Dustin, Oklahoma

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Dustin, Oklahoma
Location of Dustin, Oklahoma
Location of Dustin, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°16′21″N 96°1′58″W / 35.27250°N 96.03278°W / 35.27250; -96.03278Coordinates: 35°16′21″N 96°1′58″W / 35.27250°N 96.03278°W / 35.27250; -96.03278
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyHughes
Area
 • Total0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)
 • Land0.59 sq mi (1.53 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
715 ft (218 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total395
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
370
 • Density625.00/sq mi (241.51/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
74839
Area code(s)539/918
FIPS code40-22200[3]
GNIS feature ID1092315[4]

Dustin is a town in Hughes County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 395 at the 2010 census,[5] down from 452 in 2000.

History[edit]

Dustin, Oklahoma was called Watsonville when the community first formed in the late 19th century. When the post office opened there on April 18, 1898, it was officially named as "Watsonville". The original site was 4 miles (6.4 km) south of the North Canadian River in the area then known as the Creek Nation in Indian Territory.[6]

The post office site was moved 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the present site and its name was changed to "Spokogee" on June 27, 1902, though the same person, Marion J. Butler, remained as postmaster. After the Fort Smith and Western Railroad built its Fort Smith–Guthrie line through the area in 1903, the town and post office were both officially changed to "Dustin" on May 9, 1904.[6][a]

The Missouri, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway (MO&G), built a north–south line through Dustin in 1905.[b]

Dustin became a trading and commercial center for the surrounding agricultural area. Early businesses included two banks, two drug stores, three doctors, and two hardware stores. Although a school was among the first buildings constructed, it burned down before the school year began. It was soon replaced and two male teachers were hired. The MO&G maintained a railroad round house for working on its locomotives. Before the end of the first decade, Dustin had added four barbershops, a third barbershop, a third drug store, a fourth doctor, a third bank, a livery stable, two hotels, two cotton gins, an ice plant/bottling plant, and a wagon factory. Several newspapers, including the Dustin Dispatch, the Dustin News, and the Dustonian, informed the citizens in the early decades of the twentieth century.[6]

Dustin built its first water supply system in 1912. In the 1930s, the community built Lake Dustin, a community-owned spring-fed 3,200,000 US gallons (12,000 m3) reservoir. In 2012, Dustin began constructing a new municipal water supply system in 2003.[6] The 1910 census reported that Dustin had a population of 579, which increased to an all-time high of 713 in 1920.[6]

Geography[edit]

Dustin is located in northeastern Hughes County at 35°16′21″N 96°1′58″W / 35.27250°N 96.03278°W / 35.27250; -96.03278 (35.272609, -96.032855).[7] Oklahoma State Highway 9 passes through the center of town, leading east 6 miles (10 km) to the Indian Nation Turnpike and west 13 miles (21 km) to Wetumka. Oklahoma State Highway 84 departs OK-9 in the center of Dustin, leading north and west 10 miles (16 km) to Weleetka.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Dustin has a total area of 0.60 square miles (1.55 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2), or 1.12%, are water.[5] Fish Creek flows through the southeast corner of the town, running northeast to the North Canadian River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910579
192071323.1%
1930537−24.7%
194065221.4%
1950524−19.6%
1960457−12.8%
19705029.8%
1980498−0.8%
1990429−13.9%
20004525.4%
2010395−12.6%
2019 (est.)370[2]−6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 452 people, 164 households, and 120 families residing in the town. The population density was 753.1 people per square mile (290.9/km2). There were 186 housing units at an average density of 309.9 per square mile (119.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 53.76% White, 0.44% African American, 34.29% Native American, 0.22% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 10.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.99% of the population.

There were 164 households, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. A total of 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.34.

The population distribution for the town was 28.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age of the residents was 38 years old. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $20,625, and the median income for a family was $24,375. Males had a median income of $24,167 versus $19,063 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,767. About 28.3% of the families and 35.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.9% of those under age 18 and 34.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable person[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cook and Petete's article state that the final name probably honored a railroad official, Henry C. Dustin of Cleveland, Ohio. However, they also state that, according to a local legend, dustin was an indian word meaning "prairie town."[6]
  2. ^ This railroad became part of the Kansas, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway Company (KO&G) after 1919.[6]

Dustin is not a Native American word.

Spokogee, Es•po•ko•ke Old name for the Tukahahchee (Tribe) [thought to be a loan word from Shawnee][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Dustin town, Oklahoma". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Fran Cook and Spencer P. Petete. "Dustin." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed July 2, 2019.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ Jules Heller; Nancy G. Heller (19 December 2013). North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-63882-5.
  10. ^ Martin, Jack B. (2000). A Dictionary of Creek/Muskogee. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London, In Cooperation with the American Indian Studies Research Institute, Indiana University, Bloomington. p. 33. ISBN 0-8032-3207-1.

External links[edit]