Dwarka, Delhi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dwarka Sub City
Neighbourhood
Aerial view of Dwarka
Aerial view of Dwarka
Dwarka Sub City is located in Delhi
Dwarka Sub City
Dwarka Sub City
Location in India
Coordinates: 28°35′4.278″N 77°02′57.044″E / 28.58452167°N 77.04917889°E / 28.58452167; 77.04917889Coordinates: 28°35′4.278″N 77°02′57.044″E / 28.58452167°N 77.04917889°E / 28.58452167; 77.04917889
CountryIndia
StateDelhi
DistrictSouth West Delhi
Government
 • BodyDelhi Development Authority
 • District Magistrate and Deputy CommissionerAbhishek Dev, IAS
Area
 • Total56.48 km2 (21.81 sq mi)
Population
 • Total1,100,000
 • Density19,000/km2 (50,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
110075, 110077, 110078
Nearest cityGurgaon
Lok Sabha constituencyWest Delhi
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDwarka/Matiyala (Different Sectors falls in different constituency)
Civic agencyDelhi Development Authority

Dwarka[1] is a sub-city and a diplomatic enclave located in South West Delhi district of National Capital Territory of Delhi in India.[2] The Subcity is located extremely near to Indira Gandhi International Airport and serves as the administrative headquarters of South West Delhi, which is led by District Magistrate. It is the largest sub-city in Asia.

Dwarka is organised into sectors and mainly has Cooperative Group Housing Societies as residential options. It is one of the sought-after residential areas in the city.[3][4] The subcity also has the largest rooftop solar plant in the Union territory of Delhi.[5][6]

In January 2017, the Cabinet of India approved Dwarka to be the second Diplomatic Enclave[7][8] for 39 countries on 34 hectares,[9] after Chanakyapuri.[9][10][11] In 2016, the Cabinet of India, chaired by PM Narendra Modi, approved 89.72 hectares of land for an Exhibition-cum Convention centre[12][13], estimated to cost 260 billion (US$3.8 billion).[14]

Dwarka is being developed as a smart city under Delhi Development Authority's ‘smart sub-city’ project.[15]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Dwarka Baoli is a stepwell constructed for the residents of Loharehri village by the Sultans of the Lodi Dynasty in the early 16th century.

Dwarka is named after the legendary Dwaraka Kingdom. It is a short distance away from Gurgaon which is a major hub for large corporations in the country and about 10 km away from Indira Gandhi International Airport. With the opening up of the Airport Express Line in 2011,[16] the travel time from the Dwarka Sector 21 Metro station to Airport was reduced to less than 10 minutes.

Some parts of modern-day Dwarka historically came under the colony of Pappankalan, which are now being developed under the 'Urban Expansion Projects' of the Delhi Development Authority.[17]

A small baoli, discovered five years ago in Dwarka, has been restored and could become a tourist attraction. An elaborate conservation project by the India National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (Intach) for the Lodi-era baoli was completed recently. Dwarka Baoli (also known as Loharehri Baoli) is a historical stepwell recently discovered in Dwarka Sub City, in south west New Delhi, India. It was constructed for the residents of Loharehri village by the Sultans of the Lodi Dynasty in the early 16th century. Dwarka now stands where the Loharehri village once stood.

21st century[edit]

Punjab National Bank corporate head office in Dwarka

In 2019, Minister of Home Affairs Rajnath Singh inaugurated India's first[18] National Cyber Forensic Lab which is part of the National Cyber Coordination Centre and Cyber Protection Awareness and Detection Center (Cypad) of Delhi Police in Dwarka. The Election Commission of India has established India International Institute of Democracy and Election Management campus in Dwarka. The National Highways Authority of India headquarters, an autonomous agency of the Government of India, set up in 1988 is located in Dwarka.

The Ministry of External Affairs owns MEA Housing Complex in Dwarka, for housing of its officials and diplomats. The Government of Delhi has approved for creating Indira Gandhi Hospital, a super-specialty hospital in Dwarka, which will cost 850 crore (US$120 million) and will be spread over 24 acres, to be operational from the year 2020.[19] The Punjab National Bank opened its new corporate head office in Dwarka in 2018.

