Dusty Rhodes (wrestler)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dusty Rhodes
Dusty.png
Dusty Rhodes in 2008
Birth name Virgil Riley Runnels Jr.
Born (1945-10-12)October 12, 1945
Austin, Texas, U.S.[1]
Died June 11, 2015(2015-06-11) (aged 69)
Orlando, Florida, U.S
Spouse(s) Sandra Runnels
(m. 1965–1975; divorced)
Michelle Runnels
(m. 1978–2015; his death)
Children 4, including Dustin Runnels and Cody Runnels
Professional wrestling career
Ring name(s) Dusty Rhodes[2]
Dusty Runnels[3]
The Midnight Rider
Uvalde Slim
Billed height 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)[4]
Billed weight 275 lb (125 kg)[4]
Billed from Austin, Texas[4]
Diablo Canyon, Colorado
Trained by Joe Blanchard[3][5]
Debut 1968[6]
Retired 2007

Virgil Riley Runnels Jr. (October 12, 1945 – June 11, 2015), better known as "The American Dream" Dusty Rhodes, was an American professional wrestler and trainer who worked for WWE. He made occasional on-air appearances on WWE television and pay-per-views and worked as a backstage booker and producer in WWE's NXT developmental territory. Billed as "the son of a plumber", Rhodes did not have a typical wrestler's physique; his character was that of the "Common Man", known for the personality exhibited in his interviews. WWE chairman Vince McMahon remarked that no wrestler "personified the essence of charisma quite like Dusty Rhodes".[7]

Rhodes was a three-time NWA World Heavyweight Champion, and during his time in Jim Crockett Promotions (JCW) (the forerunner of World Championship Wrestling (WCW), he was a United States Champion, and multi-time Television, World Tag Team and Six-Man Tag Team Champion. He also won many regional championships, and is one of six men inducted into each of the WWE, WCW, Professional Wrestling, and Wrestling Observer Newsletter Halls of Fame. He is the father of Dustin and Cody Rhodes.

Professional wrestling career[edit]

Early career (1968–1973)[edit]

After high school, Rhodes played football for West Texas State and the Continental Football League.[1] Gary Hart helped Rhodes break into the professional wrestling business and christened him with the name "Dusty Rhodes" from Andy Griffith's character "Lonesome Rhodes" in the film A Face in the Crowd.[1] In the 1960s, Rhodes became a rule-breaking villain, tagging with fellow Texan Dick Murdoch to form the tag team The Texas Outlaws in the American Wrestling Association (AWA).[4][8]

National Wrestling Alliance territories (1974–1984)[edit]

Rising to prominence in the era of steroids and bleached-blond hair, Rhodes was the rare top-end superstar who didn't possess the hulking, bodybuilder physique. In fact, Dusty's was quite the opposite, with his rotund belly and conspicuous red blotch on his right side. Rhodes' figure was a huge key to his success at the box office as the ultimate sympathetic babyface. Chubby and loveable, Rhodes was never afraid to endure an incredible scripted beating in order to draw the most heat for his heel opponents.

—Brian Campbell, ESPN[9]

Rhodes did not have a typical wrestlers' physique, but he was well-known for his personality, charisma and interviews.[8][10] In 1974, Rhodes character became a hero after turning on tag team partner Pak Song and manager Gary Hart during a match in Florida against Eddie and Mike Graham. This led him to break out as a solo wrestler, primarily in Florida, referring to himself as the "American Dream", a working class hero, and aligning himself with Eddie Graham.[11]

In 1977, Rhodes wrestled for Vince McMahon, Sr.'s World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF, currently WWE). During that time, Rhodes main-evented twice in Madison Square Garden, both times challenging for the WWWF Heavyweight Championship against reigning champion "Superstar" Billy Graham. Rhodes won the first match on September 26 via countout,[12][13] and lost the second, a "Texas Death match", on October 24.[14] Graham won after a mid-ring collision, falling on Rhodes for the three count.[15]

Jim Crockett Promotions (1985–1989)[edit]

He eventually began working as a booker and wrestler with Jim Crockett Promotions (JCP) in the Mid-Atlantic, which eventually purchased World Championship Wrestling (WCW), formerly Georgia Championship Wrestling. In 1983, he helped create the first Starrcade, what would become one of WCW's annual supershows.[8] Rhodes also teamed with Magnum T.A. as "America's Team," who opposed the Four Horsemen and The Russian Team in 1985. They were one of the more dominant tag teams in the promotion until 1986, when Magnum's career was ended in a car accident. Subsequently, he teamed with Nikita Koloff as The Super Powers. Rhodes was also a World Six-Man Tag Team Champion with The Road Warriors.

