Dwight Duncan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dwight Duncan
Member of the Ontario Provincial Parliament
for Windsor—Tecumseh
Windsor—St. Clair (1999-2007)
Windsor—Walkerville (1995-1999)
In office
June 8, 1995 – February 14, 2013
Preceded by Wayne Lessard
Succeeded by Percy Hatfield
Personal details
Born (1959-01-03) 3 January 1959 (age 58)
Windsor, Ontario
Political party Liberal
Residence Windsor, Ontario

Dwight Duncan (born 3 January 1959) is a former politician in Ontario, Canada. He was a Liberal member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1995 to 2013 who represented ridings of Windsor—Walkerville, Windsor—St. Clair and Windsor—Tecumseh. He was a senior member in the government of Dalton McGuinty who served in several cabinet roles including Deputy Premier and Minister of Finance.


Duncan was born in Windsor, and attended high school at Assumption College School. He Bachelor's Degree in Economics from McGill University and a Master of Business Administration from the University of Windsor. He has been a member of the Liberal Party since the early 1970s, and skipped class in 1972 to attend a rally for his political hero, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

Duncan's first full-time job after graduating from university was in the office of federal Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) Herb Gray. He later worked for provincial Labour Minister Bill Wrye between 1985 and 1987. Duncan was Administrator of Brentwood Recovery Centre, Canada's largest alcohol and drug rehabilitation centre, between 1987 and 1995. He also served on Windsor City Council from 1988 until 1994, when he chose not to seek re-election in order to prepare for his first provincial campaign.[1]

Opposition member[edit]

Duncan was first elected to the Ontario legislature in the 1995 provincial election, defeating New Democratic Party incumbent Wayne Lessard by 380 votes in Windsor—Walkerville.[2] The Progressive Conservative Party won a majority government in this election, and Duncan became a member of the official opposition. Between 1995 and 1999, he served as his party's critic for Labour, Privatization, Housing, Transportation, and the Workers Compensation Board.

Duncan became a candidate for the Ontario Liberal Party leadership following the resignation of Lyn McLeod in 1996. His campaign plan combined a cautious fiscal strategy with plans for increased investment in health and education, and his leading supporters included Sean Conway, Tim Murphy and Mike Colle.[3] He finished third on the first and second ballots at the party's 1996 leadership convention, but was eliminated after falling to fourth place behind Dalton McGuinty on the third. Duncan then endorsed Gerard Kennedy, who lost to McGuinty on the fifth ballot.[4]

Duncan's 1995 opponent, Wayne Lessard, won a by-election for a different Windsor constituency in 1997. For the 1999 provincial election, redistribution forced the two MPPs to face one other a second time in Windsor—St. Clair. Duncan was again successful, defeating Lessard by over 4,000 votes.[5] The Progressive Conservatives won a second majority government, and Duncan became opposition House Leader on June 25, 1999. He also served as Liberal Party critic for Municipal Affairs and the Management Board of Cabinet over the next four years.

Cabinet minister[edit]

The Liberals won a majority government in the 2003 provincial election.[6] Duncan was appointed Minister of Energy and Government House Leader on October 23, 2003.[7]

Minister of Energy (first time)[edit]

One of Duncan's primary responsibilities as Energy Minister was managing Ontario Power Generation, which was in an extremely troubled state when the Liberals assumed power in 2003. A damning report into systemic mismanagement at OPG was issued shortly after the new government assumed power, and several high-level executives were forced to submit their resignations. Duncan appointed a new interim board led by former federal Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources Jake Epp to lead the organization's renewal.[8]

Duncan subsequently announced plans for a comprehensive audit of OPG, when its budgetary shortfall was found to be $850 million.[9] Reports in early 2004 indicated that Tory advisers with close ties to Mike Harris and Ernie Eves had received untendered contracts worth $5.6 million in 1999, when the Progressive Conservatives were still in government.[10] The OPG's situation improved under its new management, and it was able to post a $42 million profit in 2005.[11]

Duncan issued a strategic report from the Electricity Conservation and Supply Task Force in January 2004. The report called for Ontario to emphasize energy conservation, while also ensuring "reliability, diversity and affordability", and consumer protection.[12] Two months later, Duncan brought forward a conservation plan highlighted by the use of "smart" electricity meters to discourage overuse during peak hours.[13] The government plans to have smart meters installed throughout the province by 2010.[14]