Cityscape[edit]

Parks[edit]

Delhi Development Authority is currently planning to establish a theme-based park, to be spread over 200 acres in sector 20.[20]

Culture[edit]

Sports[edit]

Dwarka is home to a sports complex (DDA Sports Complex) in Sector 11 with facilities such as Tennis (Clay & Hard Courts), Badminton including covered Badminton Hall, Table Tennis, Billiards / Snooker / Pool, Basket Ball, Volley Ball, Jogging Track, Cricket, Cricket Practice Pitches, Multigym, Skating, Snack - Bar, Pro - shop, Tennis Practice wall, Squash, Children Park, Yoga, Karate, Swimming Pool with Toddler Pool. The Delhi Development Authority is planning to create an 18 hole state-of-the-art golf course over an area of 173 acres in Sector 24.[21][22][23][24]

Location[edit]

  • The sub-city is located in South-West Delhi in the vicinity of Gurgaon and Delhi's International Airport.
  • It is bounded by NH-8, Outer Ring Road, Najafgarh Road, Pankha Road Near Dabri Mor, and the Rewari railway line.
  • West End, Uttam Nagar, Vasant Kunj, Vikas Puri, Najafgarh, Bijwasan, Palam vihar, Vasant Vihar, Janakpuri residential areas and Delhi cantonment are the other major surrounding areas in south/west west Delhi.
  • Dwarka is the largest residential suburb in Asia, with a total of 1718 residential enclaves, and a net population of 1,100,000.

Currently, the Dwarka Sub-City (Sector 1 to 29) is divided into 5 MCD Wards: 135 - Kakraula, 136 - Matiala, 141 - Bijwasan, 145 - Palam, and 147 - Mahavir Enclave. Dwarka is divided into three Assembly Constituencies i.e. AC-34 Matiala, AC-36 Bijwasan, AC-37 Palam. It is also divided into two Parliamentary constituencies i.e. West Delhi and South Delhi. The area of Dwarka Sub-city as per DDA records is 5648 Hectares. The density of population is around 160–200 per H A. Road length in Dwarka is 396 km.

Social issues[edit]

Sanitation[edit]

The irregularity in transportation of garbage[25] and the South Delhi Municipal Corporation failing to clean Dwarka,[26] has recently caused the city to face a severe sanitation crisis.[25] The Delhi High Court has been looking into the issue of lack of sanitation and cleaning in Dwarka since 2014.[27][28] Civic agencies such as DDA and the municipal corporation have blamed Dwarka filth on ‘lack of civic sense’.[29]

Crime[edit]

Due to lack of streetlights, empty roads and absence of security guards in most colonies after sunset seem to have made Dwarka a happy hunting ground for criminals.[30]. Two new police districts were proposed in 2016 to increase security.[31]

Transportation[edit]

Dwarka sector 21 metro station
A Metro Station in Dwarka
Metro Stations in Dwarka
  • Dwarka has a robust and well connected road network built to modern specifications to each of its sectors and adjoining areas.
  • The sub city is well connected by metro rail with the city centre and other major parts of the city by MRTS. There are a total of 8 metro stations in Dwarka.
  • Connected to Indira Gandhi International Airport Terminal 3 via Sector 21 Station interchange with the Airport Express Line.
  • The sub city is now connected via the Delhi Metro to Noida (UP) and Anand Vihar and Ghaziabad (Vaishali Station).
  • The sub city will be connected to the mother city by 4 major roads from all directions.
  • If entering from the north, a 45-meter wide road connecting Pankha Road partly by covering Dabri palam drain. Work was completed and the road was opened for the public in 2007.
  • If entering from the west, a 60-meter wide road connecting Najafgarh Road is constructed.
  • If entering from the east, a 45-meter wide road through Cantonment area with a fly-over near Palam. The flyover and road were opened for the public in 2006.
  • If entering from the southeast, go through a 60-meter wide road from NH-8 (with a rail underpass). The road was already constructed.
  • An Airport metro line known as the Delhi Airport Metro Express connects Dwarka to the Indira Gandhi International Airport and terminates at New Delhi metro station from where one can go to New Delhi railway station
  • Dwarka is expected to be connected to Gurgaon by metro in the near future due to its close proximity to the NCR town.

Cultural hub[edit]

Dwarka sub-city is emerging as a cultural hub of the south-west Delhi. There are different music and dance clubs present. Shopping centres have come up in the five-star hotels and another one next to Sector 12 metro station which host few eateries and places to hang out.