Rhodes had feuds with Abdullah the Butcher, Pak Song, Terry Funk, Kevin Sullivan, Blackjack Mulligan, Nikita Koloff, Harley Race, Superstar Billy Graham, "Crippler" Ray Stevens and, most notably, The Four Horsemen (especially Ric Flair and Tully Blanchard). Rhodes, Flair and Race fought each other many times over the NWA World Heavyweight Championship. Rhodes won the NWA World Heavyweight Championship three times; twice by defeating Race and once by defeating Flair.[16] In October 1985, during his feud with Flair, Rhodes gave an interview that became known as his "Hard Times" promo.[9] During an interview on WWE's The American Dream DVD set, Rhodes claimed that his most popular promo of all time was his "Hard Times" interview during his feud with Ric Flair. The promo—which references out-of-work steel workers, factory runners and other blue collar individuals—apparently resonated with wrestling fans so much that people came to him in arenas in tears to thank him for "honoring their plight." In 2015, an ESPN article referred to "Hard Times" as Rhodes' best interview, writing, "In just over three minutes, Rhodes fully encapsulated every ounce of his charm by endearing himself to blue-collar mid-America."[9]

During his stint as booker, JCP were engulfed in aggressive competition with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF).[8] When the WWF introduced Mike Jones as Ted DiBiase's bodyguard, Bobby Heenan suggested to name the character Virgil as an inside joke on Dusty's real name.[17] Also in the late 1980s, Rhodes became synonymous with what would become known as the "Dusty finish," a trick ending where a wrestler would win a match while the referee was knocked out, and the decision would be overturned.[8][9]

Rhodes is often considered to be one of the most innovative and creative bookers in the history of professional wrestling. As previously mentioned, his work in the development of "supercards" and gimmick matches did much to enhance the quality of entertainment and move the industry forward, as evident by other major promotions following with their own major cards and gimmicks. At the same time, however, he and JCP had an "old school" philosophy that did not bode well with the changes that were brought with fast moving media such as cable TV, etc. The long-standing storylines and the frequent use of the aforementioned "Dusty Finish," techniques that had worked well during the NWA's territorial days, had now started to leave many fans dissatisfied with the promotion's booking.[18][19]

Rhodes was fired after Starrcade '88, because of a taboo on-screen bloodletting (laid down by the Turner Broadcasting System following their purchase of the company) during a November 26 altercation with The Road Warriors.[20] Furious with the interference, Rhodes booked a storyline where Road Warrior Animal pulled a spike out of his shoulder pad and jammed it in Rhodes' eye busting it wide open.[20] Rhodes was then fired from WCW.[20] Following this, Rhodes returned to Florida to compete in Championship Wrestling from Florida (CWF), where he captured the PWF Heavyweight Championship and also returned to the AWA for a few appearances.

World Wrestling Federation (1989–1991)[edit]

In mid-1989, Rhodes came to the WWF as the yellow polka-dotted "Common Man" Dusty Rhodes, a gimmick some felt was intended to humiliate him due to his synonymy with the rival JCP/WCW.[16][21] He was managed by Sapphire, who was intended to represent the "common woman".[22] During his early time in the WWF, Rhodes was embroiled in a heated storyline with "Macho King" Randy Savage and his manager/partner Sensational Queen Sherri, who in turn found a rival in Sapphire. After a confrontation between the two couples, Savage's ex-manager Miss Elizabeth allied herself with Rhodes and Sapphire and was instrumental in helping them win the WWF's first mixed tag-team match during WrestleMania VI. Sapphire, however, left Rhodes during SummerSlam in 1990 for The Million-Dollar Man's money. Afterwards, Rhodes dropped the polka dots and feuded with Dibiase and Virgil, which also resulted in the national debut of his son Dustin at the 1991 Royal Rumble. Both departed the WWF shortly after, marking the end of Dusty Rhodes' career as a full-time in-ring competitor.

