Salawat

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Salawat is a special Arabic phrase, which contains the salutation upon the prophet of Islam. This kind of phrase is usually expressed by Muslims in their five daily prayers (during the Tashahhud) and also when the name of Muhammad had been mentioned. "[1]

Etymology[edit]

  • Salawat is a plural form of salat (Arabic:صلاة) and from the root of the letters "sad, lam, waw" (Arabic ص.ل. و) which means "prayer, salutation, greeting and mercy". "[2]

Meaning[edit]

Arabic philologists hold the view that the meaning of the word salawat would vary according to who has used the word, and to whom it is used for. [3]

In Islamic context[edit]

  • When one says God sends salawat upon Muhammad, it means that He is sending blessings on him. [4]
  • When the creatures send salawat upon Muhammad, it means that they are asking for blessing. [5]
  • When Muhammad sends Salawat upon the believers, it indicates his prayer for their welfare, blessing and salvation. "[6]
  • When angels send salawat upon Muhammad, it means they implore God's blessing for him."[7]

Quran[edit]

  • God instructs Muslims to send blessing (salawat) on Muhammad as it was revealed in the Quran as thus: "Allah and His Angels send blessings on the Prophet, O you who believe! send your blessings on him, and salute him a thorough salutation".[8]

In hadiths[edit]

  • There was a hadith from Abu Amamah reports that Muhammad said: "Invoke more Salawat upon me on every Friday, the Salawat from my ummah (followers) is presented to me on every Friday. Whoever had invoked more Salawat upon me will be closest to me."[9]
  • Muhammad was also been reported saying: "The meanest person is he who does not invoke Salawat upon me when my name is mentioned in his presence"."[10]
  • Ibn Asakri has transmitted from al-Hasan bin Ali that Muhammad said: "Invoke more Salawat upon me, for your invocation is conducive to your sins being forgiven. And pray for me a high status and intercession, for surely my intercession will plead in your favour before Allah". "[11]
  • There was a narration from Ja'far al-Sadiq from Muhammad. He said: "All supplications to Allah will remain in a veil from the sky until a Salawat is sent to Mohammad and his Households". "[12]
  • In another tradition, Ja'far al-Sadiq was been quoted that: "whoever sends Salawat on Prophet and his households it means I am standing on the promise that I gave when Allah asked me, "Am I not your lord? And I answered yes you are". "[13]

Recommended salawat[edit]

According to various reports, the following salawat are recommended by Muhammad:

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ، وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ
[a]

O Allah, let Your Peace come upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have brought peace to Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious.[14]

Muhammad was also reported to have said: "Do not invoke incomplete SALAWAT upon me". They (his companions) asked him: "What is incomplete SALAWAT?" He replied them: "When you say: O Allah! Send Your blessing to Muhammad and then stop on that. Rather say: اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ O Allah! Send Your blessing to (the prophet) Muhammad and the progeny of Muhammad"."[15]

Merits of reciting Salawat[edit]

  • He who sends 10 salawat upon Muhammad and his household, God and his angels will send 1,000 salawat upon him, and whoever send 1,000 salawat upon Muhammad and his household,the fire of hell won't affect him.[16]
  • Sending Salawat upon Muhammad and his progeny paves way for his intercession on the judgement day.[17]
  • Sending Salawat upon Muhammad and his progeny served as a compensation for sins.[18]
  • Sending Salawat upon Muhammad and his household is the most weighty deed on the scale of deeds.[19]
  • Salawat upon Muhammad and his households led to the affection of God and his messenger.[20]
  • Salawat upon Muhammad and his household purifies deeds.[21]
  • Salawat upon Muhammad and his household will serve as the light in the grave, As-Sirāt bridge and Paradise.[22]
  • Salawat lightens and opens the heart.[23]
  • Salawat is one of the best deeds on Friday.[24]
  • Reciting Salawat aloud vanishes hypocrisy.[25]
  • Sending Salawat upon Muhammad and his households releases one from the fire of hell.[26]
  • Continious recitation of Salawat fulfils one's worldly and heavenly wants (supplication).[27]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Allahumma ṣalli ‘alā Muḥammadin wa ‘alā āli Muḥammadin kamā ṣallayta ‘alā Ibrāhīma wa ‘alā āli Ibrāhīma innaka Ḥamīdun Majīd Allahumma bārik ‘alā Muḥammadin wa ‘alā āli Muḥammadin kamā bārakta ‘alā Ibrāhīma wa ‘alā āli Ibrāhīma innaka Ḥamīdun Majīd

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Muhammad, Shuaib ." Knowing the Certainty.e-book, 2010
  2. ^ "Abbas Jaffer,Masuma Jaffer." T Quranic Science. ICAN Press,2009
  3. ^ Muḥammad Muṣṭafá, Badawī (1975). A critical introduction to modern Arabic poetry. Cambridge University Press. 
  4. ^ http://www.sultanulfaqrpublications.com/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ http://www.sultanulfaqrpublications.com/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Seyed Mahmoud Madani" Special Salawaat of the month of Sha'aban. Ansariyan,2014
  7. ^ "Seyed Mahmoud Madani" Special Salawaat of the month of Sha'aban. Ansariyan,2014
  8. ^ [Quran 33:56]
  9. ^ "Muhammad Imran" Path of paradise. Islamic Book Centre,1900
  10. ^ "Muhammad Imran" Path of paradise. Islamic Book Centre,1900
  11. ^ Muḥammad Muṣṭafá, Badawī (1975). A critical introduction to modern Arabic poetry. Cambridge University Press. 
  12. ^ Muḥammad, Rayshahri (2008). Scale of wisdom. British Library. 
  13. ^ "Muhammad Ameen" Al-Burhan (The conclusive proof).Maktaba Subah-e-Noor, 1995
  14. ^ "Abdul Razaq.O.Kilani" Minaret in the delta. J.J.I,2008
  15. ^ "Abd al-Husayn Sharaf al-Din" The right path. The University of Michigan.
  16. ^ Muhammad Rayshahri. Scale of wisdom. ICAS press. 
  17. ^ Prof Ramazan AYNALLI (2015). My Beloved prophet. 
  18. ^ Muhammad Baqir Ibn Muhammad Taqqi Majilisi (2003). Hayat Al-Qulub. Ansariyan publication. 
  19. ^ Sayyid Hussein Alamdar (2014). Self Building. Amazon. 
  20. ^ The University of Michigan (2009). Mahjubah-vol.24. Amazon. 
  21. ^ Muhammad Ibn Abd al Rahman (2008). Salat & Salam. White Thread press. 
  22. ^ Alamah Muhammad Baqir Al-Majilisi (2014). Ain-Al-Hayat;The Essence of life. Createspace Independence. 
  23. ^ Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani (2012). Salawat of tremendous blessings. Islamic Supreme Council of America. 
  24. ^ Muhammad Ibn Abd al Rahman (2008). Salat & Salam. White Thread press. 
  25. ^ Ahmad Muhani (2010). Al-Sahifah Al-Sajjadiyyah. Islamic propagation organization. 
  26. ^ Muhammad Baqir Ibn Muhammad Taqqi Majilisi (2003). Hayat Al-Qulub. Ansariyan publication. 
  27. ^ Hamza Yusuf (2012). Purification of heart. Amazon. 

External links[edit]