Dusky starfrontlet

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Dusky starfrontlet
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Coeligena
Species: C. orina
Binomial name
Coeligena orina
Wetmore, 1953

The dusky starfrontlet (Coeligena orina) is a hummingbird species in the subfamily Trochilinae. It is found only at high altitudes in the Cordillera Occidental of Colombia, and was first discovered on Páramo de Frontino.[2] Its status was mysterious for a long time as it was only known from a few museum specimens; it was often held to be a mutant or color morph of some other species of Coeligena. When it was rediscovered in 2004, in what is now the Colibri del Sol Bird Reserve, its status as a distinct species was confirmed.

Although this bird was listed as a species of Least Concern in the IUCN Red List for many years, it became evident that it was close to extinction, and its status was upgraded to Critically Endangered in the 2007 Red List issue.[3]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Coeligena orina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Krabbe et al. (2005)
  3. ^ BLI (2007, 2008)


  • BirdLife International (BLI) (2007): Dusky Starfrontlet - BirdLife Species Factsheet. Retrieved 2007-AUG-28.
  • Krabbe, Niels; Flórez, Pablo; Suárez, Gustavo; Castano, José; Arango, Juan David; Pulgarin, Paulo C; Múnera, Wilmar A; Stiles, F. Gary; & Salaman, Paul (2005) Rediscovery of the Dusky Starfrontlet Coeligena orina, with a description of the adult plumages and reassessment of its taxonomic status. Ornitologıá Colombiana 3: 28-35 [English with Spanish abstract].

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