Dutch general election, 1994

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Dutch general election, 1994
Netherlands
← 1989 3 May 1994 1998 →
Turnout 78.8%
Party Leader % Seats ±
PvdA Wim Kok 24.0% 37 -12
CDA Elco Brinkman 22.2% 34 -20
VVD Frits Bolkestein 20.0% 31 +9
D66 Hans van Mierlo 15.5% 24 +12
AOV Jet Nijpels 3.6% 6 New
GL Ina Brouwer; Mohamed Rabbae 3.5% 5 -1
CD Hans Janmaat 2.5% 3 +2
RPF Leen van Dijke 1.8% 3 +2
SGP Bas van der Vlies 1.7% 2 -1
GPV Gert Schutte 1.3% 2 0
SP Jan Marijnissen 1.3% 2 +2
Union 55+ Bertus Leerkes 0.9% 1 +1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Tweede Kamerverkiezingen 1994.png
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Rudd Lubbers Ruud Lubbers
CDA
Wim Kok
PvdA
Wim Kok

General elections were held in the Netherlands on 3 May 1994.[1] The Labour Party emerged as the largest party, winning 37 of the 150 seats in the House of Representatives.[2] The election resulted in significant losses for both the Labour Party and the Christian Democratic Appeal. The two liberal parties, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Democrats 66 made large gains, whilst two pro-elderly parties and the Socialist Party all passed the electoral threshold to win seats.

The formation of a government coalition was arduous but after four months the First Kok cabinet was formed.

It was an unprecedented coalition of the two liberal parties and Labour. The CDA was consigned to opposition for the first time in its history. It was also the first government since 1918 not to include a Christian Democratic party.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Labour Party 2,153,135 24.0 37 –12
Christian Democratic Appeal 1,996,418 22.2 34 –20
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1,792,401 20.0 31 +9
Democrats 66 1,391,202 15.5 24 +12
General Elderly Alliance 326,401 3.6 6 New
GreenLeft 311,399 3.5 5 –1
Centre Democrats 220,734 2.5 3 +2
Reformatory Political Federation 158,705 1.8 3 +2
Reformed Political Party 155,251 1.7 2 –1
Reformed Political League 119,158 1.3 2 0
Socialist Party 118,768 1.3 2 +2
Union 55+ 78,147 0.9 1 New
Centre Party '86 32,327 0.4 0 New
Natural Law Party 27,665 0.3 0 New
Progressive Integration Party 17,230 0.2 0 New
The Greens 13,902 0.2 0 0
New Communist Party of the Netherlands 11,630 0.1 0 New
Solidarity Farmers' Party 9,096 0.1 0 New
Party for Environment and Justice 8,716 0.1 0 New
Solidarity '93 7,919 0.1 0 New
Pacifist Socialist Party '92 7,385 0.1 0 New
The New Party 6,825 0.1 0 New
General Democratic Party 5,196 0.1 0 New
Patriotic Democratic Appeal 4,845 0.1 0 New
Socialist Alternative Politics 4,347 0.1 0 0
Libertarian Party 2,754 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 46,331
Total 9,027,887 100 150 0
Registered voters/turnout 11,455,924 78.8
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, European Elections Database
Popular Vote
PvdA
23.97%
CDA
22.23%
VVD
19.96%
D66
15.49%
AOV
3.63%
GL
3.47%
CD
2.46%
RPF
1.77%
SGP
1.73%
GPV
1.33%
SP
1.32%
Unie 55+
0.87%
Other
1.78%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1396 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1414

Further reading[edit]

  • Irwin, Galen A. "The Dutch Parliamentary Election of 1994," Electoral Studies (1995) 14#1 pp. 72-77