Return to WCW and ECW (1991–2001)[edit]

Rhodes returned to WCW in 1991 as a member of WCW's booking committee.[21] Booking disagreements between Rhodes and Ric Flair led to the latter's return to the WWF and the Big Gold Belt controversy.[21] Rhodes also served as the on-screen manager of Ron Simmons from 1991 to 1992 and was in Simmons' corner on August 2, 1992 when he defeated Big Van Vader to win the WCW World Heavyweight Championship. He later joined the broadcast team, usually working with Tony Schiavone on Saturday Night. He was paired with Schiavone and Bobby Heenan on pay-per-views.

Rhodes was originally on the side of WCW when its battle with the New World Order (nWo) began in 1996. At Souled Out, Larry Zbyszko asked Rhodes, who was working the PPV broadcast, to accompany him to the ring for his match against Scott Hall. Zbyszko won the match by disqualification due to interference by Louie Spicolli. Rhodes entered the ring, delivering his trademark elbow smashes to Spicolli as Zbyszko stood and grabbed Hall. Rhodes went to elbow Hall, but seemingly inadvertently hit Zbyszko instead. Hall then pointed to Rhodes as he revealed an nWo shirt.[23] The three began to drop repeated elbows on Zbyszko before Rhodes announced "That's tradition, WCW! Bite this!". Announcer Tony Schiavone left the broadcast booth in shock, but later returned ripping Rhodes for his actions for most of the rest of the night. As a member of the nWo, Rhodes served as the manager of Hall and Nash.

He eventually left WCW and went to Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) where he put over former ECW World Champion, "King of Old School" Steve Corino.[4] Rhodes returned once more to WCW, re-igniting his feud with Ric Flair.

Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003–2005)[edit]

Rhodes began appearing with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) in 2003, returning to the ring to feud against the villainous Sports Entertainment Xtreme faction. Later, he became the Director of Authority at their November 7, 2004 pay-per-view, Victory Road.[24] At the same time, Rhodes acted as head booker and writer. In May 2005, TNA President Dixie Carter asked Rhodes to move onto a creative team, which included Jeremy Borash, Bill Banks, and Scott D'Amore. Rhodes resigned as booker, waiting out the rest of his contract with TNA, which expired soon after.

Independent circuit (2000–2006)[edit]

Rhodes facing Kid Kash in Ballpark Brawl

From 2000 to 2003, Rhodes operated Turnbuckle Championship Wrestling (TCW), a small Georgia-based promotion featuring wrestlers trained by himself alongside veterans such as Barry Windham, Glacier, and Steve Corino.[16] Rhodes began taking independent circuit bookings in 2003, after the closure of TCW and during his run with TNA.[25]

Rhodes made his first indy circuit appearance on April 12, 2003 for Ring of Honor (ROH), when he participated in the "I Quit Bunkhouse Riot" as a member of Homicide's team.[26][27] On December 12, Rhodes defeated Jerry Lawler at an International Wrestling Cartel show that also featured Mick Foley as the special guest referee.[28] Rhodes returned to ROH on March 13, 2004, where he competed alongside The Carnage Crew in a Scramble Cage match against Special K, which the Carnage Crew won.[2]

On July 24, Rhodes returned to Full Impact Pro (FIP) and defeated Gangrel. In October, he appeared for Northeast Wrestling in a victory over Kamala. Later in the month, he appeared for IWA Mid-South in a tag team match with Ian Rotten in a victory over Chris Candido and Steve Stone. Rhodes made three appearances for the Japanese promotion HUSTLE in 2004,[29] the first being on January 4 in a six-man tag team match with Steve Corino and Tom Howard against Mil Mascaras, Dos Caras, and Sicodelico, Jr., which Rhodes' team lost. The second was on March 7, where he teamed with his son Dustin against Shinjiro Otani and Satoshi Kojima, which he also lost. The third was on May 8, where he defeated Corino.[2]

Starting in December 2004, Rhodes made regular appearances for Carolina Championship Wrestling (CCW), where his first match for the promotion saw him team up with The Rock 'n' Roll Express to take on Dennis Condrey, Bobby Eaton, and Stan Lane, all three of the best-known members of the Midnight Express.[30] He also briefly resurrected his feud with Tully Blanchard in CCW, earning two consecutive victories over him, the second being in a Bunkhouse Brawl. On April 9, 2005, Rhodes challenged Jeff Jarrett (who was still contracted to TNA, but due to TNA's then-affiliation with the NWA, he was allowed to appear for other affiliated promotions) for the NWA World Heavyweight Championship. In a match that featured Jimmy Valiant as the special guest referee, Jarrett retained the title after Terry Funk made a surprise appearance and interfered. This led to Rhodes challenging Funk to a Falls-Count-Anywhere Bunkhouse match, which Rhodes won. This would be Rhodes' final appearance with CCW until August, where he would team with his son Dustin against Phi Delta Slam.[2]

