Dutch Caribbean

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For the integral territories of the constituent country of the Netherlands, see Caribbean Netherlands.
Dutch Caribbean
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Dutch Caribbean location map.svg
Location of the Dutch Caribbean islands
Area 999 km2 (386 sq mi)
Population (2010) 315,339
GDP (Nominal) US$ 8.911 billion[1]
GDP per Capita (Nominal) US$ 29,240[1]
Density 305/km2 (790/sq mi)
Languages Dutch, English, Papiamento
Government 3 constituent countries
3 special municipalities
Willemstad, the capital of Curaçao and the largest city in the Dutch Caribbean.

The term Dutch Caribbean refers to all six island territories of the Kingdom of the Netherlands that are located in the CaribbeanAruba, Curaçao (including the islet of Klein Curaçao, "Little Curaçao"), Sint Maarten (comprising only the southern half of the island of Saint Martin), Bonaire (including the islet of Klein Bonaire, "Little Bonaire"), Sint Eustatius and Saba – regardless of their legal status in Dutch law.[2] The term may sometimes also be used interchangeably with the term "Caribbean Netherlands" to refer to just three of those islands (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba) which are special municipalities of the Netherlands proper.[3]

All of the islands in the Dutch Caribbean were, at some point in their history, part of the constituent country of the Netherlands Antilles and its predecessor, the colony of Curaçao and its dependencies. By contrast, the former Dutch colony of Suriname was not considered to be part of Dutch Caribbean, although it was relatively close by on the continent of South America.

History[edit]

The island of Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 to become a separate constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, leaving only five island territories within the Netherlands Antilles. This situation remained until the complete dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles as a unified political entity in 2010, when Curaçao and Sint Maarten became autonomous constituent countries within the Kingdom like Aruba, while Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius became special municipalities of the Netherlands proper. Before the dissolution, the autonomy of the island areas was specified in the Islands Regulation of the Netherlands Antilles.

Currently, there are two main divisions in the Dutch Caribbean:

  • those islands that have the status of being constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • those islands that have the status of being special municipalities of the Netherlands alone, as distinct from the Kingdom in its entirety.

Constituent countries[edit]

There are three Caribbean islands that are countries (Dutch: landen) within the Kingdom of the Netherlands: Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten. The latter country comprises approximately one half of the island of Saint Martin; the remaining northern half of the island – the Collectivity of Saint Martin – is an overseas territory of France.

Special municipalities[edit]

There are three Caribbean islands that are special municipalities of the Netherlands alone: Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba. The Netherlands is the fourth and largest constituent country in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Collectively, these special municipalities of the Netherlands are also known as the "BES islands" or "Caribisch Nederland" (Caribbean Netherlands).

Grouping of islands[edit]

There are several acronyms that indicate informal groups of islands of the Dutch Caribbean:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b COUNTRY COMPARISON GDP, Central Intelligence Agency.
  2. ^ "Visa for the Dutch Caribbean". Netherlands Embassy in the United Kingdom. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Rijksdienst Carbische Nederland (Rijksdienst Dutch Caribbean)". Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 4 June 2015.