Dutch TT

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Dutch TT
TT Assen.svg
Grand Prix motorcycle racing
VenueTT Circuit Assen
First race1949
Most wins (rider)Ángel Nieto (15)
Most wins (manufacturer)Honda (65)

The Dutch Tourist Trophy, also known as the TT Assen, is a Dutch motorsport event established in 1925 for road racing motorcycles held on the TT Circuit Assen, also known as the ‘Cathedral of Speed'. The event attained world championship status in 1949 when it was sanctioned by the FIM as part of the inaugural Grand Prix motorcycle racing world championship season, making it the oldest event on the MotoGP calendar.[1] The venue holds the record for being the only circuit to have hosted a motorcycle Grand Prix event every year since the series was created in 1949.[1] However the 2020 race was cancelled due to the outbreak of COVID-19.[2] The races were traditionally held on the last Saturday of June however, from 2016 onwards it has been held on Sunday of the last weekend of June, bringing it in line with all other MotoGP races.[3]

Race history[edit]

After the Dutch government relaxed laws allowing the motorsport racing on public roads, the Assen & Omstreken motorcycle club organized and held the first Dutch TT on July 11, 1925. Since then the event has taken place every year with the exception of the years 1940 to 1945 because of the Second World War.[4] The 1925 races were held on a 28.4 km (17.75 miles) street circuit in the shape of a triangle between the towns of Borger, Schoonloo and Grolloo. From 1926 to 1955, the races were held on a 16.536 km (10.335 mile) rectangular shaped street circuit through the towns of De Haar, Hooghalen, Laaghalen and Laaghalerveen. In 1955, a new 7.705 km (4.8 mile) circuit was created which still used public roads but, more closely resembled a modern race track. In 1992, the race track became a permanent enclosed circuit.

Official names and sponsors[edit]

Spectator attendance[edit]

2007: 91,429
2013: 90.000

Winners of the motorcycle Dutch TT[edit]

Multiple winners (riders)[edit]

# Wins Country Wins
Category Years won
15 Spain Ángel Nieto 125cc 1971, 1972, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984
50cc 1970, 1971, 1972, 1975, 1976, 1977
14 Italy Giacomo Agostini 500cc 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974
350cc 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976
10 Italy Valentino Rossi MotoGP 2002, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2015, 2017
250cc 1998
125cc 1997
9 Rhodesia Jim Redman 500cc 1966
350cc 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965
250cc 1962, 1963, 1964
125cc 1964
United Kingdom Mike Hailwood 500cc 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967
350cc 1966, 1967
250cc 1961, 1966, 1967
7 Italy Carlo Ubbiali 250cc 1956, 1960
125cc 1955, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960
6 United Kingdom John Surtees 500cc 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959
350cc 1958, 1960
5 United Kingdom Geoff Duke 500cc 1951, 1953, 1954, 1955
350cc 1952
United Kingdom Phil Read 500cc 1973
250cc 1965, 1971
125cc 1967, 1968
Italy Eugenio Lazzarini 125cc 1973, 1978
50cc 1978, 1979, 1983
Spain Jorge Martínez 125cc 1988
80cc 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988
Australia Mick Doohan 500cc 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998
Spain Marc Márquez MotoGP 2014, 2018
Moto2 2011, 2012
125cc 2010
4 Italy Tarquinio Provini 250cc 1957, 1958, 1959
125cc 1957
Venezuela Carlos Lavado 250cc 1980, 1983, 1984, 1986
West Germany Anton Mang 350cc 1981
250cc 1981, 1982, 1987
Spain Jorge Lorenzo MotoGP 2010
250cc 2006, 2007
125cc 2004
3 West Germany Werner Haas 250cc 1953, 1954
125cc 1953
Switzerland Luigi Taveri 250cc 1955
125cc 1962
50cc 1966
West Germany Dieter Braun 350cc 1975
250cc 1972
125cc 1970
Italy Walter Villa 250cc 1974, 1975, 1976
Italy Pier Paolo Bianchi 125cc 1975, 1976, 1985
United States Kevin Schwantz 500cc 1990, 1991, 1993
Italy Max Biaggi 500cc 2001
250cc 1994, 1995
Spain Maverick Viñales MotoGP 2019
Moto3 2012
125cc 2011
2 Italy Nello Pagani 500cc 1949
125cc 1949
Italy Umberto Masetti 500cc 1950, 1952
Italy Enrico Lorenzetti 350cc 1953
250cc 1952
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Gary Hocking 500cc 1961
350cc 1961
West Germany Ernst Degner 50cc 1962, 1963
United Kingdom Ralph Bryans 50cc 1964, 1965
United Kingdom Bill Ivy 250cc 1968
125cc 1966
United Kingdom Rodney Gould 250cc 1970, 1972
Switzerland Bruno Kneubühler 125cc 1974
50cc 1973
United Kingdom Barry Sheene 500cc 1975, 1976
South Africa Kork Ballington 350cc 1977, 1978
Spain Ricardo Tormo 50cc 1980, 1981
United States Kenny Roberts 500cc 1983
250cc 1978
United States Randy Mamola 500cc 1984, 1985
Australia Wayne Gardner 500cc 1986, 1988
Italy Pierfrancesco Chili 250cc 1991, 1992
Germany Dirk Raudies 125cc 1993, 1995
Germany Ralf Waldmann 250cc 1996
125cc 1991
Italy Loris Capirossi 250cc 1993, 1999
Italy Marco Melandri 250cc 2002
125cc 1998
Argentina Sebastián Porto 250cc 2004, 2005
Hungary Gábor Talmácsi 125cc 2005, 2008
Australia Casey Stoner MotoGP 2008, 2012
Australia Anthony West Moto2 2014
250cc 2003
Italy Francesco Bagnaia Moto2 2018
Moto3 2016

