Dutch Bill Creek
|Dutch Bill Creek|
Dutch Bill Creek 2009
|Name origin: "Dutch Bill" Howard|
|Cities||Monte Rio, Camp Meeker|
|- location||north of Occidental, California|
|- elevation||522 ft (159 m)|
|- location||Monte Rio, California|
|- elevation||7 ft (2 m) |
|- coordinates||Coordinates: |
Dutch Bill Creek is a 6.5-mile-long (10.5 km) north-flowing stream in the hills of western Sonoma County, California which empties into the Russian River at Monte Rio about 7 miles (11 km) from the Pacific Ocean.
Dutch Bill Creek parallels the Bohemian Highway from the town of Occidental to Monte Rio. It originates just north of Occidental and descends to the north. Lancel Creek enters from the east just south of the town of Camp Meeker. Dutch Bill Creek continues through Camp Meeker, where it turns to the northwest, receiving the outflow of Baumert Springs. Alder Creek, Grub Creek, and Duvoul Creek enter from the right. Then the creek flows through Westminster Woods before feeding into the Russian River at Monte Rio, just west of the Bohemian Grove.
"Dutch Bill" Howard (born 1823) was a Danish seaman who jumped ship at San Francisco Bay in 1849 and started a new life as a homesteader near the source of this creek. In the 1870s, the North Pacific Coast Railroad was built through the valley. In return for donating right-of-way to the railroad, Howard received a lifetime railway pass and got a station named after him.
Habitat and pollution
As of December 2001, one year class of Wild Coho Salmon have been spawning in Dutch Bill Creek. In 2002 Dutch Bill Creek has been part of the captive broadstock program and since 2006 juvenile coho have been released in DBC as a part of this program.
In 2000 recommendations to improve salmonid habitat in Dutch Bill Creek were made following a 2007 habitat inventory conducted in accordance with the methodology presented in the California Salmonid Stream Habitat Restoration Manual. In 2009, the Gold Ridge Resource Conservation District (GRRCD), working with the Camp Meeker Recreation and Park District, removed the Camp Meeker Dam which had been identified as one of the worst barriers to salmon and steelhead passage in the Russian River Watershed. Camp Meeker Dam had been built in the 1950s to create a seasonal swimming hole and beach area. In place of the dam, a prefabricated 80 foot steel pedestrian bridge was installed, improving public access across the creek, and stream banks were stabilized and revegetated, along with creation of a more natural meander and grade change. These improvements will help return the natural transport of gravel from upstream and provide better fish habitat. The GRRCD also removed a culvert barrier to fish passage at Market Street in nearby Occidental, California.
Dutch Bill Creek is spanned by several bridges:
- Main Street in Monte Rio crosses on a pair of concrete continuous slabs built in 1953 and 1975
- Fir Road in Monte Rio crosses on a 98-foot (30 m) steel bridge built in 1974
- Market Street crosses on a 27-foot (8 m) concrete culvert built in 1958
- Bohemian Highway crosses 5.4 miles south of State Route 116 on a 26-foot (8 m) concrete slab built in 1935.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Dutch Bill Creek
- U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed March 9, 2011
- "Occidental". Retrieved 2012-12-27.
- Cox, Bill (2000). "Major Streams in Sonoma County" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-12-04.
- CA Dept of Fish, & Game (2000). "Department of Fish and Game Coho Recovery Report". Retrieved 2008-12-07.
- Gary Flosi; Scott Downie; James Hopelain; Michael Bird; Robert Coey; Barry Collins (1997). California Salmonid Stream Habitat Restoration Manual (Report). California Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
- CA Dept of Fish, & Game (2000). "Department of Fish and Game Stream Inventory Report 2000" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-07-05.
- "Gold Ridge Resource Conservation District Projects". Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
- "Summer Dam Removed to Create Fish Refuge - Camp Meeker Dam Removal". Gold Ridge Resource Conservation District. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- "National Bridge Inventory Database". Archived from the original on 2013-10-31.