Dwarf-tossing

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Dwarf-tossing, also called midget-tossing, is a pub/bar attraction in which people with dwarfism, wearing special padded clothing or Velcro costumes, are thrown onto mattresses or at Velcro-coated walls.[1] Participants compete to throw the person with dwarfism the farthest. A related formerly practiced activity was dwarf-bowling, in which a person with dwarfism was placed on a skateboard and used as a bowling ball.[2] Dwarf Tossing was started in Australia as a form of pub entertainment in the early 1980s.[3][4]

Legality[edit]

Australia[edit]

Australia is commonly thought of as the place where dwarf-tossing originated. Laws may prohibit dwarf-tossing implicitly, but there are not explicit laws preventing a consenting dwarf from being 'tossed'.

Canada[edit]

In Ontario, Canada, the Dwarf Tossing Ban Act was introduced in 2003 by Windsor West MPP Sandra Pupatello.[5] This private member's public bill did not proceed beyond its introduction to second or third readings, nor did it receive royal assent, and therefore died at the close of the 37th Legislature.[5] The bill proposed a fine of not more than $5,000, imprisonment of not more than six months, or both. The bill was hastily advanced in response to a dwarf-tossing contest[6] that was held at Leopard's Lounge in Windsor, Ontario, with a dwarf nicknamed "Tripod".[7]

France[edit]

The mayor of the small French town of Morsang-sur-Orge prohibited dwarf-tossing. The case went through the appeal chain of administrative courts to the Conseil d'État, which found that an administrative authority could legally prohibit dwarf-tossing on grounds that the activity did not respect human dignity and was thus contrary to public order.[8] The question raised legal questions as to what was admissible as a motive for an administrative authority to ban an activity for motives of public order, especially as the conseil did not want to include "public morality" in public order. The ruling was taken by the full assembly and not a smaller panel—proof of the difficulty of the question.[9] The conseil ruled similarly in another case between an entertainment company and the city of Aix-en-Provence.[10]

The United Nations Human Rights Committee decided on 26 July 2002, that the ban was not discriminatory with respect to dwarfs. It ruled that the ban could be considered as "necessary to protect public order, which brings into play considerations of human dignity".[11]

Nevertheless, dwarf-tossing is not prohibited outright in France. The Conseil d'État decided that a public authority could use gross infringement on human dignity as a motive of public order to cancel a spectacle, and that dwarf-tossing constituted such a gross infringement. However, it is up to individual authorities to make specific decisions regarding prohibition.

United States[edit]

Robert and Angela Van Etten, Florida members of the Little People of America, convinced the state's legislators in 1989 that dwarf-tossing be made illegal. A measure banning dwarf-tossing was passed by a wide margin.[12] New York later followed suit.[13][14]

In 2001, Dave Flood, who appeared on the MJ Morning Show as "Dave the Dwarf," filed a lawsuit seeking to overturn the 1989 law allowing the state to fine or revoke the liquor license of a bar that allows dwarf-tossing. The pastime was popular in some Florida bars in the late 1980s.[15]

In October 2011, Ritch Workman, a Republican member of the Florida House of Representatives, introduced legislation that would overturn the ban on dwarf-tossing, claiming such a ban to be an "unnecessary burden on the freedom and liberties of people" and "an example of Big Brother government". Although not a personal advocate of the activity, Workman stated "if a little person wants to make a fool out of themselves for money, they should have the same right to do so as any average sized person".[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Dwarf Tossing Association
  2. ^ Dwarf Bowling on Staten Island Lands in Gutter: Gothamist Archived 1 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Is Dwarf Tossing coming to Melbourne? | The Australian News". www.ozzienews.com. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  4. ^ World according to Midget Throwing
  5. ^ a b "Dwarf Tossing Ban Act, 2003". Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Hansard Transcripts 2003-Jun-12 | Legislative Assembly of Ontario". www.ola.org. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  7. ^ Canadian Press (12 June 2003). "Ontario MLA sweats the small stuff". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. ISSN 0319-0714. Retrieved 17 June 2014. The organizer of a dwarf-tossing contest vowed the show would go on Thursday even as an angry Ontario politician made an 11th-hour bid to stop the event.
  8. ^ Conseil d'Etat, Assemblée, du 27 octobre 1995, 136727, publié au recueil Lebon, retrieved 5 July 2019
  9. ^ Commentary Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine of the ruling on the Conseil d'État's site
  10. ^ Conseil d'Etat, Assemblée, du 27 octobre 1995, 143578, inédit au recueil Lebon, retrieved 5 July 2019
  11. ^ "Jurisprudence". juris.ohchr.org. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  12. ^ "FindArticles.com | CBSi". findarticles.com. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  13. ^ Midget Throwing: A Lost Art
  14. ^ "Cuomo Signs Bill to Ban Dwarf Tossing". Los Angeles Times. 25 July 1990.
  15. ^ "Florida Radio Personality Files Suit to Allow Return of 'Dwarf Tossing'". Ludington Daily News, December 1, 2001.
  16. ^ Cerabino, Frank (5 October 2011). "Lawmaker Wants State to Reinstate Dwarf Tossing". The Palm Beach Post.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]