In April 2004, Duncan announced the creation of a new body called the Ontario Power Authority to purchase energy for the province and plan its long-term energy strategy.[15] Duncan argued that the body would "depoliticize" energy debates in Ontario. Most energy companies supported this decision, while a number of environmental groups criticized it.[16] The Globe and Mail newspaper raised concerns over the Authority's expanding budget in late 2006, but Duncan argued that its expenses are necessary to create a planning regime for the future.[17]

Hydro rates increased twice during Duncan's first tenure as Energy Minister. The Liberal Party had campaigned on a pledge to keep energy rates frozen until 2006, but reconsidered their options after discovering a $5.6 billion deficit left by the previous government. Homeowners and small business owners were paying 4.3 cents per kilowatt hour of hydro energy in 2003, even though the market rate was close to six cents. Premier McGuinty described this situation as "completely unsustainable" in light of the deficit,[18] and Duncan announced that the rate would increase to 4.7 cents per kilowatt on April 1, 2004. In an effort to promote conservation, usage above 750 kilowatt hours was priced at 5.5 cents.[19] Rates were increased a second time in March 2005, to 5 cents and 5.8 cents beyond 750 kilowatt hours. In making the change, Duncan acknowledged that his party had erred in its initial support for a freeze.[20]

Duncan was also forced to revise his government's plans to shut down all of Ontario's coal-burning generators by 2007. In 2004, he acknowledged that "one or two" generators would be required as backup in the event of a failure elsewhere in the system. In June 2005, Duncan announced that the Nanticoke coal plant would remain open past 2007.[21] He later announced that the Lambton station would remain open as well.[22] A 2006 government report recommended keeping some plants open until 2014.[23] In November 2006, the McGuinty government asked the provincial power authority to create a new timetable for plant closure.[24] Duncan has said that Ontario will reduce its coal consumption in the coming years, even if plants remain open.

In April 2005, Duncan granted approval for four private companies to create new energy projects to replace the coal plants. The firms are expected to generate 1,675 megawatts of electricity.[25]

In a speech to the Canadian Club on May 2, 2005, Duncan announced that it was time for an "open and public debate" on the future of nuclear power. He instructed the Ontario Power Authority to begin developing a long term electricity plan – referred to as an Integrated Power System Plan – so that the government could "move forward judiciously when it comes to nuclear energy in Ontario."[26]

Shortly after assuming office, he cancelled the previous government's plans to privatize the Nuclear Inspection Services Division of Ontario Power Generation.[27]

In July 2004, based on a recommendation of the OPG Review Committee, which Duncan appointed to review the cost over-runs and delays plaguing the restart of the four reactors at the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station, Duncan announced the government would proceed with the restart of reactor one at the Pickering station.[28] Although smaller, the restart project still underwent cost over-runs and delays. As a result, the McGuinty government announced that it would not proceed with the restart of the two remaining Pickering A reactors and permanently mothballed them.

In 2005, Duncan concluded a deal with Bruce Power to provide the province with nuclear energy at a cost above the market rate. In 2007, the provincial Auditor-General later criticized this deal as too costly. Duncan has maintained that it was a good policy decision, and argued that much of the financial risk had been transferred to the private sector.[29]

Duncan also promoted green energy initiatives such as the Deep lake water cooling project, wherein water from Lake Ontario is used to provide energy to buildings in Toronto.[30] In 2005, he called for Ontario companies to bid for the right to produce an additional 1,000 megawatts of electricity from renewable sources. The province plans to have 10% of its energy come from renewable sources by 2010.[31]

Duncan has proposed a national power grid to provide Canada with more autonomy in determining its energy policies.[32] He outlined his support for the policy in a speech before power company executives in Toronto in February 2007, arguing that the grid would significantly reduce Canada's rate of greenhouse gas emissions. Premier Gary Doer is also a prominent supporter of this plan.[33]

Government House Leader[edit]

Shortly after the 2003 election, Duncan was required to enter into discussions on the legislative status of the New Democratic Party. The NDP won seven seats in the election, one fewer than the number required for official party status in the legislature. Recognized parties receive $2 million in government funding and have guaranteed speaking time. The NDP requested that the rules be changed, arguing that they should receive official status to reflect the 15% popular vote they received. Duncan and McGuinty initially refused to consider this possibility. Duncan offered to provide the NDP with $420,000 and some guaranteed speaking time, but NDP leader Howard Hampton rejected this as "nothing short of a bribe"[34] After an extended filibustering campaign by the New Democrats, a compromise was reached wherein the NDP received $775,000 and was permitted to take part in Question Period.[35] The NDP later regained full party status after winning an eighth seat in a by-election.

