Duun language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Duun
RegionMali, Burkina Faso
Native speakers
80,000 (1998)[1]
Niger–Congo
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
dux – West Duun
dnn – East Duun
Glottologduun1242  Duungooma[2]
dzuu1241  Dzuungoo[3]

Duun is a Mande language of Mali. There are two principal varieties of Duun, West Duun, or Duungooma (also known as Du, Samogho-sien), in Mali, and East Duun, or Dzuungoo, in Burkina Faso. These are clearly distinct but have a reasonable degree of mutual intelligibility with each other and with Banka (Bankagooma). Dialects of East Duun, Kpan (Kpango, Samoro-guan) and Dzùùngoo (Samogo-iri), are easily intelligible.

Phonology[edit]

The phonology of the Dunn languages contains 26 consonants and 12 vowels[4]. The following phonemes are in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).

Consonant Phonemes
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Labial-velar
Obstruent Occlusive p

b

t

d

c

ɟ

k

g

kp

gb

Affricate ts

dz

Fricative f

v

s ʃ

ʒ

x
Sonorant Nasal m n ɲ ŋ ŋm
Approximant w l j
Vowel Phonemes
Unrounded Rounded
Closed Oral i u
Nasal ĩ ũ
Half-closed e o
Mid-open Oral ɛ ɔ
Nasal ɛ̃ ɔ̃
Open Oral a
Nasal ã

References[edit]

  1. ^ West Duun at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    East Duun at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Duungooma". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Dzuungoo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Solomiac, Paul (2007). Phonologie et morphosyntaxe et du Dzùùngoo de Samogohiri (phd thesis). Ph.