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in A Strange Adventure (1932)
|Born||Dwight Iliff Fry
February 22, 1899
Salina, Kansas, U.S.
|Died||November 7, 1943
Hollywood, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Heart attack|
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale)|
|Spouse(s)||Laura Mae Bullivant (1928-43; his death); 1 child|
Dwight Iliff Frye (February 22, 1899 – November 7, 1943) was an American stage and screen actor. He is best known for his neurotic, murderous villains in several classic Universal horror films, most notably as Renfield in Dracula (1931) and as Fritz in Frankenstein (1931).
Early life and career
Frye was born in Salina, Kansas and studied for a career in music and first appeared as a concert pianist. In the 1920s he made his name as a stage actor, often in comedies. In 1924 he played the Son in a translation of Luigi Pirandello's Six Characters in Search of an Author.
He had a few minor roles in silent pictures, but with the coming of sound he soon became known for playing villains. Nicknamed "The Man with the Thousand-Watt Stare" and "The Man of a Thousand Deaths", he specialized in the portrayal of mentally unbalanced characters, including his signature role, the madman Renfield in Tod Browning's 1931 version of Dracula. Later that same year he played the hunchbacked assistant Fritz in Frankenstein. Also in 1931, Frye portrayed Wilmer Cook (the "gunsel") in the original film version of Dashiell Hammett's The Maltese Falcon. He had a featured role in the horror film The Vampire Bat (1933) in which he played Herman, a half-wit suspected of being a killer. He had memorable roles in The Invisible Man (1933) as a reporter, and in The Crime of Dr. Crespi (1935).
In Bride of Frankenstein (1935), he played Karl. The part was originally much more substantive, and many additional scenes of Frye were shot as a subplot but were edited out of the final version to shorten the running time and appease the censors. One of these deleted scenes was that of Karl killing a Burgomaster, portrayed by E. E. Clive. No known prints of these scenes survive today, but photographs of the scene were used to illustrate the scene's synopsis and are included in the recent Universal Studios DVD release of the film. He played similar characters in Ghost of Frankenstein and Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man; another appearance in Son of Frankenstein was deleted prior to release.
During the early 1940s, Frye alternated between film roles and appearing on stage in a variety of productions ranging from comedies to musicals, as well as appearing in a stage version of Dracula. During World War II, he made a contribution to the war effort by working nights as a tool designer for Lockheed Aircraft.
On November 7, 1943, Frye died of a heart attack while riding on a bus in Hollywood, a few days before he was scheduled to begin filming the biopic Wilson. He was interred in Glendale's Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale. He was survived by his wife and a 13-year-old son.
- Upstream (1927)
- The Doorway to Hell (1930)
- Dracula (1931)
- The Maltese Falcon (1931)
- The Black Camel (1931)
- Frankenstein (1931)
- Attorney for the Defense (1932)
- The Vampire Bat (1933)
- The Invisible Man (1933)
- Bride of Frankenstein (1935)
- The Crime of Dr. Crespi (1935)
- Sea Devils (1937)
- The Road Back (1937)
- Something to Sing About (1937)
- The Shadow (1937)
- Son of Frankenstein (1939)
- The Devil Pays Off (1941)
- The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942)
- Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943)
- Hangmen Also Die! (1943)
- Gregory W. Mank; Dwight D. Frye; James Coughlin (1997). Dwight Frye's Last Laugh. Midnight Marquee. ISBN 1-887664-11-4.