Minister of Finance[edit]

Ontario Finance Minister Greg Sorbara unexpectedly resigned from office on October 11, 2005, after he was named on a Royal Canadian Mounted Police warrant issued in an investigation of his former real estate development firm. Later in the same day, Duncan was appointed to replace Sorbara as Minister of Finance and Chair of the Management Board of Cabinet.[36]

Duncan's first budget was introduced on March 23, 2006. It focused on infrastructure spending, and particularly new spending on public transit projects in the Greater Toronto Area including extension of the Yonge-University-Spadina subway line, and roads and bridges in other parts of the province. Health spending increased by $1.9 billion, and Ontario's universities were given $290 million more in operating revenue.[37] The budget deficit was $2.4 billion, consistent with the previous year's projection. There were no new taxes or tax increases.[38] One month later, the federal government announced that it would provide Ontario with a further $1 billion for public transit spending in Toronto.[39]

Minister of Energy (second time)[edit]

Greg Sorbara's returned to cabinet as Minister of Finance on May 23, 2006, after a judge ruled that there was no cause for including his name on the RCMP search warrant. Duncan was reassigned as Energy Minister.

Duncan announced his government's long-term strategic energy plan in June 2006, calling for an increased investment in nuclear power and the construction of two new reactors in the next ten years. The government will also promote a series of wind energy and conservation projects, including a plan to build dozens of windmills by 2025. The total cost is estimated at $46 billion over roughly twenty years.[40] In November 2006, Duncan opened Canada's largest wind farm near Sault Ste. Marie.[41]

In July 2006, Duncan directed the Ontario Power Authority to provide $400 million over three years to assist local electricity distribution utilities in conservation and demand-side management projects.[42] Toronto Hydro responded almost immediately by promising a fee reduction for consumers who cut their electricity usage by 10%.[43] The project was successful, and Duncan announced in November 2006 that Toronto Hydro's conservation measures would be expanded across the province.[44]

The financial situation at Ontario Power Generation has improved significantly since 2003. Its profits for 2005 were $366 million, and its credit rating was upgraded. In July 2006, Duncan described OPG's turnaround as "[o]ne of the untold stories of the last two years".[45] He also indicates that his government has added 3,000 megawatts of power to the provincial grid.[46]

In October 2006, the Ontario Energy Board reduced the price of energy from 5.8 cents to 5.5 cents per kilowatt-hour, and from 6.7 cents to 6.4 above the 1,000 kilowatt-hour threshold.[47] There was a further reduction to 5.3% and 6.2% in April 2007.[48]

As in October 2006, the Ontario Power Authority signed contacts with seven high-efficiency co-generation projects across Ontario, with combined capacity of 414 megawatts. All of the plants are expected to come online by May 2010.[49]

In November 2006, Duncan announced that the governments of Ontario and Quebec had agreed to join their power grids, to reduce Ontario's dependence on American power when demand exceeds capacity. The arrangement will see Ontario receive an additional 1,250 megawatts per year by 2010.[50] Duncan is also attempting to finalize a deal with Manitoba, which has an abundance of hydroelectric power.[51]

Tom Parkinson, the chair of Ontario Hydro One, resigned in December 2006 after accusations of lavish overspending. The following month, Duncan established a four-member panel to recommend a new system of compensation for energy executives.[52] He said that the review would help reduce bureaucratic waste. Critics have argued that the panel is too expensive, and unnecessary.[53]

In February 2007, Duncan said that Ontario is on target for meeting its Kyoto Protocol targets and that the province has achieved a 29% reduction in greenhouse-gas emissions from its coal plants since 2003. Opposition parties have argued that these reduced figures reflect a decline in the manufacturing sector, a charge that Duncan has rejected.[54] In April, Duncan said that the province would not spend $1.6 billion to clean up the existing coal plants, arguing that the proposal was too expensive, would do nothing to benefit the environment, and was unnecessary given that the government still plans to phase out the coal plants by 2014.[55]

