canyon on the west, and by the Komarnica River Canyon on the south. To the east, the Durmitor opens to a 1,500 m (4,921 ft) high plateau, called Jezerska Površ (Plateau of Lakes). The Sinjavina mountain is located to the east of 'the 'Jezerska Površ plateau. The Durmitor is for the most part located in the Žabljak municipality.

The massif gives its name to the national park that comprises it, which was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1980.

Peaks[edit]

The massif has 48 peaks above 2,000 m (6,562 ft). The highest peaks are:

  • Bobotov Kuk 2,522 m (8,274 ft)
  • Bezimeni Vrh (Nameless Peak) 2,487 m (8,159 ft)
  • Šljeme 2,455 m (8,054 ft)
  • Istočni Vrh Šljemena (East Peak of Sljeme) 2,445 m (8,022 ft)
  • Soa / Đevojka 2,440 m (8,005 ft)
  • Milošev Tok 2,426 m (7,959 ft)
  • Bandijerna 2,409 m (7,904 ft)
  • Rbatina 2,401 m (7,877 ft)
  • Lučin Vrh 2,396 m (7,861 ft)
  • Prutaš 2,393 m (7,851 ft)
  • Minin Bogaz 2,387 m (7,831 ft)
  • Planinica 2,330 m (7,644 ft)
  • Kobilja Glava 2,321 m (7,615 ft)
  • Savin Kuk 2,313 m (7,589 ft)
  • Šupljika 2,310 m (7,579 ft)

Lakes[edit]

Durmitor features 18 glacial lakes, scattered over mountain massif and Jezerska Površ plateau. The lakes add significantly to the beauty of the mountain, and have been nicknamed Gorske Oči, or "mountain eyes".[1][2]

  • Black Lake (Crno jezero)
  • Veliko Škrčko Lake
  • Malo Škrčko Lake
  • Zeleni Vir
  • Jablan Lake
  • Valovito Lake
  • Vir u Lokvicama
  • Srablje Lake
  • Modro Lake
  • Suva Lokva
  • Zminje Lake
  • Barno Lake
  • Pošćensko Lake
  • Zabojsko Lake
  • Vražje Lake
  • Riblje Lake
  • Zminčko Lake
  • Sušičko Lake

Name[edit]

The name Durmitor is probably derived from Balkan Romance-Vlach, meaning "sleeping place" (cognate with English dormitory). There are similarly named mountains such as Visitor (visător, "dreamer") and Cipitor (aţipitor, "sleeper") across former Yugoslavia.[3]

One of the lakes in the Durmitor National Park.

National park[edit]

The Durmitor National Park, created in 1952, includes the massif of Durmitor, the canyons of Tara, Sušica and Draga rivers and the higher part of the canyon plateau Komarnica, covering an area of 390 km². It is the largest protected area in Montenegro, and it was inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1980.[2]

80 kilometers long and 1,300 meters deep, the Tara River Canyon in the Durmitor National Park is the deepest gorge in Europe,[4][2] and is the second largest in the world, after the Grand Canyon.[citation needed]

Tourism[edit]

Durmitor mountain is the centre of Montenegrin mountain tourism. The tourist facilities are concentrated around the town of Žabljak.[2][4]

Durmitor

In winter, the main activities on Durmitor are skiing and snowboarding. In summer, the activities shift to hiking, mountaineering and recreational tourism. Water sports are also practiced in the area.[5] One of the most prominent attractions of Durmitor mountain are 18 glacial lakes, the best known of which is the Black Lake.[6]

Maps[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lakes - Durmitor". durmitorcg.org. Retrieved 27 October 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Durmitor National Park". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 27 October 2017. 
  3. ^ Room Adrian (2004) "Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for Over 5000 Natural Features" ISBN 0-7864-1814-1 pg. 112
  4. ^ a b "Durmitor National Park". nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 27 October 2017. 
  5. ^ "Durmitur National Park Montenegro" (PDF). unep-wcmc.org. Retrieved 27 October 2017. 
  6. ^ "Black Lake". lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 27 October 2017. 

External links[edit]