Duttaphrynus

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Duttaphrynus
Bufo melanostictus front.jpg
Duttaphrynus melanostictus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Duttaphrynus
Frost et al., 2006
Species

See table.

Duttaphrynus, named after Dr. Sushil Kumar Dutta[1] is a genus of true toads. It is endemic to southwestern and southern China (including Hainan), Taiwan, and throughout southern Asia from northern Pakistan and Nepal through India to Sri Lanka, Andaman Island, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and Bali.[2]

Description[edit]

These toads are characterized by heads with prominent bony ridges, such as a canthal, a pre-orbital, a supraorbital, and a postorbital ridge, and a short orbito-tympanic ridge. The snout is short and blunt; the interorbital space is broader than the upper eyelid; the tympanum is very small, not half the diameter of eye, and generally indistinct. The first finger of these toads extends beyond the second; the toes are half webbed with single subarticular tubercles, two moderate metatarsal tubercles, and no tarsal fold. The tarsometatarsal articulation reaches the eye, or between the eye and the tip of the snout. The upper surface features are irregular and distinctly porous warts with prominent parotoids. These are elliptical and two, or two and a half, times as long as they are broad. The toads are brown above and yellow beneath, marbled with brown. Males have a subgular vocal sac and are typically three inches long.[3]

This genus was previously assigned to Bufo melanostictus group. Frost et al. suggested that Duttaphrynus is only distantly related to other Asiatic bufonids and consequently moved these species in 2006 to a separate genus.[4]

Species[edit]

Binomial Name and Author Common Name
Duttaphrynus atukoralei (Bogert & Senanayake, 1966) Yala Toad
Duttaphrynus crocus (Wogan, Win, Thin, Lwin, Shein, Kyi & Tun, 2003)
Duttaphrynus cyphosus (Ye, 1977) Projective-occiputed Toad
Duttaphrynus himalayanus (Günther, 1864) Himalayan Broad-skulled Toad
Duttaphrynus kotagamai (Fernando & Dayawansa, 1994) Kotagama's Dwarf Toad
Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider, 1799) Common Indian Toad
Duttaphrynus microtympanum (Boulenger, 1882) Small-eared Toad
Duttaphrynus noellerti (Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 1998)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus Duttaphrynus named after Dr. Sushil Kumar Dutta" (PDF). 
  2. ^ "Amphibian Species of the World - Duttaphrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006". research.amnh.org. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  3. ^ Boulenger, G. A. (1890) Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia
  4. ^ Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006: The Amphibian Tree of Life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 364-365

External links[edit]