Dutton Viaduct

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Dutton Viaduct
Dutton viaduct.jpg
Dutton Viaduct
Coordinates 53°16′59″N 2°37′43″W / 53.28294°N 2.628576°W / 53.28294; -2.628576Coordinates: 53°16′59″N 2°37′43″W / 53.28294°N 2.628576°W / 53.28294; -2.628576
Carries West Coast Main Line
Crosses River Weaver
Locale Dutton, Cheshire
Heritage status Grade II* listed
Characteristics
Total length 500 yards (457 m)
Clearance below 60 feet (18 m)
History
Opened 1837
Statistics
Toll None

Dutton Viaduct is a railway viaduct on the West Coast Main Line where it crosses the River Weaver and the Weaver Navigation between the villages of Dutton and Acton Bridge in Cheshire, England (grid reference SJ581764), near Dutton Horse Bridge. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[1]

The viaduct was built during 1836 and was completed on 9 December of that year. It was the longest viaduct on the Grand Junction Railway (GJR) [2] and is an early example of a major railway viaduct. Its cost was £54,440 (equivalent to £4,620,000 in 2015).[3] The engineers were Joseph Locke and George Stephenson.[1] The contractor was William Mackenzie. It was the first project for which Thomas Brassey submitted a tender but Mackenzie's estimate was £5,000 lower.[4] It is built in red sandstone and has 20 arches. The base of the viaduct pillars are splayed to give greater stability and 700,000 cubic feet (20,000 m3) of stone was used in its construction. The first GJR trains to carry passengers across the viaduct were run on 4 July 1837.[2] Steel masts were added in the 1960s for electrification.[1] The viaduct is 60 feet (18 m) high and 500 yards (457 m) long.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Historic England, "Dutton Viaduct (1139139)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 December 2012 
  2. ^ a b Webster, Norman W. (1972), Britain's First Trunk Line, Adams & Dart, p. 86, ISBN 978-0239001054 
  3. ^ UK Consumer Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", MeasuringWorth.com.
  4. ^ Walker, Charles (1969), Thomas Brassey, Railway Builder, London: Frederick Muller, p. 14, ISBN 0-584-10305-0 
  5. ^ The Grand Junction Railway, The Wolverhampton Exhibition of Commerce and Services, retrieved 25 November 2007