On July 15, 2005, Rhodes participated in Ballpark Brawl IV in a victory over Kid Kash.[31] Rhodes participated in the first WrestleReunion, competing in an eight-man tag team match with D'Lo Brown, The Blue Meanie, and Tom Prichard against Steve Corino, Andrew Martin, Evil Clown, and the Masked Superstar. Rhodes faced Tully Blanchard at a Starrcade Tribute Show on November 19, where he was managed by Magnum T.A. and where Blanchard was managed by James J. Dillon. Rhodes ended up losing the match.[32]

On December 3, 2005, Rhodes returned to Carolina Championship Wrestling for one night only to face Terry Funk in an "I Quit" match, which Rhodes won.[2] Rhodes made his final major appearances on the independent circuit before returning full-time to WWE in mid-2006, defeating Jerry Lawler by disqualification at a Southern Championship Wrestling (SCW) show and also earning a victory over Steve Corino in a Texas Bullrope match for Big Time Wrestling.[2]

Return to WWE (2005–2015)[edit]

In September 2005, Rhodes signed a WWE Legends deal and was brought onto the Creative Team as a creative consultant. He made an appearance on the October 3, 2005 WWE Homecoming in which he, along with other legends, beat down Rob Conway, to whom Rhodes delivered a signature Bionic Elbow.[33]

Rhodes made an appearance on the June 19, 2006 episode of Raw, appearing in a backstage segment with Vince McMahon where he promoted his new DVD, The American Dream – The Dusty Rhodes Story. A few weeks before Survivor Series, Rhodes returned to WWE to be a part of Team WWE Legends, led by Flair. The team, which consisted of Sgt. Slaughter, Ron Simmons, and Arn Anderson (acting as manager) competed against The Spirit Squad at Survivor Series.[34]

Dusty Rhodes was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame on March 31, 2007 by his two sons, Dustin and Cody.[35] During his acceptance speech, Rhodes asked Ric Flair and Arn Anderson to hold up the "sign" and induct him and Harley Race into the Four Horsemen.[4] He has also inducted several other people into the Hall of Fame, including his mentor Eddie Graham in 2008, The Funk Brothers (Terry and Dory Funk, Jr.) in 2009, The Road Warriors in 2011, and longtime rivals The Four Horsemen in 2012.

Rhodes at the 2009 WWE Hall of Fame ceremony

A few weeks before WWE's 2007 broadcast of The Great American Bash, Rhodes returned to WWE television to feud with Randy Orton.[36][37][38] At The Great American Bash, Orton defeated Rhodes in a Texas Bullrope match after Rhodes was nailed in the head with the cowbell; this was Rhodes' last match as a wrestler.[39] The following night on Raw, after Orton defeated Rhodes' son Cody, Orton delivered a kick to Rhodes' head while he was trying to tend to his son.[40] On December 10, 2007, on the Raw 15th Anniversary special episode, Rhodes was at ringside to see Cody and Hardcore Holly defeat Lance Cade and Trevor Murdoch for the World Tag Team Championship.[41] In August, Rhodes was the special guest host of Raw and booked a match between Cody and Randy Orton for Orton's WWE Championship with John Cena as the special guest referee.

Rhodes was the head writer and creative director for the weekly NXT Wrestling television broadcast. On September 12, 2013, he was removed as NXT Commissioner. Rhodes made his return to Raw on September 16, 2013 after accepting a "business proposition" from Stephanie McMahon in an attempt for WWE to rehire both his sons Cody and Dustin. After learning that McMahon would only rehire one son of his choosing, Rhodes turned down the offer and was subsequently knocked out by Big Show on the orders of McMahon.[42] Rhodes also appeared at Battleground in the corner of Cody and Goldust as they took on The Shield (Seth Rollins and Roman Reigns with Dean Ambrose at ringside) in a tag team match.[43] The stipulation of the match would be that if the Rhodes Family won, Cody and Goldust got their jobs with the company back, but if they lose Dusty would be fired as an NXT trainer and none of them could appear on WWE programming ever again. The Rhodes brothers won the match, thus reinstating them to the roster and allowing Dusty to retain his position in NXT. During the match, Dusty got into an altercation with Ambrose and performed the Bionic Elbow on him.

