Dutiya Yazawin

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Dutiya Yazawin
Konbaung Zet Yazawin.JPG
Second Chronicle now packaged as part of "Konbaung Set" Chronicle
Author Royal Historical Commission
Original title ဒုတိယ မဟာ ရာဇဝင်တော်ကြီး
Dutiya Maha Yazawindawgyi
Country Kingdom of Burma
Language Burmese
Series Burmese chronicles
Genre Chronicle, History
Publication date
1869
Pages 10 volumes[1]
Preceded by Hmannan Yazawin
Followed by Konbaung Set Yazawin

Dutiya Maha Yazawindawgyi (Burmese: ဒုတိယ မဟာ ရာဇဝင်တော်ကြီး, pronounced [dṵtḭja̰ məhà jàzəwɪ̀ɴdɔ̀dʑí]; lit "Second Great Chronicle") is the second official chronicle of Konbaung Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar). The continuation of Hmannan Yazawin, the Second Chronicle as it was commonly known adds the official record of the events between 1821 and 1854 including the two disastrous wars with the British.[2]

Brief[edit]

The work on the chronicle was begun by the Royal Historical Commission in 1867, about 15 years after an even more disastrous Second Anglo-Burmese War (1852), and about a year after a serious rebellion that killed Crown Prince Kanaung Mintha. A shaken King Mindon commissioned another committee of scholars to update Hmannan. The commission consisted of five members—senior court officials, a librarian, and a scribe.[3] Whereas the first commission had stopped at 1821, just before the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–1826), the second commission had no choice but to tackle the two disastrous wars that had their dismembered kingdom on the brink. The commission updated the chronicle up to 1854, right after the second war.[2] The Second Chronicle's account of the two wars, according to historian Htin Aung, was "written with the objectivity of a true historian, and the great national defeats were described faithfully in detail."[4] The second chronicle in ten volumes was completed in 1869.[1]

Publications[edit]

The Second Chronicle was first published in print in 1899. Today, it is published as part of a package of the three Konbaung era chronicles called Konbaung-Set Yazawin, which consists of the Konbaung era portions (1752–1821) of Hmannan, the Second Chronicle (1821–1854), and the third chronicle (1854–1885).[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Allot et al 1989: 13–14
  2. ^ a b Hla Pe 1985: 39–40
  3. ^ Khin Maung Nyunt 2009: 1
  4. ^ Htin Aung 1967: 254

References[edit]

  • Allot, Anna; Patricia Herbert; John Okell (1989). Patricia Herbert, Anthony Crothers Milner, ed. South-East Asia: Languages and Literatures : a Select Guide. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824812676. 
  • Hla Pe, U (1985). Burma: Literature, Historiography, Scholarship, Language, Life, and Buddhism. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 9789971988005. 
  • Htin Aung, Maung (1967). A History of Burma. New York and London: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Khin Maung Nyunt (2009). "The Second Myanmar Historical Commission". Association of Myanmar Archaeologists.