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Durood or Darood Shareef (from Persian: درود drōd) or Salawat or aṣ-ṣalātu ʿala -n-nabī (from Arabic: الصلاة على النبي) is an invocation which Muslims make by saying specific phrases to compliment the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Islamic view is to say durood whenever a Muslim reads, speaks, or hears the name of Muhammad. Durood, a kind of prayer mentioned in hadith, as well as in the Qur'an, are recited in the form of Wazifa.
Durood is a loanword from the Persian term drōd (درود), itself from the Middle Persian pre-Islamic greeting drōt (), literally meaning 'health', 'well-being', 'prosperity'. Drōt itself derives from the Persian word drust 'correct', which is related to French juste and English just.
Kinds of Durood
One example is Durood-i-Ibrahimi (having a reference to Abraham):
O Allah, let Your Peace come upon Muhammad and the family and followers of Muhammad, as you have brought peace to Ibrahim and his family. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. Allah, bless Muhammad and the family and followers of Muhammad, as you have blessed Ibrahim and his family and followers. Truly, You are Praiseworthy and Glorious.
O Allah! Every moment and in every breath, bestow complete and the best blessings and perfect peace which is endless on our Prophet Mohammad Mostafa [Peace be upon him (Sallellahu Alahis Sallam)], and on his descendants, his Companions and his followers, and may, by following His preaching, all our troubles and tortures be over, calamities ended, and all our needs fulfilled, all our cherished desires attained, and good ends vouch-saved, and clouds are laden with water through the glorious countenance of Prophet. The perfect blessings and peace be on the Prophet's House, his Family, his Companions and all his followers at every instance in number equal to the count of all things in Thy Knowledge.
Proponents of this practice state that if the Durood-i-Naariya is recited daily, it will give such strength and power to the reciter that no one on earth will be able to subdue him.
- SALAWAT - DAROOD BACKGROUND "In Urdu Salawat is called Darood"
- Joneidi, F. (n.d.). (Pahlavi Language and Script: Sassanid and Arsacid) نامه پهلواني خودآموز زبان پهلوي (p. 230). Balkh (نشر بلخ).
- MacKenzie, D. (1971). A concise Pahlavi dictionary (p. 27). London: Oxford University Press.
- "Durood Ibrahimi - Darood Ibraheemi". islamicacademy.org.
- "The Excellence of Reciting the Durood Sharif - Arabic and English text". islamicacademy.org.