Rhodes appeared on the February 16, 2015 episode of Raw, in an effort to reunite Goldust and Stardust, who were engaged in a conflict. Rhodes appeared at Fastlane on February 22, in a backstage segment with Goldust. Rhodes' final appearance on WWE programming would be on March 28, when he appeared on the Hall of Fame: Live From the Red Carpet show.

A tribute to Dusty Rhodes took place after the July 6 episode of Raw on the WWE Network. On August 22, 2015 at NXT TakeOver: Brooklyn NXT General Manager William Regal announced that he was establishing the "Dusty Rhodes Tag Team Classic" - an eight-team tournament to be held in his honor.

Personal life[edit]

Rhodes divorced his first wife, Sandra, and later married Michelle. He had four children: Dustin, Cody, Teil Runnels Gergel and Kristin Runnels Ditto.[4][44][45][46] He had five grandchildren;[46] Dakota, the daughter of Dustin and his ex-wife, Terri Runnels,[47][48] Dalton and Dylan, children of Kristin and her husband Don Ditto,[44] and Kellan and Maris, children of Teal Runnels Gergel.[46] He also had a brother, Larry, and a sister, Connie.[46]

Death[edit]

In his later years, Rhodes developed stomach cancer.[1]

On June 10, 2015, paramedics responded to Rhodes' home in Orlando, Florida, after getting a call reporting that he had fallen. They drove him to a nearby hospital, where he died the next day. A few days later, TMZ released Rhodes' 911 phone call in which the dispatcher was rude to his wife, causing her to hang up. It was met with backlash from fans towards the dispatcher[citation needed].

At the 2015 Money in the Bank pay-per-view event, a ten-bell salute was given in honor of Rhodes, with the entire WWE roster and the McMahon family on the entrance ramp. The next night on Raw, they honored him with a video tribute and a special after Raw on the WWE Network. At the NXT tapings following his death, he was honored with another ten-bell salute.

In his most famous promo, Rhodes said, "There were two bad people. One was John Wayne and he's dead, brother – and the other's right here". Wayne died on June 11, 1979, exactly 36 years before Rhodes' death, and also from stomach cancer.[49]

In wrestling[edit]

Rhodes performing a figure-four leglock on Kid Kash

Championships and accomplishments[edit]

  • International Wrestling Alliance (Australia)
    • IWA World Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Dick Murdoch[53]

1 This Mid-Atlantic promotion operates out of the same region as the original and has revived some of the championships that it once used. However, it is not to be confused with the promotion that was once owned by Jim Crockett, Jr. and sold to Ted Turner in 1988. That promotion went on to be renamed World Championship Wrestling.

Media[edit]

