Dvor, Croatia

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Dvor
Двор (Serbian)[1]
Municipality
Municipality of Dvor
Općina Dvor
Coat of arms of Dvor
Coat of arms
Dvor is located in Croatia
Dvor
Dvor
Location of Dvor within Croatia
Coordinates: 45°04′00″N 16°22′00″E / 45.06667°N 16.36667°E / 45.06667; 16.36667
Country  Croatia
Region Continental Croatia
County Flag of Sisak-Moslavina County.png Sisak-Moslavina
Municipality Dvor
Area
 • Total 504.9 km2 (194.9 sq mi)
Elevation 131 m (430 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 6,233
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 44440 Dvor

Dvor (Serbian Cyrillic: Двор)[3] is a town and a municipality in the Banovina region in central Croatia. Administratively it belongs to the Sisak-Moslavina County and is located across the Una River from Novi Grad in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Languages and names[edit]

The town of Dvor was named Dvor na Uni in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.[4] A majority of the present-day inhabitants self-identify as Serb and the Serbian language was added[when?] as a second official language, alongside Croatian, which is the official first language.

History[edit]

Dvor used to be a district capital in the historic Zagreb County, an administrative unit within the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, which ceased to exist in 1918. In 1929 Dvor was placed in Vrbas Banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It was not incorporated into Croatia when the Banovina of Croatia province was formed in 1939. In 1941, the town became a part of the Independent State of Croatia. After the end of World War II the town officially became part of SR Croatia within SFR Yugoslavia, which largely followed the historic border of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia in this area.

During the Croatian War of Independence (1991–1995), Dvor was within the breakaway Republic of Serbian Krajina, but following Operation Storm in 1995 the municipality returned to Croatian control. Most of Serbian population was evacuated from Dvor during the Operation Storm of which some had returned.

Demographics[edit]

Image of Dvor municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County

According to Population Censuses, the majority of the population are ethnic Serbs. Between 1991 and 2011 the number of Serb residents fell from 14,555 to 4,005, a drop from 86.5% of the population to 71.9%. The number of Croat residents remained essentially the same, 1,395 and 1,440, respectively, but given the population decline, its size, as a percentage of the population, rose from 9.58% to 25.85% of the population of Dvor.

Ethnic Composition
Year Serbs  % Croats  % Total Notes
1931 23,452 88.24% 3,073 11.56% 26,579
1948 21,736 89.44% 2,248 10.34% 21,736
1953 22,658 89.6% 2,290 10.11% 22,658
1961 21,354 89.84% 2,060 9.95% 21,354
1971 18,359 88.38% 1,876 10.22% 18,359
1981 16,507 80.93% 1,525 9.35% 16,507
1991 14,555 86,50% 1,395 9,58% 14,555
2001 3,495 60.87% 1,943 33.84% 5,742
2011 4,005 71.90% 1,440 25.85% 5,570 [5]

Settlements[edit]

According to the 2011 census,[2] the municipality consists of 64 settlements:

Three of the villages: Čavlovica (2001 - population 8), Kobiljak (2001 - population 6) and Zut (2001 - population 10), have not yet been re-connected to the public electrical grid.[6]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Dvor". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Minority names in Croatia:Registar Geografskih Imena Nacionalnih Manjina Republike Hrvatske" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  4. ^ "History" [Povijest]. Official website. Municipality of Dvor. Retrieved 8 April 2015. U vrijeme Kraljevine Jugoslavije mjesto dobiva ime Dvor na Uni. 
  5. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Sisak-Moslavina". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Strategija razvoja Općine Dvor 2011-2015". hrt.hr (in Croatian). 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2018. 
  7. ^ "When the UN watched a massacre unfold in Croatia". aljazeera.com. 29 May 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 
  8. ^ "The 15-Minute Massacre in Croatia". aljazeera.com. 25 May 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 
  9. ^ "Serbian TV Pulls Film on 'Operation Storm' Murders". balkaninsight.com. 16 March 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 
  10. ^ "RTS "postpones" documentary to protect Croats who made it". b92.net. 16 March 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 
  11. ^ "Croatian Film Center Head Resigns Under Political Pressure, Says Production Incentives Are at Risk". hollywoodreporter.com. 2 November 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 
  12. ^ "Vlasti Siska potvrdile indicije o zločinu nad Srbima u Dvoru". b92.net (in Serbian). 28 April 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 
  13. ^ "15 Minutes - The Dvor Massacre". Georg Larsen, Kasper Vedsmand. 16 August 2015. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°04′N 16°22′E / 45.067°N 16.367°E / 45.067; 16.367