Dvesha (Buddhism)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Translations of
Englishhatred, aversion, anger, hostility, ill will
(Dev: द्वेष)
(Dev: दोस)
Chinese瞋(T) / 瞋(S)
Khmerទោសៈ, ទោស
(UNGEGN: Toŭsăk, Toŭh)
(RR: jin)
(Wylie: zhe sdang;
THL: shyédang
Glossary of Buddhism

Dvesha (Sanskrit, also dveṣa; Pali: dosa; Tibetan: zhe sdang) - is a Buddhist term that is translated as "hate, aversion".[1][2][3]

Dvesha (hate, aversion) is the opposite of raga (lust, desire). Along with Raga and Moha, Dvesha is one of the three character afflictions that, in part, cause Dukkha.[4][5] It is also one of the "threefold fires" in Buddhist Pali canon that must be quenched.[6][7][8] Dvesha is symbolically present as the snake in the center of Tibetan bhavachakra drawings. Dvesha (dosa) is identified in the following contexts within the Buddhist teachings:

Walpola Rahula renders it as "hatred",[9] as does Chogyam Trungpa.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Thomas William Rhys Davids; William Stede (1921). Pali-English Dictionary. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 323, 438. ISBN 978-81-208-1144-7.;
    Ranjung Yeshe wiki entry for zhe sdang
  2. ^ Robert E. Buswell Jr.; Donald S. Lopez Jr. (2013). The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton University Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-4008-4805-8.;
    Eric Cheetham (1994). Fundamentals of Mainstream Buddhism. Tuttle. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-8048-3008-9.
  3. ^ a b Nāgārjuna; David J. Kalupahana (Translator) (1996). Mūlamadhyamakakārikā of Nāgārjuna. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 72. ISBN 978-81-208-0774-7.; Quote: The attainment of freedom from the three poisons of lust (raga), hatred (dvesa) and confusion (moha) by a person who is understood as being in the process of becoming conditioned by various factors (not merely by the three poisons)....
  4. ^ Peter Harvey (2015). Steven M. Emmanuel (ed.). A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. John Wiley. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-119-14466-3.
  5. ^ Paul Williams (2005). Buddhism: Buddhist origins and the early history of Buddhism in South and Southeast Asia. Routledge. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-415-33227-9.
  6. ^ Frank Hoffman; Deegalle Mahinda (2013). Pali Buddhism. Routledge. pp. 106–107. ISBN 978-1-136-78553-5.
  7. ^ David Webster (2005). The Philosophy of Desire in the Buddhist Pali Canon. Routledge. p. 2–3. ISBN 978-0-415-34652-8.
  8. ^ Richard K. Payne; Michael Witzel (2015). Homa Variations: The Study of Ritual Change across the Longue Duree. Oxford University Press. pp. 88–89. ISBN 978-0-19-935159-6.
  9. ^ Asaṅga; Walpola Rahula; Sara Boin-Webb (2001). Abhidharmasamuccaya: The Compendium of the Higher Teaching. Jain Publishing. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-89581-941-3.
  10. ^ Chogyam Trungpa (2010). The Collected Works of Chogyam Trungpa: Volume Six: Glimpses of Space; Orderly Chaos; Secret Beyond Thought; The Tibetan Book of the Dead: Commentary; Transcending Madness; Selected Writings. Shambhala Publications. pp. 553–554. ISBN 978-0-8348-2155-2.


  • Bhikkhu Bodhi (2003), A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma, Pariyatti Publishing
  • Goleman, Daniel (2008). Destructive Emotions: A Scientific Dialogue with the Dalai Lama. Bantam. Kindle Edition.
  • Geshe Tashi Tsering (2006). Buddhist Psychology: The Foundation of Buddhist Thought. Perseus Books Group. Kindle Edition.