Dwarka, Delhi

Coordinates: 28°35′4.278″N 77°02′57.044″E / 28.58452167°N 77.04917889°E / 28.58452167; 77.04917889
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Dwarka, Delhi
Dwarka, Delhi is located in Delhi
Dwarka, Delhi
Dwarka, Delhi
Location in India
Coordinates: 28°35′4.278″N 77°02′57.044″E / 28.58452167°N 77.04917889°E / 28.58452167; 77.04917889
CountryIndia
StateDelhi
DistrictSouth West Delhi, West Delhi
Named forDwarka
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • Members of the Legislative AssemblyVinay Mishra, MLA-Dwarka
Gulab Singh, MLA-Matiala
 • District Magistrate and Deputy CommissionerRahul Singh, IAS
Area
 • Total56.48 km2 (21.81 sq mi)
Population
 • Total1,200,000
 • Density21,000/km2 (55,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
110075, 110077, 110078
Nearest cityGurugram
Lok Sabha constituencyWest Delhi
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDwarka/Matiyala (Different sectors fall in different constituencies)
Civic agencyDDA

Dwarka[1][2][3] is a neighbourhood located in Southwestern edge of Indian Capital New Delhi in South West Delhi & West Delhi districts of the NCT of Delhi. The district court that functions under the Delhi High Court for South West Delhi is located in Dwarka.

The sub-city is located close to Indira Gandhi International Airport as well as the Millenium City of Gurugram in Haryana in the NCR region. It is among the largest sub-city in Asia. Dwarka is organized into sectors and mainly has Cooperative Group Housing Societies as residential options. It is one of the most sought-after residential areas in Delhi.[4][5] The sub-city also has the largest rooftop solar plant in the Union territory of Delhi.[6][7]

In January 2017, the Cabinet of India approved Dwarka to be the second Diplomatic Enclave[2][3] for 39 countries on 34 hectares,[8] after Chanakyapuri.[8][9][10] In 2016, the Cabinet of India, chaired by PM Narendra Modi, approved 89.72 hectares of land for an Exhibition-cum Convention centre,[11][12] estimated to cost 260 billion (US$3.3 billion).[13]

Dwarka is being developed as a smart city under Delhi Development Authority's ‘smart sub-city’ project.[14] Dwarka (Delhi Assembly constituency) and Matiala (Delhi Assembly constituency) both represent Dwarka sub-city and are one of the 70 Vidhan Sabha constituencies of Delhi.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Dwarka Baoli is a stepwell constructed for the residents of Loharehri village by the Sultans of the Lodi Dynasty in the early 16th century.

Dwarka is named after the legendary Dwaraka Kingdom. It is a short distance away from Gurgaon which is a major hub for large national and multinational corporations in the country and about 10 km away from Indira Gandhi International Airport. With the opening up of the Airport Express Line in 2011,[15] the travel time from the Dwarka Sector 21 Metro station to Airport was reduced to less than 10 minutes.

Some parts of modern-day Dwarka historically came under the colony of Pappankalan, which are now being developed under the 'Urban Expansion Projects' of the Delhi Development Authority.[16]

A small baoli, discovered five years ago in Dwarka, has been restored and could become a tourist attraction. An elaborate conservation project by the India National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (Intach) for the Lodi-era baoli was completed recently. Dwarka Baoli (also known as Loharehri Baoli) is a historical stepwell recently discovered in Dwarka Sub City, in South West Delhi, India. It was constructed for the residents of Loharehri village by the Sultans of the Lodi Dynasty in the early 16th century. Dwarka now stands where the Loharehri village once stood.

21st century[edit]

Punjab National Bank corporate head office in Dwarka

In 2019, Minister of Home Affairs Rajnath Singh inaugurated India's first[17] National Cyber Forensic Lab which is part of the National Cyber Coordination Centre and Cyber Protection Awareness and Detection Center (Cypad) of Delhi Police in Dwarka. The Election Commission of India has established India International Institute of Democracy and Election Management campus in Dwarka. The National Highways Authority of India headquarters, an autonomous agency of the Government of India, set up in 1988 is located in Dwarka.

The Ministry of External Affairs owns the MEA Housing Complex in Dwarka, for the housing of its officials and diplomats. The Government of Delhi has approved for construction of Indira Gandhi Hospital, a super-specialty hospital in Dwarka, which will cost 850 crore (US$110 million) and will be spread over 24 acres, to be operational from the year 2020.[18] The Punjab National Bank opened its new corporate head office in Dwarka in 2018.

In 2020, Manipur Bhavan is being built in Dwarka by Government of Manipur.[19] In 2021, as per media reports Government of Bihar built Bihar Sadan in Dwarka.

Politics[edit]

It is part of the Dwarka, Delhi Assembly constituency. Vinay Mishra of Aam Aadmi Party is the MLA since 2015.

Geography[edit]

Ecology[edit]

Dwarka lies on the banks of Sahibi River, a tributary of Yamuna which originates from the Aravalli range in Rajasthan and flows through west and South Haryana into Delhi where it is also known as the Najafgarh drain.

