Mantel in April 2014
|Birth name||Wayne Maurice Keown|
November 29, 1949 |
The Carolinas, United States
|Residence||Murfreesboro, Tennessee, United States|
|Alma mater||Clemson University|
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Chris Gallagher
|Billed height||6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)|
|Billed weight||225 lb (102 kg)|
|Billed from||Wandering Along the Roads of U.S. Route 190
Oil Trough, Texas
Wayne Maurice Keown (born November 29, 1949) is an American professional wrestling manager, booker and retired professional wrestler, better known by the ring name Dutch Mantel (also spelled Mantell). He most recently performed for WWE as Zeb Colter.
Keown debuted in 1972, as Wayne Cowan. While he primarily wrestled on the regional and independent circuits, he made appearances with World Championship Wrestling (WCW) as Dutch Mantel and with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) as Uncle Zebekiah in the early to mid-1990s. In the late 1990s and 2000s, he worked as a booker for the World Wrestling Council, the International Wrestling Association and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Professional wrestling career
- 2.1 Various territories (1972–1990)
- 2.2 World Championship Wrestling (1990–1991)
- 2.3 Smoky Mountain Wrestling (1991–1994)
- 2.4 World Wrestling Federation (1994–1997)
- 2.5 World Wrestling Council / International Wrestling Association (1996–2003)
- 2.6 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003–2009)
- 2.7 Independent circuit (2009–2012)
- 2.8 Return to WWE (2013–2016)
- 2.9 Return to the independent circuit (2016−present)
- 3 Other media
- 4 Personal life
- 5 In wrestling
- 6 Championships and accomplishments
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Keown graduated from Walhalla High School in Walhalla, SC. He attended Clemson University for one year before being 'drafted' into military service undergoing basic training at Ft. Jackson, SC before being assigned to the U.S. Army’s 25th Infantry Division Keown was awarded the Vietnam Service Medal for his tour of Vietnam.
Professional wrestling career
Various territories (1972–1990)
Keown debuted in 1972 as "Wayne Cowan". He then became "Dutch Mantel", and added the "Dirty" nickname in 1980. He wrestled for various Southern promotions, and achieved considerable success in the National Wrestling Alliance.
Mantel was instrumental in the careers of several huge wrestling stars of the nineties, including the Blade Runners, who later went on to achieve fame as Sting and The Ultimate Warrior. The Undertaker and Kane both were early recipients of Mantel's astute wrestling knowledge, which served them well in their careers. Mantel also is credited with giving Steve Austin his stage surname, since Austin's real name at the time was Steve Williams (which was currently in use in wrestling by "Dr. Death" Steve Williams). Mantell originally considered giving Austin the stage names of either "Stevie Rage" or "William Stevenson III". At the time, he was a booker for Jerry Jarrett's Memphis territory.
Mantel formed several tag teams throughout his career, including The Kansas Jayhawks (with Bobby Jaggers), and The Desperados, which lasted only two months. Mantel achieved his greatest notoriety in 1979 when he and then-partner, Cowboy Frankie Laine, as Los Vaqueros Locos, sold out the 16,000-seat Hiram Bithorn Stadium in San Juan, Puerto Rico for an unprecedented nine weeks in a row, a record that still stands. They had a unique gimmick, where they put US$1,000 all in silver dollar coins at stake to the team that could defeat them.
Mantel's other notable achievement was in 1982 when he and Jerry "the King" Lawler faced off in a good guy vs. good guy series. Fans were torn between these two stalwarts of the Memphis ring wars. Mantel achieved what no other opponent could do in when Lawler was a good guy and that was to get a clear cut win over the King. In 1986, after Lawler lost a loser leave town match against Bill Dundee, Lawler and Mantell finally mended their ways long enough to face Dundee and Buddy Landel in a Falls Don't Count in Memphis' Mid South Coliseum in front of a sold out red hot Memphis crowd. The match went a record 26 falls taking an hour and 15 minutes to accomplish. The match saw Dutch Mantell taking the pinfall over Landel.
World Championship Wrestling (1990–1991)
In 1990, he worked for World Championship Wrestling (WCW) as a commentator on WCW WorldWide alongside Tony Schiavone and in 1991, WCW created a stable known as "the Desperados" consisting of Dutch Mantell, Black Bart, and Deadeye Dick. The Desperados were packaged with the gimmick of being three bumbling cowboys looking to meet up with Stan Hansen to go to WCW and become a team. Over the course of a few months, they were promoted through a series of vignettes by which they would be beaten up in saloons, searching ghost towns, and riding horses. Hansen reportedly wanted no part of the storyline and left for Japan, never to return to wrestle in North America. Without Hansen, the group were pushed into service as jobbers and were dissolved as a stable before the end of the year.
