Duval County, Florida

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Duval County, Florida
DuvalCountyCourthouse.JPG
Duval County Courthouse
Map of Florida highlighting Duval County
Location in the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded August 12, 1822[1]
Named for William Pope Duval
Seat Jacksonville
Largest city Jacksonville
Area
 • Total 918 sq mi (2,378 km2)
 • Land 762 sq mi (1,974 km2)
 • Water 156 sq mi (404 km2), 17.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 913,010
 • Density 1,134/sq mi (438/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website coj.net

Duval County is a county located in the State of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 864,263, with a 2015 estimate at 913,010.[2] Its county seat is Jacksonville, with which the Duval County government has been consolidated since 1968.[3] Duval County was established in 1822, and is named for William Pope Duval, Governor of Florida Territory from 1822 to 1834.

Duval County is included in the Jacksonville, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

This area had been settled by varying cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European contact. Within the Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve in Jacksonville, archeologists have excavated remains of some of the oldest pottery in the United States, dating to 2500 BCE. Prior to European contact, the area was inhabited by the Mocama, a Timucuan-speaking group who lived throughout the coastal areas of northern Florida.[4] At the time Europeans arrived, much of what is now Duval County was controlled by the Saturiwa, one of the most powerful tribes in the region. The area that became Duval County was home to the 16th-century French colony of Fort Caroline, and saw increased European settlement in the 18th century with the establishment of Cowford, later renamed Jacksonville.

Duval County was created in 1822 from St. Johns County. It was named for William Pope Duval, Governor of Florida Territory from 1822 to 1834.[5] When Duval County was created, it covered a massive area, from the Suwannee River on the west to the Atlantic Ocean on the east, north of a line from the mouth of the Suwannee River to Jacksonville on the St. Johns River. Alachua and Nassau counties were created out of parts of Duval County in 1824. Clay County was created from part of Duval County in 1858. Part of St. Johns County south and east of the lower reaches of the St. Johns River was transferred to Duval County in the 1840s.[6]

Government[edit]

On October 1, 1968, the government of Duval County was consolidated with the government of the city of Jacksonville. The Duval County cities of Atlantic Beach, Baldwin, Jacksonville Beach, and Neptune Beach, are not included in the corporate limits of Jacksonville, and maintain their own municipal governments. All services that would normally be provided by a county government are provided by the city of Jacksonville.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 918 square miles (2,380 km2), of which 762 square miles (1,970 km2) is land and 156 square miles (400 km2) (17.0%) is water.[7] The topography is coastal plain; however there are some rolling hills.

National protected areas[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,970
1840 4,156 111.0%
1850 4,539 9.2%
1860 5,074 11.8%
1870 11,921 134.9%
1880 19,431 63.0%
1890 26,800 37.9%
1900 39,733 48.3%
1910 75,163 89.2%
1920 113,540 51.1%
1930 155,503 37.0%
1940 210,143 35.1%
1950 304,029 44.7%
1960 455,411 49.8%
1970 528,865 16.1%
1980 571,003 8.0%
1990 672,971 17.9%
2000 778,879 15.7%
2010 864,263 11.0%
Est. 2015 913,010 [8] 5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2015[2]

2010 Census[edit]

U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Ethnic/Race Demographics:[13][14]

In 2010, 6.7% of the population considered themselves to be of only "American" ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity.)[13]

There were 342,450 households out of which 28.68% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.92% were married couples living together, 16.74% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.27% were non-families. 24.85% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.05% (2.29% male and 5.76% female) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.04.[14][17]

In the county the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.8 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.[17]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,463, and the median income for a family was $60,114. Males had a median income of $42,752 versus $34,512 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,854. About 10.4% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those aged 65 or over.[18]

In 2010, 9.0% of the county's population was foreign born, with 49.5% being naturalized American citizens. Of foreign-born residents, 38.2% were born in Latin America, 35.6% born in Asia, 17.9% were born in Europe, 5.8% born in Africa, 2.0% in North America, and 0.5% were born in Oceania.[13]

2000 Census[edit]

The racial makeup of the county is 65.80% White (63.6% were Non-Hispanic White,)[19] 27.83% African American or Black, 0.33% Native American, 2.71% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.31% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. 4.10% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 303,747 households out of which 33.30% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size is 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 32.40% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,703, and the median income for a family was $47,689. Males had a median income of $32,954 versus $26,015 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,753. 11.90% of the population and 9.20% of families were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under the age of 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or older.