  • DVDs

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Oliver, Greg (June 10, 2015). ""The American Dream" Dusty Rhodes dies". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Dusty Rhodes' profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Hornbaker, Tim (2007). National Wrestling Alliance: The Untold Story of the Monopoly That Strangled Pro Wrestling. ECW Press. pp. 329–332. ISBN 978-1-55022-741-3. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Dusty Rhodes' bio". WWE. Retrieved June 9, 2011. 
  5. ^ Rhodes, Dusty; Brody, Howard (2005). Dusty: Reflections of an American Dream. Sports Publishing LLC. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-58261-907-1. 
  6. ^ "The Steve Austin Show" EP66 – Dusty Rhodes, from Podcastone.com (6:05). Podcastone.com. Retrieved on May 10, 2014.
  7. ^ Celebrating the Dream. June 15, 2015. 0 minutes in. WWE Network. WWE. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Assael, Shaun and Mike Mooneyham (2002). Sex, Lies, and Headlocks. Crown Publishers. p. 73–78. ISBN 0609606905. 
  9. ^ a b c d Campbell, Brian (June 12, 2015). "Dusty Rhodes was unlike any other pro wrestling superstar". ESPN. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  10. ^ Oliver, Greg (June 11, 2015). "Dusty Rhodes=Charisma". Slam! Sports. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  11. ^ "JJ Dillon's speech for Dusty Rhodes' induction into the Pro Wrestling Hall of Fame". SLAM! Wrestling. April 11, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015. 
  12. ^ "DUSTY RHODES VS. "SUPERSTAR" BILLY GRAHAM: WWE CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH - SEPTEMBER 26, 1977 (4:53)". WWE. Retrieved June 15, 2015. 
  13. ^ Cawthon, Graham (2013). The History of Professional Wrestling: The Results WWF 1963–1989. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. p. 222. ISBN 978-1-4928-2597-5. 
  14. ^ Cawthon, Graham (2013). The History of Professional Wrestling: The Results WWF 1963–1989. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-4928-2597-5. 
  15. ^ Rickard, Mike (2008). "Superstar vs Superstar". Wrestling's Greatest Moments. ECW Press. ISBN 9781554903313. 
  16. ^ a b c Montgomery, James (June 11, 2015). "Dusty Rhodes, Wrestling Icon, Dead at 69". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  17. ^ DiBianse, Ted with Tom Caiazzo (2008). Ted DiBiase: The Million Dollar Man. Pocket Books. p. 156. ISBN 978-1-4165-5890-3. 
  18. ^ http://grantland.com/features/the-art-dusty-finish-cm-punk-reference-wrestling-lore-wwe-night-champions-event/
  19. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvCSjVhDKbg
  20. ^ a b c Reynolds, R. D.; Alvarez, Bryan (2004). Wrestlecrap and Figure Four Weekly Present...The Death of WCW. ECW Press. pp. 33–34. ISBN 1-55022-661-4. 
  21. ^ a b c Assael, Shaun and Mike Mooneyham (2002). Sex, Lies, and Headlocks. Crown Publishers. p. 103–104. ISBN 0609606905. 
  22. ^ Rhodes, Dusty; Brody, Howard (2005). Dusty: Reflections of an American Dream. Sports Publishing LLC. pp. 127–128. ISBN 1-58261-907-7. 
  23. ^ a b "Wrestling History". Pro Wrestling Illustrated. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  24. ^ Clevett, Jason. "Victory Road bombs". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  25. ^ Perkins, Brad (2001). "On The Rhodes Again – wrestler Dusty Rhodes – Interview". Wrestling Digest. 
  26. ^ "Exclusive Ringside Content". Ring of Honor. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2015-06-14. 
  27. ^ "2003 Ring of Honor Results". Ring of Honor. Retrieved 2015-06-14. 
  28. ^ "2003 Results". International Wrestling Cartel. Retrieved 2015-06-14. 
  29. ^ Rhodes, Dusty, Howard Brody, and George Steinbrenner (2013). Dusty: Reflections of Wrestling's American Dream. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781613212448. 
  30. ^ Rhodes, Dusty, Howard Brody, and George Steinbrenner (2013). "14". Dusty: Reflections of Wrestling's American Dream. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781613212448. 
  31. ^ Sokol, Chris (July 21, 2005). "Buffalo BallPark Brawl bats .400". SLAM! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  32. ^ Burgan, Derek (January 29, 2005). "WrestleReunion Night 1 - Dusty Rhodes, Roddy Piper, Jake "The Snake", Mick Foley". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved June 15, 2015. 
  33. ^ "A Stunning Homecoming". WWE. 
  34. ^ Starr, Noah (November 26, 2006). "Legendary survivor". WWE. Archived from the original on February 27, 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Rhodes finds peace of mind". 
  36. ^ Rote, Andrew (July 2, 2007). "A matter of time". WWE. Retrieved December 31, 2007. 
  37. ^ DiFino, Lennie (July 9, 2007). "Bulldozed in the Bayou". WWE. Retrieved December 31, 2007. 
  38. ^ Clayton, Corey (July 16, 2007). "Orton’s audacity further fuels Rhodes’ anger". WWE. Retrieved December 31, 2007. 
  39. ^ Dee, Louie (July 22, 2007). "A Great American Nightmare". WWE. Archived from the original on February 23, 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  40. ^ Clayton, Corey (July 23, 2007). "One bad apple leads to Dominator destruction". WWE. Retrieved December 31, 2007. 
  41. ^ Clayton, Corey (December 10, 2007). "Rhodes and Holly golden on Raw’s 15th Anniversary". WWE. Retrieved December 31, 2007. 