Also in April 2007, Duncan announced that Ontario would ban the sale of inefficient incandescent light bulbs by 2012. The decision makes Ontario the first jurisdiction in Canada, and one of the first in the world, to take this step.[56] In the same month, Duncan announced that a California company would construct the largest solar farm in Ontario, near Sarnia.[57]

Retirement from provincial politics[edit]

Despite media speculation pegging him as the frontrunner in the 2013 Liberal leadership election, Duncan decided not to run to succeed Dalton McGuinty as Liberal leader and Premier and announced that he will leave politics entirely.[58][59][60] He resigned from the legislature effective February 14, 2013 in order to accept a job as a Senior Strategic Advisor at McMillan LLP, a Bay Street law firm.

On January 1, 2016, Duncan was appointed to be the interim chair of the Board.[61][62] On December 14, 2016, he was appointed to a five-year term as the Board's permanent chair.[63]

Federal politics[edit]

Duncan supported Paul Martin's bid to succeed Jean Chrétien as leader of the Liberal Party of Canada during the 1990s and early 2000s.[64] He acted as Ontario co-chair of Michael Ignatieff's bid to become leader of the federal party in 2006.[65] Duncan supported Justin Trudeau's candidacy for the leadership of the Liberal Party of Canada,[66] and in December 2012 he announced he was considering running in the 42nd Canadian federal election, currently scheduled for October 2015.[67]

Electoral record[edit]

Ontario general election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Dwight Duncan 15,946 42.9 -6.8
New Democratic Andrew McAvoy 12,175 32.8 +8.5
Progressive Conservative Robert de Verteuil 7,749 20.8 +4.2
Green Justin Levesque 829 2.2 -5.2
Libertarian Dan Dominato 479 1.3
Total valid votes 37,178 100.00
Ontario general election, 2007
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Dwight Duncan 17,241 49.7 -5.22%
New Democratic Helmi Charif 8,433 24.3 -4.8%
Progressive Conservative Kristine Robinson 5,737 16.6 +4.99%
Green Andrew McAvoy 2,549 7.4 +3.73%
Family Coalition John Curtin 711 2.1

Ontario general election, 2003: Windsor—St. Clair
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Dwight Duncan 19,692 54.92 $70,054.29
New Democratic Madeline Crnec 10,433 29.10 $34,049.02
     Progressive Conservative Matt Bufton 4,162 11.61 $18,124.00
Green Chris Holt 1,315 3.67 $4,871.71
     Ind. (Independent Renewal) Saroj Bains 253 0.71 $0.00
Total valid votes 35,855 100.00
Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 302
Turnout 36,157 47.81
Electors on the lists 75,623

Ontario general election, 1999: Windsor—St. Clair
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Dwight Duncan 17,383 45.09 $69,840.80
New Democratic Wayne Lessard 13,171 34.16 $31,781.20
     Progressive Conservative Michael Rohrer 7,241 18.78 $35,852.00
Green Darren J. Brown 339 0.88 $0.00
     Independent Ralph Kirchner 263 0.68 $173.20
Natural Law Janet Shorten 159 0.41 $0.00
Total valid votes 38,556 100.00
Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 243
Turnout 38,799 52.46
Electors on the lists 73,956

Ontario general election, 1995: Windsor—Walkerville
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Dwight Duncan 10,281 41.28 $45,522.32
New Democratic Wayne Lessard 9,901 39.76 $45,615.07
     Progressive Conservative Michael Rohrer 3,610 14.50 $17,463.00
Family Coalition Donna Halliday 957 3.84 $1,806.70
Natural Law Vivek Narula 156 0.63 $0.00
Total valid votes 24,905 100.00
Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 387
Turnout 25,292 52.54
Turnout 48,141

1991 Windsor municipal election, Council, Ward One (two members elected)edit
Candidate Total votes  % of total votes Notes
(x)Dwight Duncan 8,438 36.95
Margaret Williams 6,288 27.54
Al Santing 3,285 14.39
Karen Bennett 1,905 8.34
Rick Cian 1,905 8.34
Joseph Theriault 1,014 4.44
Total Valid Votes 22,835 100.00

Provisional results taken from the Windsor Star newspaper, November 13, 1991. The revised final totals were not significantly different. Electors were permitted to vote for two candidates.

