Durrow, County Laois
Gate lodge at the entrance to Castle Durrow
|Elevation||95 m (312 ft)|
|Irish Grid Reference||S405773|
Durrow (Irish: Darú, formerly Darmhagh Ua nDuach) is a small town located in south-east County Laois, Ireland. Bypassed by the M8 motorway on 28 May 2010, the town is located on the R639 road at its junction with the N77. The River Erkina flows through Durrow and joins the River Nore about 1.5 km east of the town.
The town takes its name from the Irish (Darmhagh Ua nDuach - the oak plain [in the territory] of Ui Duach).
The earliest recorded church in the village was in 1155. Evidence from the Archaeological Survey carried out by the OPW in 1995 suggests that this area has been visited, if not inhabited, since as early as the Bronze Age. An urn-burial found on the lands of Moyne Estate dates roughly to the same period as those found at lronmills and Ballymartin (900–1400BC). Fulachta Fiadh (early cooking sites) have been identified at Aharney and near Ballacolla. The numerous ring forts and other enclosures that dot the landscape point to a more permanent, if dispersed, settlement of the land by the Celts (500BC–500AD). At some point in pre-history, the land was part of the kingdom of Ossory, and remained so as part of Upper Ossory into the seventeenth century.
There are numerous religious settlements in the area that date back to the 6th century. While the monastery founded by St. Fintan on the banks of the Erkina is perhaps the best renowned, documented evidence exists for other such establishments at Dunmore, Clonageera, Dereen, the Course wood, Tinweir, Ballinaslee, Tubberboe and Newtown.
The coming of the Normans in the 12th century sounded the death knell for many of these Early Christian settlements and the lands were subsumed (despite heated objections from the Earls Marshall, who wanted it for themselves) into the Manor of Durrow, an Episcopal Manor for the Bishops of Ossory. Indeed, it was this development that sowed the seeds for the establishment of the town of Durrow as we now know it. In 1245, Geoffrey de Turville, the Bishop of Ossory from 1244 to 1250, was granted permission from the King to hold a yearly fair at this manor for six days beginning on St. Swithin’s Day and a weekly market on a Thursday.
After the Reformation, the manor passed into the ownership of the Earl of Ormond. In 1600, when Upper Ossory was made part of Queen's County (now Laois), Ormond ensured that Durrow remained an enclave of County Kilkenny where he was based.  Ormond released the manor on 19 February 1708 to "William Flower and his heirs, forever". It was under the patronage of Flower and his descendants, the Lords Ashbrook, that the present town developed and prospered. In 1841–42 it was transferred from Kilkenny to Queen's County.
A weather station broadcasts from Durrow providing real time data. The station was set up in May 2008. It is a Davis ProVantage 2 station and monitors temperature, rain, wind, wind direction, humidity and atmospheric pressure. Also, a Met Éireann climate station (472) was installed in 2010 and the observations are sent to Dublin on a monthly basis. The climatological station measures rainfall in a manual gauge, soil temperatures at depths of 5 cm, 10 cm and 20 cm, air temperatures including wet-bulb, daily max, daily min and grass minimum temperatures. The station is envisaged to last thirty years and establish a climate profile for Durrow.
The weather of the town can be described as temperate with rare extremes when compared to other locations around the world. However, when looking at the observations and comparing it to other locations around Ireland it is notable that Durrow is amongst the warmest locations in the country during the summer, and the coldest in winter. Owing to the proximity of the "sunny southeast" the town receives lower rainfall than the national average.
The record high temperature of 31.3c was recorded during the heatwave of 2018 whilst the record low temperature of -14.0c was recorded on Christmas morning 2010.
The below table was last updated on June 27th 2019.
|Record high °C (°F)||15.7
|Average high °C (°F)||7.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||4.8
|Average low °C (°F)||1.7
|Record low °C (°F)||−11.3
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||92.0
|Average rainy days (≥ 1.0mm)||13||12||12||10||11||10||9||10||10||13||12||13||135|
|Average snowy days||3.6||3.6||2.5||0.8||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.1||2.0||12.8|
|Average relative humidity (%)||80||74||68||64||64||65||65||66||69||76||78||82||71|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||55.8||64.4||99.2||147.0||173.6||147.0||145.7||145.7||124.0||93.0||66.0||49.6||1,314|
Laois Kayak and Canoe Club is a kayaking club based in the area.
One of the most famous residents of Durrow has been William Carrigan.
Route 828, operated by M & A Coaches on behalf of the National Transport Authority, provides two daily journeys each way to/from Portlaoise via Abbeyleix and one daily journey to/from Johnstown, County Kilkenny via Cullohill. There is no Sunday service. Slieve Bloom Coaches operate a route from Borris in Ossory to Portlaoise which serves the town  Bus Éireann's Expressway service between Dublin and Cork ceased to serve Durrow on 30 June 2012. As an interim measure until 18 November 2012 Bus Éireann operated a shuttle service (route 128) to connect with Expressway services at Portlaoise.
Places of interest
There are numerous walks and cycle paths around the Durrow area. These include the Leafy Loop which runs by the River Nore. There is also woodland in the vicinity of Durrow, such as Bishops Wood, which extends on both sides of the R693 (Dublin - Cork Road). The river Erkina, a tributary of the River Nore, is also in the area.
Durrow's "Scarecrow Festival" takes place each year in late July. The 2015 festival took place between 26 July and 3 August. The idea is that people from the town and area create their own scarecrows made from straw and other materials. Locals can enter to compete for a prize (€3000 in 2015) for best scarecrow. The Durrow Scarecrow Festival first took place in 2009. It was nominated for ‘Best Festival of 2012 and 2013′ in the Irish Times Ticket Awards.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Durrow (Laois).|
- "Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland. April 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-21.
- Carrigan, William (1905). The history and antiquities of the diocese of Ossory. Vol.2. Dublin: Sealy, Bryers & Walker. p. 220.
- Phelan, Margaret M.; Kirwan, John (March 1997). Kilkenny: studies in honour of Margaret M. Phelan. Kilkenny Archaeological Society. p. 62. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- "County (Ireland); (n) Kilkenny". The Statutory Rules and Orders Revised, being the Statutory Rules and Orders (Other Than Those of a Local, Personal Or Temporary Character) in force on December 31, 1903. Vol.2 (2nd ed.). H.M. Stationery Office. 1904. pp. 58–61. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
- "Durrow Scarecrow Festival". Retrieved 13 July 2015.