Multiple winners (manufacturers)[edit]

# Wins Manufacturer Wins
Category Years won
65 Japan Honda MotoGP 2002, 2003, 2006, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2018
500cc 1966, 1967, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000
350cc 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967
250cc 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1967, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2009
Moto3 2012, 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019
125cc 1961, 1962, 1964, 1967, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002
50cc 1964, 1965, 1966
39 Japan Yamaha MotoGP 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017, 2019
500cc 1974, 1978, 1980, 1983, 1987, 1989, 2001
350cc 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1980
250cc 1965, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1978, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990
125cc 1965, 1966, 1968, 1974
35 Italy MV Agusta 500cc 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973
350cc 1958, 1960, 1961, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973
250cc 1955, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960
125cc 1952, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960
20 Italy Aprilia 250cc 1991, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008
125cc 1997, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011
14 Spain Derbi 125cc 1971, 1972, 1988, 2000, 2004, 2010
80cc 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988
50cc 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972
Japan Suzuki 500cc 1975, 1976, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1990, 1991, 1993
125cc 1963, 1970
50cc 1962, 1963, 1967
8 Japan Kawasaki 350cc 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982
250cc 1977, 1981, 1982
125cc 1969
7 Italy Gilera 500cc 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1963
6 Italy Moto Guzzi 350cc 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957
250cc 1952
Germany Kreidler 50cc 1973, 1974, 1975, 1979, 1980, 1982
Italy Morbidelli 250cc 1979
125cc 1975, 1976, 1978, 1985
50cc 1978
Italy Garelli 125cc 1982, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987
50cc 1983
Germany Kalex Moto2 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
5 Italy Mondial 250cc 1957
125cc 1949, 1950, 1951, 1957
4 West Germany NSU 250cc 1953, 1954
125cc 1953, 1954
Spain Bultaco 50cc 1976, 1977, 1981
125cc 1977
Austria KTM Moto3 2013, 2015
125cc 2005, 2006
3 United Kingdom Norton 500cc 1951
350cc 1952, 1959
United States Harley Davidson 250cc 1974, 1975, 1976
Italy Minarelli 125cc 1979, 1980, 1981
2 United Kingdom Velocette 350cc 1949, 1950
Switzerland Suter Moto2 2011, 2012
Italy Speed Up Moto2 2010, 2014

Winners by season[edit]