Cityscape[edit]

Parks[edit]

Delhi Development Authority is currently planning to establish Bharat Vandana Park,[20] to be spread over 220 acres in sector 20.[21]

Culture[edit]

Sports[edit]

Dwarka is home to a sports complex (DDA Sports Complex) in Sector 11 with facilities such as Tennis (Clay & Hard Courts), Badminton including covered Badminton Hall, Table Tennis, Billiards / Snooker / Pool, Basket Ball, Volleyball, Jogging Track, Cricket, Cricket Practice Pitches, Multigym, Skating, Snack - Bar, Pro - Shop, Tennis Practice wall, Squash, Children Park, Yoga, Karate, Swimming Pool with Toddler Pool. The Delhi Development Authority is planning to create an 18-hole state-of-the-art golf course over an area of 173 acres in Sector 24.[22][23][24][25]

Location[edit]

Currently, the Dwarka Sub-City (Sector 1 to 29) is divided into 5 MCD Wards: 135 - Kakraula, 136 - Matiala, 141 - Bijwasan, 145 - Palam, and 147 - Mahavir Enclave. Dwarka is divided into three Assembly Constituencies i.e. AC-34 Matiala, AC-36 Bijwasan, AC-37 Palam. It is also divided into two Parliamentary constituencies i.e. West Delhi and South Delhi. The area of Dwarka Sub-city as per DDA records is 5648 Hectares. The population density is around 160–200 per H A. Road length in Dwarka is 396 km.

Social issues[edit]

Sanitation[edit]

The irregularity in transportation of garbage[26] and the South Delhi Municipal Corporation failing to clean Dwarka,[27] has recently caused the sub-city to face a severe sanitation crisis.[26] The Delhi High Court has been looking into the issue of lack of sanitation and cleaning in Dwarka since 2014.[28][29] Civic agencies such as DDA and the municipal corporation have blamed Dwarka filth on ‘lack of civic sense’.[30]

In February 2020, Delhi High Court directed South Delhi Municipal Corporation and DDA to provide a healthy and safe environment to residents of the sub-city.[31]

Crime[edit]

Two new police districts were proposed in 2016 to increase security.[32] Dwarka sub-city, which earlier came under one police station, has been now split up between three police stations – Dwarka North, Dwarka South and Dwarka West.

Transportation[edit]

Dwarka sector 21 metro station
A Metro Station in Dwarka
Metro Stations in Dwarka
  • Dwarka has a robust and well-connected road network built to modern specifications for each of its sectors and adjoining areas.
  • The sub-city is well connected by metro rail with the city centre and other major parts of the city by MRTS. There are a total of 8 metro stations in Dwarka.
  • Connected to Indira Gandhi International Airport Terminal 3 via Sector 21 Station interchange with the Airport Express Line.
  • The sub-city is now connected via the Delhi Metro to Noida (UP), Anand Vihar and Ghaziabad (Vaishali Station).
  • The sub-city will be connected to the mother city by 4 major roads from all directions.
  • If entering from the north, a 45-meter-wide road connecting Pankha Road partly covers the Dabri Palam drain. Work was completed and the road was opened to the public in 2007.
  • If entering from the west, a 60-meter wide road connecting Najafgarh Road is constructed.
  • If entering from the east, a 45-meter wide road through the Cantonment area with a fly-over near Palam. The flyover and road were opened to the public in 2006.
  • If entering from the southeast, go through a 60-meter-wide road from NH-8 (with a rail underpass). The road was already constructed.
  • Airport Express (Orange Line) of Delhi Metro connects Dwarka to the Indira Gandhi International Airport and terminates at New Delhi metro station from where one can go to New Delhi railway station.
  • Dwarka is expected to be connected to Gurgaon by metro shortly due to its proximity to the NCR town.

Cultural hub[edit]

Dwarka sub-city is emerging as a cultural hub of southwest Delhi. There are different music and dance clubs present. Shopping centres have come up in the five-star hotels and another one next to Sector 12 metro station which hosts few eateries and places to hang out.

In 2019, Vegas Mall, a commercial complex was inaugurated. It consists of a shopping mall, movie theatre, corporate offices and various restaurants spread over an area of 7 acres. The architecture of Vegas Mall was designed by Bentel Associates International, Johannesburg, SA.[33]

In 2018, Pacific India was selected to develop a 1 billion (US$13 million) shopping mall and multi-level car parking at the Dwarka Sector 21 metro station.[34]

Mixed land use concept[edit]

DDA has implemented a unique concept of Mixed Land Use (MLU) in Dwarka. Most of the DDA housing clusters in Dwarka have commercial buildings nearby. In many sectors, approximately 80% of a plot is used for residential flats and the remaining 20% for commercial use. This unique MLU concept is convenient for the occupants of Dwarka DDA flats, as they get the facility of shopping, dining and purchasing groceries nearby.[citation needed]

Social infrastructure[edit]

Radisson Blu Hotel Delhi Dwarka
Welcom Hotel in Dwarka
Radisson Blu Hotel and Welcome Hotel in Dwarka

The sub-city has been planned for an environment of convenience containing essential facilities and services at different levels - mainly health, education, hotel, safety and security, cultural, and communication etc. Two malls recently opened one at the Dwarka Sector 21 Metro Station and another near the Dwarka Sector 14 metro station.[35]

Education[edit]

The sub-city is well-equipped with multiple elementary and higher secondary schools.