Smoky Mountain Wrestling (1991–1994)
When Jim Cornette's independent wrestling promotion Smoky Mountain Wrestling opened in 1991, Mantel, joined by Bob Caudle, served as the original color commentator for the television broadcasts, and would give something of a heel perspective. He also hosted a weekly talk segment called "Down and Dirty with Dutch," where he would interview the stars of SMW. He remained with Smoky Mountain until around 1994.
World Wrestling Federation (1994–1997)
World Wrestling Council / International Wrestling Association (1996–2003)
After departing the WWF, Mantel later joined the Puerto Rican World Wrestling Council as a wrestler and booker. Then he went to WWC rival promotion International Wrestling Association as a creative consultant, which included writing/producing and booking four hours of original TV programming per week. Mantel remained there until September 22, 2003. Mantel set a record while in Puerto Rico (IWA), in the number of hours that a single writer produced a TV wrestling show as he was responsible for four hours a week, 52 weeks a year, for a total of 208 hours a year for five years straight. His ratings also set records as his shows regularly ranged in the 12 to 15 range, with his highest being an 18.1, with a 55 share of the TV viewing audience while working for WWC in 2000.
Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2003–2009)
In 2003, Mantel began work behind the scenes as a writer/producer/agent for TNA Total Nonstop Action Wrestling and as a full-time member of the booking/creative team. Mantel was instrumental in several successful creations for the company, most notably the TNA Knockouts division that helped to reinvigorate interest in women's wrestling in the United States.
On July 31, 2009, Mantel was released from TNA due to creative differences. Soon after, he returned to the IWA, once again working as a writer.
Independent circuit (2009–2012)
In November 2009, Reno Riggins, announced that Dutch would be joining Showtime All-Star Wrestling promotion out of Nashville as a writer and on air talent. In December 2009, Mantel released his first book, "The World According to Dutch." Mantel wrote the book in around 5 weeks, while sitting on a beach on Isla Verde, Puerto Rico, with assistance from editors Ric Gross and Mark James. In December 2010, Mantel released his second book "Tales From a Dirt Road".
On March 3, 2011, Mantel wrestled in the place of Jamie Dundee at XCW Midwest in Corydon IN. He took on local heel Lone Star, further cementing his semi-active status as a part-time wrestler. On March 22, 2011, Mantel was added to the April 4, 2011 WrestleMania morning WrestleReunion event in Atlanta, Georgia. The event honored Bruno Sammartino with several modern and legendary wrestlers including Carlito, Kamala, Scott Steiner, Tommy Dreamer, Christy Hemme, Bob Orton, Nikolai Volkoff and The Iron Sheik.
On March 10, 2012, Mantel was the tag team partner of "The Texas Outlaw" Thomas Mitchell at AWA Supreme Wrestling in Madison, Indiana with a win against "Custom Made" Eric Draven (Professional Wrestler) and Vito Andretti. The Summer 2012 Mantel was booking for Juggalo Championship Wrestling, culminating in Bloodymania 6.
Return to WWE (2013–2016)
On February 11, 2013, Mantel, under the name of Zeb Colter, returned to WWE as the manager of Jack Swagger. Colter's character was that of a heel caricature of the Tea Party movement who strongly advocated anti-illegal immigrant beliefs. On February 19, Fox News and various right-wing commentators including Glenn Beck claimed that Swagger and Colter's characters were a mockery of the Tea Party movement meant to "demonize" the Tea Party. WWE responded to the criticism by stating that they were incorporating "current events into [their] storylines" to "create compelling and relevant content for [their] audience" and that "this storyline in no way represents WWE’s political point of view". WWE followed by having Swagger and Colter break character during a video to invite Beck to appear on Raw while justifying that the storyline was designed to elicit a crowd response for the protagonist, Alberto Del Rio, and the antagonists, Swagger and Colter. Beck rejected the invitation. On the April 8 episode of Raw, Colter teamed with Swagger in a Handicap match against Del Rio, though Colter never officially entered the ring, they were defeated by Del Rio by submission on Swagger. On the April 29 episode of Raw, Colter was involved in a triple-threat match with Rodriguez and Big E Langston (representing Dolph Ziggler), with the winner being able to determine the stipulation for the World Heavyweight Championship match at Extreme Rules. Colter lost the match after being pinned by Rodriguez.