Year MotoE Moto3 Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2020 Cancelled due to COVID-19 concerns
Year Moto3 Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2019 Italy Tony Arbolino Honda Spain Augusto Fernández Kalex Spain Maverick Viñales Yamaha Report
2018 Spain Jorge Martín Honda Italy Francesco Bagnaia Kalex Spain Marc Márquez Honda Report
2017 Spain Arón Canet Honda Italy Franco Morbidelli Kalex Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2016 Italy Francesco Bagnaia Mahindra Japan Takaaki Nakagami Kalex Australia Jack Miller Honda Report
2015 Portugal Miguel Oliveira KTM France Johann Zarco Kalex Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2014 Spain Álex Márquez Honda Australia Anthony West Speed Up Spain Marc Márquez Honda Report
2013 Spain Luis Salom KTM Spain Pol Espargaró Kalex Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2012 Spain Maverick Viñales Honda Spain Marc Márquez Suter Australia Casey Stoner Honda Report
Year 125cc Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2011 Spain Maverick Viñales Aprilia Spain Marc Márquez Suter United States Ben Spies Yamaha Report
2010 Spain Marc Márquez Derbi Italy Andrea Iannone Speed Up Spain Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha Report
Year 125cc 250cc MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2009 Spain Sergio Gadea Aprilia Japan Hiroshi Aoyama Honda Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2008 Hungary Gábor Talmácsi Aprilia Spain Álvaro Bautista Aprilia Australia Casey Stoner Ducati Report
2007 Italy Mattia Pasini Aprilia Spain Jorge Lorenzo Aprilia Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2006 Finland Mika Kallio KTM Spain Jorge Lorenzo Aprilia United States Nicky Hayden Honda Report
2005 Hungary Gábor Talmácsi KTM Argentina Sebastián Porto Aprilia Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2004 Spain Jorge Lorenzo Derbi Argentina Sebastián Porto Aprilia Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2003 Germany Steve Jenkner Aprilia Australia Anthony West Aprilia Spain Sete Gibernau Honda Report
2002 Spain Daniel Pedrosa Honda Italy Marco Melandri Aprilia Italy Valentino Rossi Honda Report
Year 125cc 250cc 500cc Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2001 Spain Toni Elías Honda United Kingdom Jeremy McWilliams Aprilia Italy Max Biaggi Yamaha Report
2000 Japan Youichi Ui Derbi Japan Tohru Ukawa Honda Brazil Alex Barros Honda Report
1999 Japan Masao Azuma Honda Italy Loris Capirossi Honda Japan Tadayuki Okada Honda Report
1998 Italy Marco Melandri Honda Italy Valentino Rossi Aprilia Australia Mick Doohan Honda Report
1997 Italy Valentino Rossi Aprilia Japan Tetsuya Harada Aprilia Australia Mick Doohan Honda Report
1996 Spain Emilio Alzamora Honda Germany Ralf Waldmann Honda Australia Mick Doohan Honda Report
1995 Germany Dirk Raudies Honda Italy Max Biaggi Aprilia Australia Mick Doohan Honda Report
1994 Japan Takeshi Tsujimura Honda Italy Max Biaggi Aprilia Australia Mick Doohan Honda Report
1993 Germany Dirk Raudies Honda Italy Loris Capirossi Honda United States Kevin Schwantz Suzuki Report
1992 Italy Ezio Gianola Honda Italy Pierfrancesco Chili Aprilia Spain Àlex Crivillé Honda Report
1991 Germany Ralf Waldmann Honda Italy Pierfrancesco Chili Aprilia United States Kevin Schwantz Suzuki Report
1990 Italy Doriano Romboni Honda United States John Kocinski Yamaha United States Kevin Schwantz Suzuki Report
Year 80cc 125cc 250cc 500cc Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
1989 West Germany Peter Öttl Krauser Netherlands Hans Spaan Honda West Germany Reinhold Roth Honda United States Wayne Rainey Yamaha Report
1988 Spain Jorge Martínez Derbi Spain Jorge Martínez Derbi Spain Juan Garriga Yamaha Australia Wayne Gardner Honda Report
1987 Spain Jorge Martínez Derbi Italy Fausto Gresini Garelli West Germany Anton Mang Honda United States Eddie Lawson Yamaha Report
1986 Spain Jorge Martínez Derbi Italy Luca Cadalora Garelli Venezuela Carlos Lavado Yamaha Australia Wayne Gardner Honda Report
1985 Austria Gerd Kafka Casal Italy Pier Paolo Bianchi MBA United States Freddie Spencer Honda United States Randy Mamola Honda Report
1984 Spain Jorge Martínez Derbi Spain Ángel Nieto Garelli Venezuela Carlos Lavado Yamaha United States Randy Mamola Honda Report
Year 50cc 125cc 250cc 500cc Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
1983 Italy Eugenio Lazzarini Garelli Spain Ángel Nieto Garelli Venezuela Carlos Lavado Yamaha United States Kenny Roberts Yamaha Report
Year 50cc 125cc 250cc 350cc 500cc Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
1982 Switzerland Stefan Dörflinger Kreidler Spain Ángel Nieto Garelli West Germany Anton Mang Kawasaki France Jean-François Baldé Kawasaki Italy Franco Uncini Suzuki Report
1981 Spain Ricardo Tormo Bultaco Spain Ángel Nieto Minarelli West Germany Anton Mang Kawasaki West Germany Anton Mang Kawasaki Italy Marco Lucchinelli Suzuki Report
1980 Spain Ricardo Tormo Kreidler Spain Ángel Nieto Minarelli Venezuela Carlos Lavado Yamaha South Africa Jon Ekerold Yamaha Netherlands Jack Middelburg Yamaha Report