In 2018, Pacific India was selected to develop a 1 billion (US$14 million) shopping mall and multi-level car parking at the Dwarka Sector 21 metro station.[32]

Mixed land use concept[edit]

DDA has implemented a unique concept of Mixed Land Use (MLU) in Dwarka. Most of the DDA housing clusters in Dwarka have commercial buildings in close proximity. In many sectors, approximately 80% of a plot is used for residential flats and the rest 20% for commercial purpose. This unique MLU concept provides lots of convenience to the occupants of Dwarka DDA flats, as they get the facility of shopping, dining and purchasing grocery in close proximity.[citation needed]

Social infrastructure[edit]

Radisson Blu Hotel New Delhi Dwarka
Welcom Hotel in Dwarka
Radisson Blu Hotel and Welcom Hotel in Dwarka

The sub-city has been planned for an environment of convenience containing essential facilities and services at different levels - mainly health, education, hotel, safety and security, cultural, and communication etc.[33]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Dwarka is home to many primary and secondary schools, Bal Bhavan International School, Venkateshwar International School and Delhi Public School being a part of it.

Universities and Colleges[edit]

Faculty of Law, University of Delhi is planning a new campus[34] in Dwarka and will be building hostels for students and residential quarters for staff members.[34]

National Law University, Delhi is located at Sector 14.

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi State Government's only University has its main campus located in Dwarka Sector 16-C. The campus houses University School of Law and Legal Studies, one of the top law colleges in the country. The university has around 120 affiliated colleges located in the NCR.

Netaji Subhas University of Technology is located in Dwarka sector 3.

Along with engineering and law institutes like University School of Chemical Technology(GGSIPU), University School of Information, Communication and Technology(GGSIPU), Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College[35][36][37], Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management and National Law University, Delhi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "When Dwarka was Pappankalan..." The Hindu. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Dwarka fastest-growing residential hub". The Indian Express. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Dwarka could be your next dream destination". The Hindu.
  4. ^ "Sub-cities to act as counter-magnets". The Times of India.
  5. ^ "Delhi's largest solar plant at Dwarka Sector 21 Metro station". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Dwarka Sector-21 metro station goes green, platform lit up with solar power". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Cabinet approves transfer of land in Sector 24, Dwarka, New Delhi from DDA to L&DO for the proposed Second Diplomatic Enclave". Prime Minister of India. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  8. ^ "Govt approves transfer of land for Second Diplomatic Enclave". Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Dwarka diplomatic enclave to be modelled on Shanti Path". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Second diplomatic enclave: DDA says ready to allot land". Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  11. ^ "DDA-MEA stalemate over enclave at Dwarka". Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  12. ^ "World class State-of-the-Art Exhibition-cum Convention Centre in Dwarka, New Delhi". Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  13. ^ "Government of India gives nod to world-class exhibition centre". Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  14. ^ "Biggest Expo Centre in Asia all set to come up in Dwarka; the numbers are truly massive". The Financial Express. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  15. ^ "DDA to turn Dwarka into smart sub-city". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  16. ^ "Airport Express line: Another Star in Dwarka's Success". Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  17. ^ "Urban Extension Projects". Delhi Development Authority. Archived from the original on 21 March 2007.
  18. ^ "Dwarka to house India's first hi-tech forensic lab". Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  19. ^ "Dwarka's long wait for hospital to end in 2020". Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  20. ^ "DDA plans 'iconic park' in Dwarka". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  21. ^ "DDA plans Dwarka golf course, 100 new gyms". The Asian Age. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  22. ^ "DDA plans country's longest golf course at Dwarka Sector-24". The Indian Express. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  23. ^ "Dwarka to get golf course soon". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  24. ^ "Coming: 18-hole golf course in Dwarka". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  25. ^ a b "Waste Land – Swachh flops, roads turn bins in Dwarka". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  26. ^ "Can't even clean Dwarka, and we speak of Swachh Bharat". The Indian Express. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  27. ^ "Garbage in Dwarka: HC issues notices to DDA, SDMC, Delhi Police". The Indian Express. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  28. ^ "Unhappy public will beat you up: HC warns officials". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  29. ^ "Agencies blame Dwarka filth on 'lack of civic sense'". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  30. ^ "Dark & deserted: Dwarka haven for petty criminals". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  31. ^ Pioneer, The. "Two new police districts proposed to increase policing efficiency". The Pioneer. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  32. ^ "Pacific bags Rs 100 cr shopping mall project in Delhi's Dwarka from DMRC". The Economic Times. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  33. ^ https://livertigo.com/delhi
  34. ^ a b "Delhi University to buy DDA flats, build hostels". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  35. ^ http://dducollegedu.ac.in/
  36. ^ http://dubeat.com/2016/06/dduc-to-shift-to-new-dwarka-campus-by-mid-june/
  37. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/Deen-Dayal-Upadhyaya-College-gets-a-new-campus/article14502907.ece

External links[edit]