Duxford is a hamlet in the civil parish of Hinton Waldrist 5.5 miles (9 km) northeast of Faringdon. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire. It is on the south bank of the River Thames, where there is a ford leading to Chimney on the north bank.
Duxford's toponym has evolved from Dudochesforde in the Domesday Book of 1086 via Dukesford in the 13th century, and Duddelesford and Dodekelesford in the 14th century before reaching its present form.
The manor of Duxford had an area of three hides. A Saxon called Alwi held it during the reign of Edward the Confessor, but by the time of the Domesday Book it had been granted to William of Normandy's half-brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux. It seems to have been linked with the manor of Hinton Waldrist by 1301.
Until the 20th century there was a ferry across the Thames here. In 1898 the Shifford Lock Cut was opened, controlling the flow of the river past Duxford.
- Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 463–466.
- Page, W.H.; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4. Victoria County History. pp. 463–466.
Media related to Duxford, Oxfordshire at Wikimedia Commons
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