1979 Italy Eugenio Lazzarini Kreidler Spain Ángel Nieto Minarelli Italy Graziano Rossi Morbidelli Australia Gregg Hansford Kawasaki Italy Virginio Ferrari Suzuki Report
1978 Italy Eugenio Lazzarini MBA Italy Eugenio Lazzarini MBA United States Kenny Roberts Yamaha South Africa Kork Ballington Kawasaki Venezuela Johnny Cecotto Yamaha Report
1977 Spain Ángel Nieto Bultaco Spain Ángel Nieto Bultaco United Kingdom Mick Grant Kawasaki South Africa Kork Ballington Yamaha Netherlands Wil Hartog Suzuki Report
1976 Spain Ángel Nieto Bultaco Italy Pier Paolo Bianchi Morbidelli Italy Walter Villa Harley Davidson Italy Giacomo Agostini Yamaha United Kingdom Barry Sheene Suzuki Report
1975 Spain Ángel Nieto Kreidler Italy Pier Paolo Bianchi Morbidelli Italy Walter Villa Harley Davidson West Germany Dieter Braun Yamaha United Kingdom Barry Sheene Suzuki Report
1974 West Germany Herbert Rittberger Kreidler Switzerland Bruno Kneubühler Yamaha Italy Walter Villa Harley Davidson Italy Giacomo Agostini Yamaha Italy Giacomo Agostini Yamaha Report
1973 Switzerland Bruno Kneubühler Kreidler Italy Eugenio Lazzarini Maico West Germany Dieter Braun Yamaha Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta United Kingdom Phil Read MV Agusta Report
1972 Spain Ángel Nieto Derbi Spain Ángel Nieto Derbi United Kingdom Rodney Gould Yamaha Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta Report
1971 Spain Ángel Nieto Derbi Spain Ángel Nieto Derbi United Kingdom Phil Read Yamaha Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta Report
1970 Spain Ángel Nieto Derbi West Germany Dieter Braun Suzuki United Kingdom Rodney Gould Yamaha Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta Report
1969 Australia Barry Smith Derbi United Kingdom Dave Simmonds Kawasaki Italy Renzo Pasolini Benelli Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta Report
1968 Netherlands Paul Lodewijkx Jamathi [nl] United Kingdom Phil Read Yamaha United Kingdom Bill Ivy Yamaha Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta Italy Giacomo Agostini MV Agusta Report
1967 Japan Yoshimi Katayama Suzuki United Kingdom Phil Read Honda United Kingdom Mike Hailwood Honda United Kingdom Mike Hailwood Honda United Kingdom Mike Hailwood Honda Report
1966 Switzerland Luigi Taveri Honda United Kingdom Bill Ivy Yamaha United Kingdom Mike Hailwood Honda United Kingdom Mike Hailwood Honda Rhodesia Jim Redman Honda Report
1965 United Kingdom Ralph Bryans Honda Canada Mike Duff Yamaha United Kingdom Phil Read Yamaha Rhodesia Jim Redman Honda United Kingdom Mike Hailwood MV Agusta Report
1964 United Kingdom Ralph Bryans Honda Rhodesia Jim Redman Honda Rhodesia Jim Redman Honda Rhodesia Jim Redman Honda United Kingdom Mike Hailwood MV Agusta Report
1963 West Germany Ernst Degner Suzuki New Zealand Hugh Anderson Suzuki Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Jim Redman Honda Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Jim Redman Honda United Kingdom John Hartle Gilera Report
1962 West Germany Ernst Degner Suzuki Switzerland Luigi Taveri Honda Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Jim Redman Honda Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Jim Redman Honda United Kingdom Mike Hailwood MV Agusta Report
Year 125cc 250cc 350cc 500cc Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
1961 Australia Tom Phillis Honda United Kingdom Mike Hailwood Honda Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Gary Hocking MV Agusta Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Gary Hocking MV Agusta Report
1960 Italy Carlo Ubbiali MV Agusta Italy Carlo Ubbiali MV Agusta United Kingdom John Surtees MV Agusta Italy Remo Venturi MV Agusta Report
1959 Italy Carlo Ubbiali MV Agusta Italy Tarquinio Provini MV Agusta Australia Bob Brown Norton United Kingdom John Surtees MV Agusta Report
1958 Italy Carlo Ubbiali MV Agusta Italy Tarquinio Provini MV Agusta United Kingdom John Surtees MV Agusta United Kingdom John Surtees MV Agusta Report
1957 Italy Tarquinio Provini Mondial Italy Tarquinio Provini Mondial Australia Keith Campbell Moto Guzzi United Kingdom John Surtees MV Agusta Report
1956 Italy Carlo Ubbiali MV Agusta Italy Carlo Ubbiali MV Agusta United Kingdom Bill Lomas Moto Guzzi United Kingdom John Surtees MV Agusta Report
1955 Italy Carlo Ubbiali MV Agusta Switzerland Luigi Taveri MV Agusta Australia Ken Kavanagh Moto Guzzi United Kingdom Geoff Duke Gilera Report
1954 Austria Rupert Hollaus NSU West Germany Werner Haas NSU United Kingdom Fergus Anderson Moto Guzzi United Kingdom Geoff Duke Gilera Report
1953 West Germany Werner Haas NSU West Germany Werner Haas NSU Italy Enrico Lorenzetti Moto Guzzi United Kingdom Geoff Duke Gilera Report
1952 United Kingdom Cecil Sandford MV Agusta Italy Enrico Lorenzetti Moto Guzzi United Kingdom Geoff Duke Norton Italy Umberto Masetti Gilera Report
1951 Italy Gianni Leoni Mondial United Kingdom Bill Doran AJS United Kingdom Geoff Duke Norton Report
1950 Italy Bruno Ruffo Mondial United Kingdom Bob Foster Velocette Italy Umberto Masetti Gilera Report
1949 Italy Nello Pagani Mondial United Kingdom Freddie Frith Velocette Italy Nello Pagani Gilera Report