1988 Windsor municipal election, Council, Ward One (two members elected)edit
Candidate Total votes  % of total votes Notes
(x)Mike Hurst 10,404 44.89
Dwight Duncan 5,976 25.79
Bob Girard 5,898 25.45
Gerald Johnson 897 3.87
Total Valid Votes 23,175 100.00

Provisional results taken from the Windsor Star newspaper, November 15, 1988. The revised final totals were not significantly different. Electors were permitted to vote for two candidates.

All provincial electoral information is taken from Elections Ontario. The expenditure entries for all elections after 1995 are taken from official candidate reports as listed by Elections Ontario. The figures cited are the Total Candidate's Campaign Expenses Subject to Limitation, and include transfers from constituency associations.


  1. ^ All information in this section is taken from William Walker, "Dwight Duncan: A political junkie MPP who calls politics his addiction shoots for brass ring", Toronto Star, November 1, 1996, A27.
  2. ^ "Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. June 8, 1995. 
  3. ^ William Walker, "Rookie MPP in Liberal race", Toronto Star, June 26, 1996, A9 [Conway]; Kelly Toughill, "Liberals begin choosing new leader Party voters pick delegates to convention", October 19, 1996, A14 [Murphy]; Colin Vaughan, "Shuffle approved with no public input", Globe and Mail, September 16, 1996, A3 [Colle].
  4. ^ William Walker, "Deals turned convention into high drama", Toronto Star, December 2, 1996, A11. At the announcement of McGuinty's victory, a TVOntario camera recorded Duncan telling supporters, "we're fucked". See Enzo di Matteo, "Who's out to get Dalton McGuinty" Archived June 16, 2006, at the Wayback Machine., Now Magazine, February 26-March 4, 1998.
  5. ^ "Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. June 3, 1999. 
  6. ^ "Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. October 2, 2003. 
  7. ^ "Premier Dalton McGuinty and his 22-member cabinet were sworn in Thursday". Canadian Press NewsWire. October 23, 2003. p. 1. 
  8. ^ "Former federal energy minister Jake Epp has been appointed to chair a new interim board of directors at Ontario Power", Broadcast News, December 10, 2003, 16:40 report.
  9. ^ "Ont.'s $850 million shocker", Canadian Press, December 16, 2003, 02:56 report. See also April Lindgren, "Liberals to fire four more OPG senior executives", National Post, January 6, 2004, A7.
  10. ^ James McCarten, "Hydro One deals reviled", Hamilton Spectator, February 25, 2004, A14.
  11. ^ "Ontario Power Generation posts $42-million profit", Guelph Mercury, March 30, 2005, A6.
  12. ^ "Electricity Conservation and Supply Task Force report confirms need for new direction in Ontario's ...", Canada NewsWire, January 14, 2004, 13:00 report.
  13. ^ Richard Mackie, "Ontario blueprint aims to chop electricity use", Globe and Mail, March 16, 2004, A1.
  14. ^ Caroline Alphonso, "Big cities first in line for smart meters", Globe and Mail, January 27, 2005, A14.
  15. ^ Richard Mackie, "Ontario to create new power authority", Globe and Mail, April 15, 2004, A7; April Lindgren, "Ontario to get U.S.-style power authority", National Post, June 16, 2004, A11.
  16. ^ "Critics take aim at new energy board", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, June 16, 2004, A3.
  17. ^ Karen Howlett, "Soaring hydro costs defended", Globe and Mail, December 19, 2006, A8.
  18. ^ Caroline Mallan, "Honeymoon over, hydro's going up", Hamilton Spectator, October 31, 2006, A1.
  19. ^ Darren Yourk, "Ontario electricity rates to rise", Globe and Mail [breaking news], November 25, 2003.
  20. ^ John Spears, "Hydro price hike receives approval", Toronto Star, March 12, 2005, D1.