Universities and Colleges[edit]

Faculty of Law, University of Delhi is planning a new campus[36] in Dwarka and will be building hostels for students and residential quarters for staff members.[36]

National Law University, Delhi and Netaji Subhas University of Technology are located in Dwarka. Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, has its main campus located in Dwarka Sector 16-C. The campus houses University School of Law and Legal Studies and University School of Management Studies, among others. The university has around 120 affiliated colleges located in the NCR.

Along with engineering and law institutes like Bhaskaracahrya College of Applied Sciences, University School of Chemical Technology (GGSIPU), University School of Information, Communication and Technology (GGSIPU), Netaji Subhas University of Technology, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College,[37][38] Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management and National Law University, Delhi.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "When Dwarka was Pappankalan..." The Hindu. 30 July 2006. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Cabinet approves transfer of land in Sector 24, Dwarka, New Delhi from DDA to L&DO for the proposed Second Diplomatic Enclave". Prime Minister of India. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Govt approves transfer of land for Second Diplomatic Enclave". 4 January 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  4. ^ "Dwarka could be your next dream destination". The Hindu.
  5. ^ "Sub-cities to act as counter-magnets". The Times of India.
  6. ^ "Delhi's largest solar plant at Dwarka Sector 21 Metro station". The Times of India. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Dwarka Sector-21 metro station goes green, platform lit up with solar power". The Hindu. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Dwarka diplomatic enclave to be modelled on Shanti Path". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  9. ^ "Second diplomatic enclave: DDA says ready to allot land". Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  10. ^ "DDA-MEA stalemate over enclave at Dwarka". The Hindu. 15 June 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  11. ^ "World class State-of-the-Art Exhibition-cum Convention Centre in Dwarka, New Delhi". Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  12. ^ "Government of India gives nod to world-class exhibition centre". 24 March 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  13. ^ "Biggest Expo Centre in Asia all set to come up in Dwarka; the numbers are truly massive". The Financial Express. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  14. ^ "DDA to turn Dwarka into smart sub-city". The Hindu. 3 August 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  15. ^ "Airport Express line: Another Star in Dwarka's Success". Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  16. ^ "Urban Extension Projects". Delhi Development Authority. Archived from the original on 21 March 2007.
  17. ^ "Dwarka to house India's first hi-tech forensic lab". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  18. ^ "Dwarka's long wait for hospital to end in 2020". The Times of India. March 2019. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  19. ^ "How about the Salt Lake Manipur Bhavan?: Land acquired at Dwarka". Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  20. ^ "220 acre Bharat Vandana park in Dwarka sub-city gets green clearance". The Hindustan Times. 3 March 2021. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  21. ^ "DDA plans 'iconic park' in Dwarka". The Hindu. 14 November 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  22. ^ "DDA plans Dwarka golf course, 100 new gyms". The Asian Age. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  23. ^ "DDA plans country's longest golf course at Dwarka Sector-24". The Indian Express. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  24. ^ "Dwarka to get golf course soon". Hindustan Times. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  25. ^ "Coming: 18-hole golf course in Dwarka". Hindustan Times. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  26. ^ a b "Waste Land – Swachh flops, roads turn bins in Dwarka". The Times of India. 9 August 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  27. ^ "Can't even clean Dwarka, and we speak of Swachh Bharat". The Indian Express. 22 January 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  28. ^ "Garbage in Dwarka: HC issues notices to DDA, SDMC, Delhi Police". The Indian Express. 25 November 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  29. ^ "Unhappy public will beat you up: HC warns officials". The Hindu. 17 November 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  30. ^ "Agencies blame Dwarka filth on 'lack of civic sense'". The Hindu. 27 July 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  31. ^ "Provide healthy and safe environment to Dwarka residents: Delhi high court to SDMC, DDA". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  32. ^ Pioneer, The. "Two new police districts proposed to increase policing efficiency". The Pioneer. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  33. ^ "Vegas Mall". www.vegasmall.in. Retrieved 12 December 2021.
  34. ^ "Pacific bags Rs 100 cr shopping mall project in Delhi's Dwarka from DMRC". The Economic Times. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  35. ^ "Best Website & App Development Company in Delhi - Livertigo Web Solution".
  36. ^ a b "Delhi University to buy DDA flats, build hostels". The Times of India. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  37. ^ "DDUC to shift to new Dwarka campus by mid-June". 14 June 2016.
  38. ^ "Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College gets a new campus - The Hindu". The Hindu. 21 July 2016.

External links[edit]