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Michelin ready to worship at the 'Cathedral of Speed'". motogp.com. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  2. ^ "German, Dutch and Finnish Grands Prix cancelled". MotoGP.com. Dorna Sports. 29 April 2020. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  3. ^ "From 2016 the Dutch GP will be on Sunday". motogp.com. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Assen". trackpedia.winhpde.com. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
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  7. ^ "1951 500cc Class (FIM Grand Prix World Championship) Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  8. ^ [https://www.progcovers.com/motor/500cc1952.html
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  14. ^ "1959 500cc Class (FIM Grand Prix World Championship) Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
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  18. ^ "1963 500cc Class (FIM Grand Prix World Championship) Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  19. ^ "1964 500cc Class (FIM Grand Prix World Championship) Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  20. ^ "1965 500cc Class (FIM Grand Prix World Championship) Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  21. ^ "1966 500cc Class (FIM Grand Prix World Championship) Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  22. ^ "1967 500cc Class (FIM Grand Prix World Championship) Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  23. ^ "1968 500cc Class (FIM Grand Prix World Championship) Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
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  42. ^ "1986 500cc Class (FIM Grand Prix World Championship) Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
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  67. ^ "2017 MotoGP Class (FIM Grand Prix World Championship) Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.

Coordinates: 52°57′42″N 6°31′24″E / 52.96167°N 6.52333°E / 52.96167; 6.52333