  21. ^ John Spears, "Power shortage by '06, report says", Toronto Star, January 15, 2004, B1; "Ontario says coal plans won't jeopardize consumers", Reuters News, April 15, 2004, 12:32 report; Richard Brennan, "Coal-fired plants won't all close", Toronto Star, December 2, 2004, D6; Murray Campbell, "McGuinty to break coal plant promise", Globe and Mail, June 15, 2005, A1.
  22. ^ Steve Erwin, "Ontario energy minister delays closure of two coal-fired power plants", Canadian Press, June 9, 2006, 15:13 report.
  23. ^ Karen Howlett, "McGuinty's pollution pledge under new cloud", Globe and Mail, November 15, 2006, A5.
  24. ^ Tyler Hamilton, "Power authority predicts bigger bills", Toronto Star, November 16, 2006, C1.
  25. ^ "Ontario okays private electricity", Montreal Gazette, April 14, 2005, B5.
  26. ^ Speech to The Canadian Club of Toronto, Royal York Hotel Toronto, May 2, 2005
  27. ^ Richard Mackie, "Grits cancel privatization of nuclear inspection", Globe and Mail, November 7, 2003, A5.
  28. ^ "Ontario government restarts Pickering unit to increase electricity supply", Canada NewsWire, July 7, 2004, 08:46 report. Costs were estimated at $825 million, although Duncan indicated this was less expensive than building a new plant. See Kate Jaimet, "Cost of restarting Pickering plant to reach $825M", National Post, July 24, 2004, A10.
  29. ^ Rob Ferguson, "Nuclear deal too costly: Auditor", Toronto Star, April 6, 2007, A1; Karen Howlett, "Auditor blasts costly Ontario nuclear deal", Globe and Mail, April 6, 2007, A1.
  30. ^ Oliver Moore, "‘Energy of the future' flows into downtown Toronto", Globe and Mail, August 17, 2004 [Breaking News].
  31. ^ John Spears, "Queen's Park seeks bids for renewable energy", Toronto Star, April 20, 2005, C2.
  32. ^ John Spears, "Duncan has a national dream", National Post, March 31, 2005, D2.
  33. ^ Mia Rabson, "Premier's power grid dream gets energized", Winnipeg Free Press, January 31, 2007, A6; Rob Ferguson, "Duncan calls for east-west grid", Toronto Star, January 31, 2007, F1.
  34. ^ Ian Urquhart, "No silencing the NDP", Toronto Star, November 26, 2003, A27.
  35. ^ "Deal gives NDP greater clout", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, December 16, 2003, A1.
  36. ^ "Duncan steps in for Sorbara", Canadian Press, October 11, 2005.
  37. ^ Tara Brautigam, "Student aid to double, $290M more for universities, colleges", Canadian Press, March 23, 2006, 18:03 report.
  38. ^ Steve Erwin, "Ont. budget gives Toronto money for transit, roads", Canadian Press, March 23, 2006, 18:55 report; Allison Dunfield, "Highlights from the Ontario budget", Globe and Mail, March 23, 2006 (Breaking news).
  39. ^ "Ontario to get $1 billion of federal surplus", Canadian Press, April 26, 2006, 01:02.
  40. ^ April Lindgren, "Energy plan to cost Ontarians $46-billion", National Post, June 14, 2006, A10.
  41. ^ April Lindgren, "Project makes Ontario the top wind-power producer in Canada", Ottawa Citizen, November 22, 2006, A8.
  42. ^ "Ontario's Duncan tells OPA to give distributors up to C$400 mil", Platt's Commodity News, July 13, 2006, 10:59 report.
  43. ^ "Save power and money" [editorial], Toronto Star, July 17, 2006, A16.
  44. ^ Karen Howlett, "Ontario to roll out reasons to save power", Globe and Mail, November 3, 2006, A9.
  45. ^ Ian Urquhart, "A successful turnaround at Ontario Power Generation", Guelph Mercury, July 19, 2006, A12.
  46. ^ "Ontario Energy Board set to announce new electricity prices for homeowners", Canadian Press, October 10, 2006, 13:31 report.
  47. ^ Angela Pacienza, "Ontario homeowners to pay average of 5.8% less for electricity this winter", Canadian Press, October 11, 2006, 16:01 report.
  48. ^ Rob Ferguson, "Hydro rate dips, bills set to rise", Toronto Star, April 13, 2007, A2.
  49. ^ "Ontario secures $800 million investment in province's energy infrastructure" [press release], Canada NewsWire, October 16, 2006, 02:44 report; "Ontario Power signs cogeneration contracts", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, October 17, 2006, D1.