Languages[edit]

As of 2010, 87.36% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 5.74% spoke Spanish, 1.18% Tagalog, 0.53% Arabic, 0.48% Serbo-Croatian, 0.47% Vietnamese, and 0.46% of the population spoke French Creole (mostly Haitian Creole,) as their mother language.[20] In total, 12.64% of the population spoke languages other than English as their primary language.[20]

Politics[edit]

Voter registration[edit]

According to the Secretary of State's office, Democrats comprise a plurality of registered voters in Duval County.

Duval County Voter Registration & Party Enrollment as of September 30, 2015[21]
Political Party Total Voters Percentage
Democratic 220,483 40.98%
Republican 197,916 36.79%
Independent 102,533 19.06%
Third Parties 17,058 3.17%
Total 537,990 100.00%

Statewide elections[edit]

Due to the 1968 consolidation, the Mayor and the Jacksonville City Council serve as the governing body instead of the Board of County Commissioners.

Previous Presidential Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 48.48% 211,672 47.12% 205,704 4.4% 19,197
2012 51.27% 211,615 47.67% 196,737 1.06% 4,381
2008 50.53% 210,537 48.63% 202,618 0.85% 3,538
2004 57.78% 220,190 41.62% 158,610 0.59% 2,261
2000 57.49% 152,460 40.74% 108,039 1.77% 4,682
1996 49.95% 126,857 44.21% 112,258 5.84% 14,828
1992 49.46% 123,480 36.86% 92,010 13.68% 34,143
Previous Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2014 54.22% 146,407 41.49% 112,026 4.29% 11,600
2010 51.60% 135,074 45.88% 120,097 2.52% 6,614
2006 58.86% 132,607 38.93% 87,718 2.21% 4,972
2002 61.35% 148,923 38.01% 92,263 0.64% 1,556
1998 60.15% 111,716 39.85% 74,016 0.00% 4
1994 57.22% 108,900 42.53% 80,945 0.25% 471

Library[edit]

Duval County is served by the Jacksonville Public Library.

TV channel[edit]

Duval County has its own public-access television network, known as DCPS. It is primarily used to spread news about the county's school districts.

Communities[edit]

  1. 842,583 - Jacksonville
  2. 21,823 - Jacksonville Beach
  3. 12,985 - Atlantic Beach
  4. 7,124 - Neptune Beach
  5. 1,430 - Baldwin

2013 estimate population[22]

Transportation[edit]

Major Highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 31. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Matt Soergel, "Archaeologists help distinguish Mocama group", Morris News Service, 25 October 2009, accessed 11 May 2010
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 111. 
  6. ^ Fernald, Edward A., Ed. (1981) Atlas of Florida. The Florida State University Foundation, Inc. ISBN 0-9606708-0-7 P.131
    Alachua County Maps
    Nassau County Maps
    Clay County Maps
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Duval County: SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 22, 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Duval County Demographic Characteristics". ocala.com. Retrieved October 22, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Duval County, Florida FIRST ANCESTRY REPORTED Universe: Total population - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved November 12, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Duval County, Florida Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2010 -- 2010 Census Summary File 1". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 22, 2015. 
  17. ^ a b "Duval County: Age Groups and Sex: 2010 - 2010 Census Summary File 1". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved October 22, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Duval County, Florida: SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved November 18, 2015. 
  19. ^ "Demographics of Duval County, FL". MuniNetGuide.com. Retrieved October 22, 2015. 
  20. ^ a b "Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Duval County, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved October 22, 2015. 
  21. ^ http://dos.myflorida.com/elections/data-statistics/voter-registration-statistics/voter-registration-monthly-reports/voter-registration-current-by-county/
  22. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 22, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Government links[edit]

Elected constitutional offices[edit]

Special districts[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Coordinates: 30°20′N 81°39′W / 30.33°N 81.65°W / 30.33; -81.65