On the June 17 episode of Raw, after Jack Swagger suffered a hand injury, Colter aligned himself with Antonio Cesaro. Colter later paired Swagger and Cesaro as "The Real Americans". The Real Americans experienced little success, losing to Los Matadores at Hell in a Cell PPV and a Fatal 4-Way tag team match at TLC. Cesaro dumped Colter as his manager on the Raw following WrestleMania XXX, instead revealing that he was a new client of Paul Heyman. Colter also started a feud with Paul Heyman, after accusing Heyman of "stealing" Cesaro from him. With The Real Americans dissolved, Swagger and Colter turned face by confronting Lana and Rusev. At SummerSlam, Colter was attacked by Rusev, leaving him off television for two weeks. On the December 1 episode of Raw, Colter's leg was broken by Rusev, writing Colter off of television for nearly 11 months.
In a storyline described by Rolling Stone as "the wildly unpopular MexAmerica storyline", Colter returned at Hell in a Cell 2015, utilizing a mobility scooter, where he announced that the returning Alberto Del Rio would answer John Cena's Open Challenge for Cena's United States Championship, where Del Rio was victorious. The next night on Raw, Del Rio and Colter began advertising a union between the United States and Mexico as "MexAmerica", leading to several confrontations with Colter's former protege, Jack Swagger. After Colter caused Del Rio to stumble during one of these confrontations on the December 7 episode of Raw, Del Rio ended his association. This marked his last appearance in WWE, as he was released from his WWE contract on May 6, 2016.
Return to the independent circuit (2016−present)
Zeb Colter regularly appeared in the WWE web series The JBL and Cole Show, until its cancellation in June 2015.
In August 2012, Keown announced on Facebook that his 16-year-old granddaughter Amelia had died in a car crash. He also said that the driver of the other vehicle, who had drugs in his system, was on parole, and running from the police at the time, had also died. On June 3, 2014, Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam signed into law Amelia's Law, which requires parolees whose crimes were related to drugs or alcohol to wear a transdermal monitoring device that would test the wearer's blood every 30 minutes. The bill, the first of its kind in the nation, had been pushed by Keown's family and went into effect July 1, 2014. Keown has a surviving granddaughter (Amelia's sister), in addition to their mother, Amanda, his daughter.
- Wrestlers managed
- Entrance themes
- "Rawhide" by Frankie Laine (early career)
- "Get Down on Your Knees" by Age Against the Machine (February 11, 2013 – February 15, 2013; used while managing Jack Swagger)
- "Patriot" by CFO$ (WWE/independent circuit; February 17, 2013 – October 25, 2015; June 11, 2016-present)
- "Realeza" performed by Mariachi Real de Mexico and composed by Jim Johnston (October 26, 2015 – December 7, 2015; used while managing Alberto Del Rio)
Championships and accomplishments
- Dyersburg Championship Wrestling
- DCW Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Georgia Championship Wrestling
- Hoosier Pro Wrestling
- HPW Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- Mid-South Wrestling Association
- Mid-South Wrestling Association (Tennessee)
- MSWA Tennessee Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- NWA Mid-America / Continental Wrestling Association
- AWA Southern Heavyweight Championship (5 times)
- AWA Southern Tag Team Championship (3 times) – with Bill Dundee (1), Koko Ware (1) and Tommy Rich (1)
- CWA Heavyweight Championship (3 times)
- CWA International Heavyweight Championship (2 times)
- CWA World Tag Team Championship (2 times) – with Austin Idol
- NWA Mid-America Heavyweight Championship (12 times)
- NWA Mid-America Tag Team Championship (2 times) – with Gypsy Joe (1) and Ken Lucas (1)
- NWA Mid-America Television Championship (1 time)
- NWA Southern Tag Team Championship (Mid-America version) (1 time) – with David Schultz
- NWA Tennessee Tag Team Championship (2 times) – with John Foley
- NWA United States Tag Team Championship (Mid-America version) (1 time) – with John Foley
- NWA Southeastern Championship Wrestling / NWA Continental Championship Wrestling
- Rolling Stone
- Least Compelling Comeback of the Year (2015)
- United States Wrestling Association
- World Wrestling Council
- Mooneyham, Mike. "On the road with Dutch Mantell - Charleston SC.". The Post and Courier. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
- "Dutch Mantel".
- "Classic Memphis Wrestling-70s Arena Footage". Classic Memphis Wrestling. RF Video. Retrieved November 28, 2010.
- "Jack Swagger def. Zack Ryder to qualify for the World Heavyweight Championship No. 1 Contender's Elimination Chamber Match". WWE. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
- "Zeb Colter". WWE.com. WWE. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- Hornbaker, Tim. Legends of Pro Wrestling.
- "Dutch Mantell's matches at WrestlingData.com".