  50. ^ Kristin Goff, "Ontario, Quebec reach deal to share electricity", Ottawa Citizen, November 8, 2006, A1; "Ontario to get 1,250 extra megawatts", Guelph Mercury, November 14, 2006, A7.
  51. ^ Martin Cash, "Hydro confident it will find buyers", Winnipeg Free Press, November 20, 2006, B6; Karen Howlett, "Natives hold key to Ontario power", Globe and Mail, April 2, 2007, A4.
  52. ^ "Panel Appointed To Review Ontario Energy Agencies" [press release], Canada NewsWire, January 29, 2007, 13:15.
  53. ^ Rob Ferguson, "Hydro salary review won't lower rates", Toronto Star, January 30, 2007, A7.
  54. ^ Karen Howlett, "Ontario on target to meet Kyoto goals, government says", Globe and Mail, February 16, 2007, A11.
  55. ^ Tyler Hamilton, "Smog cleanup 'a bad use of money'", Toronto Star, April 25, 2007, D1; Murray Campbell, "Not so easy to cut those nasty coal emissions, is it, Mr. McGuinty?", Globe and Mail, April 25, 2007, A11.
  56. ^ Murray Campbell, "Ontario hopes ban on old bulbs will give others bright ideas", Globe and Mail, April 19, 2007, A6.
  57. ^ "Canada's largest solar farm to be built near Sarnia", Associated Press Newswires, April 25, 2007, 20:17.
  58. ^ Robert Benzie and Rob Ferguson, "Successors to premier already eyeing job", Toronto Star, October 4, 2006, A7.
  59. ^ Radwanksi, Adam (October 23, 2012). "Dwight Duncan won't seek Ontario Liberal leadership: sources". Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 24, 2012. 
  60. ^ Howlett, Karen (October 24, 2012). "Ontario Finance Minister declines leadership bid, throws support to ex-minister Pupatello". Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 24, 2012. 
  61. ^ "Dwight Duncan named head of Windsor-Detroit Bridge Authority". CBC News. 2016-12-14. Retrieved 2017-01-18. Duncan was made interim leader on Jan. 1, replacing former chairman Mark McQueen. 
  62. ^ "Duncan to lead Windsor-Detroit Bridge Authority". Renew Canada. Retrieved 2017-01-18. Mr. Duncan has served as interim chairperson of the WDBA since January 1, 2016, and the new appointment is for a five-year term. 
  63. ^ "Experienced leadership selected for the Windsor-Detroit Bridge Authority". Ministry of Infrastructure and Communities. 2016-12-14. Retrieved 2017-01-18. As Chair of the Board, Mr. Duncan brings considerable experience to this important position as a result of his diverse career accomplishments in both the private and public sectors and in depth knowledge of the Windsor-Detroit region. 
  64. ^ Ian Urquhart, "McGuinty, Martin on same page", Toronto Star, November 15, 2003, H2.
  65. ^ "Is Kennedy's glass half full, or half empty?", Toronto Star, September 30, 2006, F5.
  66. ^ "Dwight Duncan announces retirement, endorses Justin Trudeau". iPolitics. October 24, 2012. Retrieved November 14, 2012. 
  67. ^ "Dwight Duncan considers running in federal election". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. December 10, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Provincial Government of Dalton McGuinty
Cabinet Posts (6)
Predecessor Office Successor
Greg Sorbara Minister of Finance
Charles Sousa
Harinder Takhar Minister of Government Services
Harinder Takhar
Monique Smith Minister of Revenue
John Wilkinson
Donna Cansfield Minister of Energy
Gerry Phillips
Greg Sorbara Minister of Finance
Greg Sorbara
John Baird Minister of Energy
Donna Cansfield
Special Cabinet Responsibilities
Predecessor Title Successor
Greg Sorbara Chair of the Management Board of Cabinet
Charles Sousa
Greg Sorbara Chair of the Management Board of Cabinet
Greg Sorbara
Special Parliamentary Responsibilities
Predecessor Title Successor
John Baird Leader of the Government in the Ontario Legislature
Jim Bradley
Political offices
Preceded by
Donna Champagne
Windsor City Councillor, Ward One
Served alongside: Mike Hurst; Margaret Williams
Succeeded by
Dan Allen