  42. ^ Benigno, Anthony (September 16, 2013). "Raw results: While Dusty falls, Bryan rises above the corporate 'Game'". WWE. Retrieved May 10, 2014. 
  43. ^ Asher, Matthew. "Battle may be over but WWE Battleground still leaves unresolved issues". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  44. ^ a b "Kickin' It Up With... Kristin Ditto". Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009. 
  45. ^ Mooneyham, Mike (June 17, 2012). "Cody Rhodes follows famous father's footsteps". The Post and Courier. Retrieved June 12, 2015. 
  46. ^ a b c d "Virgil Runnels Jr.". Legacy.com. Retrieved June 14, 2015. 
  47. ^ Mooneyham, Mike (November 30, 2008). "Wrestling diva a woman for all seasons". The Post and Courier. Retrieved December 25, 2008. 
  48. ^ Dean Johnson, Steven (November 16, 2008). "Terri Runnels reveals brain, not body, in shoot DVD". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved December 26, 2008. 
  49. ^ "10 Things You Didn’t Know About Dusty Rhodes", by John Canton, WhatCulture.com
  50. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dusty Rhodes profile, from WrestlingData.com
  51. ^ Rhodes, Dusty; Brody, Howard (2005). Dusty: Reflections of an American Dream. Sports Publishing LLC. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-58261-907-1. 
  52. ^ "Deliver". Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. Retrieved November 19, 2013. 
  53. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an Meltzer, Dave (June 22, 2015). "June 22, 2015 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: Part 1 of giant Dusty Rhodes obituary, GFW’s 1st shows, and much more". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, California): 20–23. ISSN 1083-9593. 
  54. ^ "N.W.A. Central States Heavyweight Title". Wrestling Titles. Retrieved January 6, 2008. 
  55. ^ Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2006). "(Kansas and Western Missouri) West Missouri: North American Tag Team Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 253. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4. 
  56. ^ "NWA North American Tag Team Title (Central States version)". wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 24, 2015. 
  57. ^ "N.W.A. Florida Brass Knuckles Title". Wrestling Titles. Retrieved January 6, 2008. 
  58. ^ NWA Bahamas Heavyweight Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  59. ^ NWA Global Tag Team Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  60. ^ Florida Tag Team Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  61. ^ NWA Florida Television Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  62. ^ NWA United States Tag Team Title (Florida version) history At wrestling-titles.com
  63. ^ a b c NWA World Heavyweight Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  64. ^ NWA Georgia Heavyweight Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  65. ^ NWA National Heavyweight Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  66. ^ NWA/WCW United States Heavyweight Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  67. ^ NWA World 6-Man Tag Team Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  68. ^ NWA World Tag Team Title (Mid-Atlantic/WCW) At. Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved on May 10, 2014.
  69. ^ NWA/WCW World Television Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  70. ^ WCW Hall of Fame history At wrestling-titles.com
  71. ^ Gerweck, Steve (November 14, 2011). "NWA Hall of Fame Class for 2011 announced". WrestleView. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  72. ^ NWA American Tag Team Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  73. ^ "N.W.A. Texas Brass Knuckles Title". Wrestling Titles. Retrieved January 6, 2008. 
  74. ^ NWA World Tag Team Title (Detroit) history At wrestling-titles.com
  75. ^ NWA Mid-Atlantic Tag Team Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  76. ^ NWA North American Heavyweight Title (Hawaii version) history At wrestling-titles.com
  77. ^ NWA United States Heavyweight Title (San Francisco) history At wrestling-titles.com
  78. ^ North American Heavyweight Title (Mid-South) history At wrestling-titles.com
  79. ^ NWA United States Tag Team Title (Tri-State version) history At wrestling-titles.com
  80. ^ NWF World Tag Team Title history At wrestling-titles.com
  81. ^ "The PWI Awards". Pro Wrestling Illustrated 34 (2): 46. 2014. 
  82. ^ "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Top 500 – PWI Years". Wrestling Information Archive. Retrieved September 6, 2010. 
  83. ^ IWA World Tag Team Title (Australia) history At wrestling-titles.com
  84. ^ WWF/WWE Hall of Fame history At wrestling-titles.com
  85. ^ a b c Meltzer, Dave (January 26, 2015). "Jan. 26, 2015 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: 2014 awards issue w/ results & Dave’s commentary, Conor McGregor, and much more". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, California): 29–35. ISSN 1083-9593. 
  86. ^ Meltzer, Dave (January 22, 1996). "Jan. 22, 1996 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: Results of the 1995 Observer Newsletter Awards, 1995 Record Book, tons more". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. 

External links[edit]