Duroville is the nickname for the Desert Mobile Home Park near Thermal, California USA.
The trailer park, which sits on the Torres Martinez Indian Reservation, is nicknamed for owner Harvey Duro, Sr., a member of the tribal council. Duro set the park up after several other sub-standard trailer parks in the area were closed by authorities in Riverside County and residents had no place to live. Duro was unable to obtain Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) approval for a lease for the site of Duroville and received no financial or other assistance from the BIA in licensing or setting up the facility. The BIA channeled its efforts into an action in the United States District Court for the Central District of California asking that the trailer park be closed.
The trailer park, established in 1999, is adjacent to a smouldering dump, which is closed has been subject to recurrent fires. About 4,000 migrant Mexican farm workers live in several hundred dilapidated mobile homes on 40 acres (16 ha). The condition of the park, with its unsafe trailers, dangerous electrical wiring, faulty septic systems and predatory packs of wild dogs, has been the subject of national attention in recent years. An estimated 65% of residents, about 2,000 people, are P'urhépecha, an indigenous people from the Mexican state of Michoacán, many from the town of Ocumicho.
Litigation brought by the Bureau of Indian Affairs to have the park closed and its residents relocated was unsuccessful. In a decision rendered on May 1, 2009 U.S. District Judge Stephen G. Larson ruled for benefit of the tenants, claiming that relocating them "would create one of the largest forced migrations in the history of this state." He went on to compare the resulting migration to Japanese-American relocations to Manzanar after the United States' entry into World War II. The court recognized the deficiencies at the park, removed Duro from its management and appointed a receiver. The federal district court retains jurisdiction and continues to review the matter.
The district court judge, now retired, continues his interest in the community sometimes visiting anonymously. The court-appointed receiver, speaking in 2010, reported considerable progress in mitigating conditions, for example, 400 dogs were neutered or spayed and 145 adopted. Efforts by the community with outside assistance have greatly improved conditions, however, raw sewage still drains directly from a system of plastic pipes into an open lagoon. Riverside County plans to use federal and state redevelopment funds to facilitate better mobile home facilities nearby fell though in 2012 due to loss of funds resulting from the 2008–12 California budget crisis. California redevelopment agencies, which sometimes used funds for unnecessary projects but also for badly needed housing, had been shut down. Plans for relocation are further complicated by the illegal status of some of the workers and reluctance by the P'urhépecha people to break up their community.
A great deal of attention, and some aid, have been rendered to Duroville, but there are several hundred legal and illegal trailer parks catering to the same demographic of migrant farm workers in the region.
- Dan Barry (October 21, 2007). "Beside a Smoldering Dump, a Refuge of Sorts". The New York Times. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-duroville1-2009may01,0,2068462.story 2009 Los Angeles Times story regarding the federal ruling
- Kelly, David (2010-06-05). "Illegal trailer park grows into a community: With forbearance from a federal judge and help from outsiders, Duroville makes the slow transition from dump to home.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 June 2010.
- Dug Begley (May 23, 2012). "REDEVELOPMENT: For Duroville residents, more waiting". The Press-Enterprise (California). Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Jennifer Medina (May 27, 2012). "Budget Crisis Takes Toll on Community for California Farmworkers". The New York Times. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Maura Dolan; Jessica Garrison; Anthony York (December 29, 2011). "California high court puts redevelopment agencies out of business: The court's ruling will help generate funds for the troubled state budget but hobble local economic development and housing programs. More than 400 agencies will close after Feb. 1.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 28, 2012.