- Stone Cold Steve Austin. The Stone Cold Truth (p.65)
- Keller, Wade (2009-07-31). "TNA News: Developing story - Major changes in the works at TNA, creative and staff cuts in progress". PWTorch. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- "RAW NEWS: No Taker, Heyman's announcement teaser, Highlight Reel returning this week, SD match, TNA Night in Nashville?". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Boesveld, Sarah. "U.S. conservatives outraged as WWE wrestler Jack Swagger cast as racist, anti-immigration Tea Partier". National Post. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "WWE NEWS: Target of Jack Swagger's new heel persona responds to WWE, accuses WWE of "playing the race card" and using fun out of colters yosamite sam moustach". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Caldwell, James. "WWE NEWS: WWE responds to criticism of Swagger & Colter program, says they are trying to create "relevant content"". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "WWE NEWS: Beck responds to WWE's Raw request - "booked doing anything else," WWE releases video of Colter & Swagger "breaking character" inviting Beck to Raw". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Caldwell, James. "Raw news: Bryan's first night as champ, Taker update, Cesaro joins Heyman, Warrior returns, RVD returns, Paige debuts & wins Divas Title, other NXT intros, more". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- Montgomery, James. "WWE Releases Damien Sandow, Wade Barrett, Alex Riley and More". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- Caldwell, James (October 25, 2015). "10/25 Live HIAC PPV Report – CALDWELL'S Live Coverage". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
- "10/26 WWE Raw Results – CALDWELL'S Live Report on HIAC fall-out". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
- Gibson, Will (October 29, 2015). "WFNY on WWE: Out of Hell in a Cell, Into the Cena-less Unknown". Retrieved November 14, 2015.
- Matthews, Graham (November 10, 2015). "Alberto Del Rio's 1st US Champion Contender Must Be Jack Swagger". Retrieved November 14, 2015.
- "ALBERTO DEL RIO AND ZEB COLTER CLAIM THE WWE UNIVERSE IS BEING HATEFUL: SMACKDOWN, NOVEMBER 5, 2015". November 5, 2015. Retrieved November 14, 2015.
- Caldwell, James (December 7, 2015). "12/7 WWE Raw Results – CALDWELL'S Complete live report". PWTorch. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- "Damien Sandow, King Barrett, Santino Marella, Hornswoggle, Alex Riley and other Superstars released". WWE. May 6, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- "Zeb Colter and others Set to Work GFW/WrestlePro Show".
- "Wrestling news".
- "Man responsible for the death of Dutch Mantels grand daughter dies/".
- "Granddaughter Of Dutch Mantel Dies In Auto Accident".
- "Prayers and best wishes to Dutch Mantel".
- Gov. Haslam signs law named after Blount County teen killed in crash WATE-TV (06/03/2014)
- "Bruno Lauer's profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "Wrestlers managed and trained".
- Williams, Kenny. "Zeb Colter Comments on the Death of Ultimate Warrior". wrestlingnewssource.com. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Starr, Dustin. "Throwback Thursday: Origination of The Streak". Memphis Sport. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "WWE: The Music Vol 9 CD". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved January 5, 2009.
- "Age Against the Machine". MySpace. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
- "WWE: Patriot (The Real Americans) - Single".
- "WWE: Realeza (Alberto Del Rio) (feat. Mariachi Real De Mexico) – Single". iTunes Store. Retrieved 2011-04-25.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "NWA Georgia Junior Heavyweight Championship history".
- "HPW Heavyweight Championship history".
- "Mid-South Television Championship history".
- "AWA Southern Heavyweight Championship history".
- "AWA Southern Tag Team Championship history".
- "CWA Heavyweight Championship history".
- "CWA International Heavyweight Championship history".
- "CWA World Tag Team Championship history".
- "NWA Mid-America Heavyweight Championship history".
- "NWA Mid-America Tag Team Championship history".
- "NWA Mid-America Television Championship history".
- "NWA Southern Tag Team Championship (Mid-America version) history".
- "NWA Tennessee Tag Team Championship history".
- Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "Tennessee: U.S. Tag Team Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 194. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "NWA United States Tag Team Title (Mid-America)". wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
- "NWA Southeastern Continental Heavyweight Championship history".
- "NWA Southeastern Heavyweight Championship (Northern Division) history".
- "NWA Southeastern Television Championship history".
- "WWE Wrestler(s) of the Year". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- "USWA Unified World Heavyweight Championship history".
- "WWC North American Tag Team Championship history".
- "WWC Universal Heavyweight Championship history".
- "WWC World